List of North American settlements by year of foundation

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This is a list of settlements in North America by founding year and present-day country.

Year Settlement Subdivision Country Notes
7500 BC Tlapacoya Ixtapaluca Mexico Silvia González et al. have published research claiming that "one Tlapacoya skull is the first directly dated human in Mexico with an age of 9730 ± 65 years BP" (before present).[1]
1500 BC Tepoztlán Morelos
San José Mogote Oaxaca
Chalcatzingo Morelos
Calixtlahuaca Mexico
Kaminaljuyu Guatemala
1400 BC Teopantecuanitlan Guerrero Mexico
Nakbe Petén Guatemala
1200 BC San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán Veracruz Mexico
La Venta
1150 BC Etlatongo Oaxaca
1000 BC Xochitecatl Tlaxcala
Cuicuilco Tlalpan
Tres Zapotes Veracruz
950 BC Takalik Abaj Retalhuleu Guatemala
El Mirador Petén
800 BC Zazacatla Morelos Mexico
700 BC Ticul Yucatán
600 BC Tikal Petén Guatemala
500 BC Monte Albán Oaxaca Mexico
Cholula Puebla Possibly the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in the Americas.
400 BC Tula Hidalgo
300 BC Teotihuacan México In the Valley of Mexico
200 Mitla Oaxaca
600 Cantona Puebla
650 Cahokia Illinois United States
1003? L'Anse aux Meadows Newfoundland & Labrador Canada First European settlement in the Americas. The Norse explorer Leif Ericson established a settlement at 51°N on this site in 1003.
1050 Motul Yucatán Mexico
1054 Antiguo Cuscatlan La Libertad El Salvador Cuscatlán was founded in 1054 by Topiltzin Atzil, last king of Tula of Anahuac. It was a city inhabited by ten thousand, with an additional twelve thousand people who lived in xacal, straw huts distributed at the edge of a maar (crater) which housed the sacred lake of Cuscatlan. In the contemporary Native language, Cuscatlán means Jewel City. On Saturday June 17, 1524, led by Pedro de Alvarado, the Spanish conquistadors found the doors of Cuscatlan, capital of the Lordship of Cuscatlan.
1100 Oraibi Arizona United States [2]
1144 Acoma Pueblo New Mexico Oldest continuously occupied communities in the USA. The Acoma Pueblo today is known as Sky City.
1325 Tenochtitlan Distrito Federal Mexico Today this city is known as Mexico City
1450 Taos Pueblo New Mexico United States One of the oldest continuously inhabited Native American settlements in the United States
1498 Santo Domingo Distrito Nacional Dominican Republic Capital of the Dominican Republic. Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in the Americas.
1508 Caparra Puerto Rico United States
1509 Sevilla la Nueva Seville, St. Ann's Bay Jamaica Established by Juan de Esquivel, the first Spanish Governor of Jamaica, St Ann's Bay became the third capital established by Spain in the Americas.
1510 Nombre de Dios Colón Panama Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Panama and continental America.
1511 Baracoa Guantánamo Cuba Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Cuba, former capital of Cuba.
1513 Bayamo Granma Cuba Former capital in Cuba in 1513.
1514 Santiago Santiago
1515 Havana Havana Current capital of Cuba
1519 La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz Veracruz Mexico Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Mexico.
Panama City Panamá Panama First European city on the Pacific coast of the Americas[3]
1521 San Juan Puerto Rico United States Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in The United States.
1524 Quetzaltenango Guatemala Guatemala
1525 San Salvador San Salvador Department El Salvador Diego de Holguín became the first mayor of San Salvador after the town was founded on April 1, 1525. Founded in what is now the archaeological site Ciudad Vieja, north of the present-day city, it was moved to the Valle de Las Hamacas or the Acelhuate Valley, named so due to the intense seismic activity that characterizes it. On January 2011 San Salvador was named the Iboeroamerican Capital of Culture because the first independent movements in Central America were played in San Salvador on November 5, 1811.
1524 Granada Granada Nicaragua Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Nicaragua.
1526 Acámbaro Guanajuato Mexico
1526 San Miguel de Gualdape Georgia United States First European settlement in the continental United States. It was abandoned after only 3 months.
1531 Mazatlán Sinaloa Mexico
1532 Oaxaca Oaxaca
1534 Villa de la Vega Saint Catherine Parish Jamaica After founding Seville in 1509, Spanish settlers moved to a new, healthier site, which they named Villa de la Vega. The English later renamed it Spanish Town when they conquered the island in 1655.
1536 San Pedro Sula Cortés Honduras
1539 Zuni Pueblo New Mexico United States [Ferguson, T.J. (1985). A Zuni Atlas. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press]
1540 Compostela Nayarit Mexico Known as Capital de la Nueva Galicia Compostela (1548–1560)
1540 Childersburg Alabama United States Recently claimed by the city to be the oldest city in America.[4] Established by Native Americans.
Campeche Campeche Mexico
1541 Morelia Michoacan
Charlesbourg-Royal Quebec Canada First French settlement (short lived)
1542 Yuriria Guanajuato Mexico
Mérida Yucatán Founded by Francisco de Montejo over the ruins of the Maya city of T'ho.
Guadalajara Jalisco
San Miguel de Allende Guanajuato
1543 Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala (Antigua Guatemala) Guatemala Guatemala
1550 Acapulco Guerrero Mexico Discovered by Cortés in 1531; settlement founded in 1550.[5]
1559 Pensacola Florida United States Spanish explorer Tristán de Luna founded a short-lived settlement in 1559.
1560 Port of Spain Port of Spain Trinidad And Tobago In 1560, a Spanish garrison was posted near the foot of the Laventille Hills, which today form the city's eastern boundary.
