List of New Jersey hurricanes

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Hurricane Sandy approaching the New Jersey coastline the morning of October 29, 2012.

There have been 109 hurricane or tropical storms that affected the U.S. state of New Jersey. Due to its location, few hurricanes have hit the state directly, though numerous hurricanes have passed near or through New Jersey in its history. About every 10 years, hurricanes approach the coastline close enough to send waves over barrier islands' dunes and into back bays. According to an estimate by meteorologist George Prouflis, the chances for a direct hit by a hurricane on the Jersey shore each year is 1 in 200.[1]

New Jersey has seen the remnants of several once-powerful hurricanes, some resulting in heavy damage. In addition, numerous hurricanes that remained offshore have each drowned small numbers of swimmers.

List of tropical cyclones[edit]

Most of the following are tropical cyclones that passed through the state after weakening from their peak.


In the 19th century, two hurricanes struck the coastline, each in 1804 and in 1821; both caused minor damage. The most significant storm of the century was the Gale of 1878, which produced hurricane-force winds across western New Jersey. The hurricane caused severe damage and 11 deaths.

  • 1278–1438 – Sedimentary layers indicate a powerful hurricane hit the state's coastline during this time period.[2]
  • October 9, 1804 – The Storm of October 1804 struck near Atlantic City as a strong Category 2 or weak Category 3 hurricane, sinking or beaching many ships in the Mid–Atlantic. The hurricane later produces a snow storm in New England.[3]
  • August 23, 1806 – A ship off Barnegat Island sunk during the 1806 Great Coastal hurricane, killing 21 people.[4]
  • September 22, 1815 – The Great September Gale of 1815 caused heavy damage along the New Jersey coastline while remaining offshore, though exact totals are unknown.[5]
  • August 9, 1817 – A tropical storm moved through the western portion of the state.[6]
  • September 3, 1821 – An estimated Category 4 hurricane hits near Cape May. Accompanied by a five-foot storm surge, damage is great in the small town, though is only moderate along the coastline due to the sparse population. No known deaths are associated with the hurricane in the state.[7]
  • August 30, 1839 – An offshore hurricane forced the floating light in Sandy Hook to break loose and set adrift.[8]
  • October 3, 1841 – An offshore hurricane dropped rain and snow in New Brunswick.[9]
  • October 13, 1846 – The Great Havana Hurricane of 1846 passed near or over the state, destroying many houses, downing many trees, and drowning several livestock.[10]
  • July 18, 1850 – A tropical storm passed to the west of the state, causing heavy rain and crop damage in Burlington.[11]
  • August 25, 1850 – A hurricane passing south of Cape May dropped over 3 inches (8 cm) of rain in New Brunswick.[12]
  • September 8, 1850 – An offshore hurricane produced high winds and 2.6 inches (6.6 cm) of rain in Newark.[13]
  • September 28, 1861 – A strong tropical storm passed over the state.[14]
  • September 19, 1863 – A moderate tropical storm crossed the state.[14]
  • October 30, 1866 – A moderate tropical storm brushed the northeastern portion of the state before entering New York.[14]
  • October 26, 1872 – A tropical storm moves across New Jersey with winds of 45 mph (75 km/h).[14]
  • August, 1873 – Though it never made landfall on the United States, the Great Nova Scotia Cyclone approached the state, prompting the U.S. Army Signal Corps to issue a hurricane warning from Cape May to New Haven, Connecticut.[15]
  • September 29, 1874 – A tropical storm moved through the state.[14]
  • October 23, 1878 – The Gale of 1878 struck North Carolina and moved into the Mid-Atlantic, producing winds of up to 84 mph (136 km/h) in Cape May. The hurricane causes high tides and strong flooding, destroying several houses along the coastline, and washing out several railroad lines. Strong winds destroyed around 150 houses in Camden. The hurricane killed eight people in the state.[16]
  • September 12, 1882 – A tropical storm passing south of the state caused strong winds and damage along the coastline.[17]
  • September 24, 1882 – A weak tropical storm paralleled the coastline.[14]
  • June 23, 1886 – A tropical depression crossed the state.[14]
  • September 10, 1889 - A hurricane stalled offshore the state and lashed the coastline with high winds, beach erosion, and severe storm tides.
  • August 24, 1893 – A hurricane passed just east of the state before making landfall near New York City. The hurricane produced strong winds and rainfall along the coastline.[18]


