List of Parliamentary constituencies in the West Midlands (county)

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The ceremonial county of West Midlands, England is divided into 28 parliamentary constituencies, each of which elect one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons. These constituencies were first implemented at the 2010 general election. All are borough constituencies except for Meriden, which is a county constituency.

Constituencies[edit]

  Conservative   Labour

Constituency[nb 1] Electorate[1] Majority[2][nb 2] Member of Parliament[2] Nearest opposition[2] Map
Aldridge-Brownhills BC 60,138 19,836 Wendy Morton   David Morgan ‡
Birmingham, Edgbaston BC 68,828 5,614   Preet Gill Alex Yip †
Birmingham, Erdington BC 66,148 3,601   Jack Dromey Robert Alden †
Birmingham, Hall Green BC 80,283 28,508   Tahir Ali   Penny-Anne O'Donnell †
Birmingham, Hodge Hill BC 78,295 28,655   Liam Byrne   Akaal Sidhu †
Birmingham, Ladywood BC 74,912 28,582   Shabana Mahmood   Mary Noone †
Birmingham, Northfield BC 73,694 1,640   Gary Sambrook   Richard Burden
Birmingham, Perry Barr BC 72,006 15,317   Khalid Mahmood   Raaj Shamji †
Birmingham, Selly Oak BC 82,665 12,414   Steve McCabe   Hannah Campbell †
Birmingham, Yardley BC 74,704 10,659   Jess Phillips   Vincent Garrington †
Coventry North East BC 76,006 7,692   Colleen Fletcher   Sophie Richards †
Coventry North West BC 75,247 208   Taiwo Owatemi   Clare Golby †
Coventry South BC 70,979 401   Zarah Sultana   Mattie Heaven †
Dudley North BC 61,936 11,533   Marco Longhi   Melanie Dudley †
Dudley South BC 60,731 15,565   Mike Wood   Lucy Caldicott ‡
Halesowen and Rowley Regis BC 68,300 12,074   James Morris   Ian Cooper ‡
Meriden CC 85,368 22,836   Saqib Bhatti   Teresa Beddis ‡
Solihull BC 78,760 21,273 Julian Knight   Nick Stephens ‡
Stourbridge BC 69,891 13,571   Suzanne Webb   Pete Lowe ‡
Sutton Coldfield BC 75,638 19,272   Andrew Mitchell   Robert Knowles ‡
Walsall North BC 67,177 11,965   Eddie Hughes   Gill Ogilvie ‡
Walsall South BC 68,024 3,456   Valerie Vaz   Gurjit Bains †
Warley BC 62,357 11,511   John Spellar   Chandra Kanneganti †
West Bromwich East BC 62,046 1,593   Nicola Richards   Ibrahim Dogus
West Bromwich West BC 64,517 3,799   Shaun Bailey   James Cunningham ‡
Wolverhampton North East BC 61,660 4,080   Jane Stevenson   Emma Reynolds
Wolverhampton South East BC 62,883 1,235   Pat McFadden   Ahmed Ejaz †
Wolverhampton South West BC 60,534 1,661   Stuart Anderson   Eleanor Smith

Boundary changes[edit]

At the 1997, 2001 and 2005 elections, the West Midlands was divided into 29 Parliamentary constituencies.

Name 1997-2010 boundaries Name
  1. Aldridge-Brownhills BC
  2. Birmingham, Edgbaston BC
  3. Birmingham, Erdington BC
  4. Birmingham, Hall Green BC
  5. Birmingham, Hodge Hill BC
  6. Birmingham, Ladywood BC
  7. Birmingham, Northfield BC
  8. Birmingham, Perry Barr BC
  9. Birmingham, Selly Oak BC
  10. Birmingham, Sparkbrook and Small Heath BC
  11. Birmingham, Yardley BC
  12. Coventry North East BC
  13. Coventry North West BC
  14. Coventry South BC
Parliamentary constituencies in West Midlands
  1. Dudley North BC
  2. Dudley South BC
  3. Halesowen and Rowley Regis BC
  4. Meriden CC
  5. Solihull BC
  6. Stourbridge BC
  7. Sutton Coldfield BC
  8. Walsall North BC
  9. Walsall South BC
  10. Warley BC
  11. West Bromwich East BC
  12. West Bromwich West BC
  13. Wolverhampton North East BC
  14. Wolverhampton South East BC
  15. Wolverhampton South West BC
Name 2010–present boundaries Name
  1. Aldridge-Brownhills BC
  2. Birmingham, Edgbaston BC
  3. Birmingham, Erdington BC
  4. Birmingham, Hall Green BC
  5. Birmingham, Hodge Hill BC
  6. Birmingham, Ladywood BC
  7. Birmingham, Northfield BC
  8. Birmingham, Perry Barr BC
  9. Birmingham, Selly Oak BC
  10. Birmingham, Yardley BC
  11. Coventry North East BC
  12. Coventry North West BC
  13. Coventry South BC
  14. Dudley North BC
Proposed Parliamentary constituencies in West Midlands
  1. Dudley South BC
  2. Halesowen and Rowley Regis BC
  3. Meriden CC
  4. Solihull BC
  5. Stourbridge BC
  6. Sutton Coldfield BC
  7. Walsall North BC
  8. Walsall South BC
  9. Warley BC
  10. West Bromwich East BC
  11. West Bromwich West BC
  12. Wolverhampton North East BC
  13. Wolverhampton South East BC
  14. Wolverhampton South West BC

Proposed boundary changes[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they did not come into effect for the 2019 election which took place on 12 December 2019, and which was contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota.

