List of Parliamentary constituencies in Bedfordshire
- 1 2017 constituencies
- 2 History of Constituencies and Boundaries
- 3 Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
- 4 Results
- 5 Historical representation by party
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
(part) means that part of a ward is in a constituency.
|Name[nb 1]||Electorate||Majority[nb 2]||Member of Parliament||Nearest opposition||Electoral wards||Map|
|Bedford BC||71,579||145||Mohammad Yasin ‡||Ryan Henson †||Bedford Borough Council: Brickhill, Castle, Cauldwell, De Parys, Goldington, Harpur, Kempston East, Kempston North, Kempston South, Kingsbrook, Newnham, Putnoe, Queen's Park.|
|Luton North BC||68,185||9,247||Sarah Owen ‡||Jeet Bains †||Luton Borough Council: Barnfield, Bramingham, Challney, Icknield, Leagrave, Lewsey, Limbury, Northwell, Saints, Sundon Park.|
|Luton South BC||69,338||8,756||Rachel Hopkins ‡||Parvez Akhtar †||Luton Borough Council: Biscot, Crawley, Dallow, Farley, High Town, Round Green, South, Stopsley, Wigmore. Central Bedfordshire Council: Caddington, Hyde and Slip End.|
|Mid Bedfordshire CC||87,795||24,664||Nadine Dorries †||Rhiannon Meades ‡||Bedford Borough Council: Turvey, Wilshamstead, Wootton. Central Bedfordshire Council: Ampthill, Aspley Guise, Clifton and Meppershall, Cranfield, Flitton, Greenfield and Pulloxhill, Flitwick East, Flitwick West, Harlington, Houghton, Haynes, Southill and Old Warden, Marston, Maulden and Clophill, Shefford, Campton and Gravenhurst, Shillington, Stondon and Henlow Camp, Streatley, Silsoe, Toddington, Westoning and Tingrith.|
|North East Bedfordshire CC||90,679||24,283||Richard Fuller †||Julian Vaughan ‡||Bedford Borough Council: Bromham, Carlton, Clapham, Eastcotts, Great Barford, Harrold, Oakley, Riseley, Roxton, Sharnbrook. Central Bedfordshire Council: Arlesey, Biggleswade Holme, Biggleswade Ivel, Biggleswade Stratton, Langford and Henlow Village, Northill and Blunham, Potton and Wensley, Sandy Ivel, Sandy Pinnacle, Stotfold.|
|South West Bedfordshire CC||79,926||18,583||Andrew Selous †||Callum Anderson ‡||Central Bedfordshire Council: All Saints, Chiltern, Dunstable Central, Eaton Bray, Grovebury, Heath and Reach, Houghton Hall, Icknield, Kensworth and Totternhoe, Linslade, Manshead, Northfields, Parkside, Planets, Plantation, Southcott, Stanbridge, Tithe Farm, Watling.|
History of Constituencies and Boundaries
|North East Bedfordshire||1997-present|
|South West Bedfordshire||1983-present|
Prior to 1885
1295 to 1885: Bedfordshire as with all other English counties, elected 2 MPs to the House of Commons per the freehold property franchise; and the Parliamentary Borough of Bedford returned 2 MPs. The Great Reform Act of 1832 changed the setup nationally, but this was one of the few counties totally unaffected.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the County was divided into 2 seats:
- the Northern or Biggleswade Division (often written North Beds); and
- the Southern or Luton Division (often written South Beds)
Biggleswade covered the northern half of the county including Ampthill and Kempston. It also welcomed votes from non-resident freeholders of the Municipal Borough of Bedford. Luton covered the southern half of the county, including Leighton Buzzard and the Municipal Boroughs of Dunstable and Luton.
- Bedford was kept as a Parliamentary Borough but reduced to 1 MP.
Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the Parliamentary Borough was technically abolished. The Municipal Borough was now included in a Bedford seat/Division of the county taking in the Urban District of Kempston and the rural areas of the northern part of the abolished North Beds; the southern areas of which, including the Urban Districts of Biggleswade and Ampthill made a Mid Bedfordshire Division, along with Leighton Buzzard and surrounding rural areas transferred from Luton.
The Representation of the People Act 1948 resumed the pre-1885 net total of 4 MPs. It created a "South Bedfordshire" seat of Dunstable with the Leagrave and Limbury parts of the Municipal Borough of Luton, from abolished Luton/South Beds, and Leighton Buzzard, from "Mid Bedfordshire". "Luton" was created, a Borough Constituency, for the Municipal Borough save the mentioned parts. Mid Bedfordshire gained southern and eastern rural areas from "Bedford".
The county limits altered: South Bedfordshire gained the former Urban District of Linslade in Buckinghamshire which had been merged with that of Leighton Buzzard to form the Urban District of Leighton-Linslade; and Mid Bedfordshire lost the village of Eaton Socon taken into the Urban District of St Neots in Huntingdonshire.
The Second Review resulted in an increase to 5 MPs. Luton was abolished to create Borough Constituencies of Luton East and West. The majority of the latter comprised the Leagrave and Limbury districts, taken from South Bedfordshire.