1563 Cartago Cartago Costa Rica Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement Costa Rica.
1564 Fort Caroline Florida United States Permanent settlement of 200 soldiers and artisans began in 1564, led by Rene de Goulaine de Laudonniere, who had accompanied Ribault on the previous expedition. With help from the Timucua Indians, the colonists began building a village and fort on the river’s south bank, naming the area La Caroline after their king, Charles IX.
Villa Hermosa de San Juan Bautista Tabasco México The city was founded on June 24, 1564 (day of San Juan Bautista, hence its original name) by the Spanish Don Diego de Quijada
1565 Saint Augustine Florida United States The oldest continuously inhabited European-established settlement in the Continental United States.
1566 Saint Marys Georgia The second oldest continuously inhabited European-established settlement in the Continental United States located on the St. Mary's River.
1573 San Germán Puerto Rico
1575 Saltillo Coahuila Mexico Oldest post-conquest settlement in northern Mexico.[6]
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
1576 León Guanajuato
1583 St. John's[7] Newfoundland and Labrador Canada Oldest English-founded city in North America.[8]
Harbour Grace[9] Newfoundland and Labrador
1585 Roanoke Colony North Carolina United States Settlers first left on island August 17, 1585.[ambiguous][clarification needed][10]
1596 Monterrey Nuevo León Mexico
1597 Portobelo Colón Panama
1598 Parras Coahuila Mexico
1598 Española New Mexico United States Along with San Juan de los Caballeros, the first European-founded capital of the "New World" located within the boundaries of the United States; established by Juan de Oñate
San Juan de los Caballeros Along with Española, the oldest European-founded settlement in the Southwestern United States
1599 Tadoussac Quebec Canada Oldest continuously inhabited French established settlement in the Americas, oldest European established settlement in Quebec.
1603 Salamanca Guanajuato Mexico
1604 Canso Nova Scotia Canada Founded in 1604, setting began in 1518 by European Fur Traders and Fisherman. Canso and the surrounding Islands were involved in the French and English struggles to gain control of the area.
1604 L'Ile-aux-Marins Saint Pierre and Miquelon France
Saint Croix Island Maine United States Established in the summer of 1604 by a French expedition led by Pierre Dugua that included Samuel de Champlain. After the winter of 1604–1605 the survivors relocated and founded Port Royal, Nova Scotia.[11]
1605 Port Royal Nova Scotia Canada Established in the summer of 1605 by French colonizing explorers Pierre du Gua de Monts and Samuel de Champlain who, in 1608, would establish Quebec City.
1607 Jamestown Virginia United States Oldest settlement in the original thirteen colonies comprising the United States of America
Popham Colony Maine Short lived settlement; project of the Plymouth Company
Santa Fe New Mexico Oldest continuously inhabited state capital in the US.
1608 Québec Quebec Canada Original settlement on this site was established by Jacques Cartier in 1535 but abandoned in 1536. He returned in 1541 but abandoned the site again. Samuel de Champlain established a permanent settlement on July 3–4, 1608. Only completely garrison-walled city north of Mexico.
1610 Cupids Newfoundland and Labrador Canada Oldest continuously occupied English settlement in Canada.
Hampton Virginia United States Oldest continuously occupied English settlement in the United States.
Kecoughtan Virginia
1611 Henricus Virginia
1612 St. George's St. George Bermuda Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Bermuda.
1613 Newport News, Virginia Virginia United States
1614 Albany, New York New York Oldest European settlement in New York State, founded as Fort Nassau, 1614, Fort Orange 1623. First Dutch settlement in North America.
1615 Taos, New Mexico New Mexico
1620 Plymouth Massachusetts The oldest town in New England and Massachusetts. Settled by pilgrims of The Mayflower
1622 Weymouth As Wessagussett, resettled and renamed in 1623
1623 South Berwick Maine Settled by men whom landed at the confluence of the Salmon Falls and Great Works Rivers on the ship Pied Cow
Dover New Hampshire oldest settlement in New Hampshire
Gloucester Massachusetts Abandoned in 1629 but quickly resettled
1624 Burlington New Jersey
New Amsterdam New York Now New York City. Was settled 1624 on Governors Island, moved to Manhattan 1625.
1625 Merrymount Massachusetts Now Quincy, Massachusetts
1626 Salem
Socorro New Mexico Originally founded as Nuestra Señora de Perpetuo Socorro in 1626; abandoned in 1680 following the Pueblo Revolt; resettled in 1815
1627 Scituate Massachusetts Scituate, Massachusetts
Basseterre Saint Kitts Saint Kitts and Nevis
1628 Bridgetown Saint Michael Barbados
1629 Marblehead Massachusetts United States Founded as first naval stronghold for the colonies.
Lynn Founded as Saugus, different from town today known as Saugus.
Charlestown Now a neighborhood in Boston
1630 Portsmouth New Hampshire First known as Strawbery Banke.
Jersey City New Jersey Pavonia, first Dutch settlement in New Jersey
Medford Massachusetts Settled on the "Ford" by Meadow
Boston Founded by John Winthrop and his fleet, as Trimountaine
Dorchester Now a neighborhood in Boston
Boston Now a neighborhood in Boston
1631 Saco Maine Settled as Winter Harbor.
Lewes Delaware Purchased in 1629 and settled as a short-lived Dutch colony named Zwaanendael in 1631. Because Lewes was the earliest town founded in the state, and because Delaware was the first state to ratify the constitution, the town refers to itself as "The first town in the first state."
