List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (2010–2019)
|Awarded by |
Government of India
|Obverse||A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.|
|Reverse||A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script|
|Previous name(s)||Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)|
|Next (higher)||Padma Vibhushan|
|Next (lower)||Padma Shri|
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development. The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The name of a recipient, whose award has been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, is archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register. As of 2018[update], none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 2010s have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.
When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute. The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 3⁄4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 3⁄16 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 1⁄16 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle. It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]
As of 2018[update], a total of 204 individuals have been conferred with the award in 2010s – forty-three conferments were presented in 2010, followed by thirty-one in 2011, twenty-eight in 2012, twenty-three in 2013, twenty-four in 2014, twenty in 2015, nineteen in 2016, seven in 2017, and nine in 2018. Since 2010, the Padma Bhushan have been conferred upon twenty-eight foreign recipients – nineteen from the United States, three from the United Kingdom, and one each from Bangladesh, Germany, Ireland, Singapore, Russia, and Thailand. Individuals from ten different fields were awarded, which includes fifty-eight artists, thirty-four from literature and education, twenty-three from science and engineering, nineteen from trade and industry, seventeen from medicine, fourteen civil servants, thirteen from public affairs, nine sportspersons, seven from social work, and eleven from other fields. Most recently on 25 January 2018, the award has been bestowed upon nine recipients.
# Indicates a posthumous honour
|2010||Satya Paul Agarwal||Medicine||Delhi|
|2010||Mohammad Amin||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2010||Sailesh Kumar Bandopadhyay||Public Affairs||West Bengal|
|2010||M. S. Banga||Trade & Industry||—[A]|
|2010||Anil Bordia||Literature & Education||Rajasthan|
|2010||Bipan Chandra||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2010||B. K. Chaturvedi||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2010||Sant Singh Chatwal||Public Affairs||—[B]|
|2010||G. P. Chopra||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2010||Tan Chung||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2010||P. R. Dubhashi||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|2010||Belle Monappa Hegde||Medicine||Karnataka|
|2010||Jagdish Chandra Kapur||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2010||Kuzhur Narayana Marar||Arts||Kerala|
|2010||Chhannulal Mishra||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|2010||E. T. Narayanan Mooss||Medicine||Kerala|
|2010||C. P. Krishnan Nair||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2010||S. P. Oswal||Trade & Industry||Punjab|
|2010||Balasaheb Vikhe Patil||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2010||Arogyaswami Paulraj||Science & Engineering||—[B]|
|2010||A. R. Rahman||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2010||Moosa Raza||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2010||Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|2010||Abhijit Sen||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2010||Satya Vrat Shastri||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2010||Noshir M. Shroff||Medicine||Delhi|
|2010||Kushal Pal Singh||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2010||Bikash Sinha||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|2010||Balagangadharanatha Swamiji||Social Work||Karnataka|
|2010||Narayanan Vaghul||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|2010||P. K. Warrier||Medicine||Kerala|
|2010||Fareed Zakaria||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2011||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2011||Rajashree Birla||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2011||M. N. Buch||Civil Service||Madhya Pradesh|
|2011||C. V. Chandrasekhar||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2011||Ajai Chowdhry||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2011||Yogesh Chander Deveshwar||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|2011||T. J. S. George||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|2011||Shankha Ghosh||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|2011||Kris Gopalakrishnan||Trade & Industry||Karnataka|
|2011||Keki Byramjee Grant[i]#||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|2011||Mohammed Zahur Khayyam||Arts||Maharashtra|
|2011||Chanda Kochhar||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2011||Dwijen Mukhopadhyay||Arts||West Bengal|
|2011||Madavoor Vasudevan Nair||Arts||Kerala|
