List of countries by traffic-related death rate

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Death rates from road traffic accidents by country, per 100,000 inhabitants, world map (WHO 2015).[1][nb 1]
  fewer than 5
  5-10
  10-15
  15-20
  20-25
  25-30
  30-35
  35-40
  more than 40

This list of countries by traffic-related death rate shows the annual number of road fatalities per capita per year, per number of motor vehicles, and per vehicle-km in some countries in the year the data was collected.

According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.25 million deaths worldwide in the year 2010. That is, one person is killed every 25 seconds. Only 28 countries, representing 449 million people (seven percent of the world's population), have adequate laws that address all five risk factors (speed, drunk driving, helmets, seat-belts and child restraints). Over a third of road traffic deaths in low- and middle-income countries are among pedestrians and cyclists. However, less than 35 percent of low- and middle-income countries have policies in place to protect these road users.[2]

The average rate was 17.4 per 100,000 people. Low-income countries now have the highest annual road traffic fatality rates, at 24.1 per 100,000, while the rate in high-income countries is lowest, at 9.2 per 100,000.[2]

Seventy-four percent of road traffic deaths occur in middle-income countries, which account for only 53 percent of the world's registered vehicles. In low-income countries it is even worse. Only one percent of the world's registered cars produce 16 percent of world's road traffic deaths. This indicates that these countries bear a disproportionately high burden of road traffic deaths relative to their level of motorization.[2]

There are large disparities in road traffic death rates between regions. The risk of dying as a result of a road traffic injury is highest in the African Region (increasing 26.6 per 100 000 population), and lowest in the European Region (decreasing 9.3 per 100 000).[2]

Half of the world's road traffic deaths occur among motorcyclists (23 percent), pedestrians (22 percent) and cyclists (5 percent) – i.e., "vulnerable road users" – with 31 percent of deaths among car occupants and the remaining 19 percent among unspecified road users.[3]

Adults aged between 15 and 44 years account for 59 percent of global road traffic deaths. Seventy-seven percent of road deaths are males.[3]

The total fatalities figures comes from the WHO report (table A2, column point estimate, pp. 264–271) and are often an adjusted number of road traffic fatalities in order to reflect the different reporting and counting methods among the many countries (e.g., "a death after how many days since accident event is still counted as a road fatality?" (by international standard adjusted to a 30-day period), or "to compensate for under-reporting in some countries".[2][4]:62-74

List[edit]

The table shows that the highest death tolls tend to be in African countries, and the lowest in European countries. The table first lists geographic regions before alphabetically sorted countries.

