List of petitioners to create Gillespie County, Texas

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Gillespie County is located in the heart of the Texas Hill Country on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. It is named for Robert Addison Gillespie, a soldier in the Mexican-American War. The area was first home to the Tonkawa people, and was populated by Penateka Comanche in the mid-19th century. In 1845, German immigrants settled into the area. On December 15, 1847, a petition was submitted to create a county. In 1848, the legislature formed Gillespie County from Bexar and Travis counties.[1]

Petitioners[edit]

Petitioners to Create Gillespie County, Texas
Name Origin Notes
Acker, PhillipPhillip Acker Germany Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[2]
Ahrens, ConradConrad Ahrens Germany Ship Margaretha November 23, 1846[3]
Arhelger, DanielDaniel Arhelger Herborn Brig Herschel October 22, 1845[4][5][6]
Arhelger, JacobJacob Arhelger Herborn Brig Herschel October 22, 1845[4][5][7]
Arhelger, HeinrichHeinrich Arhelger Herborn Brig Herschel October 22, 1845[4][5][8]
Baldus, JohannJohann Baldus Nassau Ferdinand December 21, 1844[9]
Basse, HeinrichHeinrich Basse Erndtebrück Ship York October 25, 1846[10][11]
Baugh, RichardRichard Baugh
Becker, ConradConrad Becker Glanzenberg Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Becker, WilhelmWilhelm Becker Berlin Ship Mathilde October 3, 1846[14][15]
Bedig, AdamAdam Bedig
Besier, JohannJohann Besier Germany Barque Sarah Ann December 30, 1845[16][17]
Bene, LudwigLudwig Bene Dillenburg Brig Herschel October 22, 1845[4][5]
Benner, EdwardEdward Benner
Bermann, JohannJohann Bermann
Bermann, KasperKasper Bermann
Billo, AndreasAndreas Billo Germany Ship Andacia March 29, 1846[18]
Braeutigam, WolfgangWolfgang Braeutigam Kaltenfeld Brig Johann Dethardt January 12, 1846[19][20]
Fort Martin Scott[21][22]
Braun, Johann G.Johann G. Braun
Brinkhof, ChristophalChristophal Brinkhof Rietberg Brig Apollo January 20, 1846[23][24]
Burg, PeterPeter Burg Germany Herschel December 5, 1844[25]
Caldwell, JohnJohn Caldwell New York City Lyman Wight's Morman group at Zodiac[26]
Campbell, J. M.J. M. Campbell
Castillo, Jesus (Joaquin)Jesus (Joaquin) Castillo Joaquin Castillo 320 acres land grant Dec 8, 1847 to John Jacob von Coll[27]
Guadalupe Castillo 640 acres land grant Dec 8, 1847 to Thomas Foster[28]
Cecil, R. W.R. W. Cecil 1848 County Tax Assessor-Collector
Chambers, CharlesCharles Chambers
Danz, KasperKasper Danz Kurhessen Brig Garonne December 6, 1845[24][29]
Dietz, JohannJohann Dietz Oppenheim Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13][30]
Dietz, Johann GeorgJohann Georg Dietz Oppenheim Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Dietz, Johann HeinrichJohann Heinrich Dietz Oppenheim Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Elbert, AugustAugust Elbert Mainz Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Erlemaier, AdolphAdolph Erlemaier Bad Rappenau Ship Timoleon November 18, 1845[31][32]
Eschenbach, PhillipPhillip Eschenbach Königstein Barque Sarah Ann December 30, 1845[16][17]
Fahrenhorst, ChristianChristian Fahrenhorst Bremen Gerhard Hermann January 10, 1846[33][34]
Feller, WilhelmWilhelm Feller Dillinburg Arminius October 15, 1845[35][36]
Ferguson, AlexAlex Ferguson
Ferguson, JamesJames Ferguson
Fraenkel, RobertRobert Fraenkel Leipzig Ship Mathilde October 3, 1846[14][15]
Fritz, PhillipPhillip Fritz Germany Dyle Soomes March 15, 1846[32][37]
Fritze, GeorgGeorg Fritze Dillenburg Ship Timoleon November 18, 1845[31][32]
Fuchs, ArnoldArnold Fuchs Germany Colchis October 29, 1846[38]
Gartner, ChristianChristian Gartner Oberleinengen Ship Timoleon November 18, 1845[31][32]
Goebel, J. HeinrichJ. Heinrich Goebel Nassau Brig Auguste Meline December 31, 1845[39][40]
Griegmann, Frd.Frd. Griegmann
Gross, FranzFranz Gross Ober Breitstein Ship Riga February 1, 1846[41]
