List of Peking University people
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- Harold Acton - British scholar and aesthete
- Chen Duxiu 陈独秀 – dean of letters, a leader of China's New Culture Movement, later co-founder of Communist Party of China
- William Empson - British literary scholar
- Fei Xiaotong 费孝通 - researcher of sociology and anthropology; chairman of China Democratic Alliance.
- Gu Hongming 辜鸿铭 – writer, an advocater of traditional Chinese monarchy. Gu preserved his plait even after the overthrow of Qing Dynasty
- He Weifang 贺卫方 – judicial reformist
- Hu Shih 胡适 – philosopher, writer and a leader of China's New Culture Movement
- Vincenz Hundhausen 洪涛生 - professor of German literature and translator of Chinese works into German
- Jian Bozan 翦伯赞 – historian
- Jiang Menglin 蒋梦麟 – a prominent education reformer in China and former President of Peking University and Zhejiang University
- C. S. Kiang, Founding Dean of the College of Environmental Sciences at Peking University
- Li Haopei 李浩培 – jurist, Judge of International Criminal Court
- Li Shizeng, biology faculty; more prominent as anarchist and Guomindang politician.
- Liang Shuming 梁漱溟 – modern neo-Confucianist. Liang was most famous for his critique of Marxist class theory, stating that, despite obvious disparities of wealth, Chinese rural society could not be unambiguously classified along class lines. One and the same family (particularly the large patriarchal lineages found in many regions) would commonly have some members among the "haves" and others among the "have-nots". The class struggle advocated by the Maoists would necessitate kinsmen attacking each other.
- Lin Yutang 林语堂 – writer, inventor of the first Chinese typewriter and a new method of romanizing the Chinese language
- Liu Shipei 刘师培 – historian and philosopher, an advocate of traditional Chinese monarchy
- Lu Xun 鲁迅 – a remarkable writer, an important figure of China's New Culture Movement
- Ma Yinchu 马寅初 – a prominent population economist, whose New Population Theory was criticized by Mao since 1957 for two decades. Having examined trends of the early 1950s, Ma argued that further population growth at such high rates would be detrimental to China's development. Therefore, he advocated government control of fertility. In 1979, the Communist Party formally apologies to Ma, stating that "erroneously criticized one person, population mistakenly increased 300,000,000".
- Qian Mu 钱穆 – historian, philosopher and confucian. One of the founders of New Asia College and Chinese University of Hong Kong.
- Qian Xuantong 钱玄同 – linguist
- Rao Yi 饶毅 – neuroscientist, dean of the School of Life Sciences since 2007
- Bertrand Russell – lecturer in Philosophy (1920-1921)
- Shen Congwen 沈从文 – writer
- Alexander von Staël-Holstein (1918-1937 in Beijing) – lecturer and professor in Indology, Tibetology, Sinology and Phonetics
- Wang Keqin 王克勤 – muckraking journalist and blogger
- Wang Tieya 王铁崖 – jurist, former Judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
- Wang Xiaobo 王小波 – writer
- Ta-You Wu 吴大猷 – the "Father of Chinese Physics". His many illustrious students include Chen Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao Lee, co-winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1957, Yuan Tseh Lee, the co-winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1986.
- Xu Beihong 徐悲鴻 – the most famous Chinese artist, dean of Beida School of Arts, President of the Central Academy of Fine Arts and chairman of the Chinese Artists' Association.
- Yu Dafu 郁达夫 – modern Chinese short story writer and poet, author of Ch'en-lun "Sinking" (1921)
Officers and administrators
- Cai Yuanpei 蔡元培 – early University Chancellor
- Yan Fu 严复 – early University Chancellor
- Hu Shi - Chancellor (1946-1948)
- Jiang Menglin
- Li Dazhao 李大钊 – head librarian, later co-founder of the Communist Party of China
- Mao Zedong – staff librarian, leader of the Communist Party of China
- Fan Changjiang – journalist and writer
- Feng Youlan 冯友兰 – philosopher
- David Hawkes - writer and translator
- Dolma Kyab – writer (currently political prisoner)
- Andrew Lau - writer and poet
- Mao Dun 茅盾 - writer and journalist
- Shen Qing 沈清 – Publisher of Rui, monthly magazine of Financial Times
- Qian Xuantong 钱玄同 and Liu Bannong 刘半农 – writers and promotioners of the New Culture Movement
- Lulu Wang - best-selling Dutch-language writer
- Jan Wong – writer (one of the first western students permitted to study since 1949)
- Xu Zhimo 徐志摩 – poet
- Zhang Chengzhi – writer
- Zhu Ziqing 朱自清 – poet
- Wen Yuan-ning faculty and author of Chinese classic 'Imperfect Understanding'
- Gui Minhai - writer and bookseller
- Liu Zhenyun- novelist and screenwriter
- Michael Halliday – developed systemic functional grammar
- Tian Gang 田刚 – mathematician
- Li Yining 厉以宁 – economist
- Tsung-Dao Lee (Li Zhengdao) 李政道 B.S. 1946 – Honorary professor, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (physics, 1957)
- Yang Zhenning 杨振宁 B.S. 1942 – Honorary professor (at Tsinghua as well), physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, 1957
- Justin Yifu Lin 林毅夫 – economist (now the chief economist of World Bank)
- Yu Jie – First house church leader to meet an American president (May 2006, meeting George W Bush in the White House)
- Yu Min – physicist, Father of Chinese H-bombs
- Luo Jialun 罗家伦 – leader of the May Fourth Movement, president of Tsinghua University
- Fu Sinian 傅斯年 – educator and linguist; leader of the May Fourth Movement, creators of the Academia Sinica, former president of National Taiwan University
- Gu Jiegang 顾颉刚 – a Chinese historian; the founder of the Skeptical school of early Chinese history, known as yigupai; best known for the seven volume work Gushi Bian (古史辨 "Debates on Ancient History").
