List of Patriarchs of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church

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The following is a list of Patriarchs of All Bulgaria, heads of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. The Bulgarian Orthodox Church was recognized as an autocephalous Archbishopric in 870. In 918 or 919 the Bulgarian monarch Simeon I (r. 893–927) summoned a church council to raise the Bulgarian Archbishopric to a completely independent Patriarchate.[1][2] With the Byzantine–Bulgarian Treaty of 927, which affirmed the Bulgarian victory over the Byzantine Empire in the War of 913–927, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople recognized the Bulgarian Patriarchate.[2]

List[edit]

Title Name Birth name Office Seat
Archbishops of Bulgaria (870–918)
Archbishop Joseph 870 – c. 877 Drastar/Pliska
Archbishop George c. 877 – c. 893 Drastar/Pliska
Archbishop Gregory Presbyter
John the Exarch (?)
c. 893 – s. 917 Drastar/Preslav
Archbishop Leontius c. 917 – c. 918/919 Preslav
Patriarchs of Bulgaria (918/919–1018)
Patriarch
uncanonical; not recognized
by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Leontius c. 918/919 – 927 Preslav
Patriarch
canonical; recognized
by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Demetrius c. 927 – c. 930 Drastar/Preslav
Patriarch Sergius c. 931 – c. 940 Drastar/Preslav
Patriarch Gregory c. 940 – c. 944 Drastar/Preslav
Patriarch Damian c. 944 – c. 972 Preslav/Drastar, Sredets
Patriarch Germanus c. 972 – c. 990 Sredets, Voden, Moglena, Prespa
Patriarch Nicolaus c. 991 – c. 1000 Prespa (?)
Patriarch Philip c. 1000 – c. 1015 Ohrid
Patriarch David c. 1015 – 1018 Ohrid
After the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire under Byzantine domination in 1018 the Church was deprived of its patriarchal title and reduced to the rank of an autocephalous Archbishopric of Ohrid under the tutelage of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople until 1767.
A separate Bulgarian Church was restored with the re-establishment of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1186.
Archbishops of Bulgaria (1186–1235)
Primate
title was canonically recognized
by Pope Innocent III in 1204
Basil I 1186 – 1232 Tarnovo
Primate Saint Joachim I 1232 – 1246 Tarnovo
Patriarchs of Bulgaria (1235–1394)
Patriarch
title was canonically recognized
by the Eastern Orthodox Patriarchs in 1235
Saint Joachim I 1235 – 1246 Tarnovo
Patriarch Vissarion c. 1246 Tarnovo
Patriarch Basil II 1246 – c. 1254 Tarnovo
Patriarch Basil III c. 1254 – 1263 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joachim II 1263 – 1272 Tarnovo
Patriarch Ignatius 1272 – 1277 Tarnovo
Patriarch Saint Macarius 1277 – 1284 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joachim III 1284 – 1300 Tarnovo
Patriarch Dorotheus 1300 – c. 1315 Tarnovo
Patriarch Romanus c. 1315 – c. 1325 Tarnovo
Patriarch Theodosius I c. 1325 – 1337 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joannicius I 1337 – c. 1340 Tarnovo
Patriarch Symeon c. 1341 – 1348 Tarnovo
Patriarch Theodosius II 1348 – 1363 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joannicius II 1363 – 1375 Tarnovo
Patriarch Saint Euthymius 1375 – 1394 Tarnovo
Exarchs of the Bulgarians (1872–1915)
Exarch
title was granted by a decree (firman) of the Sultan,
promulgated on 28 February 1870.
Unrecognized by
the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Ilarion Ivan Ivanov 12 February 1872 – 16 February 1872 Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Exarch Anthim I Atanas Mihaylov Chalakov 16 February 1872 – 14 April 1877 Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Exarch Joseph I Lazar Yovchev 24 April 1877 – 20 June 1915 Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Sofia, Bulgaria
Vicars – Chairmen of the Holy Synod (1915–1945)
Metropolitan Parthenius Petar Popstefanov Ivanov Popov 1915–1918 Sofia
Metropolitan Vasilius Vasil Mihaiylov 1918–1921 Sofia
Metropolitan Maxim Marin Penchov Pelov 1921 – 28 March 1928 Sofia
Metropolitan Clement Grigoriy Ivanov Shivachev 28 March 1928 – 3 May 1930 Sofia
Metropolitan Neophyte Nikola Dimitrov Karaabov 4 May 1930 – 15 October 1944 Sofia
Metropolitan Stefan I Stoyan Popgeorgiev Shokov 16 October 1944 – 21 January 1945 Sofia
Exarchs of the Bulgarians (1945–1948)
Exarch Stefan I Stoyan Popgeorgiev Shokov 21 January 1945 – 6 September 1948 Sofia
Vicars – Chairmen of the Holy Synod (1948–1953)
Metropolitan Michael Dimitar Todorov Chavdarov 8 November 1948 – 4 January 1949 Sofia
Metropolitan Paisius Alexandar Raykov Ankov 4 January 1949 – 3 January 1951 Sofia
Metropolitan Cyril Konstantin Markov Konstantinov 3 January 1951 – 10 May 1953 Sofia
Patriarchs of Bulgaria (1953–present)
Patriarch
title was recognized
by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Cyril Konstantin Markov Konstantinov 10 May 1953 – 7 March 1971 Sofia
Patriarch Maxim Marin Naydenov Minkov 4 July 1971 – 6 November 2012 Sofia
Patriarch Neophyte Simeon Nikolov Dimitrov 24 February 2013 – present Sofia

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Zlatarski 1972, p. 389
  2. ^ a b "Patriarchs of Preslav". Official site of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 3 March 2016. 

Sources[edit]