Habernicht, Johann HeinrichJohann Heinrich Habernicht Hanover Ship Everhardt December 18, 1845[42][43][44]
Hahn, ConradConrad Hahn Oppenheim Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Hamilton, JohnJohn Hamilton
Heins, OttoOtto Heins Harburg Johann Detthard November 23, 1844[45]
Heiser, HenryHenry Heiser Dillenburg Brig Auguste Meline December 31, 1845[39][40]
Henkel, AA Henkel
Hitzfeld, Hermann FritzHermann Fritz Hitzfeld Bremen Karl Ferdinand December 20, 1846[46][47]
Holekamp, George FrederickGeorge Frederick Holekamp Hanover Johann Detthard November 23, 1844[45]
Hunter, John M.John M. Hunter Tennessee 1850 Census[48][49]
Hutzfeld, J.J. Hutzfeld
Jacobi (Jacoby), NicholasNicholas Jacobi (Jacoby) Simmern York October 25, 1846[50]
Jamison, J. W.J. W. Jamison
Jordan, HeinrichHeinrich Jordan Hanover 1845 Ship Margaretha November 25, 1845[51][52]
Jung, HeinrichHeinrich Jung Niederosbach Brig Georg Dillus December 25, 1845[53][54]
Jung, JacobJacob Jung Niederosbach Brig Georg Dillus December 25, 1845[53][54]
Jung, LudwigLudwig Jung Niederosbach Brig Georg Dillus December 25, 1845[53][54][55]
Keidel, Wilhelm VictorWilhelm Victor Keidel Hildesheim 1845 Ship Margaretha November 25, 1845[51]
Keller, PeterPeter Keller Edingen Barque Neptun December 3, 1845[20][56]
Kiehne, FriedrichFriedrich Kiehne Hanover 1845 Ship Margaretha November 25, 1845[51]
Kiesenwetter, ErnstErnst Kiesenwetter
Kolmeyer, ConradConrad Kolmeyer Lippe Orient December 9, 1846[57][58][59]
Krause, FriedrichFriedrich Krause Hungen Colchis October 29, 1846[38]
Kreinse, ConradConrad Kreinse Hanover 1845 Ship Margaretha November 25, 1845[51]
Kriewitz, EmilEmil Kriewitz Potsdam Barque Franziska February 5, 1846[24][60][61]
Kroetzel, Fr.Fr. Kroetzel
Kuehn, KarlKarl Kuehn
Kuhlmann, Johann PeterJohann Peter Kuhlmann Biesenthal Barque Neptun December 3, 1845[20][56][62]
Leilich, Heinrich WilhelmHeinrich Wilhelm Leilich Neuruppin Brig Garonne December 6, 1845[24][63]
Leilich, WiliamWiliam Leilich Neuruppin Brig Garonne December 6, 1845[24][63]
Leyendecker, Franz JosephFranz Joseph Leyendecker Rhineland-Palatinate (21 Dec 1829 – 8 Nov 1889) [41][64]
Leyendecker, JohnJohn Leyendecker Rhineland-Palatinate Ship Riga February 1, 1846[41]
Leyendecker, John CharlesJohn Charles Leyendecker Rhineland-Palatinate Ship Riga February 1, 1846[41][65]
Lincke, AlbertAlbert Lincke
Lochte, FriedrichFriedrich Lochte Hanover Barq Herkules November 23, 1845[66][67][68]
Luckenbach, JacobJacob Luckenbach Stein-Wingert Brig Johann Dethardt January 12, 1846[19][20]
Luscher, EdwardEdward Luscher
Martin, Louis (Ludwig)Louis (Ludwig) Martin Erndtebrück Johann Detthard November 23, 1844[45][69][70]
Meier, KarlKarl Meier Fulda Brig Garonne December 6, 1845[24][29]
Meyer, AnerewAnerew Meyer
Minkel, HenryHenry Minkel [71]
Mosel, Johann NicholasJohann Nicholas Mosel Lower Saxony Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13][72]
Mosel Jr, Johann NicholasJohann Nicholas Mosel Jr Lower Saxony Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Mueller Sr., HeirichHeirich Mueller Sr. Hanover Schooner Gesina January 10, 1846[43][73][74]
Munos, YsidroYsidro Munos Abstract 462 Eugenio Munos 320 acres land grant February 5, 1846[75]
Abstract 463 Eugenio Munos 320 acres land grant February 5, 1846[76]
Mylius, AdolphAdolph Mylius Hohenhameln Ship Andacia March 29, 1846[18]
Neffendorf, JacobJacob Neffendorf Redert, Nassau Barque Neptun December 3, 1845[20][56][77]
Nette, Dr. AugustDr. August Nette Germany Ferdinand December 21, 1844[9]
Nimitz, Charles HenryCharles Henry Nimitz Bremen Grandfather of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz[48][78][79]
Orsina, RafaelRafael Orsina
Pape, FriedrichFriedrich Pape Gadenstedt Barq Herkules November 23, 1845[66][67]
Pena, AntonioAntonio Pena Calistro Pena 320 acres land grant Dec 8, 1847 to John Jacob von Coll[80]
Poetsch (Petsch), JohannesJohannes Poetsch (Petsch) Ship Washington December 5, 1845[17][81]
