List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (1970–1979)
|Awarded by |
Government of India
|Obverse||A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.|
|Reverse||A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script|
|Previous name(s)||Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)|
|Next (higher)||Padma Vibhushan|
|Next (lower)||Padma Shri|
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development. The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The name of recipient, whose award have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, is archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register; none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 1970–1979 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.
When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute. The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 3⁄4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 3⁄16 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 1⁄16 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle. It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]
As the result of the 6th General election held in March 1977, Morarji Desai was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India on 24 March 1977 replacing the Indira Gandhi led government of the Indian National Congress. On 31 July, the newly formed government retracted all the civilian awards including the Padma Bhushan deeming them "worthless and politicized". After the 7th General election of 1980 Gandhi was again sworn in as the Prime Minister and all civilian awards were reinstated on 25 January 1980. Consequently, this award was not presented in 1978 and 1979.
A total of 205 awards were presented in the 1970s – twenty-eight in 1970, followed by forty-one in 1971, fifty in 1972, seventeen in 1973, twenty-one in 1974, fifteen in 1975, sixteen in 1976 and seventeen in 1977. The Padma Bhushan in the 1970s was also conferred upon eight foreign recipients – four from the United States, two from Italy, and one each from Belgium and the United Kingdom. Individuals from nine different fields were awarded, which includes forty-eight from literature and education, forty-three from civil services, thirty-four artists, twenty-six from science and engineering, twenty-one from social work, seventeen from medicine, twelve from trade and industry, three from public affairs, and one sportsperson. Novelist Khushwant Singh, who accepted the award in 1974 in the field of literature and education, returned it in 1984 as a notion of protest against the Operation Blue Star.
# Indicates a posthumous honour
|1970||Ramkinkar Baij||Arts||West Bengal|
|1970||Buddhadeb Bose||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1970||M. R. Brahmam||Civil Service||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Amiya Chakravarty||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1970||T. S. Avinashilingam Chettiar||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Birendra Nath Ganguli||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1970||Lala Hansraj Gupta||Public Affairs||Haryana|
|1970||Ratan Lal Joshi||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1970||Gurram Jashuva||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Narayan Sadoba Kajrolkar||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1970||Kumari Kamala||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Purushottam Kashinath Kelkar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1970||M. S. Krishnan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Syed Abdul Latif||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Bhagwantrao Mandloi||Public Affairs||Madhya Pradesh|
|1970||Mahesh Prasad Mehray||Medicine||Uttar Pradesh|
|1970||Sombhu Mitra||Arts||West Bengal|
|1970||Vivekananda Mukhopadhyaya||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1970||Krishnaswami Ramiah||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Gainedi A. Narasimha Rao||Civil Service||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Anant alias Annasaheb Sahasrabuddhe||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1970||Surrendar Saini||Social Work||Delhi|
|1970||Viswanatha Satyanarayana||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Ahmed Jan Thirakwa||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1970||N. M. Wagle||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1970||Prem Nath Wahi||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1970||Yashpal||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1971||N. Ramaswami Ayyar||Social Work||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Suraj Bhan||Literature & Education||Chandigarh|
|1971||Gokulbhai Bhatt||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1971||Monindra Nath Chakravarti||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1971||Kandathil Mammen Cherian||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1971||Jogesh Chandra De||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|1971||Ramrao Deshmukh||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1971||Satish Dhawan||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1971||Bhalchandra Digambar Garware||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1971||Musiri Subramania Iyer||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||P Tiruvillvamalai Seshan M. Iyer||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Jainendra Kumar Jain||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1971||Mungtu Ram Jaipuria||Social Work||Delhi|
|1971||Veni Shankar Jha||Literature & Education||Madhya Pradesh|
|1971||A. Vithal alias Dhananjay Keer||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1971||Nissar Hussain Khan||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1971||P. Kalathil Kunju Kurup||Arts||Kerala|
|1971||R. K. Laxman||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1971||Shantilal Jamnadas Mehta||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1971||Ved Rattan Mohan||Trade & Industry||Uttar Pradesh|
