List of North Korean films

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of North Korean films and film series from September 1948 to present. Films, and film parts or halves with names, that are part of film series or multi-part films are not included separately to keep the list shorter and more readable. For South Korean films from September 1948 see list of South Korean films. Earlier Korean films made during Japanese rule are in the list of Korean films of 1919–1948. For an alphabetical list of Korean language films, see list of Korean language films.

List of films[edit]

Video-x-generic.svg This film-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
Year(s) English title[a] Original title Director Cast Genre Notes Ref(s)
1949 My Home Village 내 고향 Kang Hong-sik Yu Wonjun, Yu Kyongae, Mun Yebong War film First North Korean feature film [3][4][5]
1950 Announcing to the World Documentary [6]
1950 Righteous War Released during Korean War [7]
1950 The Blast Furnace Min Chongshik Released during Korean War [8][5]
1950 Guards on the Crossing (The Frontier Guards) Released during Korean War [9][5]
1951 Boy Partisans Yoon Yong-Gyu Documentary Released during Korean War [8][10]
1952 Again to the Front Chon Sangin Released during Korean War [8][11][5]
1953 The Combat Unit of a Fighter Plane [12]
1953 Scouts Chon Dong-min Pak Hak, Chon Unbong, Choe Unbong [13][12]
1956 Never Can Live Like That
1956 The Road of Happiness
1957 Orang Chon Riyong Gyu Yun Hak Su Kim, Hyo Gyong Dzo, Un Bong Che, Dzong Bok Mun, Sob Pak
1959 The Tale of 15 Children War movie Released in two parts. [14]
1959 Love the Future
1963 The Spinner O Byong-cho
1965 Boidchi annun dchonson
1968 Sea of Blood 피바다 Choe Ik-gyu Drama Released in two parts. Based on Korean revolutionary opera of same name. [15][16]
1970 Naega cadshun gil Seng In Chen Gil-sen Om, Hye-rim Song, Hak Pak, In-sun Hon, Hak-mag Mun Drama
1972 Flower Girl 꽃파는 처녀 Choe lk-gyu
Pak Hak
Winner of Prix Special at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival [17][18][19]
1976 Ichulsu omnym saram Ki Mo Jung Yae Yon Yung, Kyong Sun Yu, Tae Hyon Choe, In Hi U, Pyong Yun Kim Action
1977 A Fire Burning All Over the World A film about Kim family members' Kang Pan-sok's and Kim Hyong Gwon's revolutionary deeds. It was also the first film in which Kim Il-sung was portrayed. [20]
1978 Center Forward [21][19]
1978–1981 Unknown Heroes 이름 없는 영웅들 James Joseph Dresnok A multi-part serial made between 1978–81. Also known as Unsung Heroes or Nameless Heroes [22]
1979 Ummisadul sogese
1979 An Jung Gung Shoots Ito Hirobumi Om Gil-son Drama Presented at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. Released in two parts. See An Jung-geun. [23][24][8]
1980 The Tale of Chunhyang (1980) See The Tale of Chunhyang (1935) [25][22][16]
1982 On the Juche Idea Short film/Documentary See Juche
1982 Wolmi Island Historical/War See Wolmido [26][19]
1982 The Forest Sways Yong-bok Jang Drama [27][19]
1983 The Anti-Japanese Struggle See anti-Japanese struggle
1984 A Hedgehog Defeats a Tiger Children's film [28][29]
1984 An Emissary of No Return Doraoji annun milsa Shin Sang-ok Shin's first film in North Korea. Based on a stage play named Bloody Conference [16]
1984 Love, Love, My Love Sarang sarang nae sarang Shin Sang-ok Choi Eun-hee [30][16]
1984 Runaway Talchulgi Shin Sang-ok Considered by Shin to be his best North Korean film [31][16]
1985 Hae uh juh Unjeh ggah jee
