List of Olympic medalists in figure skating
Figure skating has been part of the Olympic Games since 1908 and has been included in 25 Olympic Games. There have been 271 medals (91 gold, 90 silver, and 90 bronze) awarded to figure skaters representing 29 representing National Olympic Committees. Six events have been contested but one, men's special figures, was discontinued after a single Olympics.
Canadian ice dancers Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir are the only figure skaters to win five Olympic medals (3 gold, 2 silver). Swedish figure skater Gillis Grafström (3 gold, 1 silver) and Russian figure skater Evgeni Plushenko (2 gold, 2 silver) each have four medals. Seventeen figure skaters have won three medals.
The only skaters with three consecutive titles are Grafström in men's singles, Sonja Henie (Norway) in ladies' singles, and Irina Rodnina (Soviet Union) in pairs. Sixteen figure skaters have earned two golds within the same discipline and five skaters have earned gold in two separate Olympic events.
On two occasions, there has been a podium sweep. Russian figure skaters hold the unique record for earning gold medals in all six Olympic figure skating events. Three skaters won Olympic medals in multiple figure skating disciplines.
Men's special figures
Men's special figures was only included in one Olympic Games before being discontinued. The sole winner of the event was Russian Nikolai Panin, who gave his country its first ever Olympic gold medal.
The team event is the newest Olympic figure skating event, first contested in the 2014 Games. It combines the four Olympic figure skating disciplines (men's singles, ladies' singles, pairs, and ice dance) into a single event; gold is awarded to the team that earns the most placement points.
Gillis Grafström earned the most medals in a single event: four medals, three of which gold, in men's singles. The only other skaters to have earned three golds in a single discipline are Sonja Henie in ladies' singles and Irina Rodnina in pairs.
Counting multiple events, Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir hold the record for the most medals, with a total of five medals including two golds in ice dance and one team event gold. Evgeni Plushenko earned four medals, including a gold in men's singles and a team event gold.
Figure skaters who won three or more medal at the Olympics are listed below:
|Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir||Canada (CAN)||ice dance & team||2010–2018||3||2||0||5|
|Gillis Grafström||Sweden (SWE)||men's singles||1920–1932||3||1||0||4|
|Sonja Henie||Norway (NOR)||ladies' singles||1928–1936||3||0||0||3|
|Irina Rodnina[c]||Soviet Union (URS)||pairs||1972–1980||3||0||0||3|
|Evgeni Plushenko||Russia (RUS)||men's singles & team||2002–2014||2||2||0||4|
|Artur Dmitriev[d]|| Unified Team (EUN)
|Andrée Brunet / Pierre Brunet||France (FRA)||pairs||1924–1932||2||0||1||3|
|Patrick Chan||Canada (CAN)||men's singles & team||2014–2018||1||2||0||3|
|Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko|| Soviet Union (URS)
Unified Team (EUN)
|Meryl Davis / Charlie White||United States (USA)||ice dance & team||2010–2014||1||1||1||3|
|Meagan Duhamel / Eric Radford||Canada (CAN)||pairs & team||2014–2018||1||1||1||3|
|Kaetlyn Osmond||Canada (CAN)||ladies' singles & team||2014–2018||1||1||1||3|
|Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo||China (CHN)||pairs||2002–2010||1||0||2||3|
|Aliona Savchenko[e]||Germany (GER)||pairs||2010–2018||1||0||2||3|
|Beatrix Loughran||United States (USA)||ladies' singles & pairs||1924–1932||0||2||1||3|
The only skaters with three consecutive titles are Gillis Grafström in men's singles, Sonja Henie in ladies' singles, and Irina Rodnina in pairs. The most consecutive titles in ice dance is two, which has only been achieved by Oksana Grishuk and Evgeny Platov. In addition, one ladies' singles skater, three men's singles skaters, and five pairs skaters have earned consecutive titles. Two ice dancers and three pair skaters have earned non-consecutive titles.
