List of New Jersey state parks

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Atsion Recreation Area in Wharton State Forest

The New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry manages a public park system which consists of over 50 protected areas designated as state parks, state forests, recreation areas, and other properties within the state of New Jersey in the United States. The agency also owns and manages 38 historical sites and buildings throughout the state (some located within the boundaries of state parkland) and also owns five public marinas and four public golf courses. These properties are administered by the Division's State Park Service, founded in 1923. New Jersey's state park system includes properties as small as the 32-acre (0.13 km2) Barnegat Lighthouse State Park to the 115,000-acre (470 km2) Wharton State Forest, the state's largest. The state park system comprises 430,928 acres (1,743.90 km2)—roughly 7.7% of New Jersey's land area—and serves over 17.8 million annual visitors.

History of the New Jersey state park system[edit]

Forests and the Forest Park Reservation Commission[edit]

Entry gate and sign at Swartswood State Park--New Jersey's first state park

At the beginning of the twentieth century, New Jersey did not have much of a lumber or forestry industry. The value of its trees was insignificant and undermined by destruction by uncontrolled forest fires, and after decades of clear-cutting forests to fuel iron forges, furnaces, and other industrial operations.[1][2] In 1896, the state geologist recommended the acquisition of land for parks in order to protect water supplies and to provide natural recreation to the state's increasing urban populations.[3] After several years of reports and advocacy of geologists and naturalists (including, notably, U.S. forester Gifford Pinchot), New Jersey governor Edward C. Stokes established the Forest Park Reservation Commission in 1905 to protect forest land and create a system of park reserves within the state.[3][4][5] At the commission's meeting on September 12, 1905, the commissioners adopted the Salem Oak as a symbol of New Jersey's parks.[6] The commissioners acquired two tracts in southern New Jersey, near Mays Landing and along the Bass River, as the first state forest reserves.[7] The Mays Landing tract was sold in 1916 after opposition from local officials and landowners made acquisition and expansion on adjacent lands impossible. The Bass River tract became the core of Bass River State Forest.[8] In 1907, the commissioners would also acquire 5,000 acres on Kittatinny Mountain near Culver's Gap, supplemented by a gift from Governor Stokes, which would become the core of Stokes State Forest.[9] The reservations, which by 1912 comprised 13,720 acres (55.5 km2) became sites for studying forests, reforestation projects, and scientific forestry.[10] With the acquisition of a tract that included Swartswood Lake in Stillwater Township, the commission began developing parks for the purposes of recreation by providing boating, fishing, camping, and picnicking. In the Commission's 1915 Annual Report, they stated "It is intended to make Swartswood a public playground. Boat liveries and picnic shelters to be maintained under proper control will make it available to a large number of people".[11] The Forest Park Reservation Commission was consolidated with other agencies into the Department and Board of Conservation and Development on April 8, 1915.[12]

State Park Service[edit]

The Salem Oak, which was alive in 1675 when John Fenwick founded Salem, New Jersey, has been the symbol of New Jersey's state parks since 1905.

In 1923, the legislature authorized the creation of the State Park Service to administer the state parks and forests. New Jersey began to redirect its efforts from the development of these and other properties for recreational purposes instead of protecting or promoting the commercial potential of forested land. The state legislature established a commission to create a historic park along the Delaware River above Trenton, at the location where George Washington and Continental Army crossed the river on December 25, 1776 before the surprise attack on Hessian troops at the Battle of Trenton and the Battle of Princeton (January 3, 1777). The initial plans were defeated by a public referendum, but there was increased desire to complete these plans to establish a Washington Crossing Memorial Park in time for the 150th anniversary of American independence in 1926. The park was officially dedicated and opened to the public on June 4, 1927. In the wake of World War I, state forester Alfred Gaskill proposed a new public park along Kittatinny Mountain, "as the State’s memorial to its sons who had made the supreme sacrifice in the Great War". A few years later, Colonel Anthony R. Kuser donated his mountaintop estate at High Point (the state's highest elevation) to the state for a public park with an additional gift of $500,000 to erect a granite-clad obelisk to honor veterans. Construction of the monument began in 1928 and was completed in 1930.

According to the New Jersey Conservation Foundation, the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry administers and manages 430,928 acres (1,743.90 km2) in its state parks, forests, and other areas. These areas, during the state's 2006 fiscal year (from July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006) recorded 17,843,541 visitors.[13]

Planning future parks[edit]

In 2006, the Division of Parks and Forestry began planning and preliminary work two new state parks: Great Falls State Park in Paterson, and Capital State Park in Trenton.[14][15] The state's only other urban park is Liberty State Park in Jersey City.[15] According to the master plan prepared by Philadelphia-based planning and urban design firm Wallace Roberts & Todd, Capital State Park would incorporate areas around the state's capitol complex in Trenton and the city's Delaware River and Assunpink Creek waterfronts to provide "a long-term strategy to revitalize Trenton by reestablishing connections to the downtown and reclaiming its riverfront."[16][17] Great Falls subsequently became Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park.