1985 Pulgasari 불가사리 Shin Sang-ok Kaiju [16]
1985 Salt Sogum Shin Sang-ok Choi Eun-hee Choi won Best Actress award at Moscow Film Festival [16]
1985 The Tale of Shim Chong Sincheongjeon Shin Sang-ok [16]
1986 A Traffic Controller on Crossroads [32]
1986 Hong Kil Dong 홍길동 Kim Kil-in Chang Son Hui, Gwon Ri, Riyonun Ri, Yong Ho Ri, Kenpachiro Satsuma First North Korean entertainment film [33][34][32]
1986 Order No. 027 Ki Mo Jung,
Eung Suk Kim
Sung Chol Cha,
Jeong Woon Kim
Fighting [35][19]
1986 Sekunda na podvig Gil-sen Om, Eldor Urazbayev Andrei Martynov, Chhan-su Chve and Oleg Anofriev Adventure/War DPR Korea/Soviet Union co-production
1986 Kangrung chonyowa Pyöngyang dzholmuni Yong Bok Chang Kuang Chun Ryu, Ryon-gu Nam and In-suk Ro
1987 A Bellflower 도라지꽃 Also known as A Broad Bellflower [36][19]
1987 A Country I Saw Ko Hak Rim Pak Ki Ju, Kim Ryong Rin, Pak Song Released in five parts [37][32]
1987 My Happiness Young-Ho Kim Ock Heel Kim [38]
1988 From Spring to Summer Utomlyonnoye solntse Nikita Orlov, San Bok Pak Elena Drobysheva, Chkhol Kim, Yuriy Kuznetsov, Aleksey Buldakov, Gyen Sob So, Yen-gin Kim, Yun-hon Kim, Tõnu Mikiver A Soviet Union-North Korea co-production. [32][30]
1988 Gandahar French co-production.
1988 Ten Zan – the Ultimate Mission Ferdinando Baldi
Pak Jong-ju
Italian co-production. [22]
1988 Utomlyonnoye solntse Nikita Orlov, San Bok Pak Elena Drobysheva, Chkhol Kim and Yuriy Kuznetsov DPR Korea/Soviet Union co-production.
1990s Fighting Animals Nature documentary At least 5 volumes of the documentary film series exist. It was made by Joseon Science Film Studio. In 2006 the documentary raised concern that animals at Korea Central Zoo were being mistreated. [39]
1990 From 5p.m. to 5a.m. [40][19]
1990 Prince Ho Dong and Princess of Raknang Children's film [41][29]
1990 The Shore of Rescue Bereg Spasenya Arya-zhav Dashiev, Ryu-kho Son Dmitry Matveev, Viktor Stepanov, Boris Nevzorov, Vitaly Serov, Aleksandr Slastin The last Soviet Union-North Korea co-production. [32]
1993 An Unattached Unit [42][19]
1993 An Urban Girl Comes to Get Married Comedy/Drama [43]
1994 Always Working Together for the People Documentary
1994 Bear's Hill and Rabbit's Hill Children's film
1994 My Village at Sunset Norodom Sihanouk Norodom Sihamoni, San Chariya and Mam Kanika Romance/Drama Cambodia co-production
1994 Oh, Youth! 청춘이여! Comedy Also known as Young People [44][22]
1996 Quiet Front Line War
1997 Myself in the Distant Future 먼 후날의 나의 모습 Jang In-hak [45]
1998 CyberMercs
1999 Chu uk sok eh Young won han ree ran
2000 Korean Women's Costume, Chima and Jogori Documentary See Hanbok [46][47]
2000 Marathon Runner Li Chju Ho Jong Song Ok Drama
2000 Mt. Chilbo, Noted Mountain of Korea Documentary See Mt. Chilbo [47][48]
2000 Souls Protest 살아있는 령혼들 Kim Chun-song [49]
2001 On the Green Carpet 푸른 주단우에서 Rim Chang-bom Romantic comedy [50]
2001 Welcome to Pyongyang Animal Park 어서오세요 Yoon Chan Coming-of-age story
2002 Historic Relics in Pyongyang Documentary [51][47]
2002 In the Days of Creating Extravaganza "Arirang" Documentary [47]
2002 Spirit of Korean Celadon 청자의 넋 Phyo Kwang
2002 The Blood Stained Route Map 피묻은 약패 Phyo Kwang Released in two halves [52]
2003 Our Fragrance 우리의 향기 Jon Jong Pal Comedy
2005 They Were Common Fighters 그들은 평범한 전사들이였다
2005 Empress Chung 왕후 심청 Nelson Shin North-South co-production. Unusually for Korean film industry, the character voices were separately recorded in both North and South due to differences in dialect.