Hurricane activity was above average during this time period. A hurricane in 1903 hit near Atlantic City, causing heavy damage near the shore. The most severe hurricane in the time period was the 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane. Though it did not make landfall, it brought strong winds and waves to the coastline, destroying hundreds of homes.

  • September 16, 1903 – A hurricane made landfall on Atlantic City with winds of 80 mph (129 km/h) hurricane, making it the most recent hurricane to directly strike the state. Dubbed by the Atlantic City Press as the Vagabond hurricane, the storm gathered media interest from Philadelphia and New York, with one newspaper offering $200,000 (1903 USD) to aid the survivors. When the reporters arrived at the coast, they are disappointed at the lack of damage, which was confined to loose boards along the boardwalk. The storm's strong surf destroyed several boats along the coastline, including 34 in Waretown.[1]
  • August 4, 1915 – A tropical depression crossed the northern portion of the state, though damage totals are unknown.[14]
  • August 23, 1933 – A tropical storm passed west of the state, causing moderate damage along the coastline from high waves and storm surge.[19] Offshore, about 100 boats were destroyed, causing numerous casualties.[1]
  • September 19, 1936 – An offshore Category 2 hurricane flood much of Long Beach Island and caused severe beach erosion along the coast. About 200 feet (60 m) of sand near the Barnegat Lighthouse was lost, threatening the foundation of the lighthouse.[1]
  • September 21, 1938 – The New England Hurricane of 1938 passed to the east of the state, causing strong winds of up to 100 mph (160 km) and powerful waves along the coastline. The bridge to Brigantine collapsed, leaving the city marooned. The Fall tomato crop was ruined, and half of the apple harvest was destroyed.[1]
  • August 20, 1939 – Tuckerton received 14.8 inches (376 mm) of precipitation from a former hurricane. The storm caused major flooding in the Pine Barrens, washing away a historic village and derailing a train in Chatsworth.[20]
  • September 1, 1940 – A hurricane interacting with a cold front dropped 24 in (610 mm) of rainfall in Ewan, making it the wettest tropical cyclone in state history. Flooding damage totaled $4 million (1940 USD), and there were four deaths.[21][22][23][24]
  • August 1, 1944 – A tropical storm hit Cape May after passing through the Delmarva Peninsula, causing severe beach erosion and high tides.[1]
  • September 13–September 14, 1944 – The "Great Atlantic hurricane" paralleled the coastline, causing severe flooding, a storm surge of up to 9.6 feet (2.9 m), and intense waves of up to 40 feet (12 m) in height. Along the entire coastline, strong winds gusting to 125 mph (201 km/h) destroyed hundreds of homes and damaged thousands, while the ferocious waves washed away fishing piers and boardwalks.[1] The hurricane caused $25 million (1944 USD) in damage[25] and nine deaths in the state.[26]


Several tropical cyclones affected the state during the time period, though Hurricane Donna was the most severe. Paralleling the coastline offshore, the hurricane caused heavy damage near the coastline from high waves and winds. In addition, Hurricane Belle was predicted to strike the state, though it passed to the east with only minor effects.