Cambridge Massachusetts Drake, Samuel Adams (1880). History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts. 1. Boston: Estes and Lauriat. pp. 305–16. Retrieved December 26, 2008.
1632 Williamsburg Virginia
1633 Ipswich Massachusetts
St. John's Antigua Antigua and Barbuda
Hartford Connecticut United States

Founded as Fort Hoop by the Dutch, renamed by English in 1637, by Thomas Hooker

Windsor First English settlement in Connecticut.[12] Founded as Dorchester, renamed in 1637
1634 Beauport Quebec Canada [13] Became a borough of Québec in January, 2002.
Wethersfield Connecticut United States Founded as Watertown, renamed in 1637.
Green Bay Wisconsin
St. Mary's City Maryland
Trois-Rivières Quebec Canada
Willemstad Curaçao Kingdom of the Netherlands Formerly Part of the now dissolved Netherlands Antilles, now autonomous constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Not to be confused with one of its constituent countries, the Netherlands)
1635 Concord Massachusetts United States
1636 Springfield The Massachusetts Bay Colony's first Connecticut River port – and, by far, its westernmost settlement, sitting 85 miles west of the colonial capital at Boston.[14] Founded as Agawam Plantation by William Pynchon.
Providence Rhode Island Oldest settlement in Rhode Island, founded by Roger Williams.
1637 Taunton Massachusetts


Sandwich Oldest town on Cape Cod


1638 Rowley


Portsmouth Rhode Island Founded by Anne Hutchinson
Exeter New Hampshire One of the four original towns of New Hampshire. Revolutionary War Capital of New Hampshire and site of the ratification of the first state constitution in the North American colonies in January 1776.
Hampton Founded by Stephen Bachiler. First known as Winnicunnet.
Sillery Quebec Canada [18] Now part of Québec
Swedesboro New Jersey United States Nucleus of the New Sweden colony that spread along the Delaware River into Pennsylvania and Delaware.
New Haven Connecticut


Sainte-Foy Quebec Canada [13] Merged with the City of Québec in 2002.
Wilmington Delaware United States Grew from Fort Christina, part of the New Sweden colony. Originally called Willington.
1639 (prior to) St. Marks Florida [20]
1639 Stratford Connecticut [21]
Newport Rhode Island
Sudbury Massachusetts
1640 Farmington Connecticut Founded as Tunxis.
Braintree Massachusetts Land first settled in 1625 as Merrymount, resettled and incorporated in 1640 [22]
Woburn First settled in 1640, incorporated in 1642 [23]
1641 Haverhill First settled in 1640, incorporated 1641
1642 Maspeth New York
Montreal Quebec Canada Founded in 1642 and incorporated later on.
Lexington Massachusetts United States [24]
Sorel Quebec Canada [13][18] Now known as Sorel-Tracy.
Warwick Rhode Island United States
1643 Basse-Terre Guadeloupe France Territorial capital.
Dolores Hidalgo Guanajuato Mexico
Guilford Connecticut United States [21]
Rehoboth Massachusetts Settled 1636. Incorporated 1643.
1644 Longmeadow Settled in 1644. Incorporated October 17, 1783.
Branford Connecticut Known as Brentford at first.
Salvatierra Guanajuato Mexico
1645 Vlissingen New York United States Now Flushing, New York.
1646 Andover Massachusetts The original Andover, founded by Simon and Anne Bradstreet along with the Barker, Osgood, Stevens, Woodbridge and other families, broke into two separate towns April 7, 1855.
Château-Richer Quebec Canada [25]
New London Connecticut United States Founded as Faire Harbour
1647 Kittery Maine Oldest incorporated town in Maine.[26]
La Prairie Quebec Canada [13] La Prairie was established as a mission by the Jesuits in 1647. The first parish was founded in 1667.
Spanish Wells Eleuthera Bahamas
1649 Annapolis Maryland United States
1650 Saint-Ours Quebec Canada [13]
Kingston New York United States Settled by the Dutch as Esopus, renamed in 1664 by the English
1651 Cap-de-la-Madeleine Quebec Canada

[18] Became a borough of Trois-Rivières in January, 2002.

Medfield Massachusetts United States
New Castle Delaware On the site of a former aboriginal village, "Tomakonck", settled by the Dutch as Fort Casimir, in 1654 renamed New Amstel
Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré Quebec Canada [13][18]
1652 Natick Massachusetts United States Founded by John Eliot: Natick comes from the language of the Massachusett Native American tribe and is commonly considered to mean place of hills
1653 Lancaster
1654 Northampton Founded by a group led by William Houlton and John King.
1654 Pelham New York Founded by Thomas Pell who purchased 9000 acres from Siwanoy Indians and received a land grant from the English Crown
1655 Cap-Saint-Ignace Quebec Canada [18]
1655 Chelmsford Massachusetts United States Founded by settlers from Concord. The area currently encompassed by Chelmsford, Lowell, Westford, Carlisle and to a certain extent Dracut, were all originally part of Chelmsford. Westford seceded in 1729. Carlisle fully became a part of Concord in 1780, seceding from that town in 1805. Lowell would be formed under extraordinary circumstances when the Boston Associates purchased East Chelmsford to serve as a planned factory town, incorporated as Lowell in 1826. Dracut's relationship to Chelmsford is less clear cut, however the relationship of the two towns in the 17th century resembles a slightly imperial one as Dracut, while a separate entity, was largely dependent on Chelmsford, particularly the West Dracut area, near the old boundary of East Chelmsford.
