List of Phi Kappa Psi chapters and colonies
Phi Kappa Psi, also called "Phi Psi," is an American collegiate social fraternity founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania on February 19, 1852. There are 93 chapters and nine colonies at accredited four year colleges and universities throughout the United States. More than 112,000 men have been initiated into Phi Kappa Psi since its founding.
The Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity is composed of chapters and alumni associations, the former of which is the scope of this list. Each chapter is chartered to an individual host institution. These host institutions must be accredited four year degree granting colleges and universities in a state, province, territory, or federal district of Canada or the United States. To date, chapter charters have only been granted to groups at U.S. institutions.
When Phi Kappa Psi is extending to an institution that does not currently have a chapter, a probationary group called a "colony" is formed. After criteria are met, that colony receives its charter and becomes a chapter.
A chapter becomes inactive when it relinquishes its charter, or the charter is revoked by the fraternity.
Chapter naming convention
The chapter naming convention is composed of the top level subnational division of that chapter's host institution, and a Greek letter in alphabetical order from when the charter was originally issued. For example, the first Phi Psi chapter is from Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. The first letter in the Greek alphabet is Alpha. The chapter name is Pennsylvania Alpha. The second chapter was installed at the University of Virginia, so it is the Virginia Alpha chapter. The third chapter was installed at Washington & Lee University, in Virginia, so it is the Virginia Beta chapter. The George Washington University chapter is only one ever chartered in the District of Columbia, so it is the District of Columbia Alpha chapter.
If borders change, the chapter name does not. Virginia Delta was chartered at Bethany College in 1859. After the Civil War, Bethany College was in West Virginia, but the chapter remained Virginia Delta.
Chapters are named based on when the charter is granted, not when it is installed. As a result, there have been rare instances when the chapter naming convention may not appear to be consistent with the charter dates. For example, four charters have been granted in Iowa. The second granted was the fourth installed, so Iowa Beta chartered after Iowa Gamma and Iowa Delta.
List of chapters and colonies
- Italicization of an entire row indicates an inactive chapter or a colony.
- The S column indicates the status of a chapter or colony:
- — Active chapter
- — Colony
- — Inactive or suspended chapter
- The # column indicates order in which each chapter was originally chartered.
|Washington & Jefferson College||Grand Chapter (1852–1856). Founded at Jefferson College, which merged with Washington College (home of Pennsylvania Delta) in 1865 to create Washington & Jefferson College. At that time, Pennsylvania Alpha and Pennsylvania Delta merged, and continued under the name of Pennsylvania Alpha|||
|University of Virginia||Grand Chapter (1856–1861), inactive during the Civil War|||
|Washington and Lee University||First fraternity at Washington & Lee, inactive during the Civil War. At chapter's request, a new fraternity, founded at Washington & Lee in 1865, changed its name because of similarities from Phi Kappa Chi to Kappa Alpha Order. Recolonized in the Fall 2018 semester.|||
|4||Pennsylvania Beta||1855||Allegheny College||First fraternity at Allegheny. The Pennsylvania Beta chapter of Phi Kappa Psi is the oldest continuously-chartered chapter of any college fraternity in U.S. history.|||
|Bucknell University||First fraternity at Bucknell, this chapter existed as an alumni chapter from 1873 until 1880 as a response to the university's anti-fraternity legislation|||
|6||Pennsylvania Delta||1855–1865||Washington College||Grand Chapter (1861–1866), merged into Pennsylvania Alpha when their host institutions merged|||
|Hampden–Sydney College||Inactive during the Civil War, reestablished soon after. Charter was withdrawn by the fraternity in 1900 due to declining enrollment and a saturated fraternity system|||
