List of Olympic records in athletics

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Athletics records in the Summer Olympic Games have been recorded since 1896.

The modern Summer Olympic Games have been held every four years since the first Games in 1896 (except 1916 due to the First World War, and 1940 and 1944 due to the Second World War) and Olympic records are recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in each event. The athletics events, which take place at each Games, are divided into four groups: track events (including sprints, middle- and long-distance running, hurdling and relays), field events (including javelin, discus, hammer, pole vault, long and triple jumps), road events (such as walks and the marathon) and combined events (the heptathlon and the decathlon).[1] Women compete in 23 athletics events during the Games,[2] and men compete in 24; while 21 of the events are the same for both men and women, men exclusively compete in the 50 km walk, the women's combined event is the heptathlon while the men compete in the decathlon, and the short distance hurdles for women is contested over 100 m, ten metres shorter than the men's event.[1]

Some Olympic records have been broken but later rescinded by the IOC. In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson broke the Olympic and World record in the 100 metres sprint, but was subsequently disqualified after it was discovered that he had used anabolic steroids to enhance his performance. His record was expunged and the gold medal was instead awarded to American Carl Lewis.[3] Hungarian athlete Róbert Fazekas broke the Olympic record in the men's discus in 2004 but was later stripped of both his gold medal and the record after it was deemed that he had "committed an anti-doping rule violation".[4][5]

The longest standing modern Olympic athletics record is Bob Beamon's achievement in the men's long jump at the 1968 Summer Olympics.[6] The jump, at 8.90 m (29 ft 2 in), also broke the existing world record by 55 cm (22 in), and stood as the world record for 23 years until Beamon's compatriot, Mike Powell, jumped farther in the 1991 World Championships in Athletics in Tokyo.[7] During the 2012 Games, six men's and five women's records were broken.

Note, only those events currently competed for and recognised by the IOC as Summer Olympic events are listed.[8]

Men's records[edit]

Usain Bolt in a yellow running vest and green shorts just completing a race
Usain Bolt currently holds three Olympics records, two individually and one with the Jamaican 4 x 100m relay team.
Eaton Ashton in a running vest holding the American flag behind him.
Ashton Eaton equalled Roman Šebrle's decathlon record of 8,893 in 2016.
Ethiopian long-distance runner Kenenisa Bekele holds the Olympic record in both the 5,000 m and the 10,000 m.

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of 19 August 2016.

List of men's Olympic records in athletics
Event Record Athlete(s) Nation Games Date Ref(s)
100 metres 9.63  Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2012 London August 5, 2012 [9]
200 metres 19.30  Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing August 20, 2008 [10]
400 metres ♦43.03 Wayde van Niekerk  South Africa (RSA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 14, 2016 [11]
800 metres ♦1:40.91  Rudisha, DavidDavid Rudisha  Kenya (KEN) 2012 London August 9, 2012 [12]
1,500 metres 3:32.07  Ngeny, NoahNoah Ngeny  Kenya (KEN) 2000 Sydney September 29, 2000 [13]
5,000 metres 12:57.82  Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [14]
10,000 metres 27:01.17  Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [15]
Marathon 2:06:32  Wanjiru, SamuelSamuel Wanjiru  Kenya (KEN) 2008 Beijing August 24, 2008 [16]
110 metres hurdles 12.91  Xiang, LiuLiu Xiang  China (CHN) 2004 Athens August 27, 2004 [17]
400 metres hurdles ♦46.78  Young, KevinKevin Young  United States (USA) 1992 Barcelona August 6, 1992 [18][19]
3,000 m steeplechase 8:03.28  Kipruto, ConseslusConseslus Kipruto  Kenya (KEN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 17, 2016 [20]
4×100 m relay ♦36.84  Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Yohan Blake
Usain Bolt
 Jamaica (JAM) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [21]
4×400 m relay 2:55.39  Merritt, LaShawnLaShawn Merritt
Angelo Taylor
David Neville
Jeremy Wariner
 United States (USA) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [22]
20 km walk 1:18:46  Ding, ChenChen Ding  China (CHN) 2012 London August 4, 2012 [23]
50 km walk 3:36:53  Tallent, JaredJared Tallent  Australia (AUS) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [24]
High jump 2.39 m  Austin, CharlesCharles Austin  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta July 28, 1996 [25]
Long jump 8.90 m  Beamon, BobBob Beamon  United States (USA) 1968 Mexico City October 18, 1968 [6]
Pole vault 6.03 m  Braz da Silva, ThiagoThiago Braz da Silva  Brazil (BRA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 15, 2016 [26]
Triple jump 18.09 m  Harrison, KennyKenny Harrison  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta July 27, 1996 [27]
Shot put 22.52 m  Crouser, RyanRyan Crouser  United States (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 18, 2016 [28]
Discus throw 69.89 m  Alekna, VirgilijusVirgilijus Alekna  Lithuania (LTU) 2004 Athens August 23, 2004 [29]
Hammer throw 84.80 m  Litvinov, SergeySergey Litvinov  Soviet Union (URS) 1988 Seoul September 26, 1988 [30]
Javelin throw 90.57 m  Thorkildsen, AndreasAndreas Thorkildsen  Norway (NOR) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [31]
Decathlon 8893 pts  Šebrle, RomanRoman Šebrle  Czech Republic (CZE) 2004 Athens August 24, 2004 [32]
Eaton, AshtonAshton Eaton  United States (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 18, 2016 [33]

