List of New Testament papyri

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A New Testament papyrus is a copy of a portion of the New Testament made on papyrus. To date, over one hundred and twenty such papyri are known. In general, they are considered the earliest witnesses to the original text of the New Testament.[1]

This elite status among New Testament manuscripts only began in the 20th century. The grouping was first introduced by Caspar René Gregory, who assigned papyri texts the Blackletter character \mathfrak{P} followed by a superscript number. Before 1900, only 9 papyri manuscripts were known, and only one had been cited in a critical apparatus (\mathfrak{P}11 by Constantin von Tischendorf). These 9 papyri were just single fragments, except for \mathfrak{P}15, which consisted of a single whole leaf.[2] The discoveries of the twentieth century brought about the earliest known New Testament manuscript fragments.[3] Kenyon in 1912 knew 14 papyri,[4] Aland in his first edition of Kurzgefasste... in 1963 enumerated 76 papyri, in 1989 were known 96 papyri, and in 2008 124 papyri. Now a total of 127 papyri are known.

Discoveries were also made of more complete manuscripts, which allowed scholars to examine the textual character of these early manuscripts.[5]

Not all of the manuscripts are simply New Testament texts: \mathfrak{P}59, \mathfrak{P}60, \mathfrak{P}63, \mathfrak{P}80 are texts with commentaries; \mathfrak{P}2, \mathfrak{P}³, and \mathfrak{P}44 are lectionaries; \mathfrak{P}50, \mathfrak{P}55, and \mathfrak{P}78 are talismans; and \mathfrak{P}42, \mathfrak{P}10, \mathfrak{P}12, \mathfrak{P}42, \mathfrak{P}43, \mathfrak{P}62, and \mathfrak{P}99 belong to other miscellaneous texts, such as writing scraps, glossaries, or songs.[6]

Every papyrus is cited in Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece.

List of all registered New Testament papyri[edit]