  • August 20, 1950–– Offshore Hurricane Able dropped 3.85 in (98 mm) in Marlboro Township.[27]
  • September 1, 1952 – Tropical Depression Able moved across the northern portion of the state, dropping 6.14 in (156 mm) of rainfall in Oak Ridge.[1]
  • August 14, 1953 – Offshore Hurricane Barbara dropped 8.18 in (208 mm) of rainfall near Cape May.[27] Slick roads caused a deadly traffic accident on the New Jersey Turnpike.[28]
  • August 31, 1954 – Hurricane Carol caused gusty winds along the coastline and moderate damage.[1]
  • September 10, 1954 - Hurricane Edna skirted the coastline, producing tropical storm force winds of up to 65 mph and dropping 4 inches of rain in Long Branch.
  • October 15, 1954 - Hurricane Hazel passed well to the west of New Jersey, producing very high winds but only sporadic rainfall. Wind gusts peak at 86 mph in Millville.
  • August 12–13, 1955 - Hurricane Connie threatened the state, prompting coastal evacuations, but instead passed inland to the state's west. The storm caused power outages and killed six people.[29][30][31]
  • August 19–20, 1955 – Hurricane Diane moved across Center Jersey only a week after Connie deluged the area, triggering heavy rains that caused severe flooding along the Delaware, Passaic, and Raritan rivers. Three people drowned along the Millstone River. About 200 homes were damaged or destroyed in Lambertville. Statewide damage was estimated at $27.5 million (1955 USD).[32][33][34][1]
  • September 19, 1955 – Hurricane Ione passed southeast of the state, dropping over 3 inches (75 mm) of rainfall in South Jersey.[35]
  • September 28, 1956 – The remnants of Hurricane Flossy dropped light rainfall along the coastline.[36]
  • June 29, 1957 – The remnants of Hurricane Audrey moved through Pennsylvania and New York. The storm dropped 1.59 in (40 mm) of rainfall in Ringwood.[27]
  • June 2, 1959 – Remnant moisture from Tropical Storm Arlene dropped 3.04 in (77 mm) of rain near Swedesboro.[27]
  • July 10, 1959 – Offshore Tropical Storm Cindy produced 8.43 in (214 mm) of rain in Belleplain State Forest.[27]
  • October 1, 1959 – The extratropical remnants of Hurricane Gracie produced light precipitation in the state.[27]
  • July 30, 1960 – Tropical Storm Brenda dropped rainfall across the entirety of the state.[27]
  • September 12, 1960 – Hurricane Donna moved up the East Coast of the United States, passing offshore New Jersey. Damage is significant along the coastline, but is less than in other states struck directly by Donna. The hurricane causes winds gusts of up to 105 mph (169 km/h), heavy rainfall, and a storm surge of 6 feet (2 m).[37] Well–executed warnings result in no direct deaths, though one indirect death occurs from a heart attack.[1]
  • September 15, 1961 – A tropical storm crosses the state, dropping light rainfall.[14][27]
Hurricane Belle to the south of New Jersey
  • September 20, 1961 – Offshore Hurricane Esther caused high surf and 70 mph (113 km/h) winds at beaches in New Jersey.[38]
  • August 28, 1962 – The outer rainbands of Hurricane Alma dropped 0.97 in (25 mm) of rainfall in Bass River State Forest.[27]
  • October 29, 1963 – The outer rainbands of Hurricane Ginny produced light rainfall in the state.[27]
  • September 14, 1964 – Hurricane Dora caused high tides of up to 4 feet (1 m) and rainfall peaking at 2.5 inches (6.35 cm).[39]
  • June 13, 1966 – Hurricane Alma approached the coast before turning northeastward and becoming extratropical. The storm caused a high tide of 4.5 feet (1.4 m) in Atlantic City.[40]
  • September 16, 1967 – Hurricane Doria sank a boat offshore Ocean City, killing three people. The storm produced light rainfall and minor damage along the coast.[41]
  • June 26, 1968 - The remnants of Tropical Storm Candy dropped light rainfall in northern portions of the state.[27]
  • August 20, 1969 – Tropical Storm Camille produced light rainfall in the southern portion of the state.[27]
  • September 7, 1969 – Offshore Hurricane Gerda dropped light rainfall.[27]
  • August 28, 1971 – Tropical Storm Doria moved through the entire state, causing torrential rainfall amounting to a maximum of 8.09 inches (20.55 cm) in Trenton. The storm killed three people in New Jersey.[42]
  • October 1, 1971 – Hurricane Ginger struck North Carolina and dropped light rainfall across South Jersey.[27]
  • June 23, 1972 – Tropical Storm Agnes made landfall on extreme western Long Island, New York, and during the storm's passage, Canton reported 6.34 inches (16.1 cm) of rainfall. There was little statewide damage.[27][43]
  • September 3, 1972 – Tropical Storm Carrie produced light rainfall in South Jersey.[27]
  • September 25, 1975 – The remnants of Hurricane Eloise caused flooding in the state after dropping heavy rainfall.[44][27]
  • August 10, 1976 – Prior to the arrival of Hurricane Belle from the south, 250,000 people evacuated from the shore during the peak of the tourist season. The hurricane caused winds of 65 mph (105 km/h) and gusts of up to 90 mph (145 km/h). In addition, the hurricane caused a storm surge of 8.85 feet (2.70 m) in Atlantic City, and 5.66 in (144 mm) of rainfall in Sandy Hook. Damage was less than expected.[45][27]
  • September 17, 1976 – The remnants of a subtropical storm dropped light rainfall in the state.[27]
  • September 6, 1979 – Hurricane David passed to the west of the state, causing 58 mph (93 km/h) wind gusts, light rainfall, and at least one tornado.[46] The wind gusts left people without power after the storm.[1]