Poetsch (Petsch), PeterPeter Poetsch (Petsch) Frickhofen Ship Washington December 5, 1845[17][81]
Pook, LudwigLudwig Pook Dohrenberg Johann Detthard November 23, 1844 [45]
Posey, B.L.B.L. Posey
Ransleben, Johann LudwigJohann Ludwig Ransleben Leipzig Ship Mathilde October 3, 1846[14][15]
Rehmen, AugustAugust Rehmen
Rohig, GehardGehard Rohig Reichshof Colchis October 29, 1846[38]
Rudolph, AugustAugust Rudolph Germany 1850 Census[82]
Sauer, Phillip HeinrichPhillip Heinrich Sauer Frohnhausen Harriet December 22, 1845[83]
Schandua, PeterPeter Schandua Frickhofen Ship Washington December 5, 1845[17][81][84]
Schaeper, L.L. Schaeper
Scheele, Hermann J.Hermann J. Scheele Germany Matador December 19, 1845[85]
Schildknect, AdolphAdolph Schildknect Frohnhausen Bohemia October 10, 1846[86]
Schmidt, AugustAugust Schmidt Biebrich Ship Washington December 5, 1845[17][81]
Schmidt, Johann NicholasJohann Nicholas Schmidt Offenbach Brig Herschel October 22, 1845[4][5]
Schmidt, LorenzLorenz Schmidt Offenbach Brig Herschel October 22, 1845[4][5]
Schmidt, LudwigLudwig Schmidt Offenbach Brig Herschel October 22, 1845[4][5]
Schmidt, MathiasMathias Schmidt Belgium Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Schmidtzinsky, JohannJohann Schmidtzinsky Germany Barque Neptun December 3, 1845[20][56]
(15 Feb 1821 – 13 Aug 1893) St. Mary's[82][87]
Schnautz, Johann WilhelmJohann Wilhelm Schnautz Fellingshausen, Nassau Brig Georg Dillus December 25, 1845[53][54]
Schuessler, Johann AdamJohann Adam Schuessler Bonfeld, Württemberg Dyle November 18, 1845 [32][88][89]Cherry Spring family cemetery[90]
Schultz, C.F.C.F. Schultz
Shelley, M.M.M.M. Shelley
Specht, TheodoreTheodore Specht Wolfenbüttel Louise November 2, 1846[91]
Spilker, AugustAugust Spilker Hildesheim 1845 Ship Margaretha November 25, 1845[51]
Stommel, Georg KarlGeorg Karl Stommel Hernstein Colchis October 29, 1846[38]
Stebbins, George NGeorge N Stebbins 1847 Town Owner Lot 604[92]
Thiele, HeinrichHeinrich Thiele Hohenfelden Ship Margaretha November 23, 1846[3]
Thom, ThomasThomas Thom
Tolle, George FGeorge F Tolle George F Tolle 320 acres land grant April 30, 1873 to John O Meusebach[93][94]
Van Wamel, Julius HeinrichJulius Heinrich Van Wamel Braunschweig Barque Neptun December 3, 1845[20][56]
Vandergrift, G.W.G.W. Vandergrift
Von Schwerin, RudolphRudolph Von Schwerin Kreis Meseritz Louise November 2, 1846[91]
Wahrmund, EmilEmil Wahrmund Wiesbaden Talisman April 11, 1846[95]
Wahrmund, WilhelmWilhelm Wahrmund Wiesbaden Talisman April 11, 1846[95][96]
Walch, AugustAugust Walch
Walch, Johann JosephJohann Joseph Walch Marxheim Ship Washington December 5, 1845[17][97]
Walch, PeterPeter Walch Marxheim Ship Washington December 5, 1845[17][81]
Walter, PeterPeter Walter Oppenheim Ship James Edward November 30, 1846[12][13]
Weber, Johann JacobJohann Jacob Weber Frickhofen Ship Element October 22, 1846[98][99][100]
Wehmeyer, Carl ConradCarl Conrad Wehmeyer Gros Wanzleben, Prussia (16 Feb 1816 – 21 Oct 1898) Der Stadt Friedhof[101]
Weierschausen, DanielDaniel Weierschausen Dillenburg Brig Auguste Meline December 31, 1845[39][40]
Weierschausen, HeinrichHeinrich Weierschausen Dillenburg Brig Auguste Meline December 31, 1845[39][40]
Weinheimer, AntonAnton Weinheimer Lipporn Barque Straba November 20, 1845[102]
Weinheimer, GeorgeGeorge Weinheimer Lipporn Barque Straba November 20, 1845[102]
Weller, PeterPeter Weller
Wissemann, ConradConrad Wissemann Raboldshausen
Hesses-Wassau
1846[85]
Wittenben, ConradConrad Wittenben Peine Herkules November 23, 1844 [103]
Wittenben, HeinrichHeinrich Wittenben
Wurzbach, JacobJacob Wurzbach Germany Ship Andacia March 29, 1846[18]
Wurzbach, Francis GusFrancis Gus Wurzbach Winterlingen Dyle Soomes March 15, 1846[32][37]
Zink, NicolausNicolaus Zink Bamberg Herschel December 5, 1844[25][104]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kohout, Martin Donell. "Gillespie County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved September 29, 2015. 