|Gettysburg College||First fraternity at Gettysburg, which is the site of Miller Hall, 1882, the first chapter house built in the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity and the oldest building in the inter-fraternity world on its original site that is still in use by undergraduates. Grand Chapter (1884–1886). Rechartered in 2017.|||
|9||South Carolina Alpha||1857–1861,
|University of South Carolina||Went inactive at the beginning of the Civil War, re-chartered in 1867 and remained active until the university's decision to desegregate in 1872 led to the withdrawal of almost the entire student body. Re-chartered in 1884 and remained active until state politics crippled the university to the point that the student body dramatically decreased in size and the chapter closed in 1892. The 1972 rechartering remained in force until the chapter was no longer viable due to low membership|||
|University of Mississippi||University and chapter closed during American Civil War. Re-chartered in 1881, but anti-fraternity legislation closed all fraternities on campus in 1912. Re-chartered in 1930|||
|11||Virginia Delta||1859–1882||Bethany College||First fraternity at school, which is now in West Virginia. Served as Grand Chapter (1866–1869.) In 1880 because of a faculty refusal to punish a student guilty of a vicious assault on a member of the chapter the members voted to all leave the college|||
|12||Tennessee Alpha||1859–1860||LaGrange Synodical College||In 1861 every member of the chapter enlisted in the Confederate Army. In 1863 the college was burned to the ground by the Union Army and never recovered|||
|13||Pennsylvania Zeta||1859–2007||Dickinson College||Grand Chapter (1869–1875)|||
|14||Pennsylvania Eta||1860||Franklin & Marshall College||Phi Beta Tau, founded in 1858 in opposition to the perceived arrogance of the two existing fraternities, became a Phi Psi chapter two years later|||
|Cumberland University||Ceased operating during the Civil War, returned as a viable chapter until the chapter membership became concentrated in the law department, and all but one member withdrew or graduated in 1877|||
|16||Mississippi Beta||1860–1861||Mississippi College||First fraternity at college, the chapter had been in existence only a few weeks when the Civil War broke out and every member enlisted. Several were killed and the chapter never recovered|||
|17||Ohio Alpha||1861 - 2016||Ohio Wesleyan University||Grand Chapter (1875–1878), instrumental in the establishment of the New York Alpha chapter at Cornell University; closed by the University in Spring, 2016 after a new pledge of the chapter was found dead in the Delaware run, a creek close to campus, earlier in the year.|||
|Northwestern University||Only chapter established during the Civil War. Oldest active fraternity at Northwestern.|||
|19||Indiana Alpha||1865||DePauw University||Instrumental in the establishment of the chapters at Indiana University, University of Missouri and Wabash College|||
|20||Kentucky Alpha||1865–1866||Transylvania University||Faculty opposition forced the chapter to disband, it is the smallest and shortest lived in Phi Kappa Psi's history|||
|University of Chicago||Illinois Beta was chartered at a University of Chicago that opened in 1857, but closed in 1886. A new University of Chicago was created in 1890, and Illinois Beta was revived when Phi Kappa Psi chartered there in 1894|||
|Wittenberg University||Oldest fraternity on campus|||
|University of Iowa||Grand Chapter award recipient (2002, 2008)|||
|24||District of Columbia Alpha||1868–1899,
|George Washington University||Grand Chapter (1881–1884), in 1899 the entire active membership enlisted in the Spanish–American War and the charter was recalled. Chapter suspended in 2016|||
|25||Iowa Gamma||1868–1871||Cornell College||First fraternity at the school, disbanded at the request Cornell College's President due to anti-fraternity sentiment|||
|26||New York Alpha||1869–1877,
|Cornell University||Chartered in the same year that Cornell began teaching by three Phi Psis who transferred from the Ohio Wesleyan chapter. New York Alpha went inactive in 1877 when Psi Upsilon recruited existing members into their chapter, a practice that is now prohibited by all members of the North-American Interfraternity Conference, of which both fraternities belong. The chapter re-chartered in 1886 from the efforts of six Phi Psis, one from this chapter, two from the Syracuse University chapter, and three from the Hobart College chapter.|||