Country Road fatalities
per 100,000
inhabitants
per year[4]
Road fatalities
per 100,000
motor vehicles[4]
Road fatalities
per 1 billion
vehicle-km[5]
Total fatalities
latest year
(adjusted/estimated
figures by WHO report)
[4]
Year, data source
(standard source:
The WHO report 2015,[2]
data from 2013
)
 World 17.4 1,250,000
 Africa 26.6 574[6] 246,719[6]
 Eastern Mediterranean 19.9 139[6] 122,730[6]
 Western Pacific 17.3 69[6] 328,591[6]
 South-east Asia 17.0 101[6] 316,080[6]
 Americas 15.9 33[6] 153,789[6]
 Europe 9.3 19[6] 84,589[6]
 Afghanistan 15.5 722.4 n/a 4,734 2013
 Albania 15.1 107.2 n/a 478 2013
 Algeria 23.8 127.8 n/a 9,337 2013
 Andorra 7.6 7.9 n/a 6 2013
 Angola 26.9 992 n/a 5,769 2013
 Antigua & Barbuda 6.7 20 n/a 6 2013
 Argentina 13.6 24.3 n/a 5,619 2013
 Armenia 18.3 18.2 n/a 546 2013
 Australia 5.4 7.3 5.2 1,252 2013
 Austria 5.4 7.1 5.8 455 2013
 Azerbaijan 10.0 83 n/a 943 2013
 Bahamas 13.8 36 n/a 52 2013
 Bahrain 8.0 19.6 n/a 107 2013
 Bangladesh 13.6 1020.6 n/a 21,316 2013
 Barbados 6.7 16.9 n/a 19 2013
 Belarus 13.7 32.9 n/a 1,282 2013
 Belgium 6.7 10.7 7.3 746 2013
 Belize 24.4 26 n/a 81 2013
 Benin 27.7 8177.2 n/a 2,855 2013
 Bhutan 15.1 167.2 n/a 114 2013
 Bolivia 23.2 205.2 n/a 3,476 2013
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.7 76.7 n/a 676 2013
 Botswana 23.6 91.6 n/a 477 2013
 Brazil 23.4 57.5 n/a 46,935 2013
 Bulgaria 8.3 17.2 n/a 601 2013
 Burkina Faso 30.0 328.1 n/a 5,072 2013
 Cambodia 17.4 107.2 n/a 2,635 2013
 Cameroon 27.6 1385.1 n/a 6,136 2013
 Canada 6.0 9.5 6.2 2,114 2013
 Cape Verde 26.1 229 n/a 130 2013
 Central African Republic 32.4 4336.5 n/a 1,495 2013
 Chad 24.1 497 n/a 3,089 2013
 Chile 12.4 51.1 n/a 2,179 2013
 China 18.8 104.5 n/a 261,367 2013
 Colombia 16.8 83.3 n/a 8,107 2013
 Congo 26.4 1063 n/a 1,174 2013
 Cook Islands 24.2 40.2 n/a 5 2013
 Costa Rica 13.9 38.4 n/a 676 2013
 Croatia 9.2 21.1 n/a 395 2013
 Cuba 7.5 133.7 n/a 840 2013
 Cyprus 5.2 9.2 n/a 59 2013
 Czech Republic 6.1 8.5 13.9 654 2013
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 33.2 6405.4 n/a 22,419 2013
 Denmark 3.5 6.7 4 196 2013
 Djibouti 24.7 n/a n/a 216 2013
 Dominica 15.3 44.7 n/a 11 2013
 Dominican Republic 29.3 94.9 n/a 3,052 2013
 Ecuador 20.1 183.8 n/a 3,164 2013
 Egypt 12.8 148.7 n/a 10,466 2013
 El Salvador 21.1 163.7 n/a 1,339 2013
 Eritrea 24.1 2171.5 n/a 1,527 2013
 Estonia 7.0 11.8 n/a 90 2013
 Ethiopia 25.3 4984.3 n/a 23,837 2013
 Fiji 5.8 58.9 n/a 51 2013
 Finland 4.8 4.4 4.8 258 2013
 France 5.1 7.6 5.8 3,268 2013
 Gabon 22.9 196.4 n/a 383 2013
 Gambia 29.4 998.7 n/a 544 2013
 Georgia 11.8 54 n/a 514 2013
 Germany 4.3 6.8 4.9 3,540 2013
 Ghana 26.2 443.1 n/a 6,789 2013
 Greece 9.1 12.6 n/a 1,013 2013
 Guatemala 19.0 114.7 n/a 2,939 2013
 Guinea 27.3 9462.5 n/a 3,211 2013
 Guinea-Bissau 27.5 751.9 n/a 468 2013
 Guyana 17.3 864.4 n/a 138 2013
 Honduras 17.4 1021.7 n/a 1,408 2013
 Hungary 7.7 20.7 n/a 765 2013
 Iceland 4.6 6.1 4.7 15 2013
 India 16.6 130.1 n/a 238,562 2013
 Indonesia 15.3 36.7 n/a 38,279 2013
 Iran 32.1 92.7 n/a 24,896 2013
 Iraq 20.2 151.2 n/a 6,826 2013
 Ireland 4.1 7.6 3.9 188 2013
 Israel 3.6 9.7 5.3 277 2013
 Italy 6.1 7.3 n/a 3,753 2013
 Ivory Coast 24.2 828.9 n/a 4,924 2013
 Jamaica 11.5 61.7 n/a 320 2013
 Japan 4.7 6.5 8 5,971 2013
 Jordan 26.3 151.4 n/a 1,913 2013
 Kazakhstan 24.2 101.4 n/a 3,983 2013
 Kenya 29.1 640.7 n/a 12,891 2013
 Kiribati 2.9 86.9 n/a 3 2013
 Kuwait 18.7 34.2 n/a 629 2013