- Shang Yue 尚钺 – a Chinese economic historian and an author; best known for his contribution on the idea of sprouts of capitalism
- Ren Jiyu 任继愈 – Chinese historian and philosopher, former director of the National Library.
- Deng Jiaxian 邓稼先 – a nuclear physics expert; a leading organizer and key contributor to the Chinese nuclear weapon programs.
- Qian Sanqiang 钱三强 – a nuclear physicist and education administrator; a leading organizer and key contributor to the Chinese nuclear weapon programs; former president of Zhejiang University
- Zhu Guangya 朱光亚 – a renowned nuclear physicist of China, key contributor to China's "Two Bombs, One Satellite" projects.
- Zhou Guangzhao 周光召 – expert on particle physics, discoverer of PCAC (partial conservation of axial current), an important step toward the understanding of symmetry breaking; former director of the Chinese Nuclear Weapons Research Institute and president of the Academica Sinica.
- Gang Liu 刘刚 - a mathematician and computer scientist.
- Ji Xianlin - linguist, historian, indologist, writer, vice president of Peking University (since 1978)
- Yitang Zhang 张益唐 B.S. 1982, M.S. 1985, mathematician Discovered upper bond of prime numbers as close to 70, 000, 000, and won Ostrowski Prize (2013) Cole Prize (2014) Rolf Schock Prize (2014) MacArthur Fellowship (2014).
- Li Bulou 李步楼 - a translator and philosopher. Holds the honor of "Experts with outstanding contributions" given by the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
- Yingying Zhang
- Tu Youyou 屠呦呦 - a pharmaceutical chemist and educator. She is best known for discovering artemisinin (also known as qinghaosu) and dihydroartemisinin, used to treat malaria, which has saved millions of lives. For her work, Tu received the 2011 Lasker Award in clinical medicine and the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura.
- Bo Xilai 薄熙来 – Former Party Secretary General of Chongqing, Former Minister of Commerce
- Cai Wu 蔡武 – Minister of Culture
- Deng Nan 邓楠 – Former Vice minister of the State Science and Technology Commission
- Deng Pufang 邓朴方 – founder and Chairman of China Disabled Persons' Federation
- Guo Gengmao 郭庚茂 – Governor of Henan Province
- Hu Chunhua 胡春华 – Youngest governor in China, former First Secretary of the Communist Youth League
- Hu Deping 胡德平 – vice chairman of All-China General Chamber of Industry & Commerce Party, Secretary of National Association of Industry and Commerce, and vice minister of the Propaganda Department
- Li Keqiang 李克强 – Premier of China, Politburo Standing Committee member
- Li Yuanchao 李源潮 – Vice President of China, Politburo member
- Li Zhaoxing 李肇星 – minister of foreign affairs
- Lu Hao 陆昊 – First Secretary of Communist Youth League of China
- Yuan Chunqing 袁纯清 – Governor of Shaanxi Province, Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
- K. Natwar Singh – India politician
- Chen Duxiu 陈独秀 – founding member and leader in the Communist Party of China
- Zhang Guotao 张国焘 – founding member and leader in the Communist Party of China
- Li Dazhao 李大钊 – founding member and leader in the Communist Party of China
- Mao Zedong 毛泽东 – founding member and leader in the Communist Party of China
- Mulatu Teshome - President of Ethiopia (2013-).
- Deng Zhongxia 邓中夏 – founding member and leader in the Communist Party of China
- Wang Dan 王丹 – Leader of the Tiananmen protests in 1989
- Fang Lizhi 方励之 – Spiritual leader of the Tiananmen Protests in 1989
- Shen Tong 沈彤 – Author, Pro-democracy activist
In business and media
Among the "top 300 richest in China" 27 graduated from Beida, much higher than any other Chinese university. The second ranking school is Zhejiang University, with 17 alumni on the list.
- Li Yanhong 李彦宏 – founder of Baidu.com
- Wang Xuan 王选 – founder of Founder Co.
- Wang Zhidong 王志东 – founder of Sina.com
- Yu Minhong 俞敏洪 – founder of New Oriental Education Group
- Peggy Yu 俞渝 – founder of dangdang.com, the largest online retailor in Chinese language.
- Li Ning 李宁 – Olympic gold medalist, founder of Li Ning Group
- Huang Nubo 黄怒波 – founder of Zhongkun Real Estate Group
- Yu Liang – CEO of China Vanke Group
- Shen Tong 沈彤 – founder and president of VFinity
- XU PING - Dr & EMBA, Singapore Government Scholarship Winner, CEO of Lanmei Eco Tech Group, Oxford alumnus etc.
- Hou Yifan - chess player
- Bieg, Lutz. "Literary translations of the classical lyric and drama in the first half of the 20th century: The "case" of Vincenz Hundhausen (1878-1955)." (Archive) In: Alleton, Vivianne and Michael Lackner (editors). De l'un au multiple: traductions du chinois vers les langues européennes Translations from Chinese into European Languages. Éditions de la maison des sciences de l'homme (Les Editions de la MSH, FR), 1999, Paris. p. 62-83. ISBN 273510768X, 9782735107681.
- Bieg, p. 68.
- Baidu Baike – Jiang Menglin
- Air Quality Management in the United States. National Academies Press. 2004. pp. 321–359. ISBN 0309167868. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Sandor, Richard L. (2012). Good Derivatives: A Story of Financial and Environmental Innovation. John Wiley & Sons. p. 511. ISBN 0470949732. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Baidu Baike – Qian Mu
- Gong Yidong (2009-10-14). "Man on a mission". China Daily. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
- Guoxue – Fengyoulan
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2010-08-09.