List of Parliamentary constituencies in Cambridgeshire

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Location of the county of Cambridgeshire (red) and the Peterborough unitary authority (orange) in England.

The ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire (which includes the area of the Peterborough unitary authority) is divided into seven parliamentary constituencies. There are two borough constituencies and five county constituencies, which each elect one Member of Parliament to represent it in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Constituencies[edit]

  † Conservative   ‡ Labour   ¤ Liberal Democrat   Independent   Change UK

Constituency[nb 1] Electorate[1] Majority[nb 2][2] Member of Parliament Nearest opposition[nb 3] Electoral wards[3][4] Map
Cambridge BC 78,544 12,661   Daniel Zeichner   Julian Huppert ¤ Cambridge City Council: Abbey, Arbury, Castle, Cherry Hinton, Coleridge, East Chesterton, King's Hedges, Market, Newnham, Petersfield, Romsey, Trumpington, West Chesterton.
A small constituency, located in the centre of the county.
Huntingdon CC 84,273 14,475   Jonathan Djanogly   Nik Johnson ‡ Huntingdonshire District Council: Alconbury and The Stukeleys, Brampton, Buckden, Fenstanton, Godmanchester, Gransden and The Offords, Huntingdon East, Huntingdon North, Huntingdon West, Kimbolton and Staughton, Little Paxton, St Ives East, St Ives South, St Ives West, St Neots Eaton Ford, St Neots Eaton Socon, St Neots Eynesbury, St Neots Priory Park, The Hemingfords.
A medium constituency in the southwest of the county.
North East Cambridgeshire CC 84,414 21,270   Stephen Barclay   Ken Rustidge ‡ East Cambridgeshire District Council: Downham Villages, Littleport East, Littleport West, Sutton.
Fenland District Council: Bassenhally, Benwick, Coates and Eastrea, Birch, Clarkson, Delph, Doddington, Elm and Christchurch, Hill, Kingsmoor, Kirkgate, Lattersey, Manea, March East, March North, March West, Medworth, Parson Drove and Wisbech St Mary, Peckover, Roman Bank, St Andrews, St Marys, Slade Lode, Staithe, The Mills, Waterlees, Wenneye, Wimblington.
A large constituency, located in the northeast of the county.
North West Cambridgeshire CC 93,221 18,008   Shailesh Vara   Iain Ramsbottom ‡ Peterborough City Council: Barnack, Fletton, Glinton and Wittering, Northborough, Orton Longueville, Orton Waterville, Orton With Hampton, Stanground Central, Stanground East.
Huntingdonshire District Council: Earith, Ellington, Elton and Folksworth, Ramsey, Sawtry, Somersham, Stilton, Upwood and The Raveleys, Warboys and Bury, Yaxley and Farcet.
A medium-to-large constituency, stretching from the centre of the county to the northwest.
Peterborough BC 71,522 607   Fiona Onasanya   Stewart Jackson Peterborough City Council: Bretton North, Bretton South, Central, Dogsthorpe, East, Eye and Thorney, Newborough, North, Park, Paston, Ravensthorpe, Walton, Werrington North, Werrington South, West.
A small constituency in the northwest of the county.
South Cambridgeshire CC 85,257 15,952   Heidi Allen   Dan Greef ‡ Cambridge City Council: Queen Edith's.
South Cambridgeshire District Council: Bar Hill, Barton, Bassingbourn, Bourn, Caldecote, Comberton, Cottenham, Duxford, Fowlmere and Foxton, Gamlingay, Girton, Hardwick, Harston and Hauxton, Haslingfield and The Eversdens, Longstanton, Melbourn, Meldreth, Orwell and Barrington, Papworth and Elsworth, Sawston, Swavesey, The Abingtons, The Mordens, The Shelfords and Stapleford, Whittlesford.
A medium constituency in the south of the county.
South East Cambridgeshire CC 86,121 16,158   Lucy Frazer   Huw Jones ‡ East Cambridgeshire District Council: Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely East, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Haddenham, Isleham, Soham North, Soham South, Stretham, The Swaffhams.
South Cambridgeshire District Council: Balsham, Fulbourn, Histon and Impington, Linton, Milton, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, Willingham and Over.
A large constituency, situated in the southeast of the county.

