List of Olympic medalists in ice hockey
Ice hockey is a sport that is contested at the Winter Olympic Games. A men's ice hockey tournament has been held every Winter Olympics (starting in 1924); an ice hockey tournament was also held at the 1920 Summer Olympics. From 1920 to 1968, the Olympics also acted as the Ice Hockey World Championships, and the two events occurred concurrently. From 1920 until 1984, only amateur athletes were allowed to compete in the tournament, and players from the National Hockey League (NHL) were not allowed to compete. In 1970, after a disagreement over the definition of amateur players, Canada withdrew from the tournament and did not send a team to the 1972 or 1976 Winter Olympics. In 1987, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided to allow professional athletes to compete in the Olympics, and starting in 1998, the NHL allowed its players to participate. Women's ice hockey was added in 1992 and the first tournament was held at the 1998 Winter Olympics. Both events have been held at every Olympic Games since.
In women's hockey, Canadians Jayna Hefford and Hayley Wickenheiser hold the record for total medals (five), having won four gold and one silver. Their team mate Caroline Ouellette also won four gold medals. Four other athletes have won four medals: two Canadians - Becky Kellar and Jennifer Botterill with three gold and a silver - and three Americans - Angela Ruggiero, Jenny Potter (each with one gold, two silver and one bronze) and Julie Chu (three silver and one bronze).
Eight male athletes have won four medals: Vladislav Tretiak (three gold, one silver), Igor Kravchuk (two gold, one silver, one bronze), Jiří Holík (two silver, two bronze) and five players (all from Finland), each with one silver and three bronze: Teemu Selänne, Kimmo Timonen, Saku Koivu, Jere Lehtinen, and Ville Peltonen. Six have won three gold medals: Tretiak, Anatoli Firsov, Victor Kuzkin, Andrei Khomutov, Alexander Ragulin and Vitaly Davydov.
From 1920 to 1952, teams from Canada dominated the men's tournament, winning six gold and one silver medal. The Soviet Union began competing at the Olympics in 1956 and won nine straight Olympic medals, including seven gold. The Soviet Union broke up in 1991, and in 1992, a Unified Team composed mainly of former Soviet players won gold. Teams from Canada have won the most medals, with fifteen, including nine gold. As of the 2014 Winter Olympics, 81 medals (26 of each color) have been awarded to teams from 13 National Olympic Committees.
Athlete medal leaders
|Wickenheiser, HayleyHayley Wickenheiser||Canada (CAN)||1998–2014||4||1||0||5|
|Hefford, JaynaJayna Hefford||Canada (CAN)||1998–2014||4||1||0||5|
|Ouellette, CarolineCaroline Ouellette||Canada (CAN)||2002–2014||4||0||0||4|
|Tretiak, VladislavVladislav Tretiak||Soviet Union (URS)||1972–1984||3||1||0||4|
|Botterill, JenniferJennifer Botterill||Canada (CAN)||1998–2010||3||1||0||4|
|Kellar, BeckyBecky Kellar||Canada (CAN)||1998–2010||3||1||0||4|
|Kravchuk, IgorIgor Kravchuk|| Soviet Union (URS)
Unified Team (EUN)
|Ruggiero, AngelaAngela Ruggiero||United States (USA)||1998–2010||1||2||1||4|
|Potter, JennyJenny Potter||United States (USA)||1998–2010||1||2||1||4|
|Chu, JulieJulie Chu||United States (USA)||2002–2014||0||3||1||4|
|Holík, JiříJiří Holík||Czechoslovakia (TCH)||1964–1976||0||2||2||4|
|Selanne, TeemuTeemu Selanne||Finland (FIN)||1992, 1998–2014||0||1||3||4|
|Timonen, KimmoKimmo Timonen||Finland (FIN)||1998–2014||0||1||3||4|
|Koivu, SakuSaku Koivu||Finland (FIN)||1994–2010||0||1||3||4|
|Lehtinen, JereJere Lehtinen||Finland (FIN)||1994–2010||0||1||3||4|
|Peltonen, VilleVille Peltonen||Finland (FIN)||1994–2010||0||1||3||4|
|Firsov, AnatoliAnatoli Firsov||Soviet Union (URS)||1964–1972||3||0||0||3|
|Kuzkin, VictorVictor Kuzkin||Soviet Union (URS)||1964–1972||3||0||0||3|
|Ragulin, AlexanderAlexander Ragulin||Soviet Union (URS)||1964–1972||3||0||0||3|
|Davydov, VitalyVitaly Davydov||Soviet Union (URS)||1964–1972||3||0||0||3|
|Khomutov, AndreiAndrei Khomutov|| Soviet Union (URS)
Unified Team (EUN)
|Piper, CherieCherie Piper||Canada (CAN)||2002–2010||3||0||0||3|
|St-Pierre, KimKim St-Pierre||Canada (CAN)||2002–2010||3||0||0||3|
|Sostorics, ColleenColleen Sostorics||Canada (CAN)||2002–2010||3||0||0||3|
|Agosta, MeghanMeghan Agosta||Canada (CAN)||2006–2014||3||0||0||3|
|Apps, GillianGillian Apps||Canada (CAN)||2006–2014||3||0||0||3|
|Labonté, CharlineCharline Labonté||Canada (CAN)||2006–2014||3||0||0||3|
^ Note 1. The members of the 1920 Czechoslovakia team vary depending on the source. Karel Hartmann, Vilém Loos, Jan Palouš, Jan Peka, Karel Pešek, Josef Šroubek and Otakar Vindyš are all consistently included on team lists. However, there is a discrepancy over Karel Wälzer, Josef Loos, Karel Kotrba and Adolf Dušek. The following are the lineups based on the listings of the Czech Olympic Committee (COC), International Olympic Committee (IOC) and International Society of Olympic Historians (ISOH). This table does not list the seven that are included in every source.
- "Results database". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Ice Hockey: Ice Hockey Men". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Ice Hockey: Ice Hockey Women". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Olympic Review and Revue Olympique". LA84 Foundation. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- Podnieks, Andrew (1997). Canada's Olympic Hockey Teams: The Complete History, 1920–1998. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. ISBN 0-385-25688-4.
- "Ice hockey". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "International hockey timeline". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Summit Series '72 Summary". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Men's Hockey History". CBC Sports. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- Lapointe, Joe (1997-09-16). "The N.H.L.'s Olympic Gamble; Stars' Participation in Nagano Could Raise Sport's Profile". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "An Agreement By Nagano Games". The New York Times. 1992-11-29. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Women's Hockey History". CBC Sports. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Factsheet: Records and medals at the Olympic Winter Games" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. February 2009. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Antverpy 1920" (in Czech). Czech Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- Hansen, Kenth (May 1996). "The Birth of Swedish Ice Hockey - Antwerp 1920" (PDF). Citius, Altius, Fortius (International Society of Olympic Historians) 4 (2): 5–27.
- Ice Hockey: Men's Ice Hockey at sports-reference.com
- Ice Hockey: Women's Ice Hockey at sports-reference.com