List of Olympic records in swimming

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Michael Phelps holds four individual and three team Olympic swimming records.

The International Olympic Committee recognises the fastest performances in pool-based swimming events at the Olympic Games. Men's swimming has been part of the Summer Olympics since the Games' modern inception in 1896; it was not until 1912 that women competed against each other. The swimming events at the 1896 Olympic Games were held in a bay in the Aegean Sea with swimmers being required to swim to the shore—Hungarian swimmer Alfréd Hajós won two gold medals that year, saying "My will to live completely overcame my desire to win."[1] The 1900 Games in Paris saw the swimming events take place in the River Seine while the events at the 1908 Summer Olympics were hosted in a 100-metre pool located within an athletics track in the White City Stadium in London.[2]

Races are held in four swimming categories: freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke and butterfly, over varying distances and in either individual or relay race events. Medley swimming races are also held, both individually and in relays, in which all four swimming categories are used. In the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, both men and women competed in sixteen events in the pool, each sex in the same events with the exceptions of the 800 m freestyle (women-only) and the 1500 m freestyle (men-only).[2] Of the 32 pool-based events, swimmers from the United States hold eighteen records, including one tied with a swimmer from Canada, Australia and China three each, Hungary two, and one each to the Netherlands, Brazil, Japan, Great Britain, Singapore and Sweden. Thirteen of the current Olympic records were set at the 2016 Games.[3]

Men's records[edit]

César Cielo set the Olympic record for the 50 m freestyle at the Beijing games.
Sun Yang set Olympic records in two events at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of 13 August 2016 and include only those events which are currently recognised by the IOC as Olympic events.

Event Record Name Nation Games Date Ref
50 m freestyle 21.30  Cielo, CésarCésar Cielo  Brazil (BRA) 2008 Beijing 16 August 2008 [4]
100 m freestyle 47.05  Sullivan, EamonEamon Sullivan  Australia (AUS) 2008 Beijing 13 August 2008 [5][A]
200 m freestyle 1:42.96  Phelps, MichaelMichael Phelps  United States (USA) 2008 Beijing 12 August 2008 [6]
400 m freestyle 3:40.14  Yang, SunSun Yang  China (CHN) 2012 London 28 July 2012 [7]
1500 m freestyle ♦14:31.02  Yang, SunSun Yang  China (CHN) 2012 London 4 August 2012 [8]
100 m backstroke ♦51.85  Murphy, RyanRyan Murphy  United States (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 13 August 2016 [9][B]
200 m backstroke 1:53.41  Clary, TylerTyler Clary  United States (USA) 2012 London 2 August 2012 [10]
100 m breaststroke ♦57.13  Peaty, AdamAdam Peaty  Great Britain (GBR) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 7 August 2016 [11]
200 m breaststroke 2:07.22  Watanabe, IppeiIppei Watanabe  Japan (JPN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 9 August 2016 [12][C]
100 m butterfly 50.39  Schooling, JosephJoseph Schooling  Singapore (SIN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 12 August 2016 [13]
200 m butterfly 1:52.03  Phelps, MichaelMichael Phelps  United States (USA) 2008 Beijing 13 August 2008 [14]
200 m individual medley 1:54.23  Phelps, MichaelMichael Phelps  United States (USA) 2008 Beijing 15 August 2008 [15]
400 m individual medley ♦4:03.84  Phelps, MichaelMichael Phelps  United States (USA) 2008 Beijing 10 August 2008 [16]
4×100 m freestyle relay ♦3:08.24  Phelps, MichaelMichael Phelps (47.51)
Garrett Weber-Gale (47.02)
Cullen Jones (47.65)
Jason Lezak (46.06)
 United States (USA) 2008 Beijing 11 August 2008 [17]
4×200 m freestyle relay 6:58.56  Phelps, MichaelMichael Phelps (1:43.31)
Ryan Lochte (1:44.28)
Ricky Berens (1:46.29)
Peter Vanderkaay (1:44.68)
 United States (USA) 2008 Beijing 13 August 2008 [18]
4×100 m medley relay 3:27.95  Murphy, RyanRyan Murphy (51.85)
Cody Miller (59.03)
Michael Phelps (50.33)
Nathan Adrian (46.74)
 United States (USA) 2016 Rio de Jainero 13 August 2016 [19]

Women's records[edit]

Ranomi Kromowidjojo holds the Olympic record in the 50 m freestyle.
Katie Ledecky set the Olympic records in the 400 and 800 m freestyle in 2016.