  2. ^ The Ship James Edward, November 30, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  3. ^ a b Ship Margaretha, November 23, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Brig Herschel". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.240
  6. ^ Daniel Arhelger at Find a Grave
  7. ^ Jacob Arhelger at Find a Grave
  8. ^ Heinrich Arhelger at Find a Grave
  9. ^ a b Ferdinand, December215, 1844, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  10. ^ "Ship York". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  11. ^ Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.253
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Ship James Edward". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.255
  14. ^ a b c "Ship Mathilde". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  15. ^ a b c Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.252
  16. ^ a b "Barque Sarah Ann". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.244
  18. ^ a b c Ship Andacia, May 29, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  19. ^ a b "Brig Johann Dethardt". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.248
  21. ^ Van Winkle, Irene. "Braeutigam-Kensing Tales Rife with Woe". West Kerr Current. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  22. ^ Johann Wolfgang Braeutigam at Find a Grave
  23. ^ "Brig Apollo". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.251
  25. ^ a b Herschel, December 5, 1844, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  26. ^ "Zodiac 1850 Census". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  27. ^ "Joaquin Castillo land grant Dec 8, 1847 to John Jacob von Coll". Texas General Land Office. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  28. ^ "Guadalupe Castillo land grant Dec 8, 1847 to Thomas Fosterl". Texas General Land Office. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  29. ^ a b "Brig Garonne". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  30. ^ Johann H Dietz at Find a Grave
  31. ^ a b c "Ship Timoleon". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.245
  33. ^ Gerhard Hermann, January 10, 1846 Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  34. ^ C H Fahrenhost at Find a Grave
  35. ^ Arminius, October 15, 1845, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  36. ^ Wilhelm Feller at Find a Grave
  37. ^ a b Dyle Soomes, March 15, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  38. ^ a b c d Colchis, October 29, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  39. ^ a b c d "Brig Auguste Meline". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  40. ^ a b c d Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.247
  41. ^ a b c d "Ship Riga". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  42. ^ "Ship Everhardt". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  43. ^ a b Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.249
  44. ^ Johann Heinrich Habenicht at Find a Grave
  45. ^ a b c d Detthard, November 23, 1844, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  46. ^ Karl Ferdinand, December 20, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  47. ^ Hermann Fritz Hitzfeld at Find a Grave
  48. ^ a b "1850 Census Gillespie County Dwellings 1–50". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  49. ^ John M Hunter at Find a Grave
  50. ^ York, October 25, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  51. ^ a b c d e 1845 Ship Margaretha, November 25, 1845, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  52. ^ Heinrich Jordan at Find a Grave
  53. ^ a b c d "Brig Georg Dillus". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  54. ^ a b c d Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.246
  55. ^ Ludwig Jung at Find a Grave