In 2009, the state also purchased 1,174 acres (4.75 km2) in Jefferson Township the former site of the Mount Paul monastery and seminary belonging to Paulist Fathers (from 1924–2009). The tract, which will be developed into a state park, is located in the state's Highlands region on the eastern side of Sparta Mountain and featuring mountain streams that flow into the Russia Brook (a tributary of the Rockaway River).[18]

Recreation and facilities[edit]

Post's Brook along the Lower Trail in Norvin Green State Forest

The State Park Service asks its visitors to embrace the "Carry In, Carry Out" philosophy in order to "keep the parks clean and beautiful by by carrying out the trash you carry in".[19]

Fishing and hunting are permitted in several of the state parks and forest.[19]

Golf courses[edit]

The State Park System also includes four golf courses that are open to the public. Each of the four courses include associated restaurant and banquet facilities and is operated under contract between a private management company and the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry.[20] Centerton Golf Course, located in Pittsgrove Township in Salem County is located within Parvin State Park.[21] Cream Ridge Golf Course is located in Cream Ridge in Monmouth County and was acquired by the state in 2006.[22] Spring Meadow Golf Course in Farmingdale in Monmouth County was privately developed and operated beginning in the 1920s and acquired by the state five decades later.[23]

  • White Oaks Golf Course - Gloucester County 2951 Dutch Mill Road Newfield, NJ 08344

Several of these properties were acquired as part of open space preservation inisitives managed by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection‍ '​s Green Acres Program.[21][23]

State parks[edit]