|27||Pennsylvania Theta||1869||Lafayette College||Grand Chapter (1878–1881)|||
|28||Indiana Beta||1869-2014||Indiana University||Delta Psi Theta was a local fraternity that chose to go national, considered three fraternities, and selected Phi Kappa Psi in 1869. Recolonized in 2017.|||
|University of Missouri||First fraternity established on this campus, it occupies a house that is a former plantation|||
|30||Tennessee Gamma||1870–1875||University of Nashville||Chapter closed as result of an outbreak of Asiatic Cholera that caused the institution to close|||
|Wabash College||Chartered at the initiative of the DePauw University chapter, Indiana Gamma closed in 1901 after enrollment in the college dropped dramatically. A local fraternity, Gamma Phi, was formed in 1947 by Phi Psis with the intention of becoming a Phi Kappa Psi chapter, and succeeded in 1948|||
|32||Ohio Gamma||1871–1892||College of Wooster||First fraternity at the school, a conflict between the student body and the faculty caused a substantial amount of the student body to withdraw, which made the chapter nonviable|||
|33||Illinois Gamma||1871–1884||Monmouth College||After four years the college ordered its fraternities to disband, but for ten years thereafter the chapter continued sub rosa until pressure from the faculty resulted in the chapter agreeing to disband|||
|34||Virginia Epsilon||1871–1879||Randolph–Macon College||Founded largely through the efforts of a Phi Kappa Psi alumnus, who was a member of the faculty; after he died, the chapter quickly faded away|||
|35||New York Gamma||1872–1876,
|University of Wisconsin–Madison||Phi Kappa Psi was the third fraternity to establish a chapter at Madison.|||
|37||Kansas Alpha||1876||University of Kansas||Grand Chapter Award recipient (2004)|||
|University of Michigan|||
|39||Wisconsin Beta||1876–1877||Racine College||College no longer exists. There was a faculty of 5 and a student body of 50|||
|University of Pennsylvania|||
|Johns Hopkins University|||
|42||Ohio Delta||1880–2018||Ohio State University||Suspended by the university until 2022|||
|43||California Alpha||1881–1892||University of the Pacific||First chapter in the fraternity to own and occupy a house in which the members lived. Members transferred to the new Stanford University and became the founders of California Beta.|||
|44||New York Delta||1881–1892||Hobart College||The chapter was always small, and with fewer than 100 students in attendance at the college, fraternity prospects were scarce|||
|46||Iowa Delta||1882–1889||Simpson College||College declined and students scattered|||
|47||Minnesota Alpha||1883–1888||Carleton College||Most of the members became the founders of Minnesota Beta|||
|48||New York Beta||1884–1995,
|49||New York Epsilon||1887–1982||Colgate University||Formerly named Madison University. In the 1980s the university launched an effort to accommodate women on the formerly all-male campus. The university offered an interest-free loan to the chapter to be used for house repaired in exchange for accepting coed members. The house corporation donated the chapter house to Colgate|||
|50||Minnesota Beta||1888||University of Minnesota|||
|51||Pennsylvania Kappa||1889–1963||Swarthmore College||Chapter returned charter in 1963 and became a local fraternity today known as "Phi Psi"|||
|52||West Virginia Alpha||1890–2013,
|West Virginia University||Only chapter to have their own Chapel attached to the chapter house.|||
|53||California Beta||1891||Stanford University||Grand Chapter Award recipient (2001, 2005, 2007, 2010)|||
|54||New York Zeta||1891–1912||Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn|||
|55||Nebraska Alpha||1895-2016||University of Nebraska–Lincoln||Currently a colony as of the Spring 2018 semester.|||
|56||Massachusetts Alpha||1895–1948||Amherst College||The chapter charter was revoked by the fraternity Executive Council after the chapter broke its promise to the EC in a matter involving membership selection|||
|57||New Hampshire Alpha||1896–1967||Dartmouth College|||
|University of California, Berkeley|||
|59||Indiana Delta||1901||Purdue University|||
|61||Rhode Island Alpha||1902–1978,
|Brown University||Chapter turned in its charter in 1978 when it decided that it did not want to be part of the national fraternity. It changed its name to "Phi Psi." The local fraternity soon changed its mind, was accepted back as a colony, and re-chartered in 1984|||
