List of Oceanids

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Oceanus is a god in ancient Greek mythology. This is a list of his daughters, who are known collectively as the Oceanids.

According to Hesiod,[1] the total number of Oceanus' children was 6000, composed of 3000 daughters and 3000 sons (these are called Potamoi), but only a relatively small number of their names is actually attested throughout accounts of Greek mythology.

List[edit]

Named Oceanids
Name Hes. [2] Hom. H. [3] Apoll. [4] Hyg. [5] Other sources / Comments
Acaste
Admete
Adrasteia Hyginus, Fabulae 182
Aethra Hyginus, Astronomica 2.21; Pherecydes of Leros, fr. 90c Fowler; Ovid, Fasti 5.171
Aetna Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Παλιχη
Amalthea Hyginus, Fabulae 182;[6] Schol. ad Hom. II. 21.194; usually not an Oceanid, e.g. Apollodorus, 2.7.5
Amphirho
Amphitrite Also Apollodorus, 1.4.5; the name of a Nereid at Hesiod, Theogony, 243, 254, and Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Argia
or Argea
Also Hyginus, Fabulae 143
Asia Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Pompholyge);[7] the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Asterodia Scholia on Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 3.242 (Parisian, Florentine).
Asterope Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Akragantes
Beroe Virgil, Georgics 4.341; cf. Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41.153; the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Callirhoe Apollodorus, 2.5.10
Calypso The name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7; "probably not" the same as the Calypso who was the lover of Odysseus[8]
Camarina Pindar, Olympian 5.1–4
Capheira Diodorus Siculus, 5.55
Cerceis
Ceto Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26.355; the name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Chryseis
Clio
or Cleio
Virgil, Georgics 4.341; the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Clitemneste
Clymene Hyginus, Fabulae 156; Tzetzes, Chiliades 4.19.359; possibly the same as at Virgil, Georgics 4.345; the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Clytie
or Clytia
Coryphe Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3.59
Daeira Pausanias, 1.38.7; cf. Pherecydes of Leros, fr. 45 Fowler (called a sister of Styx)
Dione The name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Dodone Epaphroditus, fr. 57 Braswell–Billerbeck[9]
Doris The name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Electra
Ephyra Hyginus, Fabulae 275.6; Eumelus fr. 1 Fowler (apud Pausanias, 2.1.1); possibly the same as at Virgil, Georgics 4.343; the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Euagoreis
Eudora The name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Europa Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Parthenope);[10] not the Europa who was abducted by Zeus, became the mother of Minos, and for whom the continent of Europe was named
Eurynome Also Apollodorus, 1.3.1
Galaxaura
Hesione Acusilaus, fr. 34 Fowler; Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 560.
Hestyaea
Hippo
Iache
Ianeira
or Ianira
The name of a Nereid at Homer, Iliad 18.47; Apollodorus, 1.2.7; Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Ianthe
Ida Hyginus, Fabulae 182[11]
Idyia
or Eidyia
Apollodorus, 1.9.23; Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, 3.243–244
Leucippe
Libye Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Pompholyge)[12]
Lyris
Melia Apollodorus, 2.1.1; Pindar, fr. 52k 43; Pausanias, 9.10.5[13]
Meliboea Apollodorus, 3.8.1
Melite The name of a Nereid at Hesiod, Theogony 247; Homer, Iliad 18.42; Apollodorus, 1.2.7; Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Melobosis
Menestho
Menippe
Mentis
Merope Hyginus, Fabulae 154
Metis Also Apollodorus, 1.2.1
Mopsopia Suda, s.v. Εὐφορίων, according to which, Mopsopia, an old name for Attica, was supposed to have come from her
Nemesis Pausanias, 1.33.3; a daughter of Nyx at Hesiod, Theogony 223; and Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 1
Ocyrhoe
Pasiphae
Pasithoe
Peitho Pherecydes of Leros, fr. 66 Fowler.
Periboea Nonnus, Dionysiaca 48.248
Perse
or Perseis
Hyginus, Fabulae 156;[14] Homer, Odyssey 10.139; Hecataeus of Miletus, fr. 35A Fowler; Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3.48; Tzetzes, Chiliades 4.19.358; also Hesiod, Theogony 956
Petraea
Phaeno
Philyra Hyginus, Fabulae 138; Pherecydes of Leros, fr. 50 Fowler; cf. Callimachus, Hymn 1—To Zeus 33–36
Pleione  ? Apollodorus, 3.10.1; Ovid, Fasti 5.81–84; cf. Hyginus, Fabulae 192
Plexaura
Plouto
or Pluto
Polydora
Polyphe Suda, s.v. Ἱππεία Ἀθηνᾶ
Polyxo
Prymno
Rhodea,
Rhodeia,
or Rhodia
Greek: Ῥόδειά
Rhodope
Rhodos
or Rhode
Epimenides, fr. 11 Fowler; the daughter of Poseidon at Apollodorus, 1.4.5; Herodorus, fr. 62 Fowler; and Diodorus Siculus, 5.55
The Sirens Epimenides, fr. 8 Fowler; usually the daughters of Achelous, e.g. Apollodorus, 1.3.4, 1.7.10, E.7.18; Hyginus, Fabulae 125.13, 141.1; Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 4.896.[15]
Stilbo
Styx Epimenides, fr. 7 Fowler; a daughter of Nyx at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 1
Telesto
Thoe The name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Thraike Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Parthenope)[16]
Tyche
Urania Not the Muse Urania
Xanthe
Zeuxo

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hesiod; Theogony, 364-370
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 349–361.
  3. ^ Homeric Hymn, 2.418–423.
  4. ^ Apollodorus, 1.2.2, except where otherwise indicated.
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 6 (Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 95), except where otherwise indicated.
  6. ^ An outdated Latin text of Hyginus' Fabulae has Althaea, see Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 191 endnote to 182; West 1983, p. 133.
  7. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Pompholyge, a name found nowhere else, an ad hoc invention.
  8. ^ Caldwell, p. 49 n. 359, see also West 1966, p. 267 359. καὶ ἱμερόεσσα Καλυψώ; Hard, p. 41. Odysseus' Calypso is usually the daughter of the Titan Atlas, e.g. Homer, Odyssey 1.51–54.
  9. ^ Braswell, pp. 240, 242; Harder, vol. 1 p. 196, vol. 2 p. 383.
  10. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Parthenope, "elsewhere variously a Siren, a daughter of Ankaios, and a paramour of Herakles" an ad hoc invention.
  11. ^ An outdated Latin text of Hyginus' Fabulae has Idothea, see Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 191 endnote to 182; West 1983, p. 133.
  12. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Pompholyge, a name found nowhere else, an ad hoc invention.
  13. ^ The Theban Oceanid Melia of Pindar and Pausanias may be different from the Archive Oceanid Melia mentioned by Apollodorus.
  14. ^ Here, spelled "Persis", spelled "Perses" at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 36.
  15. ^ Fowler 2013, pp. 30–31.
  16. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Parthenope, "elsewhere variously a Siren, a daughter of Ankaios, and a paramour of Herakles" an ad hoc invention.

References[edit]