State park Image Location Created Size Features and activities Notes
Allaire State Park PineCreekRailroadwithLicence.jpg Howell and Wall townships in Monmouth County
40°09′43.60″N 74°07′53.62″W / 40.1621111°N 74.1315611°W / 40.1621111; -74.1315611
1940 3,205 acres (12.97 km2) Features restored nineteenth-century ironworks, Allaire Village; ecosystem and geography of New Jersey's coastal plains region and Manasquan River floodplain—habitat for over 200 species of wildflowers, trees and plants, and birds; includes high-iron and acidic podzolic soils and bog iron deposits. Hosts the Pine Creek Railroad, an excursion rail line operated by the New Jersey Museum of Transportation. [24][25]
Allamuchy Mountain State Park Morris-Canal-Lock-Waterloo-Village.JPG Green and Byram townships in Sussex County;
Allamuchy Township in Warren County
Mount Olive Township in Morris County
40°55′17″N 74°46′56″W / 40.921252°N 74.782287°W / 40.921252; -74.782287
1966 9,092 acres (36.79 km2) Located along Allamuchy Mountain and Musconetcong River, features 2,440-acre (9.9 km2) Allamuchy Natural Area of mature mixed oak-hardwood forests, natural fields; 14 miles of marked and 20 miles of unmarked trails including Sussex Branch Trail and Highlands Trail; Waterloo Village a restored eighteenth- and nineteenth-century village associated with the iron industry and Morris Canal. [26]
Barnegat Lighthouse State Park NJ LBI Lighthouse 08a (June 2004).JPG At the northern tip of Long Beach Island in Ocean County
39°45′46.91″N 74°06′28.74″W / 39.7630306°N 74.1079833°W / 39.7630306; -74.1079833
1951 32 acres (0.13 km2) The site of Barnegat Lighthouse (1859); offers marine birdwatching and saltwater fishing, located along on New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route. [27]
Cape May Point State Park Cape May Light NJ.jpg Lower Township in Cape May County
38°56′05″N 74°57′33″W / 38.934810°N 74.959202°W / 38.934810; -74.959202
1964 244 acres (0.99 km2) The site of Cape May Lighthouse (1859); premier location in North America for observing fall bird migration to the south. [28]
Capital State Park 2009-08-26 View of downtown Trenton in New Jersey and the mouth of the Assunpink Creek from across the Delaware River in Morrisville, Pennsylvania.jpg Trenton in Mercer County 2006 - Park currently being developed, includes buildings and areas of Trenton's capitol complex, waterfront areas along Delaware River and Assunpink Creek; celebrate Trenton’s Native American, Colonial, Revolutionary War, ethnic, and industrial heritage [16]
Cheesequake State Park Cheesequake sp marsh.JPG Old Bridge Township in Middlesex County
40°26′5.118″N 74°15′49.2372″W / 40.43475500°N 74.263677000°W / 40.43475500; -74.263677000
1932 1,610 acres (6.5 km2) Transitional zone between two different ecosystems featuring open fields, saltwater and freshwater marshes, Pine Barrens white cedar swamp, and northeastern hardwood forest. [29]
Corson's Inlet State Park Corson's Inlet between Ocean City and Strathmere in Cape May County
39°16′22″N 75°09′42″W / 39.272663°N 75.161591°W / 39.272663; -75.161591
1963 341 acres (1.38 km2) One of the last undeveloped tracts along the state’s oceanfront; features primary and secondary sand dune systems, shoreline overwash, marine estuaries; migratory and residential wildlife species; hiking, fishing, crabbing, boating and sunbathing. [30]
Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park D&R Canal.jpg Over 60 linear miles through Central New Jersey in Middlesex, Somerset, Mercer, and Hunterdon counties.
40°19′29″N 74°39′29″W / 40.32472°N 74.65806°W / 40.32472; -74.65806
1974 6,595 acres (26.69 km2) Delaware and Raritan Canal mileage including the 36-mile (58 km) main canal between New Brunswick and Trenton and 22-mile (35 km) feeder canal between Trenton and Frenchtown; many historic structures including buildings, locks, spillways, and towpath; described as "the longest (and narrowest) recreation area in the state. A greenway that snakes through one of the most heavily populated regions in the world." [31][32]
Double Trouble State Park Double Trouble cranberry bog.jpg Lacey and Berkeley townships in Ocean County
39°53′46″N 74°13′44″W / 39.896°N 74.229°W / 39.896; -74.229
1964 8,495 acres (34.38 km2) Provides "a window into the Pine Barrens history" and region's ecosystem; preserved historic village associated with New Jersey cranberry agriculture and Atlantic White Cedar logging and milling industries. [33]
Edison State Park TheEdisonTower.jpg Menlo Park, Edison Township in Middlesex County
40°33′42″N 74°20′26″W / 40.5617°N 74.3405°W / 40.5617; -74.3405
- 36 acres (0.15 km2) The site consists of a two-room museum with interpretative and interactive exhibits about Thomas A. Edison‍ '​s Menlo Park laboratory and the Edison Memorial Tower [34]
Farny State Park - Rockaway Township in Morris County
40°57′44.82″N 74°27′28.81″W / 40.9624500°N 74.4580028°W / 40.9624500; -74.4580028
- 4,866 acres (19.69 km2) Adjacent to Split Rock Reservoir; features mature mixed oak hardwood forest, swamps, and streams characteristic of the Highlands physiographic province; provides habitat for the endangered red-shouldered hawk and threatened barred owl. [35]
Fort Mott State Park Fort mott nj 01.JPG Pennsville Township in Salem County
39°36′24″N 75°33′06″W / 39.6066°N 75.5516°W / 39.6066; -75.5516
1951 124 acres (0.50 km2) Coastal defense battery built 1872–1902 to protect the Delaware River and Philadelphia after the American Civil War. Troops were stationed at site from 1897 to 1922. [36][37]
Hacklebarney State Park The Black River, Hacklebarney State Park.jpg Located between Long Valley and Chester in Morris County
40°44′55″N 74°43′43″W / 40.74861°N 74.72861°W / 40.74861; -74.72861
- 1,186 acres (4.80 km2) The glacial valley and gorge of the Black River; features the rock strewn landscape of the glacial moraine from the Wisconsinan glaciation; features three endangered species: American ginseng, leatherwood and Virginia pennywort [38]
High Point State Park High Point Monument and Lake Marcia framed.jpg Montague Township, Sussex County
41°19′15″N 74°39′42″W / 41.32095°N 74.66155°W / 41.32095; -74.66155
1923 16,091 acres (65.12 km2) Donated by Colonel Anthony R. Kuser and wife Susie Dryden Kuser; landscaping designed by the Olmsted Brothers of Boston, sons of Frederick Law Olmsted, designer of New York City's Central Park. Features the highest elevation in New Jersey, High Point, a 1,803-foot (550 m) prominence of Kittatinny Mountain marked by a 220-foot (67 m) granite obelisk erected as veterans memorial. [39]
Hopatcong State Park Lake Hopatcong State Park NJ woman on grass.jpg Landing, Roxbury Township in Morris County; Hopatcong Borough in Sussex County
40°54′58.8″N 74°39′48.5″W / 40.916333°N 74.663472°W / 40.916333; -74.663472
- 163 acres (0.66 km2) Two separate parcels of land, one on the southwestern shore of state's largest freshwater lake, Lake Hopatcong, another on Lake Musconetcong; the park features remnants of the Morris Canal and Lake Hopatcong Historical Museum. [40]
Island Beach State Park 2013-08-21 12 34 24 Wetlands along Barnegat Bay near the southern end of Island Beach State Park, New Jersey.jpg Former borough of Island Beach and Berkeley Township in Ocean County
