List of North American rapid transit systems by ridership

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This is a list of North American rapid transit systems by ridership. These heavy rail or rapid transit systems are also known as metro or subway systems. This list of systems in North America does not include light rail, even when they are integrated with heavy rail. Daily and annual ridership figures are based on "average weekday unlinked passenger trips" (where transfers between lines are counted as two separate passenger "boardings" or "trips"), unless otherwise indicated (e.g., Mexico City and Monterrey, whose figures are the average for all days, not just weekdays). For metro systems in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada, the annual ridership figures for 2018 and average weekday ridership figures for the Fourth Quarter (Q4) of 2018 come from the American Public Transportation Association's (APTA) ridership reports statistics,[1] unless otherwise noted. Ridership figures for Mexico come from Banco de Información Económica's INEGI reports for the year 2018.[2]

System Country City/area
served
Annual
ridership
(2018)[1][2]
Avg. daily
weekday
boardings
(Q4 2018)[1][2]
System
length
Avg. daily
boardings
per mile
(Q4 2018)
Year
opened
Stations Lines
1 New York City Subway  USA New York City 2,629,594,200 8,764,700 232 miles (373 km)[3] 37,778 1904[note 1] 472[4] 24[4]
2 Mexico City Metro  Mexico Mexico City 1,591,984,000[note 2] 4,361,600[note 3] 140.75 miles (226.5 km)[5] 30,988 1969 195[6] 12[6]
3 Toronto subway[note 4]  Canada Toronto 416,210,500 1,343,600 47.8 miles (76.9 km)[7] 28,109 1954[7] 75[7] 4[7]
4 Montreal Metro  Canada Montreal 383,147,700 1,367,200 43 miles (69 km)[8] 31,795 1966 68 4
5 Chicago 'L'  USA Chicago 225,895,100 719,700 102.8 miles (165.4 km)[9] 7,001 1892[9] 145[9] 8[9]
6 Washington Metro  USA Washington, D.C. 226,349,600 764,300 117 miles (188 km)[10] 6,532 1976[10] 91[10] 6
7 Monterrey Metro (Metrorrey)  Mexico Monterrey 180,818,000[note 2] 512,100[note 3] 20 miles (32 km)[11] 25,605 1991[12] 31[13] 2[13]
9 SkyTrain  Canada Vancouver 160,014,800 495,800 49.4 miles (79.5 km)[14] 10,036 1985 53[14][note 5] 3[14]
8 MBTA Subway[note 6]
(Blue, Orange, and Red Lines)
 USA Boston 155,748,800 509,500 38 miles (61 km)[15] 13,408 1901 53[15] 4[15]
10 BART  USA San Francisco
Bay Area
125,576,400 416,600 104 miles (167 km)[16] 4,006 1972[16] 48[16] 6[17]
11 SEPTA[18][19][note 6]
(Broad Street (Orange),
Market–Frankford (Blue), and Norristown High Speed Lines)
 USA Philadelphia 96,546,400 327,700 36.7 miles (59.1 km)[18][20] 8,929 1907 75[19] 3[19]
12 PATH  USA Jersey City 91,593,600 310,000 13.8 miles (22.2 km)[21] 22,464 1908 13[22] 5[22]
13 MARTA  USA Atlanta 64,854,000 205,800 48 miles (77 km)[23] 4,288 1979 38[23] 4
14 Panama Metro  Panama Panama City n/a 180,000[24] 8.5 miles (13.7 km)[25] 21,176 2014 12[26] 1[26]
15 Santo Domingo Metro  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 61,270,054[27] 177,844[27]
[note 3]
17.0 miles (27.4 km)[28][29] 10,461 2009 30[28][29] 2[28][29]
16 Metro Rail[note 6]
(Purple and Red Lines)
 USA Los Angeles 43,300,600 139,100 17.4 miles (28.0 km)[30] 7,994 1993[30] 16[30] 2[30]
17 Miami Metrorail  USA Miami 19,282,500 67,800 24.9 miles (40.1 km)[31] 2,723 1984 23[31] 2
18 PATCO Speedline  USA Philadelphia 10,789,600 38,800 14.2 miles (22.9 km)[32] 2,732 1936[32] 13[32] 1[32]
19 Baltimore Metro Subway[note 6]  USA Baltimore 8,270,600 13,700 15.5 miles (24.9 km)[33] 884 1983 14[33] 1[33]
20 Staten Island Railway  USA New York City 8,126,100 29,400 14.0 miles (22.5 km)[3] 2,100 1860 22[3] 1[3]
21 RTA Rapid Transit[note 6]
(Red Line)
 USA Cleveland 6,249,800 19,000 19 miles (31 km)[34] 1,000 1955 18[34] 1[34]
22 Tren Urbano  Puerto Rico (USA) San Juan 5,192,900 21,000 10.7 miles (17.2 km) 1,963 2004 16 1
For a given population size, Mexican and Canadian cities tend to have higher public transit usage.