Election results[edit]

1983 1987 1992 1997 2001
CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituency1983Results.svg CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituency1987Results.svg CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituency1992Results.svg CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituency1997Results.svg CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituency1997Results.svg
2005 2010 2015 2017
CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituency2005Results.svg CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituency2010Results.svg Cambridgeshire 2015 general election results.svg Cambridgeshire 2017 general election results.svg

The total number of votes cast for each political party or individual candidate who fielded candidates in constituencies within Cambridgeshire in the 2017 general election were as follows;[5]

Party Votes Votes% Seats
Conservatives 203,492 49.7 5
Labour Party 138,135 33.7 2
Liberal Democrats 52,669 12.9
Greens 6,999 1.7
UKIP 6,872 1.7
English Democrats 293 0.2
Rebooting Democracy 133 0.1
Total 408,593 100.0 7

History of constituencies and boundaries[edit]

Timeline[edit]

  1290 – 1295 1295 – 1541 1541 – 1603 1603 – 1885 1885 – 1918 1918 – 1950 1950 – 1983 1983 – 1997 1997 – present
Cambridgeshire 1290 – 1885   1918 – 1983  
Huntingdonshire 1290 – 1885   1918 – 1983  
Cambridge   1295 – present
Huntingdon   1295 – 1918   1983 – present
Peterborough   1541 – present
Cambridge University   1603 – 1950  
Chesterton   1885 – 1918  
Newmarket   1885 – 1918  
Ramsey   1885 – 1918  
Wisbech   1885 – 1918  
Isle of Ely   1918 – 1983  
South West Cambridgeshire   1983 – 1997  
North East Cambridgeshire   1983 – present
South East Cambridgeshire   1983 – present
North West Cambridgeshire   1997 – present
South Cambridgeshire   1997 – present

Prior to 1885[edit]

Since 1290, the Counties of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, along with all other English Counties regardless of size or population, had elected 2 MPs to the House of Commons in accordance with the freehold property franchise. In addition the Parliamentary Boroughs of Cambridge and Huntingdon had been represented since 1295, each also returning 2 MPs. Peterborough, which was historically part of Northamptonshire, first returned 2 MPs in 1541. The only change resulting from the Great Reform Act of 1832, which radically changed the representation of the House of Commons, was to increase the representation of Cambridgeshire to 3 MPs. Under the Reform Act of 1867, the representation of the Borough of Huntingdon was reduced to 1 MP.

Additionally, Cambridge University returned two Members of Parliament from 1603 to 1950. However it was not a geographic area and instead represented the graduates of the university.

1885-1918[edit]

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the representation of the Borough of Cambridge was reduced to 1 MP and Cambridgeshire was divided into 3 single-member constituencies, namely the Northern or Wisbech Division, the Eastern or Newmarket Division and the Western or Chesterton Division. The Borough of Huntingdon was abolished and Huntingdonshire was divided into 2 single-member Constituencies, namely the Northern or Ramsey Division and the Southern or Huntingdon Division. The representation of the Borough of Peterborough was also reduced to 1 MP.

The table shows an approximate representation of the development of constituencies in Cambridgeshire since 1885. The text below gives a more detailed description.

1885-1918 1918-1974 1974-1983 1983-1997 1997–present
Peterborough BC Peterborough CC1 Peterborough BC Peterborough BC Peterborough BC
Ramsey CC Huntingdonshire CC Huntingdonshire CC Huntingdon CC North West Cambridgeshire CC
Huntingdon CC Huntingdon CC
Wisbech CC Isle of Ely CC Isle of Ely CC North East Cambridgeshire CC North East Cambridgeshire CC
Newmarket CC Cambridgeshire CC Cambridgeshire CC South East Cambridgeshire CC South East Cambridgeshire CC
Chesterton CC South West Cambridgeshire CC South Cambridgeshire CC
Cambridge BC Cambridge BC Cambridge BC Cambridge BC Cambridge BC
BC = Borough Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary Borough or Division thereof)

CC = County Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary County of Division thereof)

1Part of Northamptonshire with the Soke of Peterborough

1918-1974[edit]