2006 Pyongyang International Film Festival Documentary See Pyongyang International Film Festival [47]
2006 Pyongyang Nalpharam 평양 날파람 Phyo Kwang
Maeng Cheol-min
[53][19]
2006 The Schoolgirl's Diary 한 녀학생의 일기 Jang In-hak Pak Mi-hyang, Kim Chol, Kim Yong-suk Also known in alternate titles A Schoolgirl’s Diary and The Journal of a Schoolgirl. Distributed in limited release abroad. [54][32]
2007 A Butterfly and a Cock Children's film [55][29]
2007 A Present from the Old Tree Children's film [56][29]
2007 Extraordinary Crime Against Humanity of the 20th Century Documentary [57][47]
2007 Swordtail Brothers Children's film [58][29]
2007 The 25th April Spring Friendship Art Festival Documentary [47]
2007 The Boy Takes Revenge Children's film [59][29]
2007 The Idle Pig Children's film [60][29]
2007 The Oriole's Song Children's film [61][29]
2008 The Kites Flying in the Sky 하늘을 나는 연들 Phyo Kwang
Kim Hyon-chol
[62]
2008 The Respected Comrade Supreme Commander Is Our Destiny 경애하는 최고사령관동지는 우리의 운명 Documentary [63]
2010 Along the Climbing Route of Love for People Documentary [64][47]
2011 Brighter is our Future Kim Yong[65] Kim Chol-nam[65] [66][65]
2011 Case Closed Chong Yong-min[65] Choe Kyong-hui[65] [67][65]
2011 Do People Know You Ri Kwan-am[65] Mun Jong-ae[65] [68][65]
2011 Flower in Snow 눈속에 핀 꽃 [69][65]
2011 The Morning Glow of the Countryside [70][65]
2012 Comrade Kim Goes Flying 김동무는 하늘을 난다 Kim Gwang Hun, Nicholas Bonner, Anja Daelemans Romantic comedy A joint British-Belgian-North Korean production. [71]
2012 The Daisy Girl [72][65]
2012 The Explosive Remover [73][65]
2015 Rice Flower 벼꽃 [1]
The Tale of Hung Bu [74]
Nation and Destiny Multi-part film released in 62 parts. [75]
The Family of Choe Hak Sin [76]
A Locomotive Engineer's Son [77]
On the Railways [78]
The Path to Awakening Om Kil-son[79] Released in two parts. [80]
When We Pick Apples [81]
A Flourishing Village [82]
Black Rose [83]
The Girl Barber [84]
The Story of a Nurse [85]
You've Taken Me Wrong [86]
To the End of the Earth [87]
An Unforgettable Man [88]
The Songs Sung on the Frontline [89]
I'll Beat the Drum [90]
The Prosecutor Accuses [91]
Notes of a War Correspondent [92]
We Are the Happiest [93]
The Red Maple Leaves Released in seven parts. [94]
Flying Circus [95]
A Day at the Pleasure Ground [96]
The Tale of On Dal [97]
Our Street [98]
Song of Love [99]
A New Legend on the Piryu [100]
The Story of the Kayagum [101]
A Day Before [102]
Run and Run [103]
The Girl We Met on Our Trip [104]
Ask Yourself [105]
The Story of a Blooming Flower [106]
Let's Go to Mt. Kumgang See Mt. Kumgang [107]
Cradle Released in two parts. [108]
Unqualified Sense of Duty [109]
Harang and General Jin Released in two parts. [110]
We Met Again on Mt. Myohyang See Mt. Myohyang [111]
An Ambitious Girl [112]
A Happy Family with Songs [113]
An Obliging Girl [114]
Kwangju Appeals See Kwangju uprising [115]
An Architect's Story Released in two parts. [116]
The Dear Nest [117]
After a Long Separation [118]
Rim Kkok Jong Released in five parts [119]
In Their Noble Image [120]
Don't Wait for Us [121]
The Road to the Front Released in two halves [122]
Morning Star [123]
My Mother Was a Hunter [124]
Song of Memories [125]