|2011||Ramdas Pai||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|2011||Rajendra Singh Pawar||Trade & Industry||Haryana|
|2011||Suryanarayanan Ramachandran||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|2011||Shobhana Ranade||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2011||Gunupati Venkata Krishna Reddy||Trade & Industry||Andhra Pradesh|
|2011||Kallam Anji Reddy||Trade & Industry||Andhra Pradesh|
|2011||Shyam Saran||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2011||Analjit Singh||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2011||Surendra Singh||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2011||R. K. Srikantan||Arts||Karnataka|
|2012||Suresh H. Advani||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|2012||Homi K. Bhabha||Literature & Education||—[A]|
|2012||Shashikumar Chitre||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|2012||Khaled Choudhury||Arts||West Bengal|
|2012||Vidya Dehejia||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2012||S. N. Goenka||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2012||M. S. Gopalakrishnan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2012||T. V. Gopalakrishnan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2012||Buddhadev Das Gupta||Arts||West Bengal|
|2012||S. B. Mujumdar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|2012||Balasubramanian Muthuraman||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2012||Arvind Panagariya||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2012||José Pereira||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2012||Mata Prasad||Civil Service||Uttar Pradesh|
|2012||M. S. Raghunathan||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|2012||P. Chandrasekhara Rao||Public Affairs||—[C]|
|2012||Ronen Sen||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|2012||M. V. Subbiah||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|2012||N. Vittal||Civil Service||Kerala|
|2012||N. H. Wadia||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|2012||George Yeo||Public Affairs||—[D]|
|2013||Satya N. Atluri||Science & Engineering||—[B]|
|2013||Maharaj Kishan Bhan||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2013||Adi Godrej||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2013||Abdul Rashid Khan||Arts||West Bengal|
|2013||Nandkishore Shamrao Laud||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|2013||Mangesh Padgaonkar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|2013||Hemendra Singh Panwar||Civil Service||Madhya Pradesh|
|2013||Jogesh Pati||Science & Engineering||—[B]|
|2013||Shivajirao Girdhar Patil||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|2013||A. Sivathanu Pillai||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2013||D. Ramanaidu||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|2013||V. K. Saraswat||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2013||Ashoke Sen||Science & Engineering||Uttar Pradesh|
|2013||Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2013||B. N. Suresh||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2013||Ramamurthy Thyagarajan||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|2014||Anisuzzaman||Literature & Education||—[E]|
|2014||Mrityunjay Athreya||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2014||Padmanabhan Balaram||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2014||Dalveer Bhandari||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2014||Ruskin Bond||Literature & Education||Uttarakhand|
|2014||Anita Desai||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2014||Pullela Gopichand||Sports||Andhra Pradesh|
|2014||Kamal Haasan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2014||Jyeshtharaj Joshi||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|2014||Vijayendra Nath Kaul||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2014||Madappa Mahadevappa||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2014||K. Radhakrishnan||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2014||Anumolu Ramakrishna[vi]#||Science & Engineering||Andhra Pradesh|
|2014||Thirumalachari Ramasami||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2014||Lloyd Rudolph||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2014||Susanne Hoeber Rudolph||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2014||Vinod Prakash Sharma||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2014||Ghulam Mohammed Sheikh||Arts||Gujarat|
|2014||Begum Parveen Sultana||Arts||Maharashtra|
|2014||Dhirubhai Thaker||Literature & Education||Gujarat|
|2014||Vairamuthu||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|2014||J. S. Verma[vii]#||Public Affairs||Uttar Pradesh|
|2014||T. H. Vinayakram||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2015||Manjul Bhargava||Science & Engineering||—[B]|
|2015||Vijay Bhatkar||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|2015||Swapan Dasgupta||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2015||Bill Gates||Social Work||—[B]|
|2015||Melinda Gates||Social Work||—[B]|
|2015||Satyamitranand Giri||Others||Uttar Pradesh|