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of 13 August 2016 and include only those events which are currently recognised by the IOC as Olympic events.

Event Record Name Nation Games Date Ref
50 m freestyle 24.05  Kromowidjojo, RanomiRanomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands (NED) 2012 London 4 August 2012 [20]
100 m freestyle 52.70  Manuel, SimoneSimone Manuel
Oleksiak, PennyPenny Oleksiak
 United States (USA)
 Canada (CAN)
2016 Rio de Janeiro 11 August 2016 [21]
200 m freestyle 1:53.61  Schmitt, AllisonAllison Schmitt  United States (USA) 2012 London 31 July 2012 [22]
400 m freestyle ♦3:56.46  Ledecky, KatieKatie Ledecky  United States (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 7 August 2016 [23]
800 m freestyle ♦8:04.79  Ledecky, KatieKatie Ledecky  United States (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 12 August 2016 [24]
100 m backstroke 58.23  Seebohm, EmilyEmily Seebohm  Australia (AUS) 2012 London 29 July 2012 [25][D]
200 m backstroke ♦2:04.06  Franklin, MissyMissy Franklin  United States (USA) 2012 London 3 August 2012 [26]
100 m breaststroke 1:04.93  King, LillyLilly King  United States (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 8 August 2016 [27]
200 m breaststroke 2:19.59  Soni, RebeccaRebecca Soni  United States (USA) 2012 London 2 August 2012 [28]
100 m butterfly ♦55.48  Sjöström, SarahSarah Sjöström  Sweden (SWE) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 7 August 2016 [29]
200 m butterfly 2:04.06  Liuyang, JiaoJiao Liuyang  China (CHN) 2012 London 1 August 2012 [30]
200 m individual medley 2:06.58  Hosszú, KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary (HUN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 9 August 2016 [31]
400 m individual medley ♦4:26.36  Hosszú, KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary (HUN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 6 August 2016 [32]
4×100 m freestyle relay ♦3:30.65  McKeon, EmmaEmma McKeon (53.47)
Brittany Elmslie (53.12)
Bronte Campbell (52.15)
Cate Campbell (51.97)
 Australia (AUS) 2016 Rio de Janeiro 6 August 2016 [33]
4×200 m freestyle relay 7:42.92  Franklin, MissyMissy Franklin (1:55.96)
Dana Vollmer (1:56.02)
Shannon Vreeland (1:56.85)
Allison Schmitt (1:54.09)
 United States (USA) 2012 London 1 August 2012 [34]
4×100 m medley relay ♦3:52.05  Franklin, MissyMissy Franklin (58.50)
Rebecca Soni (1:04.82)
Dana Vollmer (55.48)
Allison Schmitt (53.25)
 United States (USA) 2012 London 4 August 2012 [35]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Sullivan broke the Olympic and world record for the men's 100 m freestyle in the second semi-final of the 2008 Summer Olympics.
  2. ^ Murphy broke the Olympic and world record for the men's 100 m backstroke in the men's 4×100 m medley relay final of the 2016 Summer Olympics.
  3. ^ Watanabe broke the Olympic record for the men's 200 m breaststroke in the first semi-final of the 2016 Summer Olympics.
  4. ^ Seebohm broke the Olympic record for the women's 100 m backstroke in the fourth heat of the 2012 Summer Olympics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mullen Jr., P. H. (1 May 2003). Gold in the Water. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-312-31116-2. 
  2. ^ a b "Aquatics – Swimming". Olympic.org. Archived from the original on 10 March 2008. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Olympic Records broken at Rio 2016". Rio2016.com. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Swimming 50m freestyle Progression". Olympics on NBC. Retrieved 15 August 2008. 