 Kyrgyzstan 22.0 127.3 n/a 1,220 2013
 Laos 14.3 67.5 n/a 971 2013
 Latvia 10.0 24.8 n/a 205 2013
 Lebanon 22.6 64.8 n/a 1,088 2013
 Lesotho 28.2 474.8 n/a 584 2013
 Liberia 33.7 133.4 n/a 1,448 2013
 Libya 73.4 128.2 n/a 4,554 2013
 Lithuania 10.6 16.1 n/a 320 2013
 Luxembourg 8.7 10.7 n/a 46 2013
 Macedonia 9.4 49.1 n/a 198 2013
 Madagascar 28.4 2963 n/a 6,506 2013
 Malawi 35.0 1310.4 n/a 5,732 2013
 Malaysia 24.0 29.9 12.6 7,129 2013
 Maldives 3.5 19.5 n/a 12 2013
 Mali 25.6 1352.5 n/a 3,920 2013
 Malta 5.1 6.8 n/a 22 2013
 Marshall Islands 5.7 141.8 n/a 3 2013
 Mauritania 24.5 228.7 n/a 952 2013
 Mauritius 12.2 35.6 n/a 158 2013
 Mexico 12.3 43 n/a 15,062 2013
 Federated States of Micronesia 1.9 24 n/a 2 2013
 Monaco 0 - n/a 0 2013
 Mongolia 21.0 88.4 n/a 597 2013
 Montenegro 10.5 31.1 n/a 65 2016[7]
 Morocco 18.0 209 n/a 6,870 2013
 Mozambique 31.6 1507 n/a 8,173 2013
 Myanmar 20.3 250.8 n/a 10,809 2013
 Namibia 23.9 196.4 n/a 551 2013
   Nepal 17.0 399.8 n/a 4,713 2013
 Netherlands 3.4 6 4.5 574 2013
 New Zealand 8.5[8] 12.2 8.7[9] 398 2017[10]
 Nicaragua 15.3 164.3 n/a 931 2013
 Niger 26.4 1491.1 n/a 4,706 2013
 Nigeria 20.5 615.4 n/a 35,621 2013
 Norway 2.2 3.1 n/a 112 2017[11]
 Oman 25.4 85.3 n/a 924 2013
 Pakistan 14.2 283.9 n/a 25,781 2013
 Palau 4.8 14.1 n/a 1 2013
 Panama 10.0 38.4 n/a 386 2013
 Papua New Guinea 16.8 1306.5 n/a 1,232 2013
 Paraguay 20.7 114.7 n/a 1,408 2013
 Peru 13.9 99.3 n/a 4,234 2013
 Philippines 10.5 135 n/a 10,379 2013
 Poland 10.3 15.8 n/a 3,931 2013
 Portugal 7.8 13.7 n/a 828 2013
 Qatar 15.2 50.9 n/a 330 2013
 Republic of Moldova 12.5 61.8 n/a 437 2013
 Romania 8.7 31.4 n/a 1,881 2013
 Russia 18.9 53.4 n/a 27,025 2013
 Rwanda 32.1 3521.1 n/a 3,782 2013
 Saint Lucia 18.1 2103.3 n/a 33 2013
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8.2 31.7 n/a 9 2013
 Samoa 15.8 171.9 n/a 30 2013
 San Marino 3.2 1.8 n/a 1 2013
 São Tomé and Príncipe 31.1 5454.5 n/a 60 2013
 Saudi Arabia 27.4 119.7 n/a 7,898 2013
 Senegal 27.2 956.4 n/a 3,844 2013
 Serbia 10.4 34.5 n/a 735 2013
 Seychelles 8.6 43 n/a 8 2013
 Sierra Leone 27.3 2414.2 n/a 1,661 2013
 Singapore 3.6 20.2 n/a 197 2013
 Slovakia 6.6 13.7 n/a 360 2013
 Slovenia 6.4 9.5 7.6 132 2013
 Solomon Islands 19.2 240 n/a 108 2013
 Somalia 25.4 4480.5 n/a 2,664 2013
 South Africa 25.1 133.9 n/a 13,273 2013
 South Korea 9.3 20.6 15.6 4,777 2014[12]
 Spain 3.7 5.3 7.8 1,730 2013
 Sri Lanka 17.4 70.9 n/a 3,691 2013
 Sudan 24.3 2872.8 n/a 9,221 2013
 Suriname 19.1 49.7 n/a 103 2013
 Swaziland 24.2 1667.4 n/a 303 2013
 Sweden 2.8 4.7 3.5 272 2013
  Switzerland 2.6 3.6 3.6 216 2016[13][14][15]
 Taiwan 6.8 n/a n/a 1,604 2016[16]
 Tajikistan 18.8 374.9 n/a 1,543 2013
 Tanzania 32.9 1073.7 n/a 16,211 2013
 Thailand 36.2 74.6 n/a 24,237 2013
 Timor-Leste 16.6 295.8 n/a 188 2013
 Togo 31.1 3653.4 n/a 2,123 2013
 Tonga 7.6 98.1 n/a 8 2013
 Trinidad and Tobago 14.1 58.9 n/a 189 2013
 Tunisia 24.4 154.4 n/a 2,679 2013
 Turkey 8.9 37.3 n/a 6,687 2013
 Turkmenistan 17.4 107.8 n/a 914 2009
 Uganda 27.4 836.8 n/a 10,280 2013
 Ukraine 13.5[3] 35.3 n/a 5,099 2012[17]
 United Arab Emirates 10.9 38.2 n/a 1,021 2013
 United Kingdom 2.9 5.1 3.6 1,827 2013
 United States 10.6 12.9 7.1 34,064 2013
 Uruguay 16.6 28.5 n/a 567 2013
 Uzbekistan 11.2 n/a 3,240 2013
 Vanuatu 16.6 300 n/a 42 2013
 Vietnam 24.5 55 n/a 22,419 2013
 Yemen 21.5 436.6 n/a 5,248 2013
 Zambia 24.7 670.9 n/a 3,586 2013
 Zimbabwe 28.2 429.8 n/a 3,985 2013