The 1980s were a relatively active decade, with 11 tropical cyclones affecting the state. The most notable storm of the decade was Hurricane Gloria in 1985, which was originally predicted to strike the state. The hurricane caused minor damage throughout the state.

Flooding from Hurricane Gloria in Cape May
  • October 14, 1984- High surf from Hurricane Josephine caused minor damage and coastal flooding.[47]
  • October 29, 1984 – A tropical depression crossed the state, bringing light rainfall throughout the state.[48]
  • July 26, 1985 – Moisture from Hurricane Bob produced rainfall across the state.[27]
  • August 25, 1985 – The remnants of Hurricane Danny dropped 3.31 in (84 mm) of rainfall in Cape May.[27]
  • September 24, 1985 – Tropical Storm Henri passed to the east of the state, causing light rainfall.[49]
  • September 27, 1985 – Hurricane Gloria paralleled the New Jersey coastline just offshore as a Category 2 hurricane, forcing 95,000 people to evacuate. In Atlantic City, 11 casinos were closed, resulting in a loss of $7 million (1985 USD). Dubbed by some as the storm of the century, the hurricane was expected to become the first hurricane to hit the New Jersey coastline since the hurricane in 1903, though a last minute turn spareed the state.[1] While passing by the state, Gloria caused a storm surge of 4.6 feet (1.4 m) in Ventnor City and a wind gust of 80 mph (129 km) in Ocean City.[50] Strong winds down trees and power lines, leaving 237,000 without power after the storm.[51] Overall, damage is minor, and some were even disappointed at the lack of damage from the proclaimed storm of the century.[1] One person was killed in Long Branch after touching a downed power line.[52]
  • August 18, 1986 – Hurricane Charley came within 100 miles (160 km) of the state, but turns out to sea. The hurricane dropped 1.3 inches (3.3 cm) of rain, as well as a 1.6 foot (0.5 m) storm surge in Atlantic City.[53]
  • August 30, 1988 – Tropical Depression Chris moved across the northern portion, producing light rainfall.[54]
  • July 1989 – Moisture from Tropical Storm Allison dropped 5.11 in (130 mm) in Audubon, New Jersey.[27]
  • September, 1989 – Offshore Hurricane Gabrielle produced strong waves of up to 16 feet (5 m) in height, killing one person.[55]
  • September 22, 1989 – Hurricane Hugo passed to the west of the state, causing over 5 inches (13 cm) of rain in North Jersey.[56]


Thirteen tropical cyclones affected New Jersey during the 1990s. The 1991 Perfect Storm eroded beaches severely along the coast, while Hurricane Floyd in 1999 produced severe flooding in northern New Jersey, killing six.

