List of Parliamentary constituencies in Cambridgeshire
The ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire (which includes the area of the Peterborough unitary authority) is divided into seven parliamentary constituencies. There are two borough constituencies and five county constituencies, which each elect one Member of Parliament to represent it in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
- 1 Constituencies
- 2 Election results
- 3 History of constituencies and boundaries
- 4 Changes proposed for 2022
- 5 Historical representation by party
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
|Constituency[nb 1]||Electorate||Majority[nb 2]||Member of Parliament||Nearest opposition[nb 3]||Electoral wards||Map|
|Cambridge BC||78,544||12,661||Daniel Zeichner ‡||Julian Huppert ¤||Cambridge City Council: Abbey, Arbury, Castle, Cherry Hinton, Coleridge, East Chesterton, King's Hedges, Market, Newnham, Petersfield, Romsey, Trumpington, West Chesterton.|
|Huntingdon CC||84,273||14,475||Jonathan Djanogly †||Nik Johnson ‡||Huntingdonshire District Council: Alconbury and The Stukeleys, Brampton, Buckden, Fenstanton, Godmanchester, Gransden and The Offords, Huntingdon East, Huntingdon North, Huntingdon West, Kimbolton and Staughton, Little Paxton, St Ives East, St Ives South, St Ives West, St Neots Eaton Ford, St Neots Eaton Socon, St Neots Eynesbury, St Neots Priory Park, The Hemingfords.|
|North East Cambridgeshire CC||84,414||21,270||Stephen Barclay †||Ken Rustidge ‡||East Cambridgeshire District Council: Downham Villages, Littleport East, Littleport West, Sutton.
Fenland District Council: Bassenhally, Benwick, Coates and Eastrea, Birch, Clarkson, Delph, Doddington, Elm and Christchurch, Hill, Kingsmoor, Kirkgate, Lattersey, Manea, March East, March North, March West, Medworth, Parson Drove and Wisbech St Mary, Peckover, Roman Bank, St Andrews, St Marys, Slade Lode, Staithe, The Mills, Waterlees, Wenneye, Wimblington.
|North West Cambridgeshire CC||93,221||18,008||Shailesh Vara †||Iain Ramsbottom ‡||Peterborough City Council: Barnack, Fletton, Glinton and Wittering, Northborough, Orton Longueville, Orton Waterville, Orton With Hampton, Stanground Central, Stanground East.
Huntingdonshire District Council: Earith, Ellington, Elton and Folksworth, Ramsey, Sawtry, Somersham, Stilton, Upwood and The Raveleys, Warboys and Bury, Yaxley and Farcet.
|Peterborough BC||71,522||607||Fiona Onasanya||Stewart Jackson †||Peterborough City Council: Bretton North, Bretton South, Central, Dogsthorpe, East, Eye and Thorney, Newborough, North, Park, Paston, Ravensthorpe, Walton, Werrington North, Werrington South, West.|
|South Cambridgeshire CC||85,257||15,952||Heidi Allen||Dan Greef ‡||Cambridge City Council: Queen Edith's.
South Cambridgeshire District Council: Bar Hill, Barton, Bassingbourn, Bourn, Caldecote, Comberton, Cottenham, Duxford, Fowlmere and Foxton, Gamlingay, Girton, Hardwick, Harston and Hauxton, Haslingfield and The Eversdens, Longstanton, Melbourn, Meldreth, Orwell and Barrington, Papworth and Elsworth, Sawston, Swavesey, The Abingtons, The Mordens, The Shelfords and Stapleford, Whittlesford.
|South East Cambridgeshire CC||86,121||16,158||Lucy Frazer †||Huw Jones ‡||East Cambridgeshire District Council: Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely East, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Haddenham, Isleham, Soham North, Soham South, Stretham, The Swaffhams.
South Cambridgeshire District Council: Balsham, Fulbourn, Histon and Impington, Linton, Milton, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, Willingham and Over.
The total number of votes cast for each political party or individual candidate who fielded candidates in constituencies within Cambridgeshire in the 2017 general election were as follows;
History of constituencies and boundaries
|1290 – 1295||1295 – 1541||1541 – 1603||1603 – 1885||1885 – 1918||1918 – 1950||1950 – 1983||1983 – 1997||1997 – present|
|Cambridgeshire||1290 – 1885||1918 – 1983|
|Huntingdonshire||1290 – 1885||1918 – 1983|
|Cambridge||1295 – present|
|Huntingdon||1295 – 1918||1983 – present|
|Peterborough||1541 – present|
|Cambridge University||1603 – 1950|
|Chesterton||1885 – 1918|
|Newmarket||1885 – 1918|
|Ramsey||1885 – 1918|
|Wisbech||1885 – 1918|
|Isle of Ely||1918 – 1983|
|South West Cambridgeshire||1983 – 1997|
|North East Cambridgeshire||1983 – present|
|South East Cambridgeshire||1983 – present|
|North West Cambridgeshire||1997 – present|
|South Cambridgeshire||1997 – present|
Prior to 1885
Since 1290, the Counties of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, along with all other English Counties regardless of size or population, had elected 2 MPs to the House of Commons in accordance with the freehold property franchise. In addition the Parliamentary Boroughs of Cambridge and Huntingdon had been represented since 1295, each also returning 2 MPs. Peterborough, which was historically part of Northamptonshire, first returned 2 MPs in 1541. The only change resulting from the Great Reform Act of 1832, which radically changed the representation of the House of Commons, was to increase the representation of Cambridgeshire to 3 MPs. Under the Reform Act of 1867, the representation of the Borough of Huntingdon was reduced to 1 MP.