1657 Longueuil Quebec Canada [13]
1658 Harlem New York United States
1659 Assonet Massachusetts Settled 1659. Incorporated 1683.
Hadley Founded by a group led by John Russell and Nathaniel Dickinson.
Ciudad Juárez Chihuahua Mexico
Jamestown Saint Helena United Kingdom
1660 Placentia Newfoundland Canada French Capital until 1713, originally called Plaisance
Rye New York United States
1661 Schenectady
1662 Uxbridge Massachusetts
1664 L'Ange-Gardien Quebec Canada [13]
Woodbridge New Jersey United States Oldest original township in New Jersey
1665 Chambly Quebec Canada [13]
Port-de-Paix Nord-Ouest Haiti
1666 Charlesbourg Quebec Canada [13][18] Became a borough within the City of Québec in 2002.
Newark New Jersey United States
Piscatawaytown One of the first five New Jersey settlements. Now part of Edison, NJ
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec Canada [13][18] Grew from Fort Saint-Jean.
1667 Boucherville


Mendon Massachusetts United States Netmocke Plantation 1662
1668 Amesbury
Saint-Nicolas Quebec Canada [13] Merged with the City of Lévis, Quebec in 2002.
Sault Ste. Marie Michigan United States [27] Oldest city in Michigan.
1669 Neuville Quebec Canada [18]
Westfield Massachusetts United States [28]
Middleborough [29]
1670 Charleston South Carolina
Repentigny Quebec Canada [13]
Wallingford Connecticut United States [30]
Hatfield Massachusetts
1672 Varennes Quebec Canada [13]
Verchères [13]
1673 Kingston Ontario Grew from Fort Frontenac.
L'Ancienne-Lorette Quebec [13]
Worcester, Massachusetts Massachusetts United States Incorporated as city in 1848.
1674 Pointe-aux-Trembles Quebec Canada [18] Now part of Montréal, Québec.
Waterbury Connecticut United States
Deerfield Massachusetts
1675 Lachine Quebec Canada [13][18] Lachine was merged into the City of Montreal in 2002.
Lavaltrie [13]
1676 Contrecoeur [18]
Loretteville [13] Loretteville merged with the city of Québec in 2002.
1677 Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue [13][18]
Crosswicks New Jersey United States Settled by Quakers
1678 La Pocatière Quebec Canada [13]
Montmagny [13][18]
1679 Lévis [18] The first settlement was formerly known as Lauzon, which merged with Lévis in 1989.
L'Islet [13][18]
Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures [13]
1680 Ysleta Texas United States
South Orange New Jersey Grew from Newark (later Orange)
Creve Coeur Illinois [31] Originally Fort Crevecoeur, later Fort Clark (1813).[32]
1681 Baie-Saint-Paul Quebec Canada [13][18]


Cockburn Town Turks and Caicos Islands United Kingdom
Bridgewater Township New Jersey United States
Saint-François (Laval) Quebec Canada [18] Integrated to the City of Laval, Quebec in 1965.
1682 Moorestown New Jersey United States
Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Norfolk Virginia
1683 Dover Delaware
???? Lachenaie Quebec Canada [13] In 2001, the town of Lachenaie merged with the neighbouring city of Terrebonne.
1682 Rivière-du-Loup [13]
1684 Bécancour


1685 Prairie du Chien Wisconsin United States
1686 Arkansas Post Arkansas
1687 New Britain Connecticut
Rivière-des-Prairies Quebec Canada [18] Rivière-des-Prairies is now part of the Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles borough of the City of Montreal.
1690 Oka [13]
1693 Glastonbury Connecticut United States Settled 1636, Incorporated 1693 (as Glassenbury. Known as Glastenbury from about 1785 until 1870.)[33]
Kingston Kingston Jamaica
1694 Newark Delaware United States
Santa Cruz New Mexico
1695 Nassau New Providence Bahamas
1696 Rimouski Quebec Canada
Sault-au-Récollet [13] Sault-au-Récollet is now part of the Ahuntsic-Cartierville borough of the City of Montreal
1698 Pensacola Florida United States First established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano in 1559; abandoned in 1561. Permanently established in 1698 .
1699 Biloxi Mississippi
1700 Mascouche Quebec Canada [18]
1701 Detroit Michigan United States
Dracut Massachusetts
Nicolet Quebec Canada [13]
1702 Le Moyne Alabama United States Founded as Fort Louis de la Louisiane by France; abandoned in 1711
1703 Amherst Massachusetts
Kaskaskia Illinois
Saint-Sulpice Quebec Canada [18]
1705 Bath North Carolina United States Oldest incorporated town in North Carolina.
1706 Albuquerque New Mexico
1709 Chihuahua Mexico
1710 Chatham New Jersey United States On land purchased in 1680.
New Bern North Carolina Settled initially by German-Swiss immigrants.
1711 Mobile Alabama Year of the relocation of the settlement of Le Moyne to Mobile
Needham Massachusetts
Pointe-Claire Quebec Canada [18]
Beaufort South Carolina United States
1714 Natchitoches Louisiana Oldest settlement in the Louisiana Purchase
Freehold New Jersey Originally called Monmouth Courthouse, the site of the Battle of Monmouth
1715 (prior to) Kekionga Indiana Capital of the Miami tribe.