  • The P-numbers are the standard system of Gregory-Aland.
  • Dates are estimated to the nearest 50 year increment.
  • Content is given to the nearest chapter; verses are sometimes listed. Thus, many of the papyri are small fragments, not whole chapters. For instance, \mathfrak{P}^{52} contains 5 verses out of the 40 verses in John chapter 18.
Manuscripts in beige rows belong to the Oxyrhynchus Papyri
Manuscripts in light cyan rows belong to the Bodmer Papyri
Manuscripts in light pink rows belong to the Chester Beatty Papyri
Name Date Content Institution Ref # City, State Country
\mathfrak{P}^{1} 250 Matthew 1 University of Pennsylvania P. Oxy. 2; E 2746 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{2} 550 John 12 National Archaeological Museum Inv. 7134 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{3} 600 Luke 7,10 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 2323 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{4} 175-250 Luke 1-6 National Library of France Suppl. Gr. 1120 Paris France
\mathfrak{P}^{5} 250 John 1,16,20 British Library P. Oxy. 208. 1781; Inv. 782. 2484 London UK
\mathfrak{P}^{6} 350 John 10,11 Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire Pap. copt. 379. 381. 382. 384 Strasbourg France
\mathfrak{P}^{7} 300(?) Luke 4 Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine Petrov 553 Kiev Ukraine
\mathfrak{P}^{8} 350 Acts 4-6 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 8683 Berlin Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{9} 250 1 John 4 Houghton Library, Harvard P. Oxy. 402; Inv. 3736 Cambridge
Massachusetts
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{10} 350 Romans 1 Houghton Library, Harvard P. Oxy. 209; Inv. 2218 Cambridge
Massachusetts
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{11} 550 1 Corinthians 1-7 Russian National Library Gr. 258A Saint Petersburg Russia
\mathfrak{P}^{12} 250 Hebrews 1 Morgan Library & Museum Pap. Gr. 3; P. Amherst 3b New York City United States
\mathfrak{P}^{13} 250 Hebrews 2-5,10-12 British Library
Laurentian Library
P. Oxy. 657; Inv. 1532 v
PSI 1292
London
Florence
UK
Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{14} 450 1 Corinthians 1-3 Saint Catherine's Monastery 14 Sinai Egypt
\mathfrak{P}^{15} 250 1 Corinthians 7-8 Egyptian Museum P. Oxy. 1008; JE 47423 Cairo Egypt
\mathfrak{P}^{16} 300 Philippians 3-4 Egyptian Museum P. Oxy. 1009; JE 47424 Cairo Egypt
\mathfrak{P}^{17} 350 Hebrews 9 Cambridge University Library P. Oxy. 1078; Add. 5893 Cambridge UK
\mathfrak{P}^{18} 300 Revelation 1 † British Library P. Oxy. 1079; Inv. 2053v London UK
\mathfrak{P}^{19} 400 Matthew 10-11 Bodleian Library P. Oxy. 1170; Gr. bibl. d. 6 (P) Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{20} 250 James 2-3 † Harvey S. Firestone Memorial Library P. Oxy. 1171; AM 4117 Princeton
New Jersey
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{21} 400 Matthew 12 Muhlenberg College P. Oxy. 1227; Theol. Pap. 3 Allentown
Pennsylvania
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{22} 250 John 15-16 † Glasgow University Library P. Oxy. 1228; MS 2-X.I Glasgow UK
\mathfrak{P}^{23} 250 James 1 † University of Illinois P. Oxy. 1229; G. P. 1229 Urbana, Illinois United States
\mathfrak{P}^{24} 350 Revelation 5-6 † Franklin Trask Library
Andover Newton Theological School
P. Oxy. 1230; OP 1230 Newton
Massachusetts
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{25} 350 Matthew 18-19 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 16388 Berlin Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{26} 600 Romans 1 † (Joseph S) Bridwell Library
Southern Methodist University
P. Oxy. 1354 Dallas, Texas United States
\mathfrak{P}^{27} 250 Romans 8-9 † Cambridge University Library P. Oxy. 1355; Add. 7211 Cambridge UK
\mathfrak{P}^{28} 250 John 6 † Palestine Institute Museum
Pacific School of Religion
P. Oxy. 1596; Pap. 2 Berkeley
California
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{29} 250 Acts 26 † Bodleian Library P. Oxy. 1597; Gr. bibl. g. 4 (P) Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{30} 250 1 Ths 4-5; 2 Ths 1 Ghent University Library P. Oxy. 1598; Inv. 61 Ghent Belgium
\mathfrak{P}^{31} 650 Romans 12 † John Rylands University Library P. Ryl. 4; Gr. P. 4 Manchester UK
\mathfrak{P}^{32} 200 Titus 1:11-15; 2:3-8 † John Rylands University Library P. Ryl. 5; G. P. 5 Manchester UK
\mathfrak{P}^{33}=\mathfrak{P}^{58} 550 Acts 7 † Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 17973, 26133, 35831, 39783 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{34} 650 1 Co 16; 2 Co 5,10-11 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 39784 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{35} 350(?) Matthew 25 Medici Library PSI 1 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{36} 550 John 3 Medici Library PSI 3 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{37} 300 Matthew 26 University of Michigan P. Mich. 137; Inv. 1570 Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{38} 300 Acts 18-19 University of Michigan P. Mich. 138; Inv. 1571 Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{39} 250 John 8 Green Collection P. Oxy. 1780; Inv. 8864 Oklahoma City
Oklahoma
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{40} 250 Romans 1-4,6,9 Institute for Papyrology
University of Heidelberg
P. Bad. 57; Inv. 45 Heidelberg Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{41} 750 Acts 17-22 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. K. 7541-48 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{42} 700 Luke 1-2 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. K. 8706 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{43} 600 Revelation 2,15-16 British Library Inv. 2241 London UK
\mathfrak{P}^{44a} 600 John 10 Metropolitan Museum of Art Inv. 14. 1. 527, 1 fol New York City United States
\mathfrak{P}^{44b} 600 Matthew 17-18,25; John 9,12 Metropolitan Museum of Art Inv. 14. 1. 527 New York City United States
\mathfrak{P}^{45} 250 Mt 20-21,25-26; Mk 4-9,11-12;

Lk 6-7,9-14; Jn 4-5,10-11; Acts 4-17

Chester Beatty Library
Austrian National Library
BP I
Pap. g. 31974
Dublin
Vienna
Ireland
Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{46} 200 Ro 5-6,8-16; 1 Co; 2 Co;