39°54′18.98″N 74°04′53.15″W / 39.9052722°N 74.0814306°W / 39.9052722; -74.0814306
1953 3,003 acres (12.15 km2) Island Beach is a narrow 10-mile (16 km) barrier island between Atlantic Ocean and Barnegat Bay featuring untouched primary dunes, thicket, freshwater wetlands, maritime forest and tidal marshes; also New Jersey's largest osprey colony, peregrine falcons, wading birds, shorebirds, waterfowl, and migrating songbirds. [41]
Kittatinny Valley State Park Kittatinny Valley state park new Jersey September 2015.jpg Andover Borough and Andover Township, Sussex County
41°00′59″N 74°44′39″W / 41.016294°N 74.744036°W / 41.016294; -74.744036
1994 5,656 acres (22.89 km2) Features glacial lakes and limestone outcroppings at the headwaters of the Pequest River; part of the Sussex Branch Trail passes through park; site of the Aeroflex–Andover Airport, a New Jersey Forest Fire Service airbase for aerial wildfire suppression. [42]
Liberty State Park Lsp flag display.jpg Jersey City in Hudson County
40°42′15″N 74°02′57″W / 40.70417°N 74.04917°W / 40.70417; -74.04917
1976 1,212 acres (4.90 km2) Created to commemorate country's bicentennial celebration, features Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (CRRNJ); sweeping view of the Hudson River and Manhattan skyline; Liberty Science Center; "Empty Sky" Memorial for the September 11 terrorist attacks; ferry service to Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty. [43]
Long Pond Ironworks State Park LPIWFurnace.jpg Hewitt, West Milford Township in Passaic County
41°08′47″N 74°18′39″W / 41.14639°N 74.31083°W / 41.14639; -74.31083
1987 6,911 acres (27.97 km2) Features Monksville Reservoir and ruins of Long Pond Ironworks, an eighteenth- and nineteenth-century ironworking community (1766–1882) along the Wanaque River. [44]
Monmouth Battlefield State Park Cornfield Monmouth.JPG Manalapan and Freehold, in Monmouth County
40°16′23″N 74°18′50″W / 40.27306°N 74.31389°W / 40.27306; -74.31389
- 1,818 acres (7.36 km2) Site of the June 28, 1778 Battle of Monmouth during the American Revolution. George Washington and Continental Army attacked the rear of a British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton; features interpretative center, annual reenactment battle held in June, the Craig House (1746), the Rhea-Applegate house (1745), and a pick-your-own fruit orchard. [45]
Parvin State Park October sunset over the lake 2014-01-16 01-43.jpg Pittsgrove Township in Salem County
39°30′42″N 75°08′18″W / 39.511803°N 75.138204°W / 39.511803; -75.138204
1931 2,092 acres (8.47 km2) Features Pine Barrens swamp hardwood and pine forest ecosystem along Muddy Run (Maurice River tributary). Features over 200 flowering plant species including blossoming dogwood, laurel[disambiguation needed], holly, magnolia, wild azalea. Historically, the home of a CCC camp (1933–1941), summer displacement camp for Japanese-American children during World War II; prisoner-of-war camp for German soldiers, and housing for Kalmyk refugees who escaped Eastern Europe and the USSR in 1952. [46]
Pigeon Swamp State Park PigeonSwamp1.JPG South Brunswick Township in Middlesex County
40°23′13″N 74°28′26″W / 40.38689°N 74.47383°W / 40.38689; -74.47383
1974 1,078 acres (4.36 km2) Located in the watershed of Lawrence Brook, an undeveloped park featuring open ponds and hardwood forests that were a major nesting site for the now-extinct passenger pigeon. -
Princeton Battlefield State Park Princeton Battlefield State Park (Princeton, NJ).JPG Princeton Borough in Mercer County
40°19′45″N 74°40′36″W / 40.32917°N 74.67667°W / 40.32917; -74.67667
- 681 acres (2.76 km2) Site of the Battle of Princeton fought between British and American on January 3, 1777—an victory that proved decisive in restoring American morale during American Revolution. Includes the Clarke House where General Hugh Mercer died from his wounds nine days later despite the efforts of Dr Benjamin Rush. [47]
Rancocas State Park - Westampton Township in Burlington County
40°00′27.13″N 74°49′59.59″W / 40.0075361°N 74.8332194°W / 40.0075361; -74.8332194
1965 1,252 acres (5.07 km2) Located along the North Branch of the Rancocas Creek and an extensive freshwater tidal marsh. [48]
Ringwood State Park SheperdLake.jpg Ringwood in Passaic County
41°07′05″N 74°13′59″W / 41.118°N 74.233°W / 41.118; -74.233
1937 4,444 acres (17.98 km2) Located on Ramapo Mountain, features historic Ringwood Manor, New Jersey Botanical Garden at Skylands Manor, and Shepherd Lake Recreation Area. [49]
Stephens State Park Musconetcong River at Stephens State Park.jpg near Hackettstown in Warren County; Mount Olive Township in Morris County
40°52′09″N 74°48′13″W / 40.8691°N 74.8037°W / 40.8691; -74.8037
1937 805 acres (3.26 km2) Located along Musconetcong River, features remnants of one of 23 locks and section of towpath of the Morris Canal. Highlands Trail runs through the park. [50]
Swartswood State Park Swartswood Lake from the state park beach.jpg Stillwater Township, Sussex County
41°04′34″N 74°49′14″W / 41.076132°N 74.820564°W / 41.076132; -74.820564
1915 3,460 acres (14.0 km2) New Jersey's first state park. The focus of the park was a place for recreation at the state's third-largest freshwater lake, Swartswood Lake (a glacial lake). [51]
Voorhees State Park lakeside pavilion at Voorhees State Park in New Jersey in autumn foliage Glen Gardner Borough, Hunterdon County
40°41′16″N 74°53′46″W / 40.6878°N 74.8961°W / 40.6878; -74.8961
1929 1,336 acres (5.41 km2) Former New Jersey governor Foster M. Voorhees created the park with donation of his 325-acre (1.32 km2) farm; scenic views of Round Valley Reservoir and Spruce Run Reservoir; an observatory and astronomy education center, operated by the New Jersey Astronomical Association, offers the largest working telescope accessible to the public in the state—a 26-inch Cassegrain reflector. [52]
Washington Crossing State Park Washington Crossing Park.jpg Washington Crossing and Titusville sections of Hopewell Township in Mercer County
40°18′17.76″N 74°51′24.82″W / 40.3049333°N 74.8568944°W / 40.3049333; -74.8568944
- 3,575 acres (14.47 km2) Commemorates site where General George Washington and Continental Army crossed the ice-clogged Delaware River on December 25, 1776, before the Battle of Trenton and Battle of Princeton during the American Revolution. [53]
Washington Rock State Park Winter view from Washington Rock State Park Green Brook Township, Somerset County
40°36′46″N 74°28′20″W / 40.61282°N 74.47235°W / 40.61282; -74.47235
1913 52 acres (0.21 km2) Site of a lookout used by George Washington in 1777 monitor British troop movements around New York City and northern New Jersey when the Continental Army was stationed at the Middlebrook encampment. [54]
Wawayanda State Park Wawayanda.jpg Vernon Township in Sussex County;
West Milford in Passaic County
41°10′37″N 74°25′05″W / 41.177°N 74.418°W / 41.177; -74.418
1960 35,524 acres (143.76 km2) Wawayanda offers 60 miles (97 km) of trails including a 20-mile (32 km) segment of the Appalachian Trail. Features 1,325-acre (5.36 km2) Bearfort Mountain Natural Area, 399-acre (1.61 km2) Wawayanda Hemlock Ravine Natural Area (399 acres), and 2,167-acre (8.77 km2) Wawayanda Swamp Natural Area [55]