Women's records[edit]

Marie-José Pérec of France holds the record for the 400 metres, set at the Atlanta games in 1996.
Russian athlete Yelena Isinbayeva set the Olympic record in the pole vault in Beijing in 2008.

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of 19 August 2016.

List of women's Olympic records in athletics
Event Record Athlete(s) Nation Games Date Ref(s)
100 metres 10.62  Griffith-Joyner, FlorenceFlorence Griffith-Joyner  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 24, 1988 [34]
200 metres ♦21.34  Griffith-Joyner, FlorenceFlorence Griffith-Joyner  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [35][36]
400 metres 48.25  Pérec, Marie-JoséMarie-José Pérec  France (FRA) 1996 Atlanta July 29, 1996 [37]
800 metres 1:53.43  Olizarenko, NadezhdaNadezhda Olizarenko  Soviet Union (URS) 1980 Moscow July 27, 1980 [37]
1,500 metres 3:53.96  Ivan, PaulaPaula Ivan  Romania (ROU) 1988 Seoul September 26, 1988 [37]
5,000 metres 14:26.17 Cheruiyot, VivianVivian Cheruiyot  Kenya (KEN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 19, 2016 [38]
10,000 metres ♦29:17.45 Almaz Ayana  Ethiopia (ETH) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 12, 2016 [39]
Marathon 2:23:07  Gelana, TikiTiki Gelana  Ethiopia (ETH) 2012 London August 5, 2012 [37]
100 metres hurdles 12.35  Pearson, SallySally Pearson  Australia (AUS) 2012 London August 7, 2012 [40]
400 metres hurdles 52.64  Walker, MelaineMelaine Walker  Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing August 20, 2008 [41]
3,000 m steeplechase ♦8:58.81  Galkina-Samitova, GulnaraGulnara Galkina-Samitova  Russia (RUS) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [42]
4×100 m relay ♦ 40.82  Tianna Madison
Allyson Felix
Bianca Knight
Carmelita Jeter
 United States (USA) 2012 London August 10, 2012 [43]
4×400 m relay ♦3:15.17  Ledovskaya, TatyanaTatyana Ledovskaya
Olga Nazarova
Mariya Pinigina
Olga Bryzgina
 Soviet Union (URS) 1988 Seoul October 1, 1988 [44]
20 km walk ♦1:25:02  Lashmanova, ElenaElena Lashmanova  Russia (RUS) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [45]
High jump 2.06 m  Slesarenko, YelenaYelena Slesarenko  Russia (RUS) 2004 Athens August 28, 2004 [25]
Long jump 7.40 m  Joyner-Kersee, JackieJackie Joyner-Kersee  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [46]
Pole vault 5.05 m  Isinbayeva, YelenaYelena Isinbayeva  Russia (RUS) 2008 Beijing August 18, 2008 [42][47]
Triple jump 15.39 m  Mbango Etone, FrançoiseFrançoise Mbango Etone  Cameroon (CMR) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [48]
Shot put 22.41 m  Slupianek, IlonaIlona Slupianek  East Germany (GDR) 1980 Moscow July 24, 1980 [28]
Discus throw 72.30 m  Hellmann, MartinaMartina Hellmann  East Germany (GDR) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [29]
Hammer throw ♦82.29 m  Włodarczyk, AnitaAnita Włodarczyk  Poland (POL) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 15, 2016 [49]
Javelin throw 71.53 m  Menéndez, OsleidysOsleidys Menéndez  Cuba (CUB) 2004 Athens August 27, 2004 [37]
Heptathlon ♦7291 pts  Joyner-Kersee, JackieJackie Joyner-Kersee  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 24, 1988 [37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]