List of Oceanids

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Oceanus is a god in ancient Greek mythology. This is a list of his daughters, who are known collectively as the Oceanids.

According to Hesiod,[1] the total number of Oceanus' children was 6000, composed of 3000 daughters and 3000 sons (these are called Potamoi), but only a relatively small number of their names is actually attested throughout accounts of Greek mythology. They appeared as a chorus in the play of Aescyhlus' Prometheus Bound consoling the chained Titan Prometheus in his fate.[2]

List[edit]

NAMED OCEANIDES
Name Hes. [3] Hom. H. [4] Apoll. [5] Hyg. [6] Other sources / Comments
Acaste
Admete
Adrasteia or Adrasta Hyginus, Fabulae 182
Aethra Hyginus, Astronomica 2.21; Pherecydes of Leros,fr. 90c Fowler; Ovid, Fasti 5.171
Aetna Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Παλιχη
Amalthea or Althaea Hyginus, Fabulae 182;[7] Schol. ad Hom. II. 21.194; usually not an Oceanid, e.g. Apollodorus, 2.7.5
Amphirho
Amphitrite Also Apollodorus, 1.4.5; the name of a Nereid at Hesiod, Theogony, 243, 254, and Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Argia
or Argea
Also Hyginus, Fabulae 143
Asia Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Pompholyge); [8] the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Asterodia Scholia on Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 3.242 (Parisian, Florentine).
Asterope Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Akragantes
Beroe Virgil, Georgics 4.341; cf. Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41.153; the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Callirhoe Apollodorus, 2.5.10
Calypso The name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7; "probably not" the same as the Calypso who was the lover of Odysseus[9]
Camarina Pindar, Olympian 5.1–4
Capheira Diodorus Siculus, 5.55
Cerceis
Ceto Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26.355; the name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Chryseis
Clio
or Cleio
Virgil, Georgics 4.341; the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Clitemneste
Clymene Hyginus, Fabulae 156; Tzetzes, Chiliades 4.19.359; possibly the same as at Virgil, Georgics 4.345; the name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Clytie
or Clytia
Coryphe Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3.59
Daeira Pausanias, 1.38.7; cf. Pherecydes of Leros, fr. 45 Fowler (called a sister of Styx)
Dione The name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Dodone Epaphroditus, fr. 57 Braswell–Billerbeck[10]
Doris The name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Electra
Ephyra Hyginus, Fabulae 275.6; Eumelus fr. 1 Fowler (apud Pausanias, 2.1.1); possibly the same as at Virgil, Georgics 4.343; the name of a Nereid at

Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8

Euagoreis
Eudora The name of a Nereid at Apollodorus, 1.2.7
Europa Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Parthenope);[11] not the Europa who was abducted by Zeus, became the

mother of Minos, and for whom the continent of Europe was named

Eurynome Homer, Iliad 18.399, also Apollodorus, 1.3.1
Galaxaura
Hesione Acusilaus, fr. 34 Fowler; Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 560.
Hestyaea
Hippo
Iache
Ianeira
or Ianira
The name of a Nereid at Homer, Iliad 18.47; Apollodorus, 1.2.7; Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Ianthe
Ida or Idothea Hyginus, Fabulae 182[12]
Idyia
or Eidyia
Apollodorus, 1.9.23; Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, 3.243–244
Leuce  Servius, note to Eclogue 7.61
Leucippe
Libye Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Pompholyge)[13]
Lyris
Melia Apollodorus, 2.1.1; Pindar, fr. 52k 43; Pausanias, 9.10.5[14]
Meliboea Apollodorus, 3.8.1
Melite The name of a Nereid at Hesiod, Theogony 247; Homer, Iliad 18.42; Apollodorus, 1.2.7;

Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8

Melobosis
Menestho
Menippe
Mentis
Merope Hyginus, Fabulae 154
Metis Also Apollodorus, 1.2.1
Mopsopia Suda, s.v. Εὐφορίων, according to which, Mopsopia, an old name for Attica, was supposed to have come from her
Nemesis Pausanias, 1.33.3; a daughter of Nyx at Hesiod, Theogony 223; and Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 1
Ocyrhoe Pseudo-PlutarchDe fluviis 5
Pasiphae
Pasithoe
Peitho Pherecydes of Leros, fr. 66 Fowler.
Periboea Nonnus, Dionysiaca 48.248
Perse
or Perseis
Hyginus, Fabulae 156;[15] Homer, Odyssey 10.139; Hecataeus of Miletus, fr. 35A Fowler; Cicero,