|2015||N. Gopalaswami||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|2015||Subhash C. Kashyap||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2015||Gokulotsavji Maharaj||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|2015||Sudha Ragunathan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2015||Harish Salve||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2015||Rajat Sharma||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2015||Khadg Singh Valdiya||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2016||Ravindra Chandra Bhargava||Public Affairs||Uttar Pradesh|
|2016||Robert Blackwill||Public Affairs||—[B]|
|2016||Indu Jain||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2016||Pallonji Mistry||Trade & Industry||—[F]|
|2016||Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|2016||Vinod Rai||Civil Service||Kerala|
|2016||N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|2016||A. V. Rama Rao||Science & Engineering||Andhra Pradesh|
|2016||D. Nageshwar Reddy||Medicine||Telangana|
|2016||Barjinder Singh Hamdard||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|2016||Ram V. Sutar||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|2017||Vishwa Mohan Bhatt||Arts||Rajasthan|
|2017||Deviprasad Dwivedi||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|2017||Cho Ramaswamy[ix]#||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|2017||Maha Chakri Sirindhorn||Literature & Education||—[G]|
|2017||Tehemton Erach Udwadia||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|2018||Philipose Mar Chrysostom||Others||Kerala|
|2018||Mahendra Singh Dhoni||Sports||Jharkhand|
|2018||Alexander Kadakin[x]#||Public Affairs||—[H]|
|2018||Ramachandran Nagaswamy||Others||Tamil Nadu|
|2018||Ved Prakash Nanda||Literature & Education||—[B]|
Controversies and refusals
The 2010 conferment on an Indian-American businessman Sant Singh Chatwal created much controversy. Awarded in the field of Public Affairs, Chatwal is known for his association with former US President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary Clinton and pled guilty to violating the Federal Election Campaign Act and witness tampering during the United States presidential election. He was also accused of lobbying for the award by leveraging his contacts in the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) and United States Congress. The Government of India, however, issued a press release defending the conferment. The statement mentioned Chatwal as a "tireless advocate" of the country's interest in the United States. It also clarified that out of five Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) registered cases against him between 1992 and 1994, three were closed by CBI itself and in remaining two cases, Chatwal was discharged by the Court and as per the reports that were made available to the selection committee, there was "nothing adverse on record against him". According to media reports, there were several cases filed or registered after April 2009 which includes three criminal complaints with Kerala Police and four cases in Delhi High Court and Kerala High Court. Chatwal also served summons in January 2010. However, the then Union Home Secretary Gopal Krishna Pillai said that "no probe has been ordered nor any report sought from anyone".
Earlier in 2008, Chatwal was considered for the Padma Shri but the Indian Embassy in Washington, D.C. declined to nominate Chatwal when asked by the PMO. Ronen Sen, who was then serving as the Indian Ambassador to the United States, had told the PMO that the conferral would not be appropriate because of the controversy associated with Chatwal's financial dealings in two countries. Sen had also mentioned that though positive, Chatwal's contribution are much less compared to other Indian-Americans and the bestowal would not only "demoralise the others who had done much more" but also would create "the impression that India did not regard lack of transparency in financial dealings as a disqualification for its highest honours".
In 2013, playback singer S. Janaki refused to accept her award and stated that "the award has come late in her five-and-half-decade long career". The singer also mentioned that she is not against the Government and expressed happiness for the recognition but requested the Government to "show some more consideration to the artists from the southern parts of the country. In 2014, family members of J. S. Verma who served as 27th Chief Justice of India refused the posthumous conferral stating that "Verma himself would not have accepted" the honour as he "never hankered or lobbied for any acclaim, reward or favour".
- Non-citizen recipients
- Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
- Indicates a citizen of the United States
- Indicates a citizen of Germany
- Indicates a citizen of Singapore
- Indicates a citizen of Bangladesh
- Indicates a citizen of Ireland
- Indicates a citizen of Thailand
- Indicates a citizen of Russia
- Posthumous recipients
- Keki Byramjee Grant died on 4 January 2011, at the age of 90.
- Dashrath Patel died on 2 December 2010, at the age of 83.
- Raghavan Thirumulpad died on 21 November 2010, at the age of 90.