The "Perfect Storm" to the east of New Jersey
  • October, 1990 – The combined remnants of Hurricane Klaus and Tropical Storm Marco caused around 3 inches (8 cm) of rain in the northern portion of the state.[57]
  • August 19, 1991 – Offshore Hurricane Bob caused up to 3 inches (8 cm) of rain across the state.[58]
  • October 31, 1991 – The 1991 Halloween Nor'easter, also known as the Perfect Storm, caused strong waves of up to 30 feet (9 m) in height. High tides along the shore were only surpassed by the 1944 hurricane, while significant bay flooding occurred. Strong waves and persistent intense winds caused extreme beach erosion, amounting to 13.5 million cubic feet (383,000 m3) of sand lost in one location. In all, damage amounted to $90 million (1991 USD), though no deaths occurred in the state.[1]
  • August 28, 1992 – The Essex Fells Service Building recorded 1.60 in (41 mm) of rainfall from the remnants of Hurricane Andrew.[27]
  • September 26, 1992 – Tropical Storm Danielle moved inland over the Delmarva Peninsula, causing up to 3 inches (8 cm) of rain along the coast. The storm also caused moderate tidal flooding of up to 7.2 feet in Atlantic City and minor beach erosion. Strong waves off the coast of New Jersey sank a sailboat, causing one death.[59]
  • August 18, 1994 – Tropical Depression Beryl crossed over the extreme northern portion of the state, dropping 3.82 in (97 mm) rainfall.[60]
  • November 22, 1994 – Offshore Hurricane Gordon produced moderate rainfall in the state.[27]
  • June 6, 1995 – During the passage of the extratropical remnants of Hurricane Allison, Canoe Brook Country Club in Union County recorded 2.06 in (52 mm) of rainfall.[27]
  • August 7, 1995 – The remnants of Hurricane Erin caused up to 3 inches (8 cm) of precipitation in southwestern New Jersey.[61]
  • Mid–August, 1995 – Strong rip currents from Hurricane Felix killed five people, while persistent cyclonic winds caused extensive beach erosion.[62]
  • October 5, 1995 – As an extratropical storm, Hurricane Opal produced up to 5 inches (13 cm) of rainfall in the northern portion of the state.[63]
  • July 13, 1996 – Tropical Storm Bertha crossed the entire state, causing heavy rainfall peaking at 6.59 inches (16.74 cm) in Estell Manor. Bertha also caused a storm surge of 2.27 feet (69 cm) in Atlantic City, while rough waves killed one surfer.[64]
  • Late August, 1996 – Offshore Hurricane Edouard produced strong swells to the coastline, causing two deaths from drowning.[65] In addition, one computer model predicts the hurricane would strike near Atlantic City with winds of over 111 mph (178 km/h) on Labor Day. This causes Cape May County officials to contemplate ordering an evacuation for the busiest tourist weekend of the year, though the order never occurs.[66]
  • September 8, 1996 - Hurricane Fran passed to the west of the state through central Pennsylvania and western New York and sparks an intense line of severe thunderstorms that crosses New Jersey and is most notable for causing an hour-long lightning delay of an NFL game between the New York Jets and Indianapolis Colts at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford. This marked the first time a regular season NFL contest had been suspended due to weather conditions.
  • July 25, 1997 – Tropical Storm Danny passed to the southeast of the state, causing 7.81 in (19.8 cm) of rainfall in North Jersey.[27]
  • August 23, 1998 – Tracking offshore after striking North Carolina, Hurricane Bonnie produced rough waves and rip currents, resulting in hundreds of water rescues and eight injuries.[67]
  • September 6, 1999 – Tropical Depression Dennis moved northward through central Pennsylvania, causing around 5 inches (13 cm) of rain on the New Jersey/New York state border from the storm's outer bands.[68]
  • September 16, 1999 – Tropical Storm Floyd crossed the entire state, unleashing torrential rainfall reaching 13.34 inches (33.88 cm) in Somerville. Cape May reported a storm surge of 2.6 feet (.79 m).[69] Five rivers, including the Raritan River, withhold too much water and exceed flood stages.[70] Strong wind gusts leave over 650,000 citizens without power during the storm's passage.[71] Across New Jersey, Floyd caused about $250 million in damage (1999 USD) and six casualties.[72]