Additionally, Cambridge University returned two Members of Parliament from 1603 to 1950. However it was not a geographic area and instead represented the graduates of the university.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the representation of the Borough of Cambridge was reduced to 1 MP and Cambridgeshire was divided into 3 single-member constituencies, namely the Northern or Wisbech Division, the Eastern or Newmarket Division and the Western or Chesterton Division. The Borough of Huntingdon was abolished and Huntingdonshire was divided into 2 single-member Constituencies, namely the Northern or Ramsey Division and the Southern or Huntingdon Division. The representation of the Borough of Peterborough was also reduced to 1 MP.
The table shows an approximate representation of the development of constituencies in Cambridgeshire since 1885. The text below gives a more detailed description.
|Peterborough BC||Peterborough CC1||Peterborough BC||Peterborough BC||Peterborough BC|
|Ramsey CC||Huntingdonshire CC||Huntingdonshire CC||Huntingdon CC||North West Cambridgeshire CC|
|Huntingdon CC||Huntingdon CC|
|Wisbech CC||Isle of Ely CC||Isle of Ely CC||North East Cambridgeshire CC||North East Cambridgeshire CC|
|Newmarket CC||Cambridgeshire CC||Cambridgeshire CC||South East Cambridgeshire CC||South East Cambridgeshire CC|
|Chesterton CC||South West Cambridgeshire CC||South Cambridgeshire CC|
|Cambridge BC||Cambridge BC||Cambridge BC||Cambridge BC||Cambridge BC|
|BC = Borough Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary Borough or Division thereof)
CC = County Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary County of Division thereof)
1Part of Northamptonshire with the Soke of Peterborough
Under the Local Government Act 1888, which created county councils, the Isle of Ely and the Soke of Peterborough had been created as a separate administrative counties, hived off from Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire respectively. These changes were not reflected until the parliamentary constituencies were next redistributed by the Representation of the People Act 1918. The Wisbech Division was replaced by the Parliamentary County of Isle of Ely, including the city of Ely, which had been in the Newmarket Division, and a small area in the north of the Chesterton Division. Areas of the expanded Municipal Borough of Cambridge which had been in the Chesterton Division were now included in the Parliamentary Borough, with the remainder of Newmarket and Chesterton being combined to form the re-established Parliamentary County of Cambridgeshire. The Ramsey and Huntingdon Divisions were also combined to form the re-established Parliamentary County of Huntingdonshire. Peterborough was abolished as a Parliamentary Borough and reconstituted as a Division of Northamptonshire with the Soke of Peterborough, absorbing the bulk of the abolished Northern Division of Northamptonshire.
These constituencies remained more-or-less unchanged until 1974.
In 1965 the administrative counties of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, and Huntingdonshire and the Soke of Peterborough, were combined to form Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely and Huntingdon and Peterborough respectively. Following the Second Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies, which came into effect for the February 1974 general election, Peterborough was redesignated as a Borough Constituency, composed of the local authorities which had comprised the Soke, together with the small Rural District of Thorney, which was transferred from the county/constituency of Isle of Ely. The parts in Northamptonshire were transferred to the county constituency of Wellingborough. The only other change affected Huntingdonshire, gaining the village of Eaton Socon, which had been in the county of Bedfordshire/constituency of Mid Bedfordshire, and had been absorbed into the Urban District of St Neots.
The Third Review reflected the 1974 local government reorganisation arising from the Local Government Act 1972 which saw a further rationalisation resulting in the two recently created administrative counties being combined to form the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire. The review resulted in the first major redistribution of seats since 1918, with the abolition of the three county constituencies of Huntingdonshire, Isle of Ely and Cambridgeshire, and the creation of four new county constituencies:
- Huntingdon comprised the majority of the former constituency of Huntingdonshire, including Huntingdon, Godmanchester, Ramsey and St Ives. Areas to the west of Peterborough, including Barnack and Werrington, were transferred from the borough constituency of Peterborough, whilst areas to the south of the River Nene, including Fletton and the Ortons, which were now part of the expanded City of Peterborough, were included in Peterborough.
- North East Cambridgeshire was formed from the Isle of Ely, with the exception of the city of Ely itself. It also included Thorney and Eye, transferred back from Peterborough.
- South East Cambridgeshire included eastern areas, comprising the majority, of the former constituency of Cambridgeshire, as well as the city of Ely.
- South West Cambridgeshire was made up from parts of three existing constituencies: southern parts of Huntingdonshire, including St Neots; western parts of Cambridgeshire; and the wards of Trumpington and Queen Edith's, transferred from Cambridge.
