List of Patriarchs of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church

The following is a list of Patriarchs of All Bulgaria, heads of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. The Bulgarian Orthodox Church was recognized as an autocephalous Archbishopric in 870. In 918 or 919 the Bulgarian monarch Simeon I (r. 893–927) summoned a church council to raise the Bulgarian Archbishopric to a completely independent Patriarchate.[1][2] With the Byzantine–Bulgarian Treaty of 927, which affirmed the Bulgarian victory over the Byzantine Empire in the War of 913–927, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople recognized the Bulgarian Patriarchate.[2]

List[edit]

Title Primate Portrait Birth name Reign Seat
Archbishops of Bulgaria (870–918)
Archbishop Joseph
No image.png
870–c. 877 Drastar/Pliska
Archbishop George
No image.png
c. 877–c. 893 Drastar/Pliska
Archbishop Gregory Presbyter
John the Exarch (?)
No image.png
c. 893–s. 917 Drastar/Preslav
Archbishop Leontius
No image.png
c. 917–c. 918/919 Preslav
Patriarchs of Bulgaria (918/919–1018)
Patriarch
uncanonical; not recognized
by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Leontius
No image.png
c. 918/919–927 Preslav
Patriarch
canonical; recognized
by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Demetrius
No image.png
c. 927–c. 930 Drastar/Preslav
Patriarch Sergius
No image.png
c. 931–c. 940 Drastar/Preslav
Patriarch Gregory
No image.png
c. 940–c. 944 Drastar/Preslav
Patriarch Damian
No image.png
c. 944–c. 972 Preslav/Drastar, Sredets
Patriarch Germanus
No image.png
c. 972–c. 990 Sredets, Voden, Moglena, Prespa
Patriarch Nicolaus
No image.png
c. 991–c. 1000 Prespa (?)
Patriarch Philip
No image.png
c. 1000–c. 1015 Ohrid
Patriarch David
No image.png
c. 1015–1018 Ohrid
After the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire under Byzantine domination in 1018 the Church was deprived of its patriarchal title and reduced to the rank of an autocephalous Archbishopric of Ohrid under the tutelage of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople until 1767.
A separate Bulgarian Church was restored with the re-establishment of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1186.
Archbishops of Bulgaria (1186–1235)
Primate
title was canonically recognized
by Pope Innocent III in 1204
Basil I
No image.png
1186–1232 Tarnovo
Primate Saint Joachim I
No image.png
1232–1246 Tarnovo
Patriarchs of Bulgaria (1235–1394)
Patriarch
title was canonically recognized
by the Eastern Orthodox Patriarchs in 1235
Saint Joachim I
No image.png
1235–1246 Tarnovo
Patriarch Vissarion
No image.png
c. 1246 Tarnovo
Patriarch Basil II
No image.png
1246–c. 1254 Tarnovo
Patriarch Basil III
No image.png
c. 1254–1263 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joachim II
No image.png
1263–1272 Tarnovo
Patriarch Ignatius
No image.png
1272–1277 Tarnovo
Patriarch Saint Macarius
No image.png
1277–1284 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joachim III
No image.png
1284–1300 Tarnovo
Patriarch Dorotheus
No image.png
1300–c. 1315 Tarnovo
Patriarch Romanus
No image.png
c. 1315–c. 1325 Tarnovo
Patriarch Theodosius I
No image.png
c. 1325–1337 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joannicius I
No image.png
1337–c. 1340 Tarnovo
Patriarch Symeon
No image.png
c. 1341–1348 Tarnovo
Patriarch Theodosius II
No image.png
1348–1363 Tarnovo
Patriarch Joannicius II
No image.png
1363–1375 Tarnovo
Patriarch Saint Euthymius
Saint-Evtimiy-of-Tarnovo-statue.jpg
1375–1394 Tarnovo
Exarchs of the Bulgarians (1872–1915)
Exarch
title was granted by a decree (firman) of Sultan Abdülaziz,
promulgated on 28 February 1870.
Unrecognized by
the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Ilarion
Ilarion Lovcanski.jpg
Ivan Ivanov 12 February 1872 – 16 February 1872 Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Exarch Anthim I
Antim I (1816-1888).jpg
Atanas Mihaylov Chalakov 16 February 1872 – 14 April 1877 Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Exarch Joseph I
Yosif I.jpg
Lazar Yovchev 24 April 1877 – 20 June 1915 Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Sofia, Bulgaria
Vicars – Chairmen of the Holy Synod (1915–1945)
Metropolitan Parthenius
BASA 56К-1-23-1 Partenii Sofiiski.jpg
Petar Popstefanov Ivanov Popov 1915 – 20 June 1918 Sofia
Metropolitan Vasilius
No image.png
Vasil Mihaiylov June 1918 – 22 October 1921 Sofia
Metropolitan Maxim
BASA 1318K-1-5972-8 Plovdivski mitropolit Maxim-1938.jpg
Marin Penchov Pelov 22 October 1921 – 28 March 1928 Sofia
Metropolitan Clement
No image.png
Grigoriy Ivanov Shivachev 28 March 1928 – 3 May 1930 Sofia
Metropolitan Neophyte
Неофит Видински.jpg
Nikola Dimitrov Karaabov 4 May 1930 – 15 October 1944 Sofia
Metropolitan Stefan I
Стефан (Шоков).jpg
Stoyan Popgeorgiev Shokov 16 October 1944 – 21 January 1945 Sofia
Exarch of the Bulgarians (1945–1948)
Exarch
canonical; recognized
by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Stefan I
Стефан (Шоков).jpg
Stoyan Popgeorgiev Shokov 21 January 1945 – 6 September 1948 Sofia
Vicars – Chairmen of the Holy Synod (1948–1953)
Metropolitan Michael
BASA 945K-1-105 Mihail Dorostolo-Chervenski,1931.jpg
Dimitar Todorov Chavdarov 8 November 1948 – 4 January 1949 Sofia
Metropolitan Paisius
No image.png
Alexandar Raykov Ankov 4 January 1949 – 3 January 1951 Sofia
Metropolitan Cyril
BASA 1318K-1-5949-11 Patriarch Kiril young.jpg
Konstantin Markov Konstantinov 3 January 1951 – 10 May 1953 Sofia
Patriarchs of Bulgaria (1953–present)
Patriarch
title was recognized
by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Cyril
BASA 1318K-1-5949-11 Patriarch Kiril young.jpg
Konstantin Markov Konstantinov 10 May 1953 – 7 March 1971 Sofia
Patriarch Maxim
Maxim of Bulgaria.jpg
Marin Naydenov Minkov 4 July 1971 – 6 November 2012 Sofia
Patriarch Neophyte
Neophyte of Bulgaria.jpg
Simeon Nikolov Dimitrov 24 February 2013 – present Sofia

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Zlatarski 1972, p. 389
  2. ^ a b "Patriarchs of Preslav". Official site of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2016. 

Sources[edit]