Stretcher Platoon Leader [126]
The Outpost Line [127]
What I Must Do [128]
Japanese Invasion in 1592 See Imjin War. Released in three parts [129]
Affection-Permeated Land Released in two halves [130]
They Met on the Taedong River Released in two parts [131]
Two Families in Haeun-dong [132]
Eternal Comrade-in-Arms [133]
A Life Full of Ups and Downs Released in four parts [134]
The Third Golden Medal [135]
Airman Kil Yong Jo [136]
Mother's Happiness [137]
Notes of a Woman Soldier [138]
Traces of Life Released in two halves [139]
Their Life Continues Released in two parts [140]
My Father [141]
Trunks Grow from Roots Released in two parts [142]
My Last Home [143]
Inheritance Released in two parts [144]
Kang Ho Yong [145]
The Lieutenant of Those Days [146]
The Call of the Naval Port [147]
The Great Bear [148]
The White Birch of Mt. Paektu [149]
White Gem Released in two parts [150]
Lifeline [151]
Distress [152]
A Day of Training [153]
Song of the East Sea Released in two parts [154]
Petition [155]
This Is My Hometown [156]
The Name Given by the Era [157]
The Poplar Company [158]
My Family [159]
Our Political Instructor [160]
Bright Sunshine Released in two parts. Also known as Lovely Sunshine [161][30]
The Wheels of Happiness [162]
Brotherly Feeling [163]
The Big-game Hunter [164]
Wish [165]
The World-famous Peak Documentary [166]
Mt. Kuwol, A Scenic Spot by the West Sea of Korea Documentary See Mt. Kuwol [167]
Mt. Jongbang Documentary [168]
The End of the US Armed Spy Ship ''Pueblo'' Documentary See USS Pueblo (AGER-2) [169]
Aspect of Pyongyang Documentary [170]
The Secret of Nano Addition Documentary A multi-part documentary [171]
The Turtle-ship, a Pride of Korean Nation Documentary See Turtle ship [172]
Profitable Sea Cucumber Farming Documentary [173]
Growth Hormone Documentary [174]
Korean Traditional Dish-Ssukttok Documentary [175]
Earthquake – Moving Flat Mass Documentary A multi-part documentary. [176]
Let's Prevent Bird Flu Documentary [177]
Bears and Rabbits Children's film [178]
Keep Traffic Rules Children's film A multi-part film. The first part is named Chol Nam's Ball [179]
Let Us Take Medicine in Time Children's film, Educational film [180]
Crabs and a Crane Children's film [181]
Reception of Metal Samples Children's film [182]
Bird [8]
Breakwater [8]
Brother's Feelings [8]
Call of Naval Port [8]
Changes of Pyongyang During the Forced March [8]
A Checkered Life [8]
Daughter of War Veteran [8]
The Defenders of Height 1211 [8]
Ding of Love [8]
The Earth of Love [8]
Everlasting Comrade-in-Arms Om Kil-son [79]
The Evil Night [8]
A Far-Off Islet [8]
A Fate of Kum Hui and Un Hui Om Kil-son[79] [8]
Female Medical Doctor [8]
Five Guerilla Brothers Om Kil-son[79] [8]
Follow What We Are Doing [8]
Footsteps [8]
Forever in Our Memory [30]
The 14th Winter [30]
Girls in My Hometown [30]
Green Shoulder-Strap [30]
Korea [30]
The Lieutenant in Those Days [30]
Lightning and Thunder [30]
The Man Who Remained in My Heart [30]
Military Service [30]
Moranbong See Moranbong [30]
A Mother's Hope [30]
My New Family [30]
The Name Given by the Era [30]
Namgang Village Women [30]
The Name Given by the Era [30]
Ongjongryon [13]
Orang River [13]
Our Life [13]
Paek Il Hong [13]