Sources:

  • American Public Transportation Association – Transit Ridership Report – Q4 2014.[1]
  • Banco de Información Económica – Instituto Nacional de Estadísitica y Geografía (INEGI)[2] (Note: INEGI only provides monthly figures – figures in table above are for the Q4 2014 monthly average, then divided by 30 days to get the daily average.)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The current system incorporates elevated sections built in 1870.
  2. ^ a b This Annual Ridership figure for 2014 is obtained by averaging the Average Daily Ridership for the twelve months in 2014, and then multiplying that figure by the number of days in a year.
  3. ^ a b c This is the Average Daily Ridership figure, not an Average Weekday Ridership figure – it is averaged from the Q4 2014 Total Ridership figure for this system.
  4. ^ Totals represent the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA ridership report – in other words, figures include stations and ridership on Line 3 Scarborough (RT), which APTA considers to be an IR line and which the local transit authority includes in the rapid transit system for mapping and administrative purposes.
  5. ^ Counting two transfer stations (Commercial–Broadway Station and Waterfront Station) only once; counting them twice there are 49 stations.
  6. ^ a b c d e This rapid transit system is integrated with a light rail system; only the parts of the system that are rapid transit/metro, and that are not light rail, are counted in the statistics presented here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Transit Ridership Report Fourth Quarter and End-of-Year 2018" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). April 12, 2019. Retrieved 2019-04-21 – via http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/ridershipreport.aspx.
  2. ^ a b c d "Banco de Información Económica – Instituto Nactional De Estadística Y Geografía – Comunicaciones y transportes". Instituto Nactional De Estadística Y Geografía (INEGI). March 2015. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
  3. ^ a b c d "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and 2011" (pdf). Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). June 21, 2013. p. 146. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  4. ^ a b "The MTA Network – New York City Transit at a Glance". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  5. ^ "Datos de operacion" [Operational data] (in Spanish). Metro de la Ciudad de Mexico. Archived from the original on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2014-04-17.
  6. ^ a b "Datos de operacion" [Operational data] (in Spanish). Metro de la Ciudad de Mexico. Archived from the original on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2013-10-12.
  7. ^ a b c d "2013 – TTC Operating Statistics". 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  8. ^ "UrbanRail.Net – North America – Canada – Montréal – Montréal Metro". Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net). 2007. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
  9. ^ a b c d "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. Spring 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  10. ^ a b c "About Metro". Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
  11. ^ "Comunicaciones y transportes – Principales características del sistema de transporte colectivo metrorrey (Longitud en servicio)" (in Spanish). Banco de Información Económica – Instituto Nacional de Estadísitica y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 2013-08-06.
  12. ^ "Sistema de Transporte Colectivo – Metrorrey – Historia" [System of Collective Transport – Metrorrey – History] (in Spanish). Sistema de Transporte Colectivo Metrorrey. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  13. ^ a b "Red Metro" [Metro Network (map)] (in Spanish). Sistema de Transporte Colectivo Metrorrey. Archived from the original (jpg) on 2013-07-03. Retrieved 2013-08-06.
  14. ^ a b c "State of Good Repair". TransLink. March 2013. p. 3. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  15. ^ a b c "Ridership and Service Statistics, Fourteenth Edition 2014" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. July 2014. pp. 3–4, 6. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2014-09-12. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  16. ^ a b c "BART – System Facts". San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-01.
  17. ^ "BART – Schedules By Line". San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  18. ^ a b "SEPTA – Media Guide" (pdf). Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority. 2013. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  19. ^ a b c "SEPTA Operating Facts Fiscal Year 2015" (pdf). Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA). 2015. pp. 4–6. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  20. ^ "SEPTA Route Statistics 2016" (pdf). Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  21. ^ "World Trade Center Progress" (pdf). The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. February 2010. p. 2. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  22. ^ a b "Maps & Schedules • Maps". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  23. ^ a b "System Updates". Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA). August 5, 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
  24. ^ "Metro cambia patrones de consumo en Panamá" [Metro changing consumption patterns in Panama]. Capital Financiero (in Spanish). March 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-01.
  25. ^ "Conoce la Línea 1 del Metro de Panamá" [Meet Line 1 of the Panama Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-05-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  26. ^ a b "Línea 1 Conoce los accesos a sus estaciones" [Line 1 Explore access to stations] (PDF) (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2015-02-13. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  27. ^ a b "Informe de Evolución de la Demanda Diciembre 2014" [Report on Changes in Demand December 2014] (pdf) (in Spanish). Dirección de Operaciones Metro de Santo Domingo [Directorate of Operations Santo Domingo Metro]. January 7, 2015. p. 7. Retrieved 2015-04-01 – via http://opret.gob.do/Transparencia/Estadisticas.aspx.
  28. ^ a b c "Línea 1" [Line 1] (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). Archived from the original on 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
  29. ^ a b c "Línea 2 – 1ra Etapa" [Line 2 – 1st Stage] (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
  30. ^ a b c d "Facts at a Glance". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA). August 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
  31. ^ a b "Miami-Dade Transit – Metrorail". Miami-Dade County. March 28, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
  32. ^ a b c d "PATCO – A History of Commitment". PATCO. 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
  33. ^ a b c "Visitors Ride Guide" (pdf). Maryland Transit Administration. Retrieved 2013-07-14 – via http://mta.maryland.gov/content/visitors.
  34. ^ a b c "2013 Annual Report – RTA Facts". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. October 31, 2013. Retrieved 2014-09-05.