List of Olympic female gymnasts for the United States

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Gymnastics events have been staged at the Olympic Games since 1896.[1] American female gymnasts have participated in every Olympic Games since 1936 except for 1980.[2] A total of 83 female gymnasts have represented the United States. American women have won 48 medals at the Olympics – 9 in team all-around, 8 in individual all-around, 4 in vault, 8 in uneven bars, 10 in balance beam, and 9 in floor exercise. The medals include 28 golds.[3] The U.S. has medaled in the team all-around in every Summer Olympics since 1992, winning golds in 1996, 2012, and 2016.[2]

Seven American female gymnasts have won at least four medals at the Olympic Games: Shannon Miller (seven), Aly Raisman (six), Simone Biles (five), Nastia Liukin (five), Mary Lou Retton (five), Dominique Dawes (four), and Shawn Johnson (four).[4][5][6][7][8]

In 1984, Mary Lou Retton became the first American female gymnast to win the individual all-around gold medal at the Olympics.[9] She won five total medals that year in the only Olympic Games she participated in.[6]

Shannon Miller, who competed at the 1992 and 1996 Olympics, won seven total Olympic medals, the most of any American female gymnast. She won five medals in 1992 and added two more in 1996.[3][4] Dominique Dawes competed at the 1992, 1996, and 2000 Olympics, winning four medals.[7] Miller and Dawes were both members of the "Magnificent Seven", the 1996 team that became the first American squad to win the team all-around gold medal at the Olympics. The competition was highlighted by Kerri Strug sticking a vault while injured to ensure the U.S. victory.[10]

Nastia Liukin and Shawn Johnson won five and four medals, respectively, in 2008, the only Olympics that either one participated in. Liukin won the individual all-around gold medal, and Johnson won the balance beam gold medal.[5][8]

In 2012, the U.S. won the team all-around for the second time. This team, which was nicknamed the "Fierce Five", featured five gymnasts who were all making their first appearance at the Olympics.[11] That year, Gabby Douglas won the gold medal in individual all-around, and Aly Raisman won the gold medal in floor exercise.[12][13]

In 2016, the U.S. won the team all-around gold medal for the second consecutive Olympics, and the third title overall. The team referred to as "The Final Five", featured the return of 2012 Olympic gold medalists Gabby Douglas and Aly Raisman. It also featured newcomers Laurie Hernandez, Madison Kocian, and the 3-time reigning world all-around champion Simone Biles. Biles won the individual all-around, vault, and floor exercise gold medals, and also took bronze in the balance beam final. Raisman won silver medals in the all-around and floor exercise. Hernandez took the silver on the balance beam while Kocian, the reigning uneven bars world co-champion would win silver in that event. The 2016 games had been the most dominant games ever for team USA in women's gymnastics, having won 4 golds, 4 silvers, and a bronze medal overall.

Gymnasts[edit]

