List of Parliamentary constituencies in Essex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The county of Essex (which includes the unitary authorities of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock) is divided into 18 Parliamentary constituencies (sub-classified into six of borough type and twelve of county status affecting the level of expenses permitted and status of returning officer). The county in common with Surrey saw the vast bulk of its population and seats removed on the creation of the County of London in 1887 combined with its wider replacement the county of Greater London in 1965. Reflecting the present definition of the rump county, all of Essex's seats were won by Conservative MPs at the United Kingdom General Election, 2017. Conservatives have won a majority of the Essex seats since the removal of large, heavily populated parts of the county into Greater London in 1965.

Constituencies[edit]

  Conservative†   Labour‡   Liberal Democrat¤


Constituency[nb 1] Electorate Majority[nb 2] Majority
(percentage)
Member of Parliament Nearest opposition Map
Basildon and Billericay BC 66,345 13,400 29.8%   John Baron   Kayte Block‡
Braintree CC 73,557 18,422 35.2%   James Cleverly   Malcolm Fincken‡
Brentwood and Ongar CC 71,918 24,002 45.4%   Alex Burghart   Gareth Barrett‡
Castle Point BC 68,170 18,872 42.2%   Rebecca Harris   Joe Cooke‡
Chelmsford BC 78,580 13,572 23.9%   Vicky Ford   Chris Vince‡
Clacton CC 68,936 15,828 35.8%   Giles Watling   Natasha Osben‡
Colchester BC 74,204 5,677 10.6%   Will Quince   Tim Young‡
Epping Forest CC 73,447 18,243 36.0%   Eleanor Laing   Liam Preston‡
Harlow CC 67,994 7,031 15.6%   Robert Halfon   Phil Waite‡
Harwich and North Essex CC 69,290 14,356 28.1%   Bernard Jenkin   Rosalind Scott‡
Maldon CC 69,066 29,430 56.7%   John Whittingdale   Peter Edwards‡
Rayleigh and Wickford CC 77,174 23,450 42.4%   Mark Francois   Mark Daniels‡
Rochford and Southend East CC 71,935 5,548 11.7%   James Duddridge   Ashley Dalton‡
Saffron Walden CC 80,615 24,966 41.0%   Kemi Badenoch   Jane Berney‡
South Basildon and East Thurrock CC 71,155 11,490 24.4%   Stephen Metcalfe   Byron Taylor‡
Southend West BC 66,876 10,000 20.6%   David Amess   Julian Ware-Lane‡
Thurrock BC 77,559 345 0.7%   Jackie Doyle-Price   John Kent‡
Witham CC 67,090 18,646 37.9%   Priti Patel   Phil Barlow‡

Following the 2017 General Election, the Conservative Party made a net gain of one seat in Essex by gaining the seat of Clacton from UKIP. This also saw Thurrock become the most marginal seat in the county. 2017 was the first time since 1987 that Essex had returned a full slate of Conservative MPs.

Map of current constituencies[edit]

Constituency name Map
  1. Basildon and Billericay BC
  2. Braintree CC
  3. Brentwood and Ongar CC
  4. Castle Point BC
  5. Chelmsford BC
  6. Clacton CC
  7. Colchester BC
  8. Epping Forest CC
  9. Harlow CC
  10. Harwich and North Essex CC
  11. Maldon CC
  12. Rayleigh and Wickford CC
  13. Rochford and Southend East CC
  14. Saffron Walden CC
  15. South Basildon and East Thurrock CC
  16. Southend West BC
  17. Thurrock BC
  18. Witham CC
Proposed Revised constituencies in Essex

Changes proposed in 2016[edit]

As part of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the Boundary Commission for England proposed the following constituencies for Essex at the 2020 general election.[1]

Historic changes[edit]

Nomenclature

Changes of substance are tabularised in summary of results below since the division of the two-member seat of Essex. One change of name has occurred during the currency of a seat's borders, that is, other than on boundary reviews — Woodford (almost all of which seat is no longer in the county) was renamed in 1964 to become Wanstead and Woodford and at least three such changes since 1965, see tables in the summary of results section below.

Changes in county to Greater London

Results[edit]

1997 2001 2005
EssexParliamentaryConstituency1997Results.png EssexParliamentaryConstituency2001Results.png EssexParliamentaryConstituency2005Results3.png
2010 2015 2017
EssexParliamentaryConstituency2010Results2.png EssexParliamentaryConstituency2015Results2.png EssexParliamentaryConstituency2017Results2.png

Historical representation by party[edit]

1885 to 1918[edit]

  Conservative   Independent Labour   Independent Labour Party   Labour   Liberal   Liberal-Labour

Constituency 1885 1886 88 92 1892 93 94 95 1895 97 1900 01 1906 08 Jan 1910 Dec 1910 11 12 17
Chelmsford Beadel Usborne Rasch Pretyman
Colchester Trotter Greville Naylor-Leyland Pearson Worthington-Evans
Epping Selwin-Ibbetson Lockwood Colvin
Essex South East Makins Rasch Tufnell Whitehead Kirkwood Guinness
Harwich Round Lever Newton
Maldon Kitching Gray Dodd Strutt T. Bethell Flannery
Romford Westlake Theobald Wigram Sinclair J. Bethell
Saffron Walden Gardner Gold Wodehouse Pease Proby Beck
Walthamstow Buxton Makins Byrne Woods Morgan Simon
West Ham North Cook Fulton Grove Gray Masterman de Forest
West Ham South Leicester Banes Hardie --> Banes Thorne

Key: bulk or all of areas marked † form part of present-day Greater London.