Gal; Eph; Php; Col; 1 Th; Heb

Chester Beatty Library
University of Michigan
BP II
Inv. 6238
Dublin
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Ireland
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{47} 250 Revelation 9-17 Chester Beatty Library BP III Dublin Ireland
\mathfrak{P}^{48} 250 Acts 23 Medici Library PSI 1165 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{49} 250 Ephesians 4-5 Yale University Library P. 415 New Haven
Connecticut
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{50} 400 Acts 8,10 Yale University Library P. 1543 New Haven
Connecticut
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{51} 400 Galatians 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2157 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{52} 125 John 18:31-33; 18:37-38 John Rylands University Library Gr. P. 457 Manchester UK
\mathfrak{P}^{53} 250 Matthew 26; Acts 9-10 University of Michigan Inv. 6652 Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{54} 500 James 2-3 Princeton University Library P. Princ. 15; Garrett Depots 7742 Princeton
New Jersey
United States
\mathfrak{P}^{55} 600 John 1 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 26214 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{56} 500 Acts 1 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 19918 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{57} 400 Acts 4-5 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 26020 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{58}=\mathfrak{P}^{33} 550 Acts 15 † Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 17973, 26133, 35831, 39783 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{59} 650 John 1-2,11-12,17-18,21 Morgan Library & Museum P. Colt 3 New York City United States
\mathfrak{P}^{60} 650 John 16-19 Morgan Library & Museum P. Colt 4 New York City United States
\mathfrak{P}^{61} 700 Ro 16; 1 Co 1,5; Php 3; Col 1,4;

1 Th 1; Tit 3; Phm

Pierpont Morgan Library P. Colt 5 New York City United States
\mathfrak{P}^{62} 350 Matthew 11 Oslo University Library Inv. 1661 Oslo Norway
\mathfrak{P}^{63} 500 John 3-4 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 11914 Berlin Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{64}=\mathfrak{P}^{67} 200 Matthew 3,5,26 Magdalen College
Fundación Sant Lluc Evangelista
Gr. 18
Inv. I
Oxford
Barcelona
UK
Spain
\mathfrak{P}^{65} 250 1 Thessalonians 1-2 Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute PSI 1373 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{66} 200 John Bodmer library P. Bodmer II Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
\mathfrak{P}^{68} 650(?) 1 Corinthians 4-5 Russian National Library Gr. 258B Saint Petersburg Russia
\mathfrak{P}^{69} 250 Luke 22 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2383 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{70} 250 Matthew 2-3,11-12,24 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2384 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{71} 350 Matthew 19 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2385 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{72} 300 1 Peter; 2 Peter; Jude Bodmer library P. Bodmer VII, VIII Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
\mathfrak{P}^{73} 650 Matthew 25-26 Bodmer library P. Bodmer L Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
\mathfrak{P}^{74} 650 Acts; James; 1 Pe 1-3; 2 Pe 2-3;

1 Jo; 2 Jo; 3 Jo

Bodmer library P. Bodmer XVII Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
\mathfrak{P}^{75} 175-225 Luke 3-18,22-24; John 1-15 Vatican Apostolic Library P. Bodmer XIV, XV Vatican City Vatican City
\mathfrak{P}^{76} 550 John 4 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 36102 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{77} 200 Matthew 23 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2683 and 4405 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{78} 300 Jude Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2684 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{79} 650 Hebrews 10 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 6774 Berlin Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{80} 250 John 3 Fundación Sant Lluc Evangelista Inv. 83 Barcelona Spain
\mathfrak{P}^{81} 350 1 Peter 2-3 Professor Sergio Daris, University of Trieste Inv. 20 Trieste Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{82} 400 Luke 7 National and University Library of Strasbourg Gr. 2677 Strasbourg France
\mathfrak{P}^{83} 550 Matthew 20,23-24 Catholic University of Leuven Library P. A. M. Kh. Mird 16, 29 Leuven Belgium
\mathfrak{P}^{84} 550 Mark 2,6; John 5,17 Catholic University of Leuven Library P. A. M. Kh. Mird 4, 11 Leuven Belgium
\mathfrak{P}^{85} 400 Revelation 9-10 Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire Gr. 1028 Strasbourg France
\mathfrak{P}^{86} 350 Matthew 5 Institut für Altertumskunde
University of Cologne
Theol. 5516 Cologne Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{87} 250 Philemon Institut für Altertumskunde
University of Cologne
Theol. 12 Cologne Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{88} 350 Mark 2 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart Inv. 69.24 Milan Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{89} 350 Hebrews 6 Medici Library PL III/292 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{90} 150 John 18:36-19:1; 19:1-7 † Sackler Library P. Oxy. 3523; 65 6 B. 32/M (3-5)a Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{91} 250 Acts 2:30-37;
2:46-3:2
Università degli Studi di Milano
Macquarie University
P. Mil. Vofl. Inv. 1224
P. Macquarie inv. 360
Milan
Sydney
Italy
Australia
\mathfrak{P}^{92} 300 Ephesians 1; 2 Thessalonians 1 Egyptian Museum PNarmuthis 69.39a/229a Cairo Egypt
\mathfrak{P}^{93} 450 John 13 † Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute PSI 108 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{94} 500 Romans 6 Egyptian Museum P. Cair. 10730 Cairo Egypt
\mathfrak{P}^{95} 250 John 5 Medici Library PL II/31 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{96} 550 Matthew 3 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. K 7244 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{97} 600 Luke 14 Chester Beatty Library BP XVII Dublin Ireland
\mathfrak{P}^{98} 150(?) Revelation 1 Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale P. IFAO inv. 237b Cairo Egypt
\mathfrak{P}^{99} 400 Glossary, words and phrases from:

Ro, 2 Co, Gal and Eph

Chester Beatty Library BP XXI (Ac. 1499), fol 11-14 Dublin Ireland
\mathfrak{P}^{100} 300 James 3-5 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4449 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{101} 250 Matthew 3-4 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4401 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{102} 300 Matthew 4 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4402 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{103} 200 Matthew 13-14 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4403 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{104} 150 Matthew 21:34-37; 21:43,45? Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4404 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{105} 500 Matthew 27-28 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4406 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{106} 250 John 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4445 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{107} 250 John 17 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4446 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{108} 250 John 17/18 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4447 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{109} 250 John 21 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4448 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{110} 300 Matthew 10:13-15,25-27 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4494 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{111} 250 Luke 17 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4495 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{112} 450 Acts 26-27 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4496 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{113} 250 Romans 2 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4497 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{114} 250 Hebrews 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4498 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{115} 300 Revelation 2-3,5-6,8-15 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4499 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{116} 600 Hebrews 2-3 Austrian National Library P. Vindob. G 42417 Vienna Austria
\mathfrak{P}^{117} 400 2 Corinthians 7 University of Hamburg Inv. 1002 Hamburg Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{118} 250 Romans 15-16 Institut für Altertumskunde
University of Cologne
Inv. 10311 Cologne Germany
\mathfrak{P}^{119} 250 John 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4803 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{120} 350 John 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4804 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{121} 250 John 19 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4805 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{122} 400 John 21 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4806 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{123} 350 1 Corinthians 14-15 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4844 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{124} 550 2 Corinthians 11 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4845 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{125} 300 1 Peter 1:23-2:5; 2:7-12 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4934 Oxford UK
\mathfrak{P}^{126} 350 Hebrews 13:12-13.19-20 Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute PSI inv. 1479 Florence Italy
\mathfrak{P}^{127} 450 Acts 10-17 † Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4968 Oxford UK

Distribution based on content[edit]

Distribution of Papyri Witness for each New Testament book
NT Book Total Early NT Book Total Early
Matthew 23 11 1 Timothy 0 0
Mark 3 2 2 Timothy 0 0
Luke 10 6 Titus 2 1
John 30 19 Philemon 2 1
Acts 14 7 Hebrews 8 4
Romans 10 5 James 6 4
1 Corinthians 8 3 1 Peter 3 1
2 Corinthians 4 2 2 Peter 2 1
Galatians 2 1 1 John 2 1
Ephesians 3 3 2 John 1 0
Philippians 3 2 3 John 1 0
Colossians 2 1 Jude 3 2
1 Thessalonians 4 3 Revelation 7 4
2 Thessalonians 2 2

Note: "Early" manuscripts are manuscripts from the fourth century or earlier. Roughly half of the papyri are "early". Some manuscripts contain content from more than one New Testament book, so the numbers above do not directly correspond to the total number of manuscripts.[7]

See also[edit]

Lists
Other articles

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nestle-Aland 1996
  2. ^ Aland 1996, pp. 83-84, 87
  3. ^ \mathfrak{P}52, \mathfrak{P}90, \mathfrak{P}98, and \mathfrak{P}104 all dating to the 2nd century
  4. ^ Kenyon, F. G., Handbook to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament, London2, 1912, p. 129.
  5. ^ \mathfrak{P}66, \mathfrak{P}72, and \mathfrak{P}75 of the Bodmer Papyri are notable in this regard. In fact, the preservation level of \mathfrak{P}66 surprised scholars because the first 26 leaves were basically fully intact, and even the stitching of the binding remained.
  6. ^ Aland 1996, p. 85
  7. ^ NOT Aland 1996, p. 85

References[edit]

External links[edit]