De Natura Deorum 3.48; Tzetzes, Chiliades 4.19.358; also Hesiod, Theogony 956

Petraea
Phaeno
Philyra Hyginus, Fabulae 138; Pherecydes of Leros, fr. 50 Fowler; cf. Callimachus, Hymn 1—To Zeus 33–36, Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 554, Epic Cycle Fragment 6
Pleione  ? Apollodorus, 3.10.1; Ovid, Fasti 5.81–84; cf. Hyginus, Fabulae 192
Plexaura
Plouto
or Pluto
Polydora
Polyphe Suda, s.v. Ἱππεία Ἀθηνᾶ
Polyxo
Prymno
Rhodea,
Rhodeia,
or Rhodia
Greek: Ῥόδειά
Rhodope
Rhodos
or Rhode
Epimenides, fr. 11 Fowler; the daughter of Poseidon at Apollodorus, 1.4.5; Herodorus, fr. 62 Fowler; and Diodorus Siculus, 5.55
The Sirens Epimenides, fr. 8 Fowler; usually the daughters of Achelous, e.g. Apollodorus, 1.3.4, 1.7.10, E.7.18; Hyginus, Fabulae 125.13, 141.1;

Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 4.896.[16]

Stilbo
Styx Epimenides, fr. 7 Fowler; a daughter of Nyx at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 1
Telesto
Thoe The name of a Nereid at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 8
Thraike Andron of Halicarnassus fr. 7 Fowler [= FGrHist 10 F 7] (mother is Parthenope)[17]
Tyche
Urania Not the Muse Urania
Xanthe
Zeuxo

MYTHOLOGY OF OCEANIDES[edit]

Name Meaning of Name Consort Offspring Abode Notes
Acaste Unstable, Irregular (akastatos) companion of Persephone
Admete Unbroken, Unwed (admêtos) companion of Persephone
Adrasteia or Adrasta Inescapable Crete nurse of Zeus
Aethra Bright Sky Atlas Pleiades, Hyades, Hyas see Pleione below
Aetna Zeus or Hephaestus Palici Sicily
Amalthea or Althaea Tender Goddess Crete nurse of Zeus
Amphirho Surrounding-Flow (amphi, rhoos) companion of Persephone
Amphitrite Encircling Third Poseidon Triton, Rhodos, Benthesikyme. Aegean Sea
Argia or Argea Inachus Phoroneus, Io Argolis see Melia below
Asia Of Asia (Asiê) Iapetus Atlas, PrometheusEpimetheusMenoetius Asia see Clymene below
Asterodia Aeetes Absyrtus Caucasian nymph
Asterope Starry­Faced (astêr, ops) Zeus Acragas Acragas, Sicily
Beroe Of Beruit (city) loved by Dionysus and Poseidon companion of Persephone
Callirhoe Beautiful-Flow (kalli-, rhoos) Chrysaor, Neilus, Poseidon Geryon, Echidna, Chione, Minyas companion of Persephone
Calypso Covered, Veiled, Hidden (kalyptô) companion of Persephone
Camarina of Kamarina Camarina, Sicily
Capheira Storm-breath nurse of Poseidon together with the Telchines
Cerceis Of the Weaving Shuttle (kerkis)
Ceto Sea-monster Helios Astris a naiad
Chryseis Golden, Golden-Yellow (khryseos) companion of Persephone
Clio or Cleio Made Famous companion of Persephone
Clymene Fame, Infamy (klymenos) Iapetus or Prometheus Atlas,PrometheusEpimetheusMenoetius or Deucalion
Clytie or Clytia Renowned, Glorious (klytos) loved Helios
Coryphe Zeus Athena maybe the same with Metis below
Daeira Knowing, Learned
Dione She-Zeus (Dios), Heavenly, Divine (dios) Zeus Aphrodite
Dodone Of Dodona Dodona, Thesprotia Dodona was named after her
Doris Gift, Present (dôros), Pure Water (zôros) Nereus Nereids
Electra Amber, Amber-colour (êlektros) Thaumas Iris, Harpies companion of Persephone
Ephyra of Ephyra, Fiery (pyrha) Corinth
Euagoreis
Eudora Good-Gifts (eu, dôros)
Europa Wide-Eyed, Of Europe (eur, ops)
Eurynome Broad-Pasture, Wide-Ruling (eury, nomos) Zeus Charites
Galaxaura Milky-Breeze (galaktos, aurê) companion of Persephone
Hesione Knowing, Foresight Prometheus Deucalion
Hestyaea
Hippo Horse (hippos)
Iache companion of Persephone
Ianeira
or Ianira
Of the Ionians? companion of Persephone
Ianthe Heat (ianthên), Violet (ianthos) companion of Persephone
Ida or Idothea
Idyia
or Eidyia
Seeing, Knowing (eidô) Aeetes  MedeaChalciope, Absyrtus Colchis youngest of the Oceanides
Leuce White Poplar
Leucippe White Horse companion of Persephone
Libye
Lyris
Melia Honey-sweet Inachus Aegialeus, Phoroneus, Io, Mycene
Meliboea Sweet-cattle Pelasgus Lycaon
Melite Honey-sweet companion of Persephone
Melobosis Feeder-of-Sheep (bosis, mêlon) companion of Persephone
Menestho Swift-Force (thoos, menos)
Menippe
Mentis
Merope With Face Turned
Metis Counsel, Plan, Devise (metis) Zeus Athena goddess of wise counsel
Mopsopia
Nemesis Zeus