State forests[edit]

State park Image Location Created Size Features and activities Notes
Abram S. Hewitt State Forest - near Hewitt, West Milford Township in Passaic County
41°11′8.5363″N 74°19′52.95″W / 41.185704528°N 74.3313750°W / 41.185704528; -74.3313750
1951 2,001 acres (8.10 km2) Accessible only by foot, this park is located on Bearfort Mountain, the eastern terminus of the Wawayanda Plateau, between Greenwood Lake and Upper Greenwood Lake and features a portion of the Appalachian Trail [56]
Bass River State Forest View of densely-vegetated Atlantic White Cedar bog at Bass River State Forest Burlington County
39°37′13.91″N 74°25′28.74″W / 39.6205306°N 74.4246500°W / 39.6205306; -74.4246500
1905 29,147 acres (117.95 km2) Bass River is New Jersey's first state forest. Features the 67-acre (27 ha) man-made Lake Absegami, the remains of the Civilian Conservation Corps Camp S-55 (1933–1942), a 3,830 acres (15.5 km2) portion of Pine Barrens pygmy forest in the West Pine Plains Natural Area, and the pine/oak woods and a small Atlantic white cedar bog of the Absegami Natural Area [57]
Belleplain State Forest - near Woodbine in Cumberland and Cape May counties
39°14′56.62″N 74°50′28.29″W / 39.2490611°N 74.8411917°W / 39.2490611; -74.8411917
1928 21,324 acres (86.30 km2) Features young pine, oak and Atlantic white cedar, and the remains of three CCC camps, and Lake Nummy, formerly the Meisle Cranberry Bog [58]
Brendan T. Byrne State Forest "Cranberry Bog in the middle of Brendan T. Byrne State Forest New Lisbon, Woodland Township in Ocean County
39°53′27.66″N 74°34′46.63″W / 39.8910167°N 74.5796194°W / 39.8910167; -74.5796194
- 37,242 acres (150.71 km2) Features the site of Lebanon Glass Works (1851–1867); Whitesbog Villeage, an active nineteenth- and twentieth-century cranberry and blueberry producing community where the high bush blueberry was developed. [59]
Jenny Jump State Forest Flickr - Nicholas T - Loose-Leaf.jpg Hope in Warren County
40°54′39.3″N 74°55′32.10″W / 40.910917°N 74.9255833°W / 40.910917; -74.9255833
1931 4,466 acres (18.07 km2) The park features the 1,112-foot (339 m) high, 6-mile (10 km) long Jenny Jump Mountain ridge, large glacial boulders and outcroppings from the Wisconsin glaciation, and because the area enjoys the darkest skies in New Jersey, the park is home to the United Astronomy Clubs of New Jersey's Greenwood Observatory, open for public stargazing. [60]
Norvin Green State Forest Wyanokie High Point.jpg West Milford Township and
Bloomingdale Borough in Passaic County
41°04′08.00″N 74°19′32.37″W / 41.0688889°N 74.3256583°W / 41.0688889; -74.3256583
1946 5,416 acres (21.92 km2) Located near Wanaque Reservoir and part of the Wyanokie Wilderness Area, this state forest features Wyanokie High Point and views of the Manhattan skyline is part of the Northeastern coastal forests ecoregion and accessible only by foot. [61]
Penn State Forest - Jenkin's Neck in Burlington County
39°44′04.90″N 74°29′28.82″W / 39.7346944°N 74.4913389°W / 39.7346944; -74.4913389
- 3,366 acres (13.62 km2) Features Lake Oswego and a former Civilian Conservation Corps camp, as well as part of New Jersey's pygmy forest. [62]
Ramapo Mountain State Forest 2013-05-12 15 09 39 Stream along the MacEvoy Trail in Ramapo Mountain State Forest in New Jersey.jpg Passaic and Bergen counties
41°01′57″N 74°15′04″W / 41.032503°N 74.251057°W / 41.032503; -74.251057
- 4,269 acres (17.28 km2) Former estate of Clifford MacEvoy on Ramapo Mountain, includes the 120-acre (49 ha) Ramapo Lake Natural Area -
Stokes State Forest Understory state park.jpg Sandyston, Montague, and Frankford townships in Sussex County
41°11′04″N 74°47′50″W / 41.184444°N 74.797301°W / 41.184444; -74.797301
1907 16,025 acres (64.85 km2) Created with a donation of land by New Jersey Governor Edward C. Stokes, this state forest on Kittatinny Mountain includes the Tillman Ravine Natural Area, and New Jersey School of Conservation (operated by Montclair State University) -
Wharton State Forest Kayaking on the Mullica River, pine trees in background Large tract through Burlington, Camden, and Atlantic counties 39°38′35″N 74°38′50″W / 39.6431388989°N 74.6471222322°W / 39.6431388989; -74.6471222322 1954 115,000 acres (470 km2) New Jersey's largest state forest, features the Atlantic coastal pine barrens ecoregion as well as the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, and the watershed of the Mullica River, including historic Batsto Village, a former bog iron and glass manufacturing site from 1766 to 1867, and extensive hiking trails. -
Worthington State Forest WorthingtonStateForest.jpg Knowlton and Hardwick townships in Warren County
41°00′N 75°04′W / 41.00°N 75.07°W / 41.00; -75.07
1954 6,421 acres (2,598 ha) Part of the former estate of Charles Campbell Worthington, features Mount Tammany (elevation 1,527 feet), the New Jersey side of the Delaware Water Gap and southern areas of Kittatinny Mountain, including the 1,085-acre (439 ha) Dunnfield Creek Natural Area (a Wild Trout stream) and Sunfish Pond, a glacial lake -