  5. ^ "Sullivan sets world record in 100m free semi-final". Olympic.org. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Stallman, Jason (11 August 2008). "Phelps wins third gold". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  7. ^ "Olympic swimming: China's Sun Yang beats rival Park to gold". BBC Sport. 28 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Olympics swimming: Sun Yang wins 1500m freestyle gold". BBC Sport. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Ryan Murphy Downs 100 Backstroke World Record to Open 400 Medley Relay". Swimming World. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Tyler Clary wins gold in 200 back". ESPN. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  11. ^ Bull, Andy (7 August 2016). "Adam Peaty makes light work of pressure as his hard work pays off in Rio pool". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Ippei Watanabe Lowers 200 Breast Olympic Record in Semi-finals". Swimming World. 9 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  13. ^ Eoghan, Macguire (13 August 2016). "Joseph Schooling beats Michael Phelps, wins Singapore's first Olympic gold". CNN. Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  14. ^ Stallman, Jason (12 August 2008). "Phelps captures 4th gold of games". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  15. ^ "Michael Phelps qualifies as he sets Olympic record". Olympic.org. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  16. ^ Abrahamson, Alan (9 August 2008). "One down for Phelps". Olympics on NBC. Retrieved 9 August 2008. 
  17. ^ "Lezak tracks down French in relay". Olympics on NBC. Retrieved 9 August 2008. 
  18. ^ "U.S. wins 4x200 freestyle relay gold, Michael Phelps sets career Olympic medal record". CBS News. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  19. ^ Auerbach, Nicole (13 August 2016). "Michael Phelps gets another gold in medley relay". USA Today. Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "2012 London Olympics: Ranomi Kromowidjojo Nearly Sets Olympic Record in 50 Free Semis; Defending Champion Britta Steffen, USA's Jessica Hardy Among Finalists". Swimming World. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: Simone Manuel and Penny Oleksiak take joint gold". BBC Sport. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "2012 London Olympics: Allison Schmitt Torches 200 Free With Olympic, American Record; Missy Franklin Misses Podium". Swimming World. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  23. ^ Crouse, Karen; Mills, Doug (7 August 2016). "Katie Ledecky Smashes Her Own World Record in 400 Freestyle". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  24. ^ Lutz, Rachel (13 August 2016). "Ledecky defends 800m free title, crushes her own world record". Olympics on NBC. Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  25. ^ Lutton, Phil (2 July 2016). "Emily Seebohm primed for gold after nemesis Missy Franklin fails to qualify". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "9:35p ET: Missy Franklin, Maya DiRado in 200m backstroke semifinals". Olympics on NBC. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  27. ^ Crouse, Karen (9 August 2016). "Lilly King Makes a Statement With an Olympic Breaststroke Record". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  28. ^ Auerbach, Nicole (2 August 2012). "Rebecca Soni sets world record in winning gold". USA Today. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  29. ^ "Sarah Sjostrom wins 100m butterfly, Sweden's first Olympic gold medal". Olympics on NBC. 7 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  30. ^ "Olympics swimming: Liuyang Jiao wins 200m butterfly gold for China". BBC Sport. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  31. ^ Lutz, Rachel (10 August 2016). "Katinka Hosszu wins 200m IM, third gold of Rio Olympics". Olympics on NBC. Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  32. ^ Forde, Pat (6 August 2016). "'Iron Lady' Katinka Hosszu shatters world record in 400 IM, American Maya DiRado takes second". Yahoo!. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  33. ^ Hecht, Hannah (6 August 2016). "Aussies break 4 X 100 free world record in first relay Olympic final". Swimswam. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  34. ^ "Olympics Swimming: USA women win 200m freestyle relay". BBC Sport. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  35. ^ "Dana Vollmer". BBC Sport. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 

External links[edit]