Five skaters have won Olympic gold medals in multiple events. Evgeni Plushenko won gold in men's singles in 2006 and team event gold in 2014. Tatiana Volosozhar and Maxim Trankov were the first skaters to win multiple events at a single Olympics, winning both pairs and the team event. Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir matched this feat four years later, earning golds in ice dance and the team event.
|Gillis Grafström||Sweden (SWE)||1920–1928||3||men's singles|
|Sonja Henie||Norway (NOR)||1928–1936||3||ladies' singles|
|Irina Rodnina[c]||Soviet Union (URS)||1972–1980||3||pairs|
|Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir||Canada (CAN)||2010, 2018||3||2 in ice dance (2010, 2018)|
1 in team event (2018)
|Karl Schäfer||Austria (AUT)||1932–1936||2||men's singles|
|Dick Button||United States (USA)||1948–1952||2||men's singles|
|Yuzuru Hanyu||Japan (JPN)||2014–2018||2||men's singles|
|Evgeni Plushenko||Russia (RUS)||2006, 2014||2||1 in men's singles (2006)|
1 in team event (2014)
|Katarina Witt||East Germany (GDR)||1984–1988||2||ladies' singles|
|Andrée Brunet / Pierre Brunet||France (FRA)||1928–1932||2||pairs|
|Ludmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov||Soviet Union (URS)||1964–1968||2||pairs|
|Alexander Zaitsev[c]||Soviet Union (URS)||1976–1980||2||pairs|
|Ekaterina Gordeeva / Sergei Grinkov|| Soviet Union (URS)
|Artur Dmitriev[d]|| Unified Team (EUN)
|Tatiana Volosozhar / Maxim Trankov||Russia (RUS)||2014||2||1 in pairs|
1 in team event
|Oksana Grishuk / Evgeny Platov||Russia (RUS)||1994–1998||2||ice dance|
Multi-medalists by event
|Gillis Grafström||Sweden (SWE)||1920–1932||3||1||0||4|
|Karl Schäfer||Austria (AUT)||1932–1936||2||0||0||2|
|Dick Button||United States (USA)||1948–1952||2||0||0||2|
|Yuzuru Hanyu||Japan (JPN)||2014–2018||2||0||0||2|
|Evgeni Plushenko||Russia (RUS)||2002–2014||1||2||0||3|
|David Jenkins||United States (USA)||1956–1960||1||0||1||2|
|Viktor Petrenko|| Soviet Union (URS)
Unified Team (EUN)
|Willy Böckl||Austria (AUT)||1924–1928||0||2||0||2|
|Brian Orser||Canada (CAN)||1984–1988||0||2||0||2|
|Elvis Stojko||Canada (CAN)||1994–1998||0||2||0||2|
|Patrick Péra||France (FRA)||1968–1972||0||0||2||2|
|Philippe Candeloro||France (FRA)||1994–1998||0||0||2||2|
|Sonja Henie||Norway (NOR)||1928–1936||3||0||0||3|
|Katarina Witt||East Germany (GDR)||1984–1988||2||0||0||2|
|Tenley Albright||United States (USA)||1952–1956||1||1||0||2|
|Carol Heiss||United States (USA)||1956–1960||1||1||0||2|
|Sjoukje Dijkstra||Netherlands (NED)||1960–1964||1||1||0||2|
|Yuna Kim||South Korea (KOR)||2010–2014||1||1||0||2|
|Jeannette Altwegg||Great Britain (GBR)||1948–1952||1||0||1||2|
|Fritzi Burger||Austria (AUT)||1928–1932||0||2||0||2|
|Beatrix Loughran||United States (USA)||1924–1928||0||1||1||2|
|Nancy Kerrigan||United States (USA)||1992–1994||0||1||1||2|
|Michelle Kwan||United States (USA)||1998–2002||0||1||1||2|
|Irina Slutskaya||Russia (RUS)||2002–2006||0||1||1||2|
|Chen Lu||China (CHN)||1994–1998||0||0||2||2|
|Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir||Canada (CAN)||2010–2018||2||1||0||3|
|Oksana Grishuk / Evgeny Platov||Russia (RUS)||1994–1998||2||0||0||2|
|Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko|| Soviet Union (URS)
Unified Team (EUN)
|Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin||Soviet Union (URS)||1984–1988||1||1||0||2|
|Meryl Davis / Charlie White||United States (USA)||2010–2014||1||1||0||2|
|Jayne Torvill / Christopher Dean||Great Britain (GBR)||1984, 1994||1||0||1||2|
|Marina Anissina / Gwendal Peizerat||France (FRA)||1998–2002||1||0||1||2|
|Maya Usova / Alexander Zhulin|| Unified Team (EUN)
|Ekaterina Bobrova / Dmitri Soloviev|| Russia (RUS)
Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)
Meagan Duhamel / Eric Radford
Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir
Only three skaters have won Olympic medals in multiple figure skating disciplines. All other multi-event medalists won medals in their discipline plus the team event (which, while being a separate event, is not considered its own skating discipline).