Peony [13]
A Photo [13]
The Problem in My Wife's Parents' Home [13]
The Problem in Our Family [13]
The Problem of Elder Brother's Family [13]
The Problem of Our Downstairs Neighbor [13]
The Problem of Our Upstairs Neighbor [13]
The Problem of Son-in-Law's Family [13]
A Red Agitator The movie was awarded with the People's Prize in 1962. [13][183]
The Red Flower [13]
Red Wings [13]
Rescued on the Shore [13]
Revenge in the Tiger Cage [13]
Righteous Struggle [13]
The Road I Found [13]
Scenery of Seoul in War [13]
The Separation [22]
A Silver Hairpin [22]
Sisters [22]
Snow Melts in Spring Also known as Thaw. [22]
Son Comes Back Home [22]
Song Chung-hyan [22]
Star of Korea Om Kil-son [79]
The Sun of the Nation Om Kil-son [79]
Squirrel and Hedgehog [22]
A Tale of Noblemen [22]
This is Where My Life Was Settled [22]
Thousand Miles Along the Railroad [22]
True Life Continues [22]
A Waiting Girl [22]
Wandering [22]
We Must Not Return [22]
Woman Warrior of Koryo [22]
Young People Bloom Their Native Land [22]
Youth in Ship "Seagull" [22]
Daughter of the Sun The movie was awarded with the People's Prize in 1962. [183]
Demarcation Line in the Town The movie was awarded with the People's Prize in 1962. [183]
Sunflower The movie was awarded with the People's Prize in 1962. [183]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This list uses Schönherr's list of translations for English titles of the movies.[1] Official North Korean translations by Korea Film Export & Import Corporation, such as the translations appearing in the book Korean film, are preferred in the rest of the cases.[2]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Schönherr 2012, pp. 201–204.
  2. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 20–216.
  3. ^ Schönherr 2012, p. 145.
  4. ^ Ri 2012, p. 37.
  5. ^ a b c d Lee 2000, p. 198.
  6. ^ Announcing to the World at the Internet Movie Database
  7. ^ Righteous War at the Internet Movie Database
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Schönherr 2012, p. 201.
  9. ^ Ri 2012, p. 82.
  10. ^ Boy Partisans at the Internet Movie Database
  11. ^ Again to the Front at the Internet Movie Database
  12. ^ a b Lee 2000, p. 199.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Schönherr 2012, p. 203.
  14. ^ Ri 2012, p. 64.
  15. ^ Ri 2012, p. 20.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Schönherr, Johannes. "The North Korean Films of Shin Sang-ok" (PDF). Ritsumeikan University. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  17. ^ Schönherr 2012, p. 162.
  18. ^ Ri 2012, p. 22.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Korea Film Coporation [sic]. Feature Film.". korfilm.com.kp. p. 1. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  20. ^ Jae-Cheon Lim (24 March 2015). Leader Symbols and Personality Cult in North Korea: The Leader State. Taylor & Francis. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-1-317-56740-0. 
  21. ^ Ri 2012, p. 53.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Schönherr 2012, p. 204.
  23. ^ Schönherr 2012, p. 163.
  24. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 24–25.
  25. ^ Ri 2012, p. 63.
  26. ^ Ri 2012, p. 92.
  27. ^ Ri 2012, p. 71.