On 24 March 2020, the Minister of State for the Cabinet Office, Chloe Smith, issued a written statement to Parliament setting out the Government's thinking with regard to parliamentary boundaries. They propose to bring forward primary legislation to remove the statutory obligation to implement the 2018 Boundary Review recommendations, as well as set the framework for future boundary reviews in time for the next review which is due to begin in early 2021 and report no later than October 2023. It is proposed that the number of constituencies now remains at the current level of 650, rather than being reduced to 600, while retaining the requirement that the electorate should be no more than +/- 5% from the electoral quota.[3]

Results history[edit]

Primary data source: House of Commons research briefing - General election results from 1918 to 2019[4]

2019[edit]

The number of votes cast for each political party who fielded candidates in constituencies comprising West Midlands in the 2019 general election were as follows:

Party Votes % Change from 2017 Seats Change from 2017
Conservative 527,912 44.4% Increase4.5% 14 Increase6
Labour 525,067 44.1% Decrease8.3% 14 Decrease6
Liberal Democrats 72,345 6.1% Increase2.4% 0 0
Brexit 29,853 2.5% new 0 0
Greens 27,371 2.3% Increase1.1% 0 0
Others 7,690 0.6% Decrease2.2% 0 0
Total 1,190,238 100.0 28

Percentage votes[edit]

Election year 1983 1987 1992 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015 2017 2019
Conservative 41.7 42.6 42.1 29.8 30.6 29.5 33.5 33.1 39.9 44.4
Labour1 37.4 39.8 44.0 53.3 51.3 44.4 37.6 42.5 52.4 44.1
Liberal Democrat2 20.4 17.3 12.0 11.3 13.1 18.1 19.3 5.5 3.7 6.1
Green Party - * * * * * 0.5 2.9 1.2 2.3
UKIP - - - * * * 3.8 15.5 2.4 *
Brexit Party - - - - - - - - - 2.5
Other 0.5 0.3 1.9 5.6 5.1 8.1 5.2 0.6 0.4 0.6

11997 - includes The Speaker, Betty Boothroyd who stood unopposed by the 3 main parties in West Bromwich West

21983 & 1987 - SDP-Liberal Alliance

* Included in Other

Seats[edit]

Year Labour Conservative Liberal

Democrat1

Speaker Total
2019 14 14 0 0 28
2017 20 8 0 0 28
2015 21 7 0 0 28
2010 19 7 2 0 28
2005 24 3 2 0 29
2001 25 4 0 0 29
1997 24 4 0 1 29
1992 21 10 0 0 31
1987 17 14 0 0 31
1983 18 13 0 0 31

11983 & 1987 - SDP-Liberal Alliance

Maps[edit]

Historical representation by party[edit]

A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.

  Conservative   Independent   Independent Labour   Labour   Liberal Democrats   Speaker

Constituency 1983 1987 1992 92 94 1997 00 2001 04 2005 06 2010 2015 2017 19 2019
Coventry South West Butcher
Aldridge-Brownhills Shepherd Morton
Meriden Mills Spelman Bhatti
Solihull Grieve Taylor Burt Julian Knight
Sutton Coldfield Fowler Mitchell
Halesowen & Stourbridge / H & Rowley Regis (1997) Stokes Hawksley Heal J. Morris
Stourbridge Shipley Waltho James Webb
Dudley West / Dudley South (1997) Blackburn Pearson Kelly Wood
Wolverhampton South West Budgen J. Jones Marris Uppal Marris Smith Anderson
Birmingham Edgbaston Jill Knight Stuart Gill
Birmingham Hall Green Eyre Hargreaves McCabe Godsiff Ali
Birmingham Northfield King Burden Sambrook
Birmingham Selly Oak Beaumont-Dark L. Jones McCabe
Birmingham Yardley Bevan E. Morris Hemming Phillips
Wolverhampton North East R. Short Hicks Purchase Reynolds Stevenson
Dudley East / Dudley North (1997) Gilbert Cranston Austin Longhi
West Bromwich East Snape Watson Richards
West Bromwich West Boothroyd A. Bailey S. Bailey
Walsall North Winnick E. Hughes
Birmingham Perry Barr Rooker K. Mahmood
Birmingham Erdington Corbett Simon Dromey
Birmingham Hodge Hill Davis Byrne
Birmingham Ladywood C. Short S. Mahmood
Coventry North East Park J. Hughes Ainsworth Fletcher
Coventry North West Robinson Owatemi
Coventry SE / Coventry S (1997) Nellist Cunningham Sultana
Walsall South George Vaz
Warley West / Warley (1997) Archer Spellar
Wolverhampton South East Edwards Turner McFadden
Birmingham Small Heath / B Sparkbrook & S H (1997) Howell Godsiff
Birmingham Sparkbrook Hattersley
Warley East Faulds
Constituency 1983 1987 1992 92 94 1997 00 2001 04 2005 06 2010 2015 2017 19 2019

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baker, Carl; Uberoi, Elise; Cracknell, Richard (2020-01-28). "General Election 2019: full results and analysis". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b c "Constituencies A-Z - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  3. ^ "Update: Strengthening Democracy:Written statement - HCWS183". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  4. ^ Watson, Christopher; Uberoi, Elise; Loft, Philip (2020-04-17). "General election results from 1918 to 2019". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  1. ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.