Waves and Beach erosion during Hurricane Isabel
  • September 19, 2000 – The extratropical remnant of Hurricane Gordon passed over the state and produced light rainfall.[27]
  • June 17, 2001 – Subtropical Depression Allison passed just east of the state, causing gusty winds and up to 4.86 inches (12.34 cm) of rain.[73]
  • September 13, 2003 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Henri dropped up to 3 inches (8 cm) of rain across the state.[74]
  • September 19, 2003 – Although Hurricane Isabel passed well to the southwest of the state, the hurricane's large windfield caused a storm surges of 10.6 feet (3.2 m) in Burlington. Outer bands of the storm resulted in light rainfall amounting to 1.3 inches (3.3 cm) in Wildwood, and wind gusts reached 61 mph (68 km) in nearby Cape May. Persistent strong waves severely erode beaches along the coast. Isabel caused 1 direct death and 1 indirect death, with damage amounting to $50 million (2003 USD).[75]
  • August 3, 2004 – Offshore Hurricane Alex dropped 3.81 in (97 mm) of rainfall in West Deptford.[27]
  • August 13, 2004 – Tropical Storm Bonnie produced light rainfall.[27]
  • August 14, 2004 – Shortly after the previous storm, former Hurricane Charley tracked just offshore the coast. In the southern portion of the state, the storm produced up to 2 inches (5 cm) of rainfall.[76]
  • August 31, 2004 – Tropical Storm Gaston passed east of the state, causing up to 3 inches (8 cm) of rainfall.[77]
  • September 8, 2004 – As an extratropical cyclone, former Hurricane Frances droppeds around 3 inches (8 cm) of rain in North Jersey.[78]
  • September 17, 2004 – Former Hurricane Ivan dropped 5.5 inches (14.0 cm) of rain in Maplewood.[79]
  • September 28, 2004 – As an extratropical storm, former Hurricane Jeanne dropped 5 inches (13 cm) of rainfall across New Jersey.[80]
  • August 11–August 16, 2005 – Offshore Hurricane Irene caused rip currents and strong waves.[81]
  • August 30, 2005 — The remnants of Hurricane Katrina produced heavy rainfall and high winds, causing power outages and downed trees.[82]
  • September 7–September 8, 2005 – Rip currents from Hurricane Maria and Hurricane Nate killed one person and seriously injure another.[83]
  • June 15, 2006 – Tropical Storm Alberto passed to the southeast of the state, dropping 1.42 in (36 mm) of rainfall in Somerville.[27]
Waves from Hurricane Bill in New Jersey
  • September 3, 2006 – The interaction between the remnants of Tropical Storm Ernesto and a strong high pressure system produced intense wind gusts of up to 81 mph in Strathmere. The storm also dropped heavy rainfall reaching 4.92 inches in Margate. The winds and rain down trees and power lines, resulting in power outages.[84]
  • June 4, 2007 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Barry dropped 3.75 in (95 mm) of rainfall in Absecon.[27]
  • July 2008 – Offshore Hurricane Bertha produced rip currents that killed three surfers.[85]
  • September 6, 2008 – Tropical Storm Hanna passed through New Jersey, producing heavy rainfall and causing minor flooding.[86]
  • August 22, 2009 – Offshore Hurricane Bill lashed the coast with 10 ft (3.0 m) waves, causing beach erosion and several injuries.[87]
  • August 29, 2009 - The remnants of Tropical Storm Danny produced high waves, beach erosion, and rip currents that injured a surfer.[88]


Hurricane Sandy was the most destructive hurricane ever recorded in New Jersey. The fourth-costliest hurricane in U.S. history caused widespread, devastating damage and left millions of New Jersey residents without electricity, some lasting as long as three weeks. Hurricane Sandy became the first tropical cyclone to make a direct strike on the state since 1903.