  28. ^ Ri 2012, p. 204.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Korea Film Coporation [sic]. Children's Film.". korfilm.com.kp. Korea Film Corporation. p. 1. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Schönherr 2012, p. 202.
  31. ^ Schönherr 2012, p. 168.
  32. ^ a b c d e f "DPRK Video Database – The Definitive Database of All North Korean Cinema". 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  33. ^ Schönherr 2012, p. 171.
  34. ^ Ri 2012, p. 79.
  35. ^ Ri 2012, p. 103.
  36. ^ Ri 2012, p. 116.
  37. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 146–147.
  38. ^ Ri 2012, p. 105.
  39. ^ James Card (28 January 2006). "North Korea: Red in tooth and claw". Asia Times. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  40. ^ Ri 2012, p. 97.
  41. ^ Ri 2012, p. 216.
  42. ^ Ri 2012, p. 100.
  43. ^ Ri 2012, p. 110.
  44. ^ Ri 2012, p. 111.
  45. ^ Ri 2012, p. 117.
  46. ^ Ri 2012, p. 187.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h "Korea Film Coporation [sic]. Documentary Film.". korfilm.com.kp. Korea Film Corporation. p. 1. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  48. ^ Ri 2012, p. 186.
  49. ^ Ri 2012, p. 127.
  50. ^ Ri 2012, p. 125.
  51. ^ Ri 2012, p. 191.
  52. ^ Ri 2012, p. 128.
  53. ^ Ri 2012, p. 132.
  54. ^ Ri 2012, p. 134.
  55. ^ Ri 2012, p. 207.
  56. ^ Ri 2012, p. 213.
  57. ^ Ri 2012, p. 190.
  58. ^ Ri 2012, p. 208.
  59. ^ Ri 2012, p. 206.
  60. ^ Ri 2012, p. 205.
  61. ^ Ri 2012, p. 212.
  62. ^ Ri 2012, p. 131.
  63. ^ "Documentary Film Screened". KCNA. 23 August 2008. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  64. ^ Ri 2012, p. 192.
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Korea Film Coporation [sic]. News Film.". korfilm.com.kp. Korea Film Corporation. p. 1. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  66. ^ Ri 2012, p. 159.
  67. ^ Ri 2012, p. 163.
  68. ^ Ri 2012, p. 161.
  69. ^ Ri 2012, p. 160.
  70. ^ Ri 2012, p. 158.
  71. ^ "Filming a North Korean Dream", New York Times, 30 July 2012
  72. ^ Ri 2012, p. 164.
  73. ^ Ri 2012, p. 165.
  74. ^ Ri 2012, p. 38.
  75. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 26–36.
  76. ^ Ri 2012, p. 39.
  77. ^ Ri 2012, p. 40.
  78. ^ Ri 2012, p. 41.
  79. ^ a b c d e f "Veteran Film Director Om Kil Son". Naenara. 2014-05-20. Retrieved 2016-04-20. 
  80. ^ Ri 2012, p. 42.
  81. ^ Ri 2012, p. 44.
  82. ^ Ri 2012, p. 45.
  83. ^ Ri 2012, p. 46.
  84. ^ Ri 2012, p. 47.
  85. ^ Ri 2012, p. 48.
  86. ^ Ri 2012, p. 49.
  87. ^ Ri 2012, p. 50.
  88. ^ Ri 2012, p. 51.
  89. ^ Ri 2012, p. 52.
  90. ^ Ri 2012, p. 54.
  91. ^ Ri 2012, p. 55.
  92. ^ Ri 2012, p. 56.
  93. ^ Ri 2012, p. 57.
  94. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 58–59.
  95. ^ Ri 2012, p. 60.
  96. ^ Ri 2012, p. 61.
  97. ^ Ri 2012, p. 62.
  98. ^ Ri 2012, p. 65.
  99. ^ Ri 2012, p. 66.
  100. ^ Ri 2012, p. 67.
  101. ^ Ri 2012, p. 68.
  102. ^ Ri 2012, p. 69.
