List of North American countries by GDP (nominal)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The United States is the largest economy in North America, comprising over 86% of the continent's gross domestic product.

  United States (86.12%)
  Canada (6.79%)
  Mexico (5.03%)
  Other (2.06%)

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. Countries in North America are sorted by nominal GDP estimates based on 2018 data from the World Economic Outlook by the International Monetary Fund.[1]

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency.[2] Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.[3] Therefore, these figures should be used with caution.

Some countries/regions may have citizens which are on average wealthy. These countries/regions could appear in this list as having a small GDP. This would be because the country/region listed has a small population, and therefore small total economy; the GDP is calculated as the population times market value of the goods and services produced per person in the country.[4]

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP.[5] On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.[6]


2018 GDP (nominal)[7]
millions of International dollars
North America 23,953,501
1 1 United States United States 20,412,870
2 10 Canada Canada 1,798,512
3 15 Mexico Mexico 1,212.831
4 69 Guatemala Guatemala 82,356
5 76 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 80,413
- - Cuba Cuba 68,234 (2013)
6 70 Panama Panama 66,711
7 75 Costa Rica Costa Rica 61,287
8 100 El Salvador El Salvador 29,407
9 104 Honduras Honduras 24,021
10 106 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 22,158
11 118 Jamaica Jamaica 15,256
12 121 Nicaragua Nicaragua 14,532
13 136 The Bahamas The Bahamas 12,318
14 139 Haiti Haiti 9,417
15 151 Barbados Barbados 5,317
16 166 Belize Belize 1,912
17 171 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 1,755
18 172 Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 1,612
19 175 Grenada Grenada 1,180
20 176 Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis 972
21 180 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 835
22 182 Dominica Dominica 476

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Moffatt, Mike. "A Beginner's Guide to Purchasing Power Parity Theory". IAC/InterActiveCorp. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  3. ^ Ito, Takatoshi; et al. (January 1999). "Economic Growth and Real Exchange Rate: An Overview of the Balassa-Samuelson Hypothesis in Asia" (PDF). Changes in Exchange Rates in Rapidly Development Countries: Theory, Practice, and Policy Issues. National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  4. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  5. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Purchasing Power Parity: Weights Matter". Finance & Development. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  6. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Gross Domestic Product: An Economy's All". Finance & Development. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  7. ^ [2]