  56. ^ a b c d e "Barque Neptun". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  57. ^ "Orient". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  58. ^ Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.256
  59. ^ 1846 Orient, December 9, 1845, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  60. ^ "Barque Franziska". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  61. ^ Hadeler, Glenn. "Emil von Kriewitz de Czepry". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  62. ^ Peter Johann Kuhlmann at Find a Grave
  63. ^ a b Garonne, December 6, 1844, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  64. ^ Franz Joseph Leyendecker at Find a Grave
  65. ^ John Charles Leyendecker at Find a Grave
  66. ^ a b "Barq Herkules". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  67. ^ a b Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.242
  68. ^ Friedrich Lochte at Find a Grave
  69. ^ Hayter, Delmar J. "Louis Martin". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  70. ^ Louis Martin at Find a Grave
  71. ^ "1860 Gillespie County Census Family 451- 500 So Grape Creek". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  72. ^ J N Mosel at Find a Grave
  73. ^ "Schooner Gesina". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  74. ^ Heinrich Mueller Sr at Find a Grave
  75. ^ "Abstract 462 Eugenio Munos 320 acres land grant February 5, 1846". Texas General Land Office. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  76. ^ "Abstract 463 Eugenio Munos 320 acres land grant February 5, 1846". Texas General Land Office. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  77. ^ Jacob Neffendorf at Find a Grave
  78. ^ Kohout, Martin Donell. "Nimitz, Charles Henry". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  79. ^ Charles Henry Nimitz at Find a Grave
  80. ^ "Calistro Pena land grant Dec 8, 1847 to John Jacob von Coll". Texas General Land Office. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  81. ^ a b c d e "Ship Washington". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  82. ^ a b "1850 Census Gillespie County Dwellings 51–100". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  83. ^ Harriet, December 22, 1845, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  84. ^ Peter Schandua at Find a Grave
  85. ^ a b Indianola Immigrant Database (2002) Victoria Regional History Center
  86. ^ Bohemia, October 10, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  87. ^ Johann Schmidtzinsky at Find a Grave
  88. ^ "Ship Dyle". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  89. ^ "Johann Adam Schuessler". Daughters of the Republic of Texas. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  90. ^ "Johann Adam Schuessler Family". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  91. ^ a b Louise, November 8, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  92. ^ Pioneers in God's Hills (1960) pp.259–266
  93. ^ "George F Tolle 320 acres land grant April 30, 1873 to John O Meusebach". Texas General Land Office. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  94. ^ George F Tolle at Find a Grave
  95. ^ a b Talisman, April 11, 1846, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  96. ^ Wilhelm Daniel Ferdinand Wahrmund at Find a Grave
  97. ^ Washington, December 5, 1845, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  98. ^ "Ship Element". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  99. ^ Pioneers in God's Hills (1960), P.254
  100. ^ Johann Jacob Weber at Find a Grave
  101. ^ "Conrad Carl Wehmeyer". Family Tree Maker. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  102. ^ a b "Barque Straba". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  103. ^ 1844 Herkules, November 23, 1844, Galveston Historical Foundation Immigration Database
  104. ^ Ragsdale, Crystal Sasse. "Nicolaus Zink". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 

References[edit]