See also[edit]

Nations:

General:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The following groupings/assumptions were made:
    • France includes the overseas departments as well as overseas collectivities.
    • The United Kingdom includes the Crown dependencies as well as the overseas territories.
    • The United States of America includes the insular areas.
    • The Netherlands includes Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
    • Denmark includes Greenland and the Faroe islands.
    • China includes the SARs of Hong Kong and Macao.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Data from World Health Organization Estimated Deaths 2015
  2. ^ a b c d e f WHO, ed. (2015). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–14, 75ff (countries), 264–271 (table A2), 316–332 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156506 6. Retrieved 2016-01-27. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2013
  3. ^ a b c WHO, ed. (2013). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013: supporting a decade of action" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–8, 53ff (countries), 244–251 (table A2), 296–303 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156456 4. Retrieved 2014-05-30. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2010
  4. ^ a b c d WHO, ed. (2015). "WHO Report 2015: Data tables" (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  5. ^ OECD/ITF, ed. (12 October 2015). "Road Safety Annual Report 2015" (PDF) (official report). Paris: International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group, International Transport Forum (irtad). pp. 47ff. ISBN 9789282107867. Retrieved 2016-01-29. data from 2013
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l WHO, ed. (2015). "Deaths on the roads: Based on the WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  7. ^ Godišnja statistika saobraćaja, skladištenja i veza (PDF). http://www.monstat.org (in Montenegrin). Monstat. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-13. External link in |website= (help)
  8. ^ http://archive.stats.govt.nz/tools_and_services/population_clock.aspx?url=/tools_and_services/population_clock.aspx
  9. ^ http://www.transport.govt.nz/ourwork/tmif/transport-volume/tv001/
  10. ^ http://www.transport.govt.nz/research/roadtoll/
  11. ^ (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: The Norwegian Public Roads Administration. 1 January 2018 https://www.vegvesen.no/om+statens+vegvesen/presse/nyheter/nasjonalt/106-omkom-i-2017-trafikken. Retrieved 2018-07-15. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=1614
  13. ^ "Transport accidents" (official web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. August 2017. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  14. ^ "Road vehicles - Stock, level of motorisation" (official web site) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 1 February 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  15. ^ "Passenger transport performance" (official web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  16. ^ https://www.statista.com/statistics/320553/taiwan-road-traffic-fatalities/
  17. ^ Число аварий по сравнению с 2011 годом возросло. Погибших оказалось тоже больше. www.liga.net (in Russian). ЛIГАБiзнесIнформ Информационное агентство. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 2016-04-14.

External links[edit]