1715 Les Cèdres Quebec Canada [13]
1716 Kahnawake [13][18] Homeland of Saint Kateri Tekakwitha (1656–1680).
Nacogdoches Texas United States Spanish mission established about 1716 in a much older Caddo village.[34]
Natchez Mississippi Dates to the founding of Fort Rosalie by the French.:[35]
Georgetown Maine Originally included the modern towns of West Bath, Bath, Phippsburg, Arrowsic, and part of Woolwich as well as current-day Georgetown.[36]
1717 L'Assomption Quebec Canada [13] The territory was settled from 1647.
Ouiatenon Indiana United States
1718 New Orleans Louisiana
San Antonio Texas
1719 Longue-Pointe Quebec Canada [13] Now part of Montreal.
Trenton New Jersey United States
Baton Rouge Louisiana
1720 Saint-Laurent Quebec Canada [13][18] The City of Saint-Laurent merged with Montreal in 2002.
Saint-Martinville Louisiana United States Source: "The Attakapas Country: A History of Lafayette Parish, Louisiana", by Harry Lewis Griffin
1721 Cortazar Guanajuato Mexico
Saint-Jean-Port-Joli Quebec Canada [13]
1722 Prairie Du Rocher Illinois United States
Louiseville Quebec Canada [13]
1723 Beaufort North Carolina United States
Terrebonne Quebec Canada [13]
1725 Concord New Hampshire United States
1728 Fredericksburg Virginia
Nuuk Sermersooq Greenland
1729 Baltimore Maryland United States
Pabos Quebec Canada [13] Now part of Chandler, Quebec.
Lancaster Pennsylvania United States
1730 New Brunswick New Jersey
1732 Lanoraie Quebec Canada [13]
1732 Vincennes Indiana United States
1733 Richmond Virginia [37]
Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (Laval) Quebec Canada [18] Integrated to the City of Laval in 1965.
Savannah Georgia United States
1735 Ste. Genevieve Missouri French-Colonial settlement. Oldest continually-inhabited settlement in Missouri.
1736 Châteauguay Quebec Canada [18]
Gorham Maine United States
Augusta Georgia [38][39]
1733 Winnipeg Manitoba Canada Formerly known as Fort Rouge.
1738 Pointe-du-Lac Quebec [18] Merged with the City of Trois-Rivières in 2002.
Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce [13][18]
1739 Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu [13][18]
Memphis Tennessee United States Grew from the 1739 French Fort de l'Assomption.
1740 Belén New Mexico
L'Île-Perrot and Notre-Dame-de-l'Île-Perrot Quebec Canada [13]
1741 Bethlehem Pennsylvania United States
Sainte-Geneviève and Pierrrefonds Quebec Canada [13][18] Those cities merged with Montreal in 2002.
1742 Les Écureuils [13][18] Now Donnacona, Quebec
1745 Sainte-Marie [18]
1745 Sainte-Rose (Laval) [18] Integrated to the City of Laval, Quebec in 1965.
1746 Saint-Henri [13]
Merrimack New Hampshire United States
1749 Alexandria Virginia
Port-au-Prince Ouest Haiti
Halifax Nova Scotia Canada
Windsor Ontario Oldest continually-inhabited settlement in Canada west of Montreal
1750 Erie Pennsylvania United States Grew from the French Fort Presque Isle.
Rock Island Illinois Originally a Native American settlement named Saukenuk[40]
1751 Carlisle Pennsylvania
Georgetown Maryland Originally in Maryland; became part of the District of Columbia when the District was organized in 1801. Georgetown and its government were incorporated into the District government in 1871.
1751 Las Trampas New Mexico
1752 Akwesasne New York, Ontario, Quebec Canada, United States [13] First known as Saint-Régis.
Saint-Constant Quebec Canada [13][18]
1753 Saint-Philippe [18]
1754 Augusta Maine United States
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Grew from the French Fort Duquesne, replaced by the British Fort Pitt in 1758
1755 Charlotte North Carolina
1757 Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec Canada [13]
1761 Charlottesville Virginia United States
1762 Shepherdstown West Virginia Originally known as Mecklenburg.
Allentown Pennsylvania Incorporated as Northamptontown.
1763 St. Louis Missouri
Burlington Vermont
1764 Amherst Nova Scotia Canada [41]
Charlottetown Prince Edward Island
1765 St. Charles Missouri United States [42]
1766 Moncton New Brunswick Canada
Vergennes Vermont United States
1768 Beloeil Quebec Canada [18]
L'Acadie [13] In 2001, the town of L'Acadie merged with the neighbouring city of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.
New Smyrna Beach Florida United States Scottish entrepreneur Dr. Turnbull established a colony of 1,225 immigrants at New Smyrna which was the largest colonization attempt in the US.[43]
Saint-Eustache Quebec Canada [13][18]
1769 Santa Cruz California United States
San Diego Grew from Presidio of San Diego.