Recreation areas[edit]

State park Image Location Created Size Features and activities Notes
Atsion Recreation Area Lake Atsion.jpg Shamong Township in Burlington County
39°44′27″N 74°43′58″W / 39.740962°N 74.732711°W / 39.740962; -74.732711
- - Located in Wharton State Forest -
Bull's Island Recreation Area - Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park
Delaware Township in Hunterdon County
40°24′36″N 75°02′13″W / 40.410°N 75.037°W / 40.410; -75.037
- 80 acres (32 ha) - [63]
Round Valley Recreation Area RoundValleySign3.JPG Lebanon and Clinton townships in Hunterdon County
40°36′50″N 74°49′22″W / 40.61395°N 74.82273°W / 40.61395; -74.82273
1968 3,684 acres (1,491 ha) Trails for hiking, horseback riding, and mountain biking; camping, fishing, hunting (waterfowl only), picnicking, boating/canoeing (gas motors limited 10 hp), swimming, scuba and skin diving, cross-country skiing, ice fishing, sledding [64]
Spruce Run Recreation Area - Union and Clinton townships in Hunterdon County
40°39′N 74°56′W / 40.650°N 74.933°W / 40.650; -74.933
1974 1,290 acres (520 ha) - -
Warren Grove Recreation Area - Warren Grove in Ocean and Burlington counties
39°45′12.29″N 74°23′13.9″W / 39.7534139°N 74.387194°W / 39.7534139; -74.387194
1972 617 acres (2.50 km2) Administered by the Bass River State Forest, this site was acquired from the National Park Service in 1972. This site is part of what is known as the "Pygmy Forest", featuring the groves of Pitch Pine that is part of the Dwarf Pine Plains Habitat in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Features the endangered broom crowberry (Corema conradii) and other rare plant species. [65]

State marinas[edit]

Marina Image Location Berths Maximum vessel length Draft Description Notes
Senator Frank S. Farley State Marina - Atlantic City, Atlantic County
39°22′40.30″N 74°25′47.58″W / 39.3778611°N 74.4298833°W / 39.3778611; -74.4298833
640 300 feet (91 m) 12 feet (3.7 m) Located on Clam Creek and Huron Avenue across the street from the Golden Nugget (formerly Trump's Marina Hotel Casino) in Atlantic City, access to the Atlantic Ocean through Absecon Inlet or the Intracoastal Waterway [66]
Forked River State Marina - Forked River in Lacey Township, Ocean County
39°50′05.59″N 74°11′42.07″W / 39.8348861°N 74.1950194°W / 39.8348861; -74.1950194
125 50 feet (15 m) 6 feet (1.8 m) Access to Atlantic Ocean via Barnegat Inlet, near "BB" Buoy, Barnegat Bay and the Intracoastal Waterway [66]
Fortescue State Marina - Fortescue, Downe Township, Cumberland County
39°14′35″N 75°10′21″W / 39.243156°N 75.172448°W / 39.243156; -75.172448
125 50 feet (15 m) 9 feet (2.7 m) Access to Delaware Bay and Atlantic Ocean. [66]
Leonardo State Marina - Leonardo in Middletown Township, Monmouth County
40°25′20.74″N 74°03′40.26″W / 40.4224278°N 74.0611833°W / 40.4224278; -74.0611833
176 50 feet (15 m) 6 feet (1.8 m) Located next to Sandy Hook, access to the Atlantic Ocean and New York Bay [66]
Liberty Landing Marina - Liberty State Park in Jersey City, Hudson County
40°42′35.46″N 74°03′05.40″W / 40.7098500°N 74.0515000°W / 40.7098500; -74.0515000
200 50 feet (15 m) 18 feet (5.5 m) Located in Liberty State Park across from Manhattan, with access to Liberty Science Center, and by ferry to the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island and New York City. [66]

State-owned historic sites[edit]

These are state-owned historical sites in New Jersey.[67] These state-owned historical sites are open to the public year-round on Wednesdays through Sundays (10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m., 1:00 p.m. to 4 p.m.)