Tartarus

Helen

Telchines

Ocyrhoe Swift-flowing Helios Phasis companion of Persephone
Pasiphae Wide-shining
Pasithoe All-Swift (pasi, thoos)
Peitho Persuasion Hermes

Phoroneus

Aegialeus

Apia

goddess of persuasion, companion of Aphrodite
Periboea Surrounded by Cattle Lelantus Aura
Perse
or Perseis
Destroyer, Ravager (persô, perthô) Helios AeetesPersesPasiphae, Circe
Petraea Of the Rocks, Stone-Grey (petraios)
Phaeno companion of Persephone
Philyra Appearing, Shining Cronus Chiron, Dolops, Aphrus Mt. Pelion,Thessaly
Pleione Atlas HyadesHyas and the Pleiades Mt. Cyllene, Arcadia protectress of sailing
Plexaura Weaving-Breeze (plekô, aurê)
Plouto
or Pluto
Wealth (ploutos) companion of Persephone
Polydora Many-Gifts (poly, dôros)
Polyphe
Polyxo
Prymno Undermost, Root (prymnos)
Rhodea, Rhodeia, or Rhodia Rose, Rose-Colour (rhodon) companion of Persephone
Rhodope Rose-Faced (rhodos, ops) companion of Persephone
Rhodos
or Rhode
Rose-coloured Helios HeliadaeElectryone Rhodes
The Sirens companions of Persephone
Stilbo
Styx Hated, Abhorrent, Gloomy (stygos) Pallas ZelusNikeKratos,Bia Underworld goddess of the underworld river, Styx; companion of Persephone
Telesto Accomplish, Success (telestos, teleeiô)
Thoe Swift personification of the divine blessing or success
Thraike
Tyche Chance, Fortune (tykhê) goddess of fortune, companion of Persephone
Urania Heavenly (ouranos) companion of Persephone
Xanthe Yellow, Blonde (xanthos)
Zeuxo Yoked (zeuxis, zeugos)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hesiod; Theogony, 364-370
  2. ^ Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound. Translated by Herbert Weir Smyth (1857-1937), from the Loeb edition of 1926
  3. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 349–361.
  4. ^ Homeric Hymn, 2.418–423.
  5. ^ Apollodorus, 1.2.2, except where otherwise indicated.
  6. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 6 (Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 95), except where otherwise indicated.
  7. ^ An outdated Latin text of Hyginus' Fabulae has Althaea, see Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 191 endnote to 182; West 1983, p. 133.
  8. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Pompholyge, a name found nowhere else, an ad hoc invention.
  9. ^ Caldwell, p. 49 n. 359, see also West 1966, p. 267 359. καὶ ἱμερόεσσα Καλυψώ; Hard, p. 41. Odysseus' Calypso is usually the daughter of the Titan Atlas, e.g. Homer, Odyssey 1.51–54.
  10. ^ Braswell, pp. 240, 242; Harder, vol. 1 p. 196, vol. 2 p. 383.
  11. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Parthenope, "elsewhere variously a Siren, a daughter of Ankaios, and a paramour of Herakles" an ad hoc invention.
  12. ^ An outdated Latin text of Hyginus' Fabulae has Idothea, see Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 191 endnote to 182; West 1983, p. 133.
  13. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Pompholyge, a name found nowhere else, an ad hoc invention.
  14. ^ The Theban Oceanid Melia of Pindar and Pausanias may be different from the Archive Oceanid Melia mentioned by Apollodorus.
  15. ^ Here, spelled "Persis", spelled "Perses" at Hyginus, Fabulae Th. 36.
  16. ^ Fowler 2013, pp. 30–31.
  17. ^ Fowler 2001, p. 42; Fowler 2013, pp. 13, 15; Bouzek and Graninger, p. 12. Fowler calls Parthenope, "elsewhere variously a Siren, a daughter of Ankaios, and a paramour of Herakles" an ad hoc invention.

References[edit]