List of Paralympic Games host cities
Since the Paralympic Games began in 1960, there have been 15 Summer Paralympic Games held in 13 separate cities and 11 Winter Paralympic Games held in 10 separate cities. Three cities have been chosen by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) to host the upcoming Paralympics PyeongChang for the 2018 Winter Paralympics, Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Paralympics and Beijing for the 2022 Winter Paralympics.
Three cities have hosted or are scheduled to host a Paralympic Games more than once; Innsbruck inedit 1984 and 1988, Beijing in 2008 (summer games) and 2022 (winter games), and Tokyo in 1964 and 2020.
The United States has hosted a total of three games (one was held in both the USA and the UK): more than any other country. Austria, Norway, Italy, United Kingdom and Canada have each hosted two games. Japan will host its third games in 2020.
The games have primarily been hosted on the continent of Europe (14 games). Four games have been hosted in Asia and five in North America, and one game has been hosted in the region of Oceania. (The 1984 Summer Paralympics were held in both the USA and the UK). Rio de Janeiro's winning bid for 2016 will be the third Americas host. No Paralympic Games have been hosted in the continents of Africa and Antarctica.
Host cities are selected by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). Currently, they are selected seven years in advance. The selection process takes two years. In the first stage of the selection process, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After ten months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which of these applicant cities will become candidate cities based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In the second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC Session, a general meeting of IOC members.
Paralympic host cities
|Rome||Italy||Europe||I||—||Summer||1960||18 September||25 September|
|Tokyo||Japan||Asia||II||—||Summer||1964||3 November||12 November|
|Tel Aviv||Israel||Europe[a]||III||—||Summer||1968||4 November||13 November|
|Heidelberg||West Germany||Europe||IV||—||Summer||1972||2 August||11 August|
|Örnsköldsvik||Sweden||Europe||—||I||Winter||1976||21 February||28 February|
|Toronto||Canada||Americas||V||—||Summer||1976||3 August||11 August|
|Geilo||Norway||Europe||—||II||Winter||1980||1 February||7 February|
|Arnhem||Netherlands||Europe||VI||—||Summer||1980||21 June||30 June|
|Innsbruck||Austria||Europe||—||III||Winter||1984||14 January||20 January|
|Seoul||South Korea||Asia||VIII||—||Summer||1988||15 October||24 October|
|France||Europe||—||V||Winter||1992||25 March||1 April|
|Spain||Europe||IX||—||Summer||1992||3 September||14 September|
|Lillehammer||Norway||Europe||—||VI||Winter||1994||10 March||19 March|
|Atlanta||United States||Americas||X||—||Summer||1996||16 August||25 August|
|Nagano||Japan||Asia||—||VII||Winter||1998||5 March||14 March|
|Sydney||Australia||Oceania||XI||—||Summer||2000||18 October||29 October|
|Salt Lake City||United States||Americas||—||VIII||Winter||2002||7 March||16 March|
|Athens||Greece||Europe||XII||—||Summer||2004||17 September||28 September|
|Turin||Italy||Europe||—||IX||Winter||2006||10 March||19 March|
|Beijing[b]||China||Asia||XIII||—||Summer||2008||6 September||17 September|
|Vancouver||Canada||Americas||—||X||Winter||2010||12 March||21 March|
|London||United Kingdom||Europe||XIV||—||Summer||2012||29 August||9 September|
|Sochi||Russia||Europe||—||XI||Winter||2014||7 March||16 March|
|Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||Americas||XV||—||Summer||2016||7 September||18 September|
|Pyeongchang||Korea Republic||Asia||—||XII||Winter||2018||9 March||18 March|
|Tokyo||Japan||Asia||XVI||—||Summer||2020||25 August||6 September|
|Beijing||China||Asia||—||XIII||Winter||2022||4 March||13 March|
Host cities for multiple Paralympic Games
|Rank||City||Country||Continent||Summer Paralympics hosted||Winter Paralympics hosted||Total Paralympics hosted|
|1||Beijing||China||Asia||1 (2008)||1 (2022)||2|
|1||Innsbruck||Austria||Europe||0||2 (1984, 1988)||2|
|1||Tokyo||Japan||Asia||2 (1964, 2020)||0||2|
Total Paralympic Games by country
|Rank||Country||Continent||Summer Paralympics hosted||Winter Paralympics hosted||Total Paralympics hosted|
|1||United States||Americas||2 (1984, 1996)||1 (2002)||3|
|2||Japan||Asia||2 (1964, 2020)||1 (1998)||3|
|2||Austria||Europe||0||2 (1984, 1988)||2|
|2||Norway||Europe||0||2 (1980, 1994)||2|
|2||Canada||Americas||1 (1976)||1 (2010)||2|
|2||South Korea||Asia||1 (1988)||1 (2018)||2|
|2||Italy||Europe||1 (1960)||1 (2006)||2|
|2||China||Asia||1 (2008)||1 (2022)||2|
|2||United Kingdom||Europe||2 (1984, 2012)||0||2|
|8||West Germany||Europe||1 (1972)||0||1|
- a Although Tel Aviv is located in Asia, Israel is member of European Region of IPC.
- b Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR. Although Hong Kong's separate NPC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games; it is not conducted under a separate bid, flame, etc. The IPC website lists only Beijing as the host city.
- "Paralympic Games - Past Games". Paralympic.org. International Paralympic Committee (IPC). Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
- "Choice of the Host City". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
- Tim Pile (25 June 2008). "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
- "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 4 May 2008.