In 1908, Madge Syers became the first skater to medal in multiple figure skating disciplines at a single Olympics. The only skater to match this feat was Ernst Baier in 1936. The only other skater to medal in multiple disciplines was Beatrix Loughran who did so at separate Olympics.
No skater has won gold medals in multiple disciplines.
|Ernst Baier||Germany (GER)||men's singles
|Madge Syers||Great Britain (GBR)||ladies' singles
|Beatrix Loughran||United States (USA)||ladies' singles
One discipline plus team event
The team event was introduced at the 2014 Winter Olympics. It allowed skaters to medal twice while skating one discipline.
On 9 February 2014, Evgeni Plushenko became the first skater to win multiple figure skating events. On 12 February 2014, Tatiana Volosozhar and Maxim Trankov became the first skaters to win multiple events at a single Olympics. Four years later, Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir matched this feat.
The below table lists all skaters who have medaled in their own discipline and in the team event. (Team event medals are indicated by "T" in the gold, silver, and bronze columns.)
|Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir||Canada (CAN)||ice dance||2010–2018||2 + 1T||1 + 1T||0||5|
|Evgeni Plushenko||Russia (RUS)||men's singles||2002–2014||1 + 1T||2||0||4|
|Tatiana Volosozhar / Maxim Trankov||Russia (RUS)||pairs||2014||1 + 1T||0||0||2|
|Patrick Chan||Canada (CAN)||men's singles||2014–2018||0 + 1T||1 + 1T||0||3|
|Meryl Davis / Charlie White||United States (USA)||ice dance||2010–2014||1||1||0 + 1T||3|
|Meagan Duhamel / Eric Radford||Canada (CAN)||pairs||2014–2018||0 + 1T||0 + 1T||1||3|
|Kaetlyn Osmond||Canada (CAN)||ladies' singles||2014–2018||0 + 1T||0 + 1T||1||3|
|Ksenia Stolbova / Fedor Klimov||Russia (RUS)||pairs||2014||0 + 1T||1||0||2|
|Alina Zagitova||Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)||ladies' singles||2018||1||0 + 1T||0||2|
|Elena Ilinykh / Nikita Katsalapov||Russia (RUS)||ice dance||2014||0 + 1T||0||1||2|
|Evgenia Medvedeva||Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)||ladies' singles||2018||0||1 + 1T||0||2|
|Maia Shibutani / Alex Shibutani||United States (USA)||ice dance||2018||0||0||1 + 1T||2|
Summer and Winter Games
Since figure skating was held during the Summer Olympic Games in 1908 and 1920 before being moved to the Winter Olympic Games, three skaters medaled in figure skating in both the Summer and Winter Games.
Men's singles skater Gillis Grafström's first gold medal was earned at the 1920 Summer Olympics. His other three medals were won at the 1924–1932 Winter Games. Pair skaters Ludowika Jakobsson and Walter Jakobsson also earned gold during the 1920 Summer Olympics. They later medaled at the 1924 Winter Games.