|1971||Kedar Nath Mookerjee||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|1971||Santosh Kumar Mukerji||Medicine||Madhya Pradesh|
|1971||Kalindi Charan Panigrahi||Literature & Education||Odisha|
|1971||Manibhai J. Patel||Trade & Industry||Madhya Pradesh|
|1971||D. K. Pattammal||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Venkatarama Ramalingam Pillai||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Vulimiri Ramalingaswami||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Suresh Chandra Roy||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|1971||Pandurang Vasudeo Sukhatme||Science & Engineering||—[A]|
|1971||Pichu Sambamoorthi||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Devchand Chhaganlal Shah||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1971||Madan Mohan Singh||Medicine||Delhi|
|1971||Bhagwati Charan Verma||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1971||Parmeshwari Lal Verma||Civil Service||Chandigarh|
|1971||Kasturi Lal Vij||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Jagjit Singh Aurora||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Madhavrao Bagal||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1972||Surinder Singh Bedi||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Gopal Gurunath Bewoor||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1972||Gulestan Rustom Billimoria||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1972||Kunhiraman Palat Candeth||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Ram Narayan Chakravarti||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|1972||Pran Nath Chhutani||Literature & Education||Chandigarh|
|1972||Yashodhara Dasappa||Social Work||Karnataka|
|1972||Maheshwar Dayal||Social Work||Delhi|
|1972||Hari Chand Dewan||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Minoo Merwan Engineer||Civil Service||Gujarat|
|1972||Benoy Bhushan Ghosh||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1972||Inderjit Singh Gill||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1972||Mohd. Hayath||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1972||Lakhumal Hiranand Hiranandani||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1972||L. A. Krishna Iyer||Science & Engineering||Kerala|
|1972||Sourendra Nath Kohli||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Jai Krishna||Civil Service||Uttar Pradesh|
|1972||Nilakanta Krishnan||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1972||Ashwini Kumar||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Pran Nath Luthra||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Amrut V. Mody||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1972||N. G. Krishna Murti||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||T. A. Pai||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1972||Dattatraya Yeshwant Phadke||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1972||Kayalath Pothen Philip||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1972||Bhalchandra Nilkanth Purandare||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1972||Tapishwar Narain Raina||Civil Service||Jammu & Kashmir|
|1972||Bharat Ram||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|1972||Mohinder Singh Randhawa||Science & Engineering||Punjab|
|1972||Adya Rangacharya||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1972||M. B. Ramachandra Rao||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1972||Ayyagari Sambasiva Rao||Science & Engineering||Andhra Pradesh|
|1972||Sujoy B. Roy||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1972||Khusro Faramurz Rustamji||Civil Service||Madhya Pradesh|
|1972||S. S. Sahi||Civil Service||Chandigarh|
|1972||Shantilal C. Sheth||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1972||Khem Karan Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Sartaj Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Sagat Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Papanasam Sivan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1972||Chandrika Prasad Srivastava||Civil Service||—[B]|
|1972||M. S. Swaminathan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1972||Krishnaswami Swaminathan||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1972||Bal Dattatreya Tilak||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1972||Syed Husain Zaheer||Trade & Industry||Andhra Pradesh|
|1973||Om P. Bahl||Science & Engineering||—[C]|
|1973||C. Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar||Arts||Kerala|
|1973||Gosasp Maneckji Sorabji Captain||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1973||Harindranath Chattopadhyay||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1973||Banarsidas Chaturvedi||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1973||M. A. Muthiah Chettiar||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|1973||M. F. Husain||Arts||Delhi|
|1973||Pothan Joseph||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1973||N. R. Malkani||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1973||Sudhir Krishna Mukherjee||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1973||Ramakant Maheshwar Muzumdar||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1973||Krishnarao Shankar Pandit||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|1973||Pitambar Pant||Civil Service||Uttar Pradesh|
|1973||Vennelakanti Raghavaiah||Social Work||Andhra Pradesh|
|1973||Raja Ramanna||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1973||K. Sukumaran||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1974||Camille Bulcke||Literature & Education||—[D]|
|1974||Ram Kumar Caroli||Medicine||Uttar Pradesh|
|1974||Moti Chandra||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1974||Dhirendra Nath Ganguly||Arts||West Bengal|
|1974||D. V. Gundappa||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1974||Vasant Shankar Huzurbazar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1974||Chintamoni Kar||Arts||West Bengal|