1770 Monterey Grew from Presidio of Monterey. Original capital of California[44]
San Blas Nayarit Mexico Spanish Naval Department headquarters established at San Blas.[45]
1771 Greenville North Carolina United States Settled and founded as Martinsborough. Renamed to Greenville in 1786.
1772 Ellicott City Maryland
Morgantown West Virginia
1773 Guatemala City Guatemala Guatemala
1774 Unalaska Alaska United States Oldest Russian settlement of Aleutian Islands, dating to the 1760s.[46] Permanent trading post established in 1774.[47]
Orizaba Veracruz Mexico In 1774, Charles IV grants the title of Villa, but the city was already a Spanish settlement since times of Cortez
1775 Tucson Arizona United States The town of Tucson had existed for over 2000 years at this point but this is the date the Spanish built a presidio and formally recognized the town
Lexington Kentucky
Boonesborough Grew from Fort Boonesborough, built by pioneer Daniel Boone.
1776 San Francisco California
1777 San Jose California Originally known as El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first town in the Spanish colony of Nueva California, which later became Alta California.
1778 Louisville Kentucky Grew from Fort Nelson, established by explorer George Rogers Clark.
West Point New York Grew from Fort Clinton
1779 Jonesborough Tennessee Later organized as the lost State of Franklin with Jonesborough as capital 1784.[48]
Nashville Grew from Fort Nashborough
1781 Montpelier Vermont
Los Angeles California
1783 Clarksville Indiana
1784 Cornwall Ontario Canada Founded on June 6, 1784 by a group of United Empire Loyalists led by Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Johnson, 2nd Baronet.[49]
Frenchtown Michigan United States Third French settlement in Michigan
1785 Harrisburg Pennsylvania
Asheville North Carolina
Dubuque Iowa Oldest city in Iowa, among oldest European settlements west of the Mississippi River.[50]
Fredericton New Brunswick Canada
Sydney Nova Scotia Former capital of Cape Breton Island Colony until 1820.
1786 Columbia South Carolina United States
Florissant Missouri Originally known as St. Ferdinand.
Frankfort Kentucky
Portland Maine
Steubenville Ohio
1788 Marietta First permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory
Charleston West Virginia Grew from Fort Lee[51]
1789 Buffalo New York
Santa Cruz de Nuca British Columbia Canada First European settlement in British Columbia, only Spanish settlement in what is today Canada
1790 Hamilton Bermuda United Kingdom
Washington District of Columbia United States
Vicksburg Mississippi Grew from Fort Nogales established by Spain in 1790.
1791 Georgetown Delaware
Monroe Louisiana Originally known as Fort Miro[52]
Kenai Alaska Grew from Fort St. Nicholas of the Russian-American Company.[53]
Knoxville Tennessee
Bangor Maine
1792 Kodiak Alaska Founded in 1792 by Alexander Baranov as the new site for at Three Saints Bay, founded in 1784.[54]
Raleigh North Carolina
1793 York Ontario Canada First established as Fort Rouillé; now Toronto.
1794 Fort Wayne Indiana United States
1795 Edmonton Alberta Canada Grew from Fort Edmonton.
1796 Cleveland Ohio United States
1797 Athens, Ohio
Franklinton Eventually absorbed by Columbus, Ohio.
1798 Bowling Green Kentucky
Shepherdstown West Virginia Formerly known as Mecklenburg.
Warren Ohio
Bethel, Ohio Formerly known as Denham Town, founded by Obed Denham
1799 Hudson
Potosi Missouri Town was founded by Moses Austin and was the sight of many small battles during the American Civil War.
Ravenna Ohio
Sitka Alaska Original capital of Alaska, founded by the Russian-American Company in 1799, destroyed in 1802, reestablished in 1804.[55]
1800 Buffalo New York "In 1800, it was a town of four log cabins.".[56]
Hull Quebec Canada Formerly known as Wright's Town
1801 Athens Georgia United States Named after Athens, Greece.
1803 Ashtabula Ohio
Chicago Illinois Grew from Fort Dearborn.
1796 Chillicothe Ohio
1804 Stow
1805 Huntsville Alabama
1807 Prince George British Columbia Canada Grew from fur trading post of Fort George, established in 1807 by the North West Company.[57]
1810 Manchester New Hampshire United States
San Bernardino California
1811 Astoria Oregon Grew from Fort Astoria, founded by the Pacific Fur Company in 1811.[58]
Murfreesboro Tennessee Originally named Cannonsburgh. State capital from 1818 until 1826.
1812 Columbus Ohio
Kamloops British Columbia Canada Grew from fur trading posts of Fort Cumcloups (Fort Kamloops) and Fort She-whaps (Shuswap), founded by the Pacific Fur Company and North West Company, both in 1812.[59]
1815 Hamilton Ontario
Pickerington Ohio United States
Jonesboro Arkansas
1816 Chattanooga Tennessee Originally named Ross's Landing.
Cambridge Ontario Canada Original settlement in 1816 named Shades Mill, ON, renamed Galt, ON in 1827. City of Galt amalgamated with the towns of Preston and Hespeler, village of Blair and parts of Waterloo township to form City of Cambridge in 1973. Oldest settled area of Regional Municipality of Waterloo.
Saginaw Michigan United States
1817 Fort Smith Arkansas
Milan Ohio
1818 Pontiac Michigan The first settlers arrived in what is now the City of Pontiac in 1818. Two years later there were enough people there to form a village named after the famous Indian Chief Chief Pontiac. Pontiac was Michigan's first inland settlement.The village was officially recognized by the state legislature in 1837 and it incorporated as a city in 1861.
Medina Ohio
Columbia Missouri
Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania Formally known as Mauch Chunk also known as the burial place of Native American athlete Jim Thorpe.