From 1964 to 2006, Russian figure skaters—representing the Soviet Union, the Unified Team, or Russia—won the gold medal in the pairs event, in what is the longest series of victories for one country in one winter event.
Russian figure skaters, counting both Russian Federation (IOC code RUS) and Russian Empire (IOC code RU1), hold the unique record for earning gold medals in all six Olympic figure skating events. Since men's special figures was discontinued, this record can not be matched.
Russia (IOC code RUS) is the only NOC to have earning gold medals in all five current Olympic figure skating events. Canada has earned gold medals in four of the events (all except men's singles). Great Britain, Unified Team, and United States have earned gold medals in three of the events.
Russia and the Unified Team are the only NOCs to have won three events at the same Olympics, at the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 1992 Winter Olympics respectively. No NOC has won more than three figure skating events at a single Olympics.
|1908 London||Men's singles||Sweden (SWE)||Ulrich Salchow||Richard Johansson||Per Thorén|
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||Men's singles||United States (USA)||Hayes Alan Jenkins||Ronnie Robertson||David Jenkins|
Medal totals by country
|1||United States (USA)||7||3||5||15|
|6||Great Britain (GBR)||2||0||0||2|
|8||Unified Team (EUN)||1||0||0||1|
|United Team of Germany (EUA)||1||0||0||1|
|11||Soviet Union (URS)||0||2||1||3|
|15||East Germany (GDR)||0||1||0||1|
|Totals (19 nations)||25||25||25||75|
Men's special figures
|1||Russian Empire (RU1)||1||0||0||1|
|2||Great Britain (GBR)||0||1||1||2|
|Totals (2 nations)||1||1||1||3|
|1||United States (USA)||7||8||8||23|
|2||East Germany (GDR)||3||1||1||5|
|5||Great Britain (GBR)||2||1||3||6|
|11||Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)||1||1||0||2|
|South Korea (KOR)||1||1||0||2|
|Soviet Union (URS)||0||0||1||1|
|West Germany (FRG)||0||0||1||1|
|Totals (20 nations)||25||25||25||75|
|1||Soviet Union (URS)||7||4||1||12|
|Unified Team (EUN)||1||1||0||2|
|11||United States (USA)||0||3||3||6|
|12||United Team of Germany (EUA)||0||2||0||2|
|14||East Germany (GDR)||0||1||3||4|
|15||Great Britain (GBR)||0||1||2||3|
|17||West Germany (FRG)||0||0||1||1|
|Totals (17 nations)||26||25||25||76|
|Soviet Union (URS)||3||3||2||8|
|4||United States (USA)||1||2||2||5|
|6||Great Britain (GBR)||1||0||1||2|
|Unified Team (EUN)||1||0||1||2|
|Totals (10 nations)||12||12||12||36|
|3||Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)||0||1||0||1|
|4||United States (USA)||0||0||2||2|
|Totals (4 nations)||2||2||2||6|
|Title||Age||Name||Nation||Games||Medal||Date of Birth||Date of Event||Event|
|Youngest female champion||15 years, 128 days||Maxi Herber||Germany||1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen||Gold||October 8, 1920||February 13, 1936||Pairs|
|Youngest female medalist||15 years, 10 days||Manuela Groß||East Germany||1972 Sapporo||Bronze||January 29, 1957||February 8, 1972||Pairs|
|Youngest male champion||18 years, 202 days||Dick Button||United States||1948 St Moritz||Gold||July 18, 1929||February 5, 1948||Men's singles|
|Youngest male medalist||14 years, 363 days||Scott Allen||United States||1964 Innsbruck||Bronze||February 8, 1949||February 6, 1964||Men's singles|
|Oldest female champion||35 years, 276 days||Ludowika Jakobsson||Finland||1920 Antwerp||Gold||July 25, 1884||April 26, 1920||Pairs|
|Oldest female medalist||39 years, 190 days||Ludowika Jakobsson||Finland||1924 Chamonix||Silver||July 25, 1884||January 31, 1924||Pairs|
|Oldest male champion||38 years, 80 days||Walter Jakobsson||Finland||1920 Antwerp||Gold||February 6, 1882||April 26, 1920||Pairs|
|Oldest male medalist||45 years, 225 days||Edgar Syers||Great Britain||1908 London||Bronze||March 18, 1863||October 29, 1908||Pairs|
- Figure skating at the Olympic Games
- List of Olympic medalists in figure skating by age
- World Figure Skating Championships
- Major achievements in figure skating by nation
