List of Ontario separated municipalities

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In the Canadian province of Ontario, municipalities operate in various hierarchies. Though most originated from a two-tier arrangement of a county containing smaller divisions, there are now single-tier cities made entirely of former counties, regional municipalities, and other arrangements, all under the direction of the provincial government.

One arrangement, which is becoming more common, is to separate larger, denser towns and cities from their more rural counties and regions. While they no longer share in the administration of the wider area, relationships are usually maintained, and civic offices and other infrastructure may remain within the boundaries of the separated town.

Unlike a single-tier municipality or a region, a separated municipality does not form its own separate census division; it remains a census subdivision of the county. Hence, its separation from the county is only administrative.

The following list shows the separated municipalities and the counties in which they were once part:

Separated municipalities by county in Ontario
County Cities Towns Townships Secondary
region
Primary
region
Elgin County St. Thomas Southwestern Southern
Essex County Windsor Pelee Southwestern Southern
Frontenac County Kingston Eastern Southern
Hastings County Belleville, Quinte West Central Southern
Lanark County Smiths Falls Eastern Southern
United Counties of Leeds and Grenville Brockville Gananoque, Prescott Eastern Southern
Middlesex County London Southwestern Southern
Perth County Stratford St. Marys Southwestern Southern
Peterborough County Peterborough Central Southern
Renfrew County Pembroke Eastern Southern
Simcoe County Barrie, Orillia Central Southern
United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Cornwall Eastern Southern
Wellington County Guelph Southwestern Southern

Owen Sound was separated from Grey County for almost 100 years but re-joined the county in 2002. As a result, it is no longer a separated municipality.

A case predating that trend was the split of York County in 1954. The southernmost section became Metropolitan Toronto, now the city of Toronto, and the remainder eventually became York Region. However, Toronto was considered a separate census division; the above municipalities are still considered to be within the census division from which they separated. Other former separated municipalities are Hamilton and St. Catharines, which rejoined their county upon their re-incorporation as a regional municipality.

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