|62||Texas Alpha||1904||University of Texas at Austin||Chartered from the last chapter of the regional fraternity Phi Phi Phi (Tri-Phi), which was founded in 1897|||
|63||Illinois Delta||1904||University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign|||
|64||Ohio Epsilon||1906||Case Western Reserve University|||
|65||Pennsylvania Lambda||1912||Pennsylvania State University|||
|Iowa State University|||
|University of Colorado at Boulder|||
|68||Washington Alpha||1914||University of Washington|||
|University of Oklahoma|||
|University of Oregon||Chapter house can be seen in the 1978 movie Animal House. It was used for exterior shots of Omega House. Eligible to return in Fall 2020.|||
|71||California Delta||1927-2018||University of Southern California|||
|72||Pennsylvania Mu||1927–1934||Carnegie Mellon University|||
|73||California Epsilon||1931–2011, 2015–Present||University of California, Los Angeles|||
|74||North Carolina Alpha||1934–2001||Duke University|||
|University of Arizona||Former Phi Kappa Psi Executive Director Ralph "Dud" Daniel was a founding father in 1947. Charter revoked on January 20, 2012 primarily because of "repeated instances of hazing over a period of time," which remain unproven.|||
|76||Oregon Beta||1948||Oregon State University|||
|Bowling Green State University|||
|78||Ohio Eta||1950||University of Toledo||The chartering of Ohio Eta initiated the most members at one time in Phi Kappa Psi history, as 150 men were initiated into the fraternity|||
|79||New York Eta||1950–1970,
|University at Buffalo||The chapter was discontinued after the University dissolved all of Greek Life and came to life again after the University re-instituted Greek Life in 1984|||
|80||Indiana Epsilon||1953||Valparaiso University||Chartered on February 21, 1953 from the local fraternity Phi Delta Psi, which was founded in 1914. When it became Phi Kappa Psi, it was the first local fraternity at Valparaiso University to go national. Grand Chapter Award recipient (2003)|||
|81||Texas Beta||1953||Texas Tech University||Chartered from the Centaur Club, which was founded in 1929. One of the original eight national fraternities at the college|||
|82||Michigan Beta||1954||Michigan State University|||
|83||Connecticut Alpha||1956–1970||Trinity College|||
|84||Missouri Beta||1960–1976||Westminster College|||
|Florida State University|||
|86||Arizona Beta||1962–2007||Arizona State University||Original chapter started by two colonizers from Washington Alpha. Currently a colony as of the Fall 2017 semester.|||
|87||Alabama Alpha||1964||University of Alabama|||
|University of California, Santa Barbara|||
|89||New Jersey Alpha||1965–1993||Rider University||The chapter ended as a result of hazing and racial insensitivity by a chapter Fraternity Educators, and the chapter's cover-up. The charter was suspended by emergency order of the national fraternity president and Executive Director|||
|90||Nebraska Beta||1965-2017||Creighton University||Chapter suspended as of the Spring 2017 semester and may not return until the Fall 2021 semester.|||
|91||Rhode Island Beta||1966–1988,
|University of Rhode Island||Rechartered in 2016|||
|92||Ohio Theta||1966||Ashland University||Grand Chapter Award recipient (2000)|||
|93||California Eta||1966||California Polytechnic State University|||
|94||Louisiana Alpha||1966||Louisiana State University|||
|University of Florida|||
|96||Oklahoma Beta||1967–1991||Oklahoma State University|||
|97||Tennessee Epsilon||1967||University of Tennessee|||
|98||California Theta||1967–1995, 2018||California State University, Northridge||Cal Theta is CSUN's first fraternity, founded in 1958 as a local fraternity, Kappa Delta Psi, which then affiliated with Phi Kappa Psi in 1967. It closed in 1995 due to the damage done to the CSUN campus by the 1994 Northridge earthquake but was rechartered on April 7, 2018.|||
|99||New Jersey Beta||1967–1994,
|Texas State University|||
|University of Louisiana at Lafayette||The Louisiana Beta chapter returned to campus as a Colony in 2013.|||
|102||Minnesota Gamma||1969||Minnesota State University, Mankato|||
|103||New Mexico Alpha||1969–2006||Eastern New Mexico University|||
|104||Pennsylvania Nu||1970||Indiana University of Pennsylvania|||