Historical site Image Location Acquired Historical significance Notes
Absecon Lighthouse ABSECON 72 500.jpg Atlantic City, Atlantic County
39°21′58″N 74°24′51″W / 39.36611°N 74.41417°W / 39.36611; -74.41417
- - -
Allaire Village Row Homes.jpg - - - -
Barnegat Lighthouse Barnegate Light Upclose.jpg - - - -
Batsto Village Batsto Mansion with Fire Tower.jpg - - - -
Blackwells Mills Canal House Blackwells Mills Canal House.JPG - - Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park -
Boxwood Hall Boxwood-hall.jpg - - - -
Cape May Light CMLight-top.jpg - - - -
Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal USA-NYC-Jersey Historic Train Station crop.jpg - - - -
Clarke House Mercermemorial.jpg - - - -
Craig House Craig House farmhouse, Monmouth Battlefield State Park.jpg - - - -
Double Trouble Village - - - - -
Edison Memorial Tower and Museum - - - - -
Fort Mott - - - - -
Grover Cleveland Birthplace Grover Cleveland birthplace01.jpg - - - -
Hancock House Hancock House NJ.JPG - - - -
The Hermitage Hermitage-rear.jpg - - - -
High Point Monument High Point Monument from below.jpg - - - -
Indian King Tavern Indian King Tavern 2010.JPG - - - -
Johnson Ferry House Washington Crossing NJ State Park historic house.JPG - - - -
Long Pond Ironworks Historic District OldCountryStoreLPIW.jpg - - - -
Monmouth Battlefield MonmouthBattleField.jpg - - - -
Mule Tenders Barracks - - - Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park -
Navesink Twin Lights Navesink.jpg Highlands, Monmouth County
40°23′46.4″N 73°59′8.8″W / 40.396222°N 73.985778°W / 40.396222; -73.985778
1962 Located 246 feet (75 m) above sea level on the headlands of the Navesink Highlands; built in 1862 to replace an earlier lighthouse (1828); first American lighthouse to test a Fresnel lens; site of a demonstration by Marconi of the wireless telegraph in 1899. -
Old Dutch Parsonage Old Dutch Parsonage Somerville.jpg Somerville, Somerset County 1947 Built in 1751 (relocated to present site in 1913), the home of two Dutch Reformed clergymen: John Frelinghuysen and Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh who served local congregations in the Raritan River valley; and Frederick Frelinghuysen, a Revolutionary War officer, later a general, father to Theodore Frelinghuysen. Frelinghuysen and Hardenbergh were influential in establishing Queen's College (now Rutgers University) in 1766—of which Hardenbergh was its first president. -
Port Mercer Canal House Port mercer canal house.jpg - - Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park -
Prallsville Mills Prallsville Mill.jpg - - Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park -
Princeton Battlefield PrincetonBattleb.jpg - - - -
Ringwood Manor Ringwood Manor spring 2015.jpg - - - -
Rockingham Rockingham House, front.JPG - - - -
Skylands Manor & State Botanical Garden Skylands.jpg - - - -
Somers Mansion Somers Mansion-01.jpg - - - -
Steuben House Steuben House 1936.jpg - - - -
Trenton Battle Monument 2014-08-30 11 15 50 The Trenton Battle Monument in Trenton, New Jersey.JPG - - - -
Wallace House WallaceHouse.Somerville.NJ.jpg Somerville, Somerset County 1947 An eight-room Georgian mansion built on the "Hope Farm" estate of John Wallace in 1778–79. During the Middlebrook encampment, George Washington used the home as his headquarters in the first half of 1779 and used it to host foreign dignitaries and plan military strategy during the American Revolution. -
Walt Whitman House WhitmanHouse-CamdenNJ1.jpg Camden, Camden County
39°56′33″N 75°07′26″W / 39.94250°N 75.12389°W / 39.94250; -75.12389
1947 The small six-room home was purchased by the American poet Walt Whitman in 1884 and he resided there in his declining years until his death in 1892. Today it houses a museum with many of Whitman's belongings and pieces of furniture. [68]
Washington's Crossing Site Washington Crossing NJ State Park Delaware River looking across to Pennsylvania.JPG Hopewell Township, Mercer County
40°18′00″N 74°52′24″W / 40.3°N 74.8734°W / 40.3; -74.8734
- - -
Waterloo Village Waterloo-Methodist-Church.JPG Byram Township Sussex County
40°54′56″N 74°45′22″W / 40.91556°N 74.75611°W / 40.91556; -74.75611
- - -
Whitesbog Village Whitesbog General Store.jpg - - - -