Gymnast Years Gold Silver Bronze Total medals Age at Last Olympics Ref.
Marian Barone 1948, 1952 0 0 1 1 28 [14]
Mohini Bhardwaj 2004 0 1 0 1 25 [15]
Pam Bileck 1984 0 1 0 1 15 [16]
Simone Biles 2016 4 0 1 5 19
Amanda Borden 1996 1 0 0 1 19 [17]
Wendy Bruce 1992 0 0 1 1 19 [18]
Colleen Casey[1] 1976 0 0 0 0 16 [19]
Kimberly Chace[2] 1972, 1976 0 0 0 0 20 [20]
Amy Chow 1996, 2000 1 1 1 3 22 [21]
Wendy Cluff[3] 1968 0 0 0 0 17 [22]
Kathy Corrigan[4] 1964 0 0 0 0 19 [23]
Dorothy Dalton 1948, 1952 0 0 1 1 30 [24]
Jamie Dantzscher 2000 0 0 1 1 18 [25]
Dominique Dawes 1992, 1996, 2000 1 0 3 4 23 [7]
Gabby Douglas 2012, 2016 3 0 0 3 20 [12]
Michelle Dusserre 1984 0 1 0 1 15 [26]
Meta Elste-Neumann 1948, 1952 0 0 1 1 28 [27]
Carrie Englert 1976 0 0 0 0 18 [28]
Doris Fuchs 1956, 1960 0 0 0 0 22 [29]
Kelly Garrison 1988 0 0 0 0 21 [30]
Kathy Gleason[5] 1968 0 0 0 0 19 [31]
Muriel Grossfeld 1956, 1960, 1964 0 0 0 0 23 [32]
Ruth Grulkowski 1952 0 0 0 0 21 [33]
Annia Hatch 2004 0 2 0 2 26 [34]
Laurie Hernandez 2016 1 1 0 2 16
Marie Hoesly 1952 0 0 0 0 35 [35]
Kathy Howard 1976 0 0 0 0 18 [36]
Judy Howe 1956 0 0 0 0 21 [37]
Terin Humphrey 2004 0 2 0 2 17 [38]
Brandy Johnson 1988 0 0 0 0 15 [39]
Kathy Johnson 1984 0 1 1 2 24 [40]
Shawn Johnson 2008 1 3 0 4 16 [8]
Doris Kirkman[6] 1952 0 0 0 0 22 [41]
Jacquelyn Klein 1956 0 0 0 0 19 [42]
Madison Kocian 2016 1 1 0 2 19
Courtney Kupets 2004 0 1 1 2 18 [43]
Nastia Liukin 2008 1 3 1 5 18 [5]
Kristen Maloney 2000 0 0 1 1 19 [44]
Melissa Marlowe 1988 0 0 0 0 16 [45]
McKayla Maroney 2012 1 1 0 2 16 [46]
Betty-Jean Maycock 1960 0 0 0 0 17 [47]
Dorothy McClements 1964 0 0 0 0 19 [48]
Courtney McCool 2004 0 1 0 1 16 [49]
Julianne McNamara 1984 1 2 0 3 18 [50]
Chellsie Memmel 2008 0 1 0 1 20 [51]
Linda Metheny 1964, 1968, 1972 0 0 0 0 25 [52]
Shannon Miller 1992, 1996 2 2 3 7 19 [4]
Phoebe Mills 1988 0 0 1 1 15 [53]
Dominique Moceanu 1996 1 0 0 1 14 [54]
Theresa Montefusco[7] 1960 0 0 0 0 19 [55]
Joan Moore[8] 1972 0 0 0 0 18 [56]
Colleen Mulvihill[9] 1968 0 0 0 0 16 [57]
Betty Okino 1992 0 0 1 1 17 [58]
Carly Patterson 2004 1 2 0 3 16 [59]
Samantha Peszek 2008 0 1 0 1 16 [60]
Jaycie Phelps 1996 1 0 0 1 16 [61]
Roxanne Pierce[10] 1972 0 0 0 0 17 [62]
Joyce Racek 1956 0 0 0 0 18 [63]
Aly Raisman 2012, 2016 3 2 1 6 22 [13]
Elise Ray 2000 0 0 1 1 18 [64]
Mary Lou Retton 1984 1 2 2 5 16 [6]
Sharon Richardson[11] 1960 0 1 2 3 17 [65]
Cathy Rigby 1968, 1972 0 0 0 0 19 [66]
Kyla Ross 2012 1 0 0 1 15 [67]
Sandra Ruddick 1956 0 0 0 0 24 [68]
Alicia Sacramone 2008 0 1 0 1 20 [69]
Clara Schroth 1948, 1952 0 0 1 1 21 [70]
Tasha Schwikert 2000 0 0 1 1 15 [71]
Bridget Sloan 2008 0 1 0 1 16 [72]
Gail Sontgerath[12] 1960 0 0 0 0 16 [73]
Janie Speaks[13] 1964 0 0 0 0 16 [74]
Hope Spivey 1988 0 0 0 0 17 [75]
Chelle Stack 1988 0 0 0 0 15 [76]
Kerri Strug 1992, 1996 1 0 1 2 18 [77]
Tracee Talavera 1984 0 1 0 1 17 [78]
Joyce Tanac[14] 1968 0 0 0 0 18 [79]
Nancy Thies[15] 1972 0 0 0 0 15 [80]
Ruth Topalian[16] 1952 0 0 0 0 25 [81]
Marie Walther 1964 0 0 0 0 19 [82]
Jordyn Wieber 2012 1 0 0 1 17 [83]
Debra Willcox[17] 1976 0 0 0 0 16 [84]
Leslie Wolfsberger[18] 1976 0 0 0 0 17 [85]
Kim Zmeskal 1992 0 0 1 1 16 [86]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gutman, Dan (1996). Gymnastics. Puffin Books. p. 8.
  2. ^ a b "United States Gymnastics Women's Team All-Around Results". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "United States Gymnastics". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c "Shannon Miller". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Nastia Liukin". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Mary Lou Retton". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c "Dominique Dawes". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "Shawn Johnson". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  9. ^ "Mary Lou Retton". ighof.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  10. ^ Weinberg, Rick. "51: Kerri Strug fights off pain, helps U.S. win gold" Archived 2008-06-29 at the Wayback Machine.. sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  11. ^ Jenkins, Sally. "U.S. women are simply flawless en route to dominant Olympic gold in team competition". washingtonpost.com. July 31, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Gabby Douglas". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  13. ^ a b "Aly Raisman". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  14. ^ "Marian Barone". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  15. ^ "Mohini Bhardwaj". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  16. ^ "Pam Bileck". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  17. ^ "Amanda Borden". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  18. ^ "Wendy Bruce". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  19. ^ "Colleen Casey". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  20. ^ "Kimberly Chace". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  21. ^ "Amy Chow". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  22. ^ "Wendy Cluff". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  23. ^ "Kathy Corrigan". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  24. ^ "Dorothy Dalton". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  25. ^ "Jamie Dantzscher". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  26. ^ "Michelle Dusserre". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  27. ^ "Meta Elste". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  28. ^ "Carrie Englert". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  29. ^ "Doris Fuchs". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  30. ^ "Kelly Garrison-Steves". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  31. ^ "Kathy Gleason". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  32. ^ "Muriel Davis-Grossfeld". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  33. ^ "Ruth Grulkowski". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  34. ^ "Annia Hatch". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  35. ^ "Marie Hoesly". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  36. ^ "Kathy Howard". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  37. ^ "Judy Howe". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  38. ^ "Terin Humphrey". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  39. ^ "Brandy Johnson". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  40. ^ "Kathy Johnson". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  41. ^ "Doris Kirkman". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  42. ^ "Jacquelyn Klein". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  43. ^ "Courtney Kupets". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  44. ^ "Kristen Maloney". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  45. ^ "Melissa Marlowe". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  46. ^ "McKayla Maroney". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  47. ^ "Betty Jean Maycock". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  48. ^ "Dale McClements". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  49. ^ "Courtney McCool". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  50. ^ "Julianne McNamara". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  51. ^ "Chellsie Memmel". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  52. ^ "Linda Metheny". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  53. ^ "Phoebe Mills". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  54. ^ "Dominique Moceanu". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  55. ^ "Theresa Montefusco". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  56. ^ "Joan Moore". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  57. ^ "Colleen Mulvihill". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  58. ^ "Betty Okino". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  59. ^ "Carly Patterson". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  60. ^ "Samantha Peszek". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  61. ^ "Jaycie Phelps". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  62. ^ "Roxanne Pierce". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  63. ^ "Joyce Racek". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  64. ^ "Elise Ray". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  65. ^ "Sharon Richardson". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  66. ^ "Cathy Rigby". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  67. ^ "Kyla Ross". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  68. ^ "Sandra Ruddick". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  69. ^ "Alicia Sacramone". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  70. ^ "Clara Schroth-Lomady". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  71. ^ "Tasha Schwikert-Warren". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  72. ^ "Bridget Sloan". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  73. ^ "Gail Sontgerath". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  74. ^ "Janie Speaks". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  75. ^ "Hope Spivey". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  76. ^ "Chelle Stack". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  77. ^ "Kerri Strug". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  78. ^ "Tracee Talavera". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  79. ^ "Joyce Tanac". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  80. ^ "Nancy Thies". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  81. ^ "Ruth Topalian". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  82. ^ "Marie Walther". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  83. ^ "Jordyn Wieber". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  84. ^ "Debra Willcox". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  85. ^ "Leslie Wolfsberger". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  86. ^ "Kim Zmeskal". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.