- Jaspal Bhatti died on 25 October 2012, at the age of 57.
- Rajesh Khanna died on 18 July 2012, at the age of 69.
- Anumolu Ramakrishna died on 20 August 2013, at the age of 73.
- J. S. Verma died on 22 April 2013, at the age of 80.
- Dayananda Saraswati died on 23 September 2015, at the age of 85.
- Cho Ramaswamy died on 7 December 2016, at the age of 82.
- Alexander Kadakin died on 26 January 2017, at the age of 67.
- "PV Sindhu recommended for Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, by sports ministry". Firstpost. 25 September 2017. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
- "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
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- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. pp. 166–193. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- "Padma Awards: 2015" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2015. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Padma Awards: 2016" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2016. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "Padma Awards: 2017" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2017. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- "Padma Awards: 2018" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2018. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
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- Kasniyal, B. D. (29 January 2015). "Residents exult at Padma Bhushan to geologist Valdiya". The Tribune. Pithoragarh. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Handbook of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winners (1958–1998)" (PDF). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. p. 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
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- Trivedi, Sukumar M. (7 January 2009). "'String' operation: Pt Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, father of Mohan Veena". The Indian Express. Ahmadabad. Archived from the original on 17 April 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Thai Princess Sirindhorn chosen for first world Sanskrit Award". Hindustan Times. 5 February 2016. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- Sajimon, P. S. (28 April 2016). "BJP will open account in Kerala, says India's longest-serving bishop". The Times of India. Alappuzha. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- "There is no alternative history. It's only factual: Historian Dr R Nagaswamy". The Indian Express. 30 July 2016. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- Sayyed, Nozia (4 January 2011). "Pune's Ruby Hall Clinic founder, Dr Keki Grant, passes away". Daily News Analysis. Pune. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "Design Dada Dashrath Patel is dead". The Times of India. Ahmedabad. 4 January 2011. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "Ayurvedic exponent Raghavan Thirumulpad dies in Kerala". Deccan Herald. Thrissur. 21 November 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- Singh, I. P.; Mohan, Vibhor (25 October 2012). "Jaspal Bhatti dies in road accident". The Times of India. Jalandhar/Chandigarh. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "Bollywood's 'first superstar' Rajesh Khanna dies aged 69". BBC. 18 July 2012. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "DFI of India: Regional Report" (PDF). Deep Foundations Institute. January 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
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- Madhavan, Karthik (24 September 2015). "Swami Dayananda Saraswati passes away". The Hindu. Coimbatore. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- Kolappan, B. (7 December 2016). "Cho Ramaswamy, editor of 'Thuglak', dies at 82". The Hindu. Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- Roche, Elizabeth (27 January 2017). "Alexander Kadakin, Russian ambassador to India, dies after brief illness". Mint. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- "Padma Bhushan to Chatwal: US court sentence to rake up controversy again". Hindustan Times. Chandigarh. 20 December 2014. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Mukul, Akshaya; Mohan, Vishwa; Dhawan, Himanshi (6 February 2010). "Chatwal fiasco: Top civilian awards losing sheen". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "Padma award to Chatwal after due diligence: Govt". New Delhi: India Today. 27 January 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "Government defends Chatwal's Padma Bhushan". New Delhi: NDTV. 27 January 2010. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- "Centre trying to ascertain facts in award for Chatwal case". Daily News Analysis. New Delhi. 6 February 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Varadarajan, Siddharth (1 February 2010). "Don't honour Chatwal, Indian envoy told PMO". The Hindu. New Delhi. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "Playback singer Janaki rejects Padma Bhushan award". The Times of India. Palakkad. 26 January 2013. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "Janaki rejects award, says she deserves Bharat Ratna". The Hindu. Palakkad. 26 January 2013. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "J. S. Verma's family refuses Padma Bhushan". The Indian Express. New Delhi. 31 January 2014. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Official website
- "Awards & Medals". Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 14 September 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.[permanent dead link]