  103. ^ Ri 2012, p. 70.
  104. ^ Ri 2012, p. 72.
  105. ^ Ri 2012, p. 73.
  106. ^ Ri 2012, p. 74.
  107. ^ Ri 2012, p. 75.
  108. ^ Ri 2012, p. 76.
  109. ^ Ri 2012, p. 78.
  110. ^ Ri 2012, p. 80.
  111. ^ Ri 2012, p. 81.
  112. ^ Ri 2012, p. 83.
  113. ^ Ri 2012, p. 84.
  114. ^ Ri 2012, p. 85.
  115. ^ Ri 2012, p. 86.
  116. ^ Ri 2012, p. 87.
  117. ^ Ri 2012, p. 88.
  118. ^ Ri 2012, p. 89.
  119. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 90–91.
  120. ^ Ri 2012, p. 93.
  121. ^ Ri 2012, p. 94.
  122. ^ Ri 2012, p. 95.
  123. ^ Ri 2012, p. 96.
  124. ^ Ri 2012, p. 98.
  125. ^ Ri 2012, p. 99.
  126. ^ Ri 2012, p. 101.
  127. ^ Ri 2012, p. 102.
  128. ^ Ri 2012, p. 104.
  129. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 106–107.
  130. ^ Ri 2012, p. 108.
  131. ^ Ri 2012, p. 109.
  132. ^ Ri 2012, p. 112.
  133. ^ Ri 2012, p. 113.
  134. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 114–115.
  135. ^ Ri 2012, p. 118.
  136. ^ Ri 2012, p. 119.
  137. ^ Ri 2012, p. 120.
  138. ^ Ri 2012, p. 121.
  139. ^ Ri 2012, p. 122.
  140. ^ Ri 2012, p. 123.
  141. ^ Ri 2012, p. 124.
  142. ^ Ri 2012, p. 126.
  143. ^ Ri 2012, p. 129.
  144. ^ Ri 2012, p. 130.
  145. ^ Ri 2012, p. 135.
  146. ^ Ri 2012, p. 136.
  147. ^ Ri 2012, p. 137.
  148. ^ Ri 2012, p. 138.
  149. ^ Ri 2012, p. 139.
  150. ^ Ri 2012, pp. 140–141.
  151. ^ Ri 2012, p. 142.
  152. ^ Ri 2012, p. 143.
  153. ^ Ri 2012, p. 144.
  154. ^ Ri 2012, p. 145.
  155. ^ Ri 2012, p. 148.
  156. ^ Ri 2012, p. 149.
  157. ^ Ri 2012, p. 150.
  158. ^ Ri 2012, p. 151.
  159. ^ Ri 2012, p. 152.
  160. ^ Ri 2012, p. 153.
  161. ^ Ri 2012, p. 154.
  162. ^ Ri 2012, p. 155.
  163. ^ Ri 2012, p. 156.
  164. ^ Ri 2012, p. 157.
  165. ^ Ri 2012, p. 162.
  166. ^ Ri 2012, p. 183.
  167. ^ Ri 2012, p. 184.
  168. ^ Ri 2012, p. 185.
  169. ^ Ri 2012, p. 188.
  170. ^ Ri 2012, p. 189.
  171. ^ Ri 2012, p. 195.
  172. ^ Ri 2012, p. 196.
  173. ^ Ri 2012, p. 197.
  174. ^ Ri 2012, p. 198.
  175. ^ Ri 2012, p. 199.
  176. ^ Ri 2012, p. 200.
  177. ^ Ri 2012, p. 201.
  178. ^ Ri 2012, p. 209.
  179. ^ Ri 2012, p. 210.
  180. ^ Ri 2012, p. 211.
  181. ^ Ri 2012, p. 214.
  182. ^ Ri 2012, p. 215.
  183. ^ a b c d T'ae-u Ko (2015). 북한사 다이제스트 100. Digest 100 series (in Korean). Karam Kihoek. ISBN 9788984353398. 

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]