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gifford Pinchot, "A Study of Forest Fires and Wood Production in Southern New Jersey" in New Jersey Geological Survey, The Annual Report of the State Geologist for 1898 (Trenton: MacCrellish & Quigley, 1897). Appendix.
  2. ^ "Damage By Forest Fires, New Jersey Legislature to be Asked for Protection", The New York Times, January 5, 1896, page 16; "Forest Fires In New Jersey. The annual Loss Over $1,000,000—Need of Legislation to Save Timber Lands", The New York Times, April 16, 1893, page 10; "Caring for Jersey Forests. State Spending Money to Stop Fires and Promote an Industry", The New York Times, May 15, 1910, page 20.
  3. ^ a b John Conover Smock, "Natural Parks and Forest Reservations: Administrative Report", in New Jersey Geological Survey, The Annual Report of the State Geologist for the Year 1896 (Trenton: MacCrellish & Quigley, 1897), xxii-xxiii.
  4. ^ P.L. 1905, ch. 47
  5. ^ P.L. 1906, ch. 123 printed in Forest Park Reservation Commission, State of New Jersey, Reports of the Forest Park Reservation Commission of New Jersey: Second Annual Report for the Year Ending October 31st 1906 (Trenton: MacCrellish & Quigley, 1907).
  6. ^ Minutes of the Board of Forest Park Reservation Commissioners, New Jersey State Archives, Meeting of September 12, 1905.
  7. ^ "Saving Jersey’s Forests. State Buys Two Tracts of Land for Timber Experiments", The New York Times, October 6, 1905, page 9.
  8. ^ Kevin Wright, A Century of Forest Stewardship in New Jersey 1905-2005 (2005). Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  9. ^ Sussex County Deed Book H-10, p. 467; 18 May 1907, Lands in Townships of Sandyston and Frankford, parts of Lots 3, 4, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 52, and 53 of the Sussex Allotments from Noah H. Hopkins and Susan Hopkins, his wife, of Branchville, New Jersey, to the State of New Jersey for $5,000.
  10. ^ Annual Report For the Year Ending June 30, 1920, Department of Conservation and Development, (Trenton: 1920).
  11. ^ Reports of the Forest Park Reservation Commission of New Jersey: Tenth Annual Report for the Year Ending October 31st 1914 (Paterson: The News Printing Company, 1915).
  12. ^ State of New Jersey, P.L. 1915, ch. 241.
  13. ^ Elliott Ruga, "Table 9: Acreage by Land Use of Lands Under the Jurisdiction of NJDEP Division of Parks and Forestry" and "Table 10: State Park and Forest Attendance, July 1, 2005 – June 30, 2006", The Accomplishments of State Preservation Programs: A Compilation of Reports, Plans and other Studies Detailing Land Preservation, Farmland Preservation and Historic Preservation Accomplishments with State Funding in New Jersey (New Jersey Conservation Foundation, 2009), 20–21.
  14. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Great Falls State Park. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  15. ^ a b New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Capital State Park. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  16. ^ a b Wallace Roberts & Todd, Projects: New Jersey Capital Park Master Plan. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  17. ^ Wallace Robert & Todd, Chapter 1: Vision: Recasting Trenton, New Jersey Capital Park Master Plan (May 2013 version). Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  18. ^ Rosa Kasper, "Sale means Mt. Paul will become state park", AIM Jefferson /, October 9, 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  19. ^ a b New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, State Park Service. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  20. ^ New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Parks and Forestry, Golf Courses. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  21. ^ a b Centerton Golf Course, "About Us". Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  22. ^ Cream Ridge Golf Course, "About Us". Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  23. ^ a b Spring Meadow Golf Course, "About Us". Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  24. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Allaire State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  25. ^ New Jersey Museum of Transportation (official website). Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  26. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Allamuchy Mountain State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  27. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Barnegat Lighthouse State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  28. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Cape May Point State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  29. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Cheesequake State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  30. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Corson's Inlet State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  31. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  32. ^ Anthony Venutolo, "You can soak up the history or just take in the scenery at New Jersey's gem of a park", The Star-Ledger, September 3, 2009. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  33. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Double Trouble State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  34. ^ The Thomas Edison Center at Menlo Park (official website). Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  35. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Farny State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  36. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Fort Mott State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  37. ^ Mark A. Berhow (editor), American Seacoast Defenses, A Reference Guide, Second Edition (CDSG Press, 2004), 198, 230. ISBN 0-9748167-0-1; Emanuel Raymond Lewis, "Fort Mott", Seacoast Fortifications of the United States (Annapolis: Leeward Publications, 1979). ISBN 978-0-929521-11-4.
  38. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Hacklebarney State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  39. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: High Point State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  40. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Hopatcong State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  41. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Island BEach State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  42. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Kittatinny Valley State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  43. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Liberty State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  44. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Long Pond Ironworks State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  45. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Monmouth Battlefield State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  46. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Parvin State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  47. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Princeton Battlefield State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  48. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Rancocas State Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  49. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Ringwood State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  50. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Stephens State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  51. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Swartswood State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  52. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Voorhees State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  53. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Washington Crossing State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  54. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Washington Rock State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  55. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Wawayanda State Park. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  56. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Abram S. Hewitt State Forest. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  57. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Bass River State Forest. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  58. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Belleplain State Forest. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  59. ^ ne Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Brendan T. Byrne State Forest. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  60. ^ United Astronomy Clubs of New Jersey, Main Page, section "UACNJ Observatory at Jenny Jump". Retrieved September 29, 2015. Quote: "The UACNJ Observatory is located at Latitude 40 54' 26.8" North, Longitude 74 55' 31.8" West, and 1100 feet above sea level in Jenny Jump State Forest, near Hope, New Jersey, in Warren County."
  61. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Norvin Green State Forest. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  62. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Penn State Forest. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  63. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Bull's Island Recreation Area. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
  64. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Round Valley Recreation Area. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
  65. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: Warren Grove Recreation Area. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  66. ^ a b c d e New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, Parks: New Jersey State Marinas. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  67. ^ New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, State-owned Historic Sites. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  68. ^ Roger W. Moss, Historic Houses of Philadelphia: a Tour of the Region's Museum Homes (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998), 50. ISBN 0-8122-3438-3

External links[edit]