  • September 3, 2010 – Hurricane Earl passes about 100 miles east of the state, causing tropical storm force winds and battering waves. Little precipitation occurred, with only one weak band of rain crossing the western section of the state.
  • September 30, 2010 – Tropical Storm Nicole weakens and causes minor issues statewide including rain totals of 3 inches. The moisture rode up the East Coast and caused problems for travelers. The storm then quickly passed the area on October 2. Some thunderstorms associated with a squall line caused most of the heavy rain.
  • August 27–28, 2011 – Tropical Storm, formerly Hurricane Irene, makes landfall in Brigantine. The storm caused beach erosion and flooding, while also producing sustained winds of 59 mph (94 km/h) in Cape May, where hurricane-force gusts were also recorded.[89] Numerous reports of major flooding, downed trees, and power outages were reported. The storm caused just the third ever shutdown of Atlantic City casinos and also prompted residents of coastal communities to evacuate in advance of the storm. The storm kills a total of ten people in the state.
  • September 7–9, 2011- The remnants of Tropical Storm Lee causes heavy rain across all of the state. In Phillipsburg, 9.55 Inches of rain fell. Moderate to severe flooding occurred in Western portions of the state.
  • October 29–30, 2012 – Hurricane Sandy reaches within 50 miles of the coastline before moving ashore in Brigantine as an extratropical cyclone. The storm brings hurricane-force winds, record low pressure, and a momentous storm surge along areas of the coast. The storm becomes the worst hurricane to affect the state on record, killing 37 and causing nearly $30 billion in damages. Widespread devastation is noted, particularly on Long Beach Island and the Barnegat Peninsula, where the Seaside Heights boardwalk collapses into the ocean. Further north, storm surge flooding causes massive destruction along the Raritan Bay and traps thousands in Hoboken. All of New Jersey Transit's commuter rail operations are affected, with some lines out of service for over a month, and inundation of rolling stock stored in NJ Transit's Meadowlands yard. Sandy also causes the worst power outage in state history, blacking out over 2 million households.
  • June 7, 2013 - Tropical Storm Andrea passes through New Jersey as a post-tropical storm, causing heavy rainfall throughout the state and forcing an emergency plane landing at Newark Airport. Rainfall peaks at 5 inches in Oceanport.
  • October 6, 2013 - Moisture associated with the remnants of Tropical Storm Karen drops locally heavy rains across New Jersey, causing minor street flooding.
  • July 4, 2014 - Hurricane Arthur passes to the east of New Jersey. The storm produces moderate rainfall along the coast, though winds remain generally below tropical storm force. Strong waves buffet the coastline, and some holiday celebrations in the state were cancelled or postponed.
  • August 28, 2014 - Hurricane Cristobal passes well offshore of the state but generates strong waves and rip currents that kill 2 in Sandy Hook.
  • June 21, 2015 - The remnants of Tropical Storm Bill pass through the state, dropping heavy rain but causing no damage.
  • October 1, 2015 - Hurricane Joaquin briefly threatens to approach or strike New Jersey, forcing the state to begin storm preparations. Officials in Atlantic City discuss the possibility of evacuations, though an order never materializes. Joaquin instead turns away long before affecting the shoreline.
  • October 28, 2015 - The remnants of Hurricane Patricia pass through the Northeast. Inches of heavy rain and gusty winds cause downed tree limbs, power outages, and flooding throughout the state.
  • September 5, 2016 - Hurricane Hermine meanders off the coast as a powerful post-tropical cyclone. The state thoroughly prepares for the storm's arrival during the busy holiday weekend. Hermine moves further east than forecasted and impacts are much less than expected. Strong waves and minor coastal flooding occur along the coastline.
  • October 8, 2016 - Hurricane Matthew interacts with a frontal system, bringing light rain to the state.
  • June 24, 2017 - The remnants of Tropical Storm Cindy bought strong winds to portions of New Jersey. Numerous powerlines and trees were downed in parts of southern and central parts of New Jersey. Two EF-0 tornadoes related to the system touched down in Howell Township, New Jersey, the first one touching down in the Fort Plains area damaging a Home Depot, Chase Bank, a strip mall, an ice cream parlor and downing trees and powerlines. The second one hit a park in the Oak Glen area.
  • September 3, 2017 - The remnants of Hurricane Harvey hit New Jersey on Labor Day weekend, causing minimal damage.
  • September 19, 2017 - Large waves from Hurricane Jose cause beach erosion along the Jersey Shore. Moderate rainfall and winds of 25-40 mph also occur across the state.[90]
  • September 27, 2017 - Hurricane Maria brings showers and some gusty winds to the shore.
  • October 29, 2017 - A post-tropical system that was once Tropical Storm Philippe (2017) passes east of the shore and brings 1-4 inches of rain. [91] The winds occasionally gusted over 40 mph and sustained winds were 15-30 mph.
  • September 8-10, 2018 - The remnants of Tropical Storm Gordon (2018) affect the state for 3 days, dropping amounts of up to 3-6 inches in parts of the state, along with wind gusts reaching up to 40 mph.

