List of Nigerian cities by population

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Lagos, Lagos
Kano, Kano
Port Harcourt, Rivers
Jos, Plateau
Ilorin, Kwara
Abuja, FCT
Enugu, Enugu
Warri, Delta
Onitsha, Anambra
Abeokuta, Ogun
Uyo, Akwa Ibom

The following are lists of the most populous fully defined incorporated settlements in Nigeria by population. This page consists three different tables, with different kinds of settlements; a list for "defined cities", listing the population, strictly within the defined city limits, a list for "urban area" population, and another list for the population within metropolitan areas.

Lists[edit]

Defined cities/towns[edit]

Nigerian cities are categorized into three types; there is the "Metropolis", which is characterized with having more than one Local Government Areas (LGAs). This type of cities are usually formed when large municipalities are split into smaller LGAs, to aid efficient administration and management, or when small towns grow and merge into existing large cities, or both; some are also formed when urban areas of multiple LGAs merge as a result of growth and are now fully defined as a single settlement, Another type of settlement is the "Municipality", which is basically an LGA that is fully defined as its own city or town. This type of cities are usually mid-sized, although some large cities also exist as a single LGA. The third type of settlement is the "village", which is basically grouped together with several other villages into one sizeable LGA.

The following table lists fully defined incorporated cities in Nigeria, with a population of at least 100,000, as declared by the Nigerian National Population Commission in the 2006 National census.[1] This list refers only to the population of individual cities within their defined limits, which does not include other distinct communities or extended suburban areas within urban agglomerations. A city is displayed in bold if it is a state or federal capital, and in italics if it is the most populous city in the state.

Rank City State 2006 census Total
area (km²)
Population
density (/km²)
1 Lagos[a] Lagos 8,048,430 1,171.3 6,871
2 Kano[b] Kano 2,828,861 449 6,300
3 Ibadan[c] Oyo 2,559,853 3,080 831
4 Benin City[d] Edo 1,147,188 1,204 953
5 Port Harcourt[e] Rivers 1,005,904 369 2,726
6 Jos[f] Plateau 821,618 1,821 451
7 Ilorin[g] Kwara 777,667 765 1,016
8 Abuja FCT 776,298 1,769 439'
9 Kaduna[h] Kaduna 760,084 131 5,802
10 Enugu[i] Enugu 722,664 556 1300
11 Zaria[j] Kaduna 695,089 563 1,234.6
12 Warri[k] Delta 557,398
13 Ikorodu Lagos 535,619 345 1,553
14 Maiduguri Borno 543,016 137 3,964
15 Aba[l] Abia 534,265 72 7,400
16 Ife Osun 509,035 1,791 284
17 Bauchi Bauchi 493,810 3,687 134
18 Akure Ondo 484,798 991 489
19 Abeokuta Ogun 451,607 879 510
20 Oyo Oyo 428,798 2427 177
21 Uyo Akwa Ibom 427,873 362 1,182
22 Sokoto Sokoto 427,760
23 Osogbo Osun 421,000
24 Owerri Imo 401,873 551 729
25 Yola Adamawa 392,854 831 473
26 Calabar Cross River 371,022 406 910
27 Umuahia[m] Abia 359,230 385 933
28 Ondo City Ondo 358,430
29 Minna[n] Niger 348,788 1,664 209
30 Lafia Nasarawa 330,712
31 Okene Kogi 320,260 328 976.4
32 Katsina Katsina 318,459 142 2,243
- Ikeja Lagos 313,196 49.92 6,274
33 Nsukka Enugu 309,633 45.38
34 Ado Ekiti Ekiti 308,621 293 1,053
35 Awka Anambra 301,657
36 Ogbomosho Oyo 299,535
37 Iseyin Oyo 286,700
38 Mubi[o] Adamawa 280,009 1,317
39 Onitsha[p] Anambra 261,604 52 5,030.8
40 Sagamu Ogun 253,412
41 Makurdi Benue 249,000
42 Badagry Lagos 241,093 441 547
43 Ilesa Osun 233,900
44 Gombe Gombe 230,900
45 Obafemi Owode Ogun 228,851 1,410 162
46 Owo Ondo 218,886 1,027 213
47 Jimeta Adamawa 218,400
48 Suleja Niger 216,578 119 1,820
49 Potiskum Yobe 205,876 559 368
50 Kukawa Borno 203,864 4,901 41.6
51 Gusau Zamfara 201,200
52 Iwo Osun 191,377 214 894
53 Bida Niger 188,181 51 3,689
54 Ugep Cross River 187,000
55 Ijebu Ode Ogun 186,700
56 Epe Lagos 181,409 965 188
57 Ise Ekiti Ekiti 167,100
58 Gboko Benue 166,400
59 Ilawe Ekiti Ekiti 160,700
60 Ikare Ondo 160,600
61 Osogbo Osun 156,694 47 3,334
62 Okpoko Anambra 152,900
63 Garki Jigawa 152,233 1,408 108.12
64 Sapele Delta 151,000
65 Ila Osun 150,700
66 Shaki Oyo 150,300
67 Ijero Ekiti 147,300
68 Ikot Ekpene Akwa Ibom 143,077 116 1,233
69 Jalingo Taraba 139,845
70 Otukpo Benue 136,800
71 Okigwe Imo 132,237
72 Kisi Oyo 130,800
73 Buguma Rivers 124,200
74 Funtua Katsina 122,500
75 Abakaliki Ebonyi 151,723
76 Asaba[q] Delta 149,603 268 558
77 Gbongan Osun 117,300
78 Igboho Oyo 115,000
79 Gashua Yobe 109,600
70 Bama Borno 102,800
81 Uromi Edo 101,400