Under the Local Government Act 1888, which created county councils, the Isle of Ely and the Soke of Peterborough had been created as a separate administrative counties, hived off from Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire respectively. These changes were not reflected until the parliamentary constituencies were next redistributed by the Representation of the People Act 1918. The Wisbech Division was replaced by the Parliamentary County of Isle of Ely, including the city of Ely, which had been in the Newmarket Division, and a small area in the north of the Chesterton Division. Areas of the expanded Municipal Borough of Cambridge which had been in the Chesterton Division were now included in the Parliamentary Borough, with the remainder of Newmarket and Chesterton being combined to form the re-established Parliamentary County of Cambridgeshire. The Ramsey and Huntingdon Divisions were also combined to form the re-established Parliamentary County of Huntingdonshire. Peterborough was abolished as a Parliamentary Borough and reconstituted as a Division of Northamptonshire with the Soke of Peterborough, absorbing the bulk of the abolished Northern Division of Northamptonshire.

These constituencies remained more-or-less unchanged until 1974.

1974-1983[edit]

In 1965 the administrative counties of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, and Huntingdonshire and the Soke of Peterborough, were combined to form Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely and Huntingdon and Peterborough respectively. Following the Second Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies, which came into effect for the February 1974 general election, Peterborough was redesignated as a Borough Constituency, composed of the local authorities which had comprised the Soke, together with the small Rural District of Thorney, which was transferred from the county/constituency of Isle of Ely. The parts in Northamptonshire were transferred to the county constituency of Wellingborough. The only other change affected Huntingdonshire, gaining the village of Eaton Socon, which had been in the county of Bedfordshire/constituency of Mid Bedfordshire, and had been absorbed into the Urban District of St Neots.

1983-1997[edit]

The Third Review reflected the 1974 local government reorganisation arising from the Local Government Act 1972 which saw a further rationalisation resulting in the two recently created administrative counties being combined to form the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire. The review resulted in the first major redistribution of seats since 1918, with the abolition of the three county constituencies of Huntingdonshire, Isle of Ely and Cambridgeshire, and the creation of four new county constituencies:

1997-2010[edit]

The Fourth Review saw another increase in the number of constituencies, with the creation of the county constituency of North West Cambridgeshire. This was formed from northern parts of Huntingdon, including Ramsey, and parts of Peterborough, comprising areas to the south of the River Nene (wards of Fletton, Orton Langueville, Orton Waterville and Stanground). Werrington ward was transferred from Huntingdon to Peterborough. To compensate for the loss of northern areas, Huntingdon gained southern parts of the former county, including St Neots, from South West Cambridgeshire, which was consequently renamed South Cambridgeshire. Other changes included the transfer of north-western areas from South East Cambridgeshire to South Cambridgeshire and a small area from North East Cambridgeshire to South East Cambridgeshire.

2010-present[edit]

The 2007 report of the Boundary Commission for England retained the same seven constituencies that had existed since the 1997 election, with minor boundary changes to align with current local government wards and to better equalise the electorates. These changes, which were implemented at the 2010 general election, included the transfer back of Thorney and Eye from North East Cambridgeshire to Peterborough, the return of the Cambridge ward of Trumpington from South Cambridgeshire to the Cambridge constituency, and small transfers of rural wards from North West Cambridgeshire to Huntingdon, and from South East Cambridgeshire to South Cambridgeshire.

  Name Boundaries 1997 – 2010 Boundaries 2010 – present
1 Cambridge BC
CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituenciesNumbered.svg
CambridgeshireParliamentaryConstituencies2007.svg
2 Huntingdon CC
3 North East Cambridgeshire CC
4 North West Cambridgeshire CC
5 Peterborough BC
6 South Cambridgeshire CC
7 South East Cambridgeshire CC

Changes proposed for 2022[6][edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota. The review was carried out using the official UK electorate figures for 2015 and the electoral quota was set at 74,769, establishing a range of 71,031 to 78,507.

In order to meet these requirements, the Commission has recommended that Cambridgeshire be combined with Hertfordshire and Norfolk as a sub-region of the Eastern Region. This entails the transfer of four District of South Cambridgeshire wards, to the north of the Hertfordshire town of Royston, from South Cambridgeshire to the constituency of North East Hertfordshire (to be renamed Letchworth and Royston); and the transfer of the two District of East Cambridgeshire wards which comprise the village of Littleport from North East Cambridgeshire to the constituency of South West Norfolk (to be renamed Thetford and Downham Market). After allowing for these movements, the Commission has proposed that the existing seven constituencies be retained with Huntingdon being renamed Huntingdon and St Neots.