Listed by month[edit]

Tropical cyclones affect New Jersey the most during the month of September, though the state has experienced tropical cyclones throughout the hurricane season, excluding November. Storms affect the state most in September due to peak warmth in water temperatures. No recorded storm has affected the state between November and May.[1]

Number of recorded storms affecting New Jersey
Month Number of storms

Deadliest storms[edit]

Most tropical cyclones that impact New Jersey only cause rainfall or strong waves, though a few have caused deaths in the state. A hurricane in 1933 caused numerous casualties offshore, though the number is unknown. Other recorded storms causing deaths in New Jersey include:

Name Year Number of deaths
Sandy 2012 37 [92]
Unnamed 1806 21
Irene 2011 10
Unnamed 1944 9
Unnamed 1878 8
Connie 1955 6
Floyd 1999 6
Felix 1995 5
Unnamed 1940 4
Diane 1955 3
Doria 1967 3
Doria 1971 3
Bertha 2008 3
Edouard 1996 2
Cristobal 2014 2
Barbara 1953 1
Gloria 1985 1
Gabrielle 1989 1
Danielle 1992 1
Bertha 1996 1
Maria and Nate 2005 1
Isabel 2003 1 (1 indirect)
Donna 1960 0 (1 indirect)

Strongest storms[edit]

The following storms have caused hurricane-force winds in New Jersey.

Name Saffir–Simpson
Date of closest approach Year
Gale of 1878 1 October 23 1878
1903 New Jersey hurricane 1 September 16 1903
Unnamed 1 September 8 1934
1944 Great Atlantic hurricane 1 September 14 1944
Sandy 1 October 29 2012

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Buchholz, Margaret; Larry Savadove (1993). Great Storms of the Jersey Shore. Down the Shore Publishing. ISBN 0-945582-51-X. 
  2. ^ Donnelly J. P.; S. Roll; M. Wengren; J. Butler; R. Lederer; T. Webb III (July 2001). "Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey". Geology. 29 (7): 615–618. Bibcode:2001Geo....29..615D. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0615:SEOIHS>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0091-7613.  Abstract Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. and "full article" (PDF).  (2.15 MiB) available online from Brown University. URLs accessed on May 27, 2006.
  3. ^ Brian H. Bossak & James B. Elsner. "1804 Atlantic hurricane season". Retrieved 2006-04-03. 
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