1819 Chapel Hill North Carolina
Montgomery Alabama State capital, grew from the 1540 French settlement Fort Toulouse.
Springfield Illinois
Tuscaloosa Alabama
1820 South Bend Indiana Formerly named Big St. Joseph Station.
Oliver's Grove Minnesota Near the confluence of the Mississippi, St. Croix, and Vermillion Rivers. In 1820, Oliver's Grove was established as a Trading Post community and a military detachment sent from Fort Snelling. However, until the Treaty of Mendota (1851), the community could not officially be noted for white settlement. In 1857, a year before Minnesota's admission to the union, the area was surveyed and incorporated as the city of Hastings and named the county seat of Dakota County.
1821 Alexandria British Columbia Canada Grew from fur trading posts of Fort Alexandria, founded by the North West Company in 1821.[60]
Bridgeport Connecticut United States
Little Rock Arkansas
Indianapolis Indiana
1822 Jacksonville Florida
Jackson Mississippi
1823 Peoria Illinois [61]Founded as Peoria in 1823.[62]
Tampa Florida Grew from earlier military post Fort Brooke.
1824 Ann Arbor Michigan
Tallahassee Florida
1825 Akron Ohio
Vancouver Washington Grew from Fort Vancouver.[63]
Grand Rapids Michigan
Irapuato Guanajuato Mexico Becomes villa in 1825 and ciudad in 1893.
1826 London Ontario Canada
Wabasha Minnesota United States Oldest city in Minnesota
1827 Mineral Point Wisconsin 3rd oldest city in Wisconsin
Guelph Ontario Canada
St. Andrews Florida United States Now part of Panama City
Langley British Columbia Canada
1828 Key West Florida United States
1829 Oregon City Oregon
Bainbridge Georgia
1833 Milwaukee Wisconsin
Kitchener Ontario Canada Formerly Berlin, ON, renamed Kitchener, ON in 1916.
1835 Austin Texas United States
Kenosha Wisconsin Originally named Southport, renamed Kenosha in 1850.
1836 Shreveport Louisiana
Madison Wisconsin
1837 Lansing Michigan
Houston Texas
Oxford Mississippi
Toledo Ohio
1839 Sacramento California
1841 Dallas Texas
Racine Wisconsin
1843 Atlanta Georgia first known as "Terminus", and for a short time was renamed "Marthasville" to honor Governor Lumpkin's daughter.
Des Moines Iowa
Victoria British Columbia Canada Fort Victoria established in 1843; Victoria incorporated in 1862.
1844 Chagrin Falls Ohio United States
1845 Portland Oregon
1847 Brantford Ontario Canada Originally known as Brant's ford.
Salt Lake City Utah United States Originally known as Great Salt Lake City.
Harrisburg Illinois
1848 Mesilla New Mexico
1849 Las Cruces
Provo Utah Grew from Fort Utah.
1850 Ottawa Ontario Canada Originally known as Bytown.
Kansas City Missouri United States Originally named Kansas.
Phoenix Oregon
1851 La Crosse Wisconsin [64]
Seattle Washington [65]
1852 Oakland California
1854 Gainesville Florida
Omaha Nebraska
Saint Paul Minnesota
Topeka Kansas
Versailles Missouri
1855 Champaign Illinois Originally named West Urbana.
1856 College Park Maryland
Lincoln Nebraska Originally named Lancaster.
O'Fallon Missouri
1857 Appleton Wisconsin
1858 Carson City Nevada
Denver Colorado
New Westminster British Columbia Canada
1859 Olympia Washington United States
1862 Boise Idaho
Prince Albert Saskatchewan Canada Originally called Isbister's Settlement.
1864 Salinas California United States [66]
1865 Sioux Falls South Dakota Grew from Fort Dakota.
1867 Cheyenne Wyoming
Minneapolis Minnesota
1868 Phoenix Arizona
1869 Lethbridge Alberta Canada Grew from Fort Whoop-Up.
1870 Wichita Kansas United States
1871 Birmingham Alabama
Colorado Springs Colorado Originally named Fountain Colony.
Fargo North Dakota Originally named Centralia.
1872 Anniston Alabama
1874 Pasadena California
1875 Orlando Florida
1875 Calgary Alberta Canada Grew from Fort Calgary
1877 Billings Montana United States
1881 Brandon Manitoba Canada
1882 Regina Saskatchewan
Moose Jaw
1883 Saskatoon
Swift Current
1885 Ruston Louisiana United States
1886 Vancouver British Columbia Canada Named after English explorer George Vancouver
Nelson British Columbia
Takoma Park Maryland United States
1887 Gulfport Mississippi [67]
1889 Clemson South Carolina Originally known as Calhoun.
Norman Oklahoma
Oklahoma City Oklahoma
Tijuana Baja California Mexico Tijuana derives from the Kumeyaay word Tiwan, meaning by-the-sea.
1892 Estevan Saskatchewan Canada
Grottoes Virginia United States
1893 Kamloops British Columbia Canada From the Shuswap language "Tk'emlups" meaning meeting of the waters.
1894 Palo Alto California United States
Tempe Arizona
1896 Dawson City Yukon Canada Capital of Yukon Territory until 1952.
Miami Florida United States
State College Pennsylvania
1903 North Battleford Saskatchewan Canada
1905 Cranbrook British Columbia
Las Vegas Nevada United States
1906 Virginia Beach Virginia
1911 The Pas Manitoba Canada Grew from Fort Paskoyac
1914 Anchorage Alaska United States
1915 Prince George British Columbia Canada Grew from Fort George
1916 Truth Or Consequences New Mexico United States Originally named Hot Springs, the city changed its name to "Truth or Consequences", the title of a popular NBC Radio program. In March 1950, Ralph Edwards, the host of the radio quiz show Truth or Consequences, announced that he would air the program on its 10th anniversary from the first town that renamed itself after the show; Hot Springs won the honor, officially changing its name on March 31, 1950 (the program broadcast from there the following evening, April 1).