|1974||Jayant Pandurang Naik||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1974||Habib Rahman||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1974||Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|1974||John Richardson||Social Work||Andaman & Nicobar Islands|
|1974||Toppur Seethapathy Sadasivan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1974||Sukhlal Sanghvi||Literature & Education||Gujarat|
|1974||Hasmukh Dhirajlal Sankalia||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1974||Bhupati Mohan Sen||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1974||Thakur Jaideva Singh||Science & Engineering||Uttar Pradesh|
|1974||Khushwant Singh||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1974||Arunachala Sreenivasan||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1974||Raman Viswanathan||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1975||Begum Akhtar[i]#||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1975||Dilbagh Singh Athwal||Science & Engineering||—[C]|
|1975||Asima Chatterjee||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|1975||Madhav Sadashiv Gore||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1975||Pratul Chandra Gupta||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1975||P. Krishnagopala Iyengar||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1975||Darab Jehangir Jussawala||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1975||Raj Kumar Khanna||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1975||Pancheti Koteswaram||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1975||Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1975||Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay||Literature & Education||Bihar|
|1975||Kirpal Singh Narang||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1975||P. Ardeshir Narielwala||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1975||Ronald Carlton Vivian Piadade Noronha||Civil Service||Madhya Pradesh|
|1975||Ratan Shastri||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1976||Malcolm Adiseshiah||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1976||Harivansh Rai Bachchan||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1976||Nabakanta Barua||Literature & Education||Assam|
|1976||Naoroji Pirojsha Godrej||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1976||Laxmanshastri Balaji Joshi||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1976||Zehra Ali Yavar Jung||Social Work||Andhra Pradesh|
|1976||Shri Ram Mehta||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1976||Yash Pal||Science & Engineering||Punjab|
|1976||Bhogilal Pandya||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1976||Udupi Ramachandra Rao||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1976||Krishnaswami Srinivas Sanjivi||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1976||Devulapalli Krishnasastri||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1976||Devendra Sen||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1976||Calambur Sivaramamurti||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1976||E. C. George Sudarshan||Literature & Education||—[C]|
|1977||Gopinath Aman||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1977||Prithvi Singh Azad||Public Affairs||Chandigarh|
|1977||Harish Chandra||Literature & Education||—[C]|
|1977||Kumar Gandharva||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|1977||Phulrenu Guha||Social Work||West Bengal|
|1977||Kailas Nath Kaul||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1977||Yousuf Hussain Khan||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1977||Chackachanveedu Krishnan Nair||Social Work||Delhi|
|1977||K. S. Narayanaswamy||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1977||Paramsukh J. Pandya||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1977||Balasubramaniam Ramamurthi||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1977||Perugu Siva Reddy||Medicine||Andhra Pradesh|
|1977||Annapurna Ravi Shankar||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1977||Yudhvir Singh||Social Work||Delhi|
|1977||Mysore Narasimhachar Srinivas||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1977||T. P. Meenakshisundaram||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
- Non-citizen recipients
- Indicates a citizen of Italy
- Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
- Indicates a citizen of the United States
- Indicates a citizen of Belgium
- Posthumous recipients
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- Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
- "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
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All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
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- Rajan, Anjana (26 July 2009). "Her legacy will live on". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- Ganesh, Deepa (22 July 2009). "The matriarch of the Kirana Gharana". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
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- Mathai, Kamini (17 July 2009). "The end of the trinity". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 16 September 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- Datta, Amaresh (1987). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 978-81-260-1803-1.
- "Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellow". New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Akademi. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellow: Mallikarjun Mansur". New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Akademi. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Yash Pal: Awarded the Marconi Prize in 1980". Marconi Society. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
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- Official website
- "Awards and medals". Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 5 February 2016. Archived from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2016.