The Fourth Review saw another increase in the number of constituencies, with the creation of the county constituency of North West Cambridgeshire. This was formed from northern parts of Huntingdon, including Ramsey, and parts of Peterborough, comprising areas to the south of the River Nene (wards of Fletton, Orton Langueville, Orton Waterville and Stanground). Werrington ward was transferred from Huntingdon to Peterborough. To compensate for the loss of northern areas, Huntingdon gained southern parts of the former county, including St Neots, from South West Cambridgeshire, which was consequently renamed South Cambridgeshire. Other changes included the transfer of north-western areas from South East Cambridgeshire to South Cambridgeshire and a small area from North East Cambridgeshire to South East Cambridgeshire.
The 2007 report of the Boundary Commission for England retained the same seven constituencies that had existed since the 1997 election, with minor boundary changes to align with current local government wards and to better equalise the electorates. These changes, which were implemented at the 2010 general election, included the transfer back of Thorney and Eye from North East Cambridgeshire to Peterborough, the return of the Cambridge ward of Trumpington from South Cambridgeshire to the Cambridge constituency, and small transfers of rural wards from North West Cambridgeshire to Huntingdon, and from South East Cambridgeshire to South Cambridgeshire.
|Name||Boundaries 1997 – 2010||Boundaries 2010 – present|
|3||North East Cambridgeshire CC|
|4||North West Cambridgeshire CC|
|6||South Cambridgeshire CC|
|7||South East Cambridgeshire CC|
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota. The review was carried out using the official UK electorate figures for 2015 and the electoral quota was set at 74,769, establishing a range of 71,031 to 78,507.
In order to meet these requirements, the Commission has recommended that Cambridgeshire be combined with Hertfordshire and Norfolk as a sub-region of the Eastern Region. This entails the transfer of four District of South Cambridgeshire wards, to the north of the Hertfordshire town of Royston, from South Cambridgeshire to the constituency of North East Hertfordshire (to be renamed Letchworth and Royston); and the transfer of the two District of East Cambridgeshire wards which comprise the village of Littleport from North East Cambridgeshire to the constituency of South West Norfolk (to be renamed Thetford and Downham Market). After allowing for these movements, the Commission has proposed that the existing seven constituencies be retained with Huntingdon being renamed Huntingdon and St Neots.
Other changes proposed to bring the constituencies within the required electoral quota range include: the City of Peterborough ward of Fletton and Woodstone from North West Cambridgeshire to Peterborough; the District of Huntingdonshire ward of Earith from North West Cambridgeshire to South East Cambridgeshire; the District of Huntingdonshire ward of Gransden and the Offords from Huntingdon to South Cambridgeshire; the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Fulbourn, Linton and Teversham from South East Cambridgeshire to South Cambridgeshire; and the City of Cambridge ward of Queen Edith's from South Cambridgeshire to Cambridge.
|Current constituencies||Electorate||Proposed constituencies||Electorate|
|Cambridge BC||67,266||Cambridge BC||72,757|
|Huntingdon CC||81,303||Huntingdon and St Neots CC||77,715|
|North East Cambridgeshire CC||81,779||North East Cambridgeshire CC||75,727|
|North West Cambridgeshire CC||89,991||North West Cambridgeshire CC||78,279|
|Peterborough BC||70,623||Peterborough BC||77,607|
|South Cambridgeshire CC||81,368||South Cambridgeshire CC||76,968|
|South East Cambridgeshire CC||82,557||South East Cambridgeshire CC||78,304|
|Letchworth and Royston CC (part)||11,478|
|Thetford and Downham Market CC (part)||6,052|
Historical representation by party
A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.
1885 to 1918 (6 MPs)
|Constituency||1885||1886||87||91||1892||1895||1900||03||1906||Jan 1910||Dec 1910||13||17|
|Ramsey||W. Fellowes||A. Fellowes||Boulton||Locker-Lampson|
1918 to 1983 (4 MPs)
|Constituency||1918||22||1922||1923||1924||1929||31||1931||34||1935||1945||1950||1951||1955||1959||61||1964||1966||67||68||1970||73||Feb 74||Oct 74||76||1979|
|Isle of Ely||Coote||Coates||Mond||Lucas-Tooth||de Rothschild||Legge-Bourke||Freud|
1transferred from Northamptonshire
1983 to present (6, then 7 MPs)
|North East Cambridgeshire||Freud||Moss||Barclay|
|South East Cambridgeshire||Pym||Paice||Frazer|
|South West Cambridgeshire / South Cambridgeshire (1997)||Grant||Lansley||Allen||→||→|
|North West Cambridgeshire||Mawhinney||Vara|
- BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
- The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.
- As of the 2017 general election.
- "2017 Electorates".
- Results of the 2017 general election, BBC News
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, page 4". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- Boundary Commission for England pp. 1004–1007
- "2010 Electorates".
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (Document type: Electoral data) (24 February 2016). "The electorate of each region subdivided by both local authorities and each existing constituency".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations constituency list (with wards)".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)