The Third Periodic Review left the county's representation at 5 MPs, but saw significant changes, retaining only Mid Bedfordshire. Bedford was abolished, being largely replaced by North Bedfordshire save for Kempston, transferred to Mid Bedfordshire. Luton East and Luton West were replaced by Luton South and Luton North respectively, with both taking small parts of South Bedfordshire, with Luton North extending further north to include Flitwick that had been in Mid Bedfordshire. South Bedfordshire was abolished and largely replaced by South West Bedfordshire, which took in south-western parts of Mid Bedfordshire.
The Fourth Review resulted in an increase to 6 MPs. Bedford was re-established as a Borough Constituency comprising the town of Bedford itself, which had constituted the majority of the abolished constituency of North Bedfordshire, and Kempston which was transferred back from Mid Bedfordshire. A new County Constituency of North East Bedfordshire was created, comprising the remaining (rural) areas of North Bedfordshire and northern and eastern parts of Mid Bedfordshire seeing about half its electorate lost including Biggleswade and Sandy. To compensate for this and the loss of Kempston, Mid Bedfordshire regained the areas previously transferred to South West Bedfordshire and gained the parts outside the Borough of Luton from North Luton (including Flitwick). The latter became a Borough Constituency and gained the Saints ward from Luton South.
Fifth Review - marginal changes due to revision of local authority wards.
|Name||Pre-2010 Boundaries||Post-2010 Boundaries|
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. The proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not timetabled by the Government for approval. They were thus ignored for the election on 12 December 2019.
Under the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Review would cut the number of MPs from 650 to 600 and see a revived strictness of avoiding malapportionment (electoral parity rule) that the electorate of all seats must be within 5% of the electoral (average national) quota (number of electors). The review was carried out using the official UK electorate figures for 2015 thus quota found to be 74,769, establishing a range of 71,031 to 78,507.
To meet this the Commission was able to treat Bedfordshire as a sub-region of the Eastern Region and recommended that the county retained six seats. Luton South would gain the remainder of the Central Bedfordshire ward of Caddington from South West Bedfordshire and the Borough of Luton ward of Barnfield from Luton North. In turn, Luton North would gain three wards from South West Bedfordshire comprising the town of Houghton Regis. In recognition of this the name of this seat is to be/would be Luton North and Houghton Regis. The separator of South West Bedfordshire from Mid Bedfordshire would be moved northwards again and limits around the town of Bedford affecting the seats of Bedford, North East Bedfordshire and Mid Bedfordshire would be adjusted to take account of the revision of wards in the Borough of Bedford and updated electorate (eligible adults to vote) figures.
|Current constituencies||Electorate||Proposed constituencies||Electorate|
|Bedford BC||70,259||Bedford BC||74,520|
|Luton North BC||64,552||Luton North and Houghton Regis BC||71,188|
|Luton South BC||64,136||Luton South BC||71,881|
|Mid Bedfordshire CC||80,069||Mid Bedfordshire CC||74,088|
|North East Bedfordshire CC||83,599||North East Bedfordshire CC||74,198|
|South West Bedfordshire CC||76,959||South West Bedfordshire CC||73,699|
Total County Results
The total number of aggregate votes cast for each political party which fielded candidates in constituencies which comprise Bedfordshire in the 2017 general election was as follows:
|Monster Raving Loony||667||0.21||-|
|Christian Peoples Alliance||301||0.09||-|
Historical representation by party
A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.
1802 to 1837
|S. Whitbread||Waldegrave||W. Whitbread||Polhill|
|Bedfordshire||Osborn||FitzPatrick||F. Russell||C. Russell|
1837 to 1885
|Bedford||Stuart||Crawley||H. Stuart||W. Stuart||Barnard||W. Stuart||Howard||Polhill-Turner||Magniac|
|Bedfordshire||C. Russell||Astell||C. Russell||F. Russell||→||Bassett||G. Russell|
1885 to 1918
|Constituency||1885||1886||1892||92||1895||1900||1906||Jan 1910||Dec 1910||11|
1918 to 1974
1974 to present
|Constituency||Feb 1974||Oct 1974||1979||1983||1987||1992||1997||2001||2005||2010||2015||2017||17||19||19||2019|
|Bedford (1974–83, 1997–present) / North Bedfordshire (1983–97)||Skeet||Hall||Fuller||Yasin|
|North East Bedfordshire||Lyell||Burt||Fuller|
|Bedfordshire South / South West Bedfordshire (1983)||Madel||Selous|
|Luton East / Luton South (1983)||Clemitson||Bright||Moran||Shuker||→||→||R. Hopkins|
|Luton West / Luton North (1983)||Sedgemore||Carlisle||K. Hopkins||→||Owen|
- BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
- The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.
- "2017 Results". Politics Resources. 7 April 2018.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, page 4". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- Boundary Commission for England pp. 1004–1007
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (Document type: Electoral data) (24 February 2016). "The electorate of each region subdivided by both local authorities and each existing constituency".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations constituency list (with wards)".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)