1918 to 1965[edit]

  British Socialist (1919-20) / Communist (1920-22)   Coalition Liberal (1918-22) / National Liberal (1922-23)   Coalition National Democratic & Labour   Common Wealth   Conservative   Constitutionalist   Independent   Labour Independent Group (1949-50)   Labour   Liberal   National Liberal (1931-68)   National Socialist

Constituency 1918 18 19 20 21 1922 1923 1924 24 26 27 28 1929 31 1931 34 1935 37 40 42 45 1945 46 49 1950 1951 54 1955 56 57 59 1959 61 1964
Leyton East Malone Alexander Church Alexander Brockway Mills Bechervaise
Silvertown Jones Hollins Comyns
Stratford Lyle Groves Nicholls
Chelmsford Pretyman Robinson Curtis-Bennett Howard-Bury Henderson Macnamara Millington --> Ashton St John-Stev
Colchester Worthington-Evans Lewis Smith Alport Buck
East Ham N Bethell Crook Lawrence Crook Lawrence Mayhew Daines Prentice
East Ham S Edwards Barnes Campbell-Jn Barnes Oram
Epping Colvin Lyle Churchill --> Manning Davies Finlay Newens
Essex SE Hilder Hoffman Looker Oldfield Raikes Gunter Braine
Harwich Newton Hillary Rice Pybus --> Holmes Ridsdale
Ilford / Ilford N (1945) Griggs Wise Hamilton Hutchinson Ridealgh Hutchinson Iremonger
Leyton West / L'n (50) Wrightson Newbould Cassels Sorensen Sugden Sorensen
Maldon Flannery Ruggles-B Crittall Ruggles-Brise Driberg --> Harrison
Romford Martin Rhys Muggeridge Hutchison Parker Macpherson Lockwood Ledger
Saffron Walden Beck --> -> Mitchell Butler
Southend / S'd W (1950) R. Guinness G. Guinness H. Channon P. Channon
Walthamstow E Johnson Greenwood --> Wallace Beauchamp Wallace Harvey
Walthamstow W Jesson McEntee Crawfurd McEntee Attlee Redhead
Plaistow / W Ham S (45) Thorne Elwyn Jones
Upton / W Ham N (45) Wild Margesson Gardner Holt Gardner Chotzner Gardner Lewis
Woodfd / & Wanst (64) Churchill Jenkin
Ilford South Ranger Cooper
Barking Hastings Driberg
Dagenham Parker
Hornchurch Bing Lagden
Thurrock Solley --> Delargy
Southend East McAdden
Billericay Braine Body Gardner
Chigwell Biggs-Davison

1965 to present[edit]

  Conservative   Independent   Labour   Liberal Democrats   National Liberal (1931-68)   UKIP

Constituency 1965 1966 68 1970 Feb 74 Oct 74 76 77 1979 80 1983 1987 88 1992 1997 2001 2005 08 08 2010 14 2015 17 2017
Chigwell Biggs-Davison
Essex South East / Castle Point (1983) Braine Spink Butler Spink --> --> Harris
Colchester (1965-1983, 1997-) / North Colchester

(1983)

Buck Jenkin Russell Quince
Epping / Epping Forest (1974) Newens Tebbit Biggs-Davison Norris Laing
Harlow Newens Hayes Rammell Halfon
Harwich / Clacton (2010) Ridsdale --> Sproat Henderson Carswell --> --> Watling
Maldon (65-83, 2010-) / S Colchester & M (83) / M & E Chelmsford (97) Harrison Wakeham Whittingdale
Southend East

/ & Rochford (1997)

McAdden Taylor Duddridge
Saffron Walden Kirk Haselhurst Badenoch
Southend West Channon Amess
Thurrock Delargy McDonald Janman MacKinlay Doyle-Price
Chelmsford (1965-97, 2010-) / W Chelmsford (1997) St John-Stevas Burns Ford
Billericay / & Basildon (2010) Gardner Moonman McCrindle Proctor Gorman Baron
Basildon / South Basildon and East Thurrock (2010) Moonman Proctor Amess Smith Metcalfe
Braintree Newton Hurst Newmark Cleverly
Brentwood and Ongar McCrindle Pickles Burghart
Rochford

/ Rayleigh (1997) / Rayleigh and Wickford (2010)

Clark Francois
North Essex / Harwich and North Essex (2010) Jenkin
Witham Patel

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Initial proposals East of England". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 21 September 2016.