Other changes proposed to bring the constituencies within the required electoral quota range include: the City of Peterborough ward of Fletton and Woodstone from North West Cambridgeshire to Peterborough; the District of Huntingdonshire ward of Earith from North West Cambridgeshire to South East Cambridgeshire; the District of Huntingdonshire ward of Gransden and the Offords from Huntingdon to South Cambridgeshire; the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Fulbourn, Linton and Teversham from South East Cambridgeshire to South Cambridgeshire; and the City of Cambridge ward of Queen Edith's from South Cambridgeshire to Cambridge.

Current constituencies Electorate[7] Proposed constituencies[8] Electorate[8]
Cambridge BC 67,266 Cambridge BC 72,757
Huntingdon CC 81,303 Huntingdon and St Neots CC 77,715
North East Cambridgeshire CC 81,779 North East Cambridgeshire CC 75,727
North West Cambridgeshire CC 89,991 North West Cambridgeshire CC 78,279
Peterborough BC 70,623 Peterborough BC 77,607
South Cambridgeshire CC 81,368 South Cambridgeshire CC 76,968
South East Cambridgeshire CC 82,557 South East Cambridgeshire CC 78,304
Letchworth and Royston CC (part) 11,478
Thetford and Downham Market CC (part) 6,052
554,887 554,887

Historical representation by party[edit]

A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.

1885 to 1918 (6 MPs)[edit]

  Conservative   Liberal

Constituency 1885 1886 87 91 1892 1895 1900 03 1906 Jan 1910 Dec 1910 13 17
Cambridge Uniacke-Penrose-Fitzgerald Buckmaster Paget Geddes
Chesterton Hall Hoare Greene E. Montagu
Huntingdon Coote Smith-Barry G. Montagu Whitbread Cator
Newmarket Newnes McCalmont Rose Verrall Rose Denison-Pender
Ramsey W. Fellowes A. Fellowes Boulton Locker-Lampson
Wisbech Rigby Selwyn Brand Giles Brand Beck Primrose Coote

1918 to 1983 (4 MPs)[edit]

  Coalition Liberal (1918-22) / National Liberal (1922-23)   Conservative   Labour   Liberal   National Liberal (1931-68)

Constituency 1918 22 1922 1923 1924 1929 31 1931 34 1935 1945 1950 1951 1955 1959 61 1964 1966 67 68 1970 73 Feb 74 Oct 74 76 1979
Cambridge Geddes Newton Tufnell Symonds Kerr Davies Lane Rhodes James
Cambridgeshire Montagu Gray Briscoe Stubbs Howard Pym
Huntingdonshire Locker-Lampson Murchison Costello Murchison Peters Renton Major
Isle of Ely Coote Coates Mond Lucas-Tooth de Rothschild Legge-Bourke Freud
Peterborough1 Nicholls Ward Mawhinney

1transferred from Northamptonshire

1983 to present (6, then 7 MPs)[edit]

  Conservative   Independent   Change UK   Labour   Liberal   Liberal Democrats

Constituency 1983 1987 1992 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015 2017 18 19 19
Cambridge Rhodes James Campbell Howarth Huppert Zeichner
Peterborough Mawhinney Clark Jackson Onasanya Forbes
Huntingdon Major Djanogly
North East Cambridgeshire Freud Moss Barclay
South East Cambridgeshire Pym Paice Frazer
South West Cambridgeshire / South Cambridgeshire (1997) Grant Lansley Allen
North West Cambridgeshire Mawhinney Vara

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.
  3. ^ As of the 2017 general election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 Electorates".
  2. ^ Results of the 2017 general election, BBC News
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, page 4". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  4. ^ Boundary Commission for England pp. 1004–1007
  5. ^ "2010 Electorates".
  6. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (Document type: Electoral data) (24 February 2016). "The electorate of each region subdivided by both local authorities and each existing constituency".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ a b Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations constituency list (with wards)".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)