1934 Yellowknife Northwest Territories Canada
1942 Iqaluit Nunavut
1950 Alert Northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world
1956 Corner Brook Newfoundland and Labrador
1970 Cancún Quintana Roo Mexico Planned tourist balneario resort city
2002 Gatineau Quebec Canada Formed by the merging of five cities, including Hull, above.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gonzalez, S., Jimenez-Lopez, J.C, Hedges, R., Huddart, D., Ohman, J.C., Turner, A. and Pompa y Padilla, J.A. 2003. Earliest humans in the Americas: new evidence from México. Journal of Human Evolution44, 379-387.
  2. ^ "Cline Library - Indigenous Voices of the Colorado Plateau - Hopi Places".
  3. ^
  4. ^ City of Childersburg website, accessed July 18, 2011
  5. ^ Merriam-Webster's collegiate encyclopedia, Acapulco (de Juárez), p. 7
  6. ^ Merriam-Webster's collegiate encyclopedia, Saltillo, p. 1418
  7. ^ "St John's – The Canadian Encyclopedia". Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  8. ^ Paul O'Neill, The Oldest City: The Story of St. John's, Newfoundland, 2003, ISBN 0-9730271-2-6.
  9. ^ "History of Harbour Grace". Archived from the original on September 4, 2009. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  10. ^ Lane, Ralph. "The Account by Ralph Lane. An account of the particularities of the imployments of the English men left in Virginia by Richard Greenevill under the charge of Master Ralph Lane Generall of the same, from the 17. of August 1585. until the 18. of June 1586. at which time they departed the Countrey; sent and directed to Sir Walter Ralegh". Old South Leaflets (General Series); No. 119. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
  11. ^ "History & Culture - Saint Croix Island International Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)".
  12. ^ 1633-Windsor, The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay Gouvernement du Québec, Commission de toponymie (2006.) Noms et lieux du Québec, dictionnaire illustré. Québec (Québec) : 925 p.
  14. ^ "Springfield, MA".
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ "Town of Sandwich Massachusetts - The Oldest Town on Cape Cod".
  17. ^ "First Settlers of Rowley".
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Liste des paroisses suivant le nom usuel - PRDH-IGD".
  19. ^ " : Online Exhibit".
  20. ^ "St. Marks (Florida)".
  21. ^ a b [2]
  22. ^ "Home". Town of Braintree.
  23. ^ "Home". City of Woburn.
  24. ^ "Wayback Machine". February 2, 2015. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015.
  25. ^ "Historical overview".
  26. ^
  27. ^ [3]
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 15, 2008. Retrieved February 27, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "About Middleborough Massachusetts".
  30. ^ "History and Description".
  31. ^ "The First European Settlement in Illinois".
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 2, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ "History of Glastonbury - Glastonbury, CT".
  34. ^ Nacogdoches, Texas History Archived July 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, City of Nacogdoches
  35. ^ [4]
  36. ^ [to be added]
  37. ^ "Richmond VA > Visitors".
  38. ^ "History - Augusta, GA - Official Website".
  39. ^ "History of Augusta--Augusta: A Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary".
  40. ^ Coopman, David T. Rock Island County. Charleston SC, Chicago IL, Portsmouth NH, San Francisco CA: Arcadia Publishing, 2008.
  41. ^ Amherst, Nova Scotia
  42. ^ St. Charles, Missouri
  43. ^ New Smyrna Beach, FL – Official Website – History, New Smyrna Beach, Florida
  44. ^ "Monterey County Historical Society, Local History Pages--The Colonization of Monterey".
  45. ^ The Naval Department of San Blas, The California State Military Museum
  46. ^ Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary, p. 1219
  47. ^ Dutch Harbor/Unalaska, Community Profiles for North Pacific Fisheries, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NOAA
  48. ^ Jonesborough, Tennessee
  49. ^ "Cornwall and the War of 1812". Choose Cornwall. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
  50. ^ "History - Dubuque, IA - Official Website".
  51. ^ "Time Trail, West Virginia, December 1997 Programs".
  52. ^ "Monroe - Louisiana, United States".
  53. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kenai
  54. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kodiak
  55. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Old Sitka
  56. ^ [5]
  57. ^ "Prince George". BC Geographical Names.
  58. ^ Fort Astoria, Oregon, Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
  59. ^ "Kamloops". BC Geographical Names.
  60. ^ "Alexandria". BC Geographical Names.
  61. ^ "The First European Settlement in Illinois".
  62. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 2, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  63. ^ An Overview of Vancouver's History, City of Vancouver
  64. ^ "La Crosse". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
  65. ^ Brief History of Seattle, City of Seattle
  66. ^ "Monterey County Historical Society, Local History Pages--A Short History of Salinas, California".
  67. ^ [6]
  • ^ "The Founding of Monterey", The Monterey County Historical Society, 1996. Accessed June 15, 2007
  • ^ "A Short History of Salinas, California", The Monterey County Historical Society, 2006. Accessed June 15, 2007