Urban areas[edit]

An urban area is a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market, without regard for administrative or city boundaries. An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

This is section lists contiguous urban areas in Nigeria, with a population of at least 500,000. The figures here have been taken from Demographia's "World Urban Areas" study 2016. Demographia uses maps, satellite photographs to estimate continuous urbanization.[2]

Rank City State Population Area (km2) Density (/km2)
1 Lagos Lagos 12,830,000 1,425 9000
2 Kano Kano 9,680,000 251 14,600
3 Kaduna Kaduna state 6,210,000 466 6,200
5 Uyo Akwa Ibom 1,990,000 729 2,700
6 Port Harcourt Rivers 1,865,000 158 11,800
7 Nsukka Enugu 1,735,000 645 2,700
8 Abuja FCT 1,580,000 225 7,000
9 Benin City Edo 1,355,000 228 5,900
10 Aba Abia 1,215,000 91 13,400
11 Kaduna Kaduna 1,100,000 153 7,200
12 Ilorin Kwara 890,000 83 10,700
13 Jos Plateau 790,000 70 11,300
14 Maiduguri Borno 765,000 155 4,900
15 Owerri Imo 750,000 130 5,800
16 Ikorodu Lagos 740,000 130 5,700
17 Zaria Kaduna 735,000 88 8,300
18 Enugu Enugu 715,000 78 9,200
19 Warri Delta 695,000 142 4,900
20 Osogbo Osun 680,000 104 6,600
21 Akure Ondo 585,000 117 5,000
22 Sokoto Sokoto 580,000 88 6,600
23 Abeokuta Ogun 520,000 62 8,400
24 Bauchi Bauchi 520,000 88 5,900

Metropolitan areas[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Metropolitan Lagos consists 16 out of Lagos State's 20 LGA, which excludes: Badagry, Epe, Ibeju-Lekki and Ikorodu
  2. ^ summing the 8 LGAs in Kano, which includes: Kano Municipal, Fagge, Dala, Gwale, Tarauni, Nasarawa, Ungogo and Kumbotso
  3. ^ Summing the 11 LGAs of Ibadan
  4. ^ Benin City consists of 3 LGAs, which includes: Egor, Oredo and Ikpoba-Okha
  5. ^ summing Obio-Akpor and Port Harcourt LGA, which both makeup the city
  6. ^ Jos consists of 3 LGAs, which includes: Jos North, Jos South and Jos East
  7. ^ Ilorin consists of 3 LGAs, which includes: Ilorin East, Ilorin South and Ilorin West
  8. ^ Kaduna consists of 2 LGAs, which includes: Kaduna North and Kaduna South
  9. ^ Enugu East, Enugu North and Enugu South LGAs
  10. ^ Zaria consists of 2 LGAs, which includes: Zaria and Sabon Gari
  11. ^ Warri North, Warri South and Warri South West LGAs
  12. ^ Aba North and Aba South LGAs
  13. ^ Umuahia North and Umuahia South LGAs
  14. ^ Bosso and Chanchaga LGAs
  15. ^ summing Mubi North and Mubi South
  16. ^ consists 2 LGAs: Onitsha North and Onitsha South
  17. ^ Oshimili South LGA

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA : 2006 Population Census" (PDF). Web.archive.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Demographia (April 2016). Demographia World Urban Areas (PDF) (12th ed.). Retrieved November 17, 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]