List of Parliamentary constituencies in Gwynedd

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Three constituencies cover the preserved county of Gwynedd for the House of Commons of the UK Parliament (Westminster), and are used also for elections to the National Assembly for Wales. The current boundaries have been effective since the 2007 National Assembly for Wales election and the 2010 United Kingdom general election.[1][n 1].

The preserved county of Gwynedd shares its name with the southern bulk, the principal area, Gwynedd, Anglesey (Welsh: Ynys Môn), forms a second principal area, i.e. has its own local government council.

For Welsh Assembly elections, the constituencies each elect one assembly member and are grouped into additional-member electoral regions, in this instance the region is North Wales.

Westminster boundaries[edit]

From 2010[edit]

Constituency Boundaries
1. Arfon CC (Westminster)
Parliamentary constituencies in Gwynedd 2010
2. Dwyfor Meirionnydd CC (Westminster)
3. Ynys Môn CC (Westminster)

  Plaid Cymru   Conservative   Labour

Constituency Electorate Majority Member of Parliament Nearest opposition Map reference above
Arfon 42,215 2,781   Hywel Williams   Steffie Williams Roberts ‡ 1
Dwyfor Meirionnydd 44,362 4,740   Liz Saville-Roberts   Tomos Davies † 2
Ynys Môn 51,925 1,968   Virginia Crosbie   Mary Roberts ‡ 3

1997 to 2010[edit]

Constituency Boundaries
1. Caernarfon CC (Westminster)
Parliamentary constituencies in Gwynedd pre-2010
2. Conwy CC (Westminster) (part)
3. Meirionnydd Nant Conwy CC (Westminster) (part)
4. Ynys Môn CC (Westminster)

Proposed boundary changes[edit]

The Boundary Commission for Wales submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they did not come into effect for the 2019 election which took place on 12 December 2019, and which was contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota.

On 24 March 2020, the Minister of State for the Cabinet Office, Chloe Smith, issued a written statement to Parliament setting out the Government's thinking with regard to parliamentary boundaries. They propose to bring forward primary legislation to remove the statutory obligation to implement the 2018 Boundary Review recommendations, as well as set the framework for future boundary reviews in time for the next review which is due to begin in early 2021 and report no later than October 2023. It is proposed that the number of constituencies now remains at the current level of 650, rather than being reduced to 600, while retaining the requirement that the electorate should be no more than +/- 5% from the electoral quota.[2]

Assembly boundaries[edit]

From 2007[edit]

Constituency Assembly region Constituency boundaries
1. Arfon CC (Assembly) North Wales
Assembly constituencies in Gwynedd 2007
2. Dwyfor Meirionnydd CC (Assembly) Mid and West Wales
3. Ynys Môn CC (Assembly) North Wales

The North Wales region also includes seven Clwyd constituencies. The Mid and West Wales region also includes five Dyfed constituencies and two Powys constituencies.

1999 to 2007[edit]

Constituency Assembly region Constituency boundaries
1. Caernarfon CC (Assembly) North Wales
Assembly constituencies in Gwynedd pre-2007
2. Conwy CC (Assembly) (part)
3. Meirionnydd Nant Conwy CC (Assembly) (part) Mid and West Wales
4. Ynys Môn CC (Assembly) North Wales

Historical representation by party[edit]

Before 1974 this table covers the historic counties of Anglesey, Carnarvonshire and Merionethshire. A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.

1832 to 1885[edit]

  Conservative   Liberal   Peelite   Whig

Constituency 1832 33 33 1835 36 1837 1841 46 1847 1852 1857 1859 1865 66 1868 70 1874 1880 80 82
Anglesey Williams-Bulkeley Stanley Williams-Bulkeley Davies
Beaumaris F. Paget G. Paget Stanley Lloyd
Caernarvon C. Paget Nanney C. Paget L. Jones-Parry Hughes C. Wynne Hughes T. Jones-Parry
Caernarvonshire Smith Ormsby-Gore E. Douglas-Pennant G. Douglas-Pennant T. Jones-Parry G. Douglas-Pennant C. Williams Rathbone
Merionethshire Vaughan Richards W. W. Wynne W. R. Wynne D. Williams Holland

1885 to 1950[edit]

  Coalition Liberal (1918–22) / National Liberal (1922–23)   Conservative   Independent Labour   Independent Liberals   Labour   Liberal

Constituency 1885 1886 90 1892 1895 99 00 06 06 Jan 10 Dec 10 15 1918 1922 23 1923 24 1929 1931 1935 45 1945
Anglesey R. Davies Lewis Ellis-Griffith O. Thomas R. Thomas M. Lloyd George
Arfon (1885–1918) / Carnarvonshire (1918–50) Rathbone W. Jones Rees Breese R. Jones Owen G. Roberts
Carnarvon Jones-Parry Swetenham D. Lloyd George S. Davies Price-White
Merionethshire Robertson Ellis Edwards Williams Haydn Jones E. Roberts
Eifion J. Roberts E. Davies

1950 to present[edit]

  Conservative   Labour   Liberal   Plaid Cymru

Constituency 1950 1951 1955 1959 1964 1966 1970 Feb 1974 Oct 1974 1979 1983 1987 1992 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015 2017 2019
Anglesey / Ynys Môn (1983–) Lloyd George Hughes Best Wyn Jones Owen Crosbie
Caernarfon / Arfon (2010–) G. Roberts Wigley H. Williams
Merionethshire / Meirionnydd Nant Conwy (1983) / Dwyfor M (2010) E. Roberts T. Jones Edwards Thomas Llwyd Saville-Roberts
Conway W. Jones Thomas Davies W. Roberts B. Williams moved to Clwyd

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

References
  1. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies and Assembly Electoral Regions (Wales) Order 2006, OPSI website
  2. ^ "Update: Strengthening Democracy:Written statement - HCWS183". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020-04-21.
Notes
  1. ^ county constituencies (CCs) for the purposes of type of returning officer and level of expenses; the trivial distinction is sometimes made in the most detailed analyses of UK politics between borough and county constituencies