- At the 1964 Olympics, Marika Kilius / Hans-Jürgen Bäumler, Debbi Wilkes / Guy Revell, and Vivian Joseph / Ronald Joseph pairs placed 2nd, 3rd, and 4th respectively. Two years later, Kilius / Bäumler's results were invalidated because the pair had signed a professional contract before the Olympics. The silver medals went to Wilkes / Revell and the bronze medals to Joseph / Joseph. However, in 1987, the Germans were re-awarded the silvers after appealing that other pairs had signed similar contracts but weren't exposed and disqualified. After that, the placement of Wilkes / Revell and Joseph / Joseph pairs were unclear for many years. In November 2014, the IOC clarified that since the 1987 decision that both the German and Canadian pairs are the silver medalist and the US pair are the bronze medalist.
- In the first week of the Games, a controversy in the pairs' figure skating competition culminated in the French judge's scores being thrown out and the Canadian team of Jamie Salé and David Pelletier being awarded a gold medal (together with the Russians who were controversially awarded gold previously and kept their medals despite the allegations of vote swapping and buying the votes of the French judge). Allegations of bribery were leveled against many ice-skating judges, leading to the arrest of known criminal Alimzhan Tokhtakhounov in Italy (at the request of the United States). He was released by the Italian officials. Judges from Russia, the People's Republic of China, Poland, Ukraine, and France placed the Russians first; judges from the United States, Canada, Germany, and Japan gave the nod to the Canadians. The International Skating Union announced a day after the competition that it would conduct an "internal assessment" into the judging decision. On February 15 the ISU and IOC, in a joint press conference, announced that that Marie-Reine Le Gougne, the French judge implicated in collusion, was guilty of misconduct and was suspended effective immediately.
- Irina Rodnina won three medals in pairs with two different partners. A golds in 1972 with Alexei Ulanov and two golds in 1976 and 1980 with Alexander Zaitsev.
- Artur Dmitriev won three medals in pairs with two different partners. A gold in 1992 and a silver in 1994 with Natalia Mishkutenok and another gold medal in 1998 with Oksana Kazakova.
- Aliona Savchenko won three medals in pairs with two different partners. Two bronze medals in 2010 and 2014 with Robin Szolkowy and a gold medal in 2018 with Bruno Massot.
- Phyllis Johnson won two medals in pairs with two different partners. A silver medal in 1908 with James H. Johnson and a bronze medal in 1920 with Basil Williams.
- "Results database". Athletes. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- ISU – Olympic Games Figure Skating results:
- Mihoces, Gary (February 14, 2006). "Record day for Russia's Plushenko; Weir second". USA Today. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
- Windhausen, John D. (1976). "Russia's First Olympic Victor" (PDF). Journal of Sport History. United States of America: North American Society for Sport History. 3 (1): 35–44. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Fifty years later, Joseph siblings find redemption". IceNetwork.com. November 25, 2014. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
- Hersh, Philip (November 25, 2014). "A half-century later, Joseph siblings recognized as Olympic medal-winners". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
- Andrew Dampf (August 13, 2002). "Taivanchik Hearing Ordered to Stay Put". The St Petersburg Times. Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2012.
- "IOC awards gold to Canadian pair". MSNBC. February 15, 2002. Archived from the original on June 1, 2002.
- "IOC awards second gold to Canadian pair". MSNBC. February 15, 2002. Archived from the original on June 1, 2002.
- Kubatko, Justin. "Figure Skating". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Factsheet: Records and medals at the Olympic Winter Games" (PDF). Official website of the Olympic Movement. International Olympic Committee. February 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2009.