|105||Ohio Iota||1970–1997||University of Akron|||
|106||Tennessee Zeta||1970–1985||University of Memphis|||
|107||Indiana Zeta||1971||Butler University|||
|Kent State University||The chapter was organized by the fraternity staff and came concurrent with a wave of student protest on the campus culminating with the Kent State shootings|||
|109||Ohio Lambda||1972-2015||Miami University||Grand Chapter Award recipient (1992, 1994, 1998)|||
|111||Montana Alpha||1975–1983||University of Montana|||
|Virginia Tech||Virginia Zeta returned as a colony in 2016 and rechartered on September 29, 2018.|||
|113||Georgia Alpha||1976||University of Georgia|||
|University of California, Davis|||
|115||Arkansas Alpha||1979–1991||University of Arkansas||The chapter was never able to acquire a chapter house through the university. When they lost the property they were using as a chapter house, membership declined to the point that the charter was pulled.|||
|116||Pennsylvania Xi||1984||Edinboro University of Pennsylvania|||
|117||Illinois Epsilon||1985-2017||Illinois State University||After a 100-year Greek ban from 1882-1982 IL Epsilon was colonized in 1984 and chartered a year later in 1985. Currently suspended as of the Fall 2017 semester and may not return until the Spring 2019 semester.|||
|118||Delaware Alpha||1985–1990, 2014||University of Delaware|||
|119||Pennsylvania Omicron||1985–1992||Lehigh University|||
|120||Indiana Eta||1987||Indiana State University|||
|121||New Jersey Gamma||1987–1995,
|122||Pennsylvania Pi||1987–1993||Temple University||Charter was voluntarily returned to the national organization by alumni who did not approve of the direction the chapter was heading.|||
|123||Kentucky Beta||1988-2016||University of Kentucky|||
|124||Texas Delta||1988–1997||Southern Methodist University|||
|125||Maryland Beta||1988–1996||University of Maryland, Baltimore County|||
|126||New Jersey Delta||1990||The College of New Jersey|||
|127||California Kappa||1991||University of California, Irvine|||
|128||Massachusetts Beta||1991||Brandeis University|||
|129||North Carolina Beta||1991||East Carolina University|||
|130||New York Theta||1992||Rochester Institute of Technology||Grand Chapter Award recipient (2006, 2013)|||
|131||Pennsylvania Rho||1992||York College of Pennsylvania|||
|132||Louisiana Gamma||1993||Loyola University New Orleans|||
|133||Illinois Zeta||1993||DePaul University|||
|134||California Lambda||1996||San Diego State University||On 6 May 2008, four members of Phi Kappa Psi at San Diego State University were among dozens of individuals, arrested as the result of an undercover investigation into drug trafficking on the University's campus and in the San Diego college area. The chapter was suspended for 18 months before being fully reinstated on May 1, 2010|||
|135||Pennsylvania Sigma||1996||University of the Sciences|||
|136||Illinois Eta||1999||Southern Illinois University Edwardsville|||
|137||New Jersey Epsilon||2000||Rowan University||Grand Chapter Award recipient (2012)|||
|138||Georgia Beta||2000||Georgia Institute of Technology|||
|139||Pennsylvania Upsilon||2002||Drexel University|||
|140||Pennsylvania Tau||2002–2003||Penn State Altoona|||
|141||Texas Epsilon||2002||Stephen F. Austin State University|||
|142||Minnesota Delta||2002||University of Minnesota Duluth|||
|143||Illinois Theta||2003||University of Illinois at Chicago|||
|144||Pennsylvania Phi||2004||Lycoming College|||
|145||New York Iota||2004||Binghamton University|||
|146||New York Kappa||2004||State University of New York at Oneonta||First chapter to charter at a Grand Arch Council (San Diego 2004)|||
|147||Ohio Mu||2005||University of Dayton||Grand Chapter Award recipient (2009, 2011)|||
|148||Illinois Iota||2007||Northern Illinois University|||
|149||Maryland Gamma||2007||University of Maryland, College Park|||
|150||Texas Zeta||2008||Houston Baptist University|||
|151||Ohio Nu||2008||Ohio University|||
|152||California Mu||2008-2018||Occidental College|||
|153||Indiana Theta||2008-2017||Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis||Chapter suspended as of the Fall 2017 semester and may not return until the Spring 2019 semester.|||
|154||California Nu||2009||University of California, Riverside|||
|155||Ohio Xi||2010||Capital University|||
|156||California Xi||2010||California State University, Long Beach|||
|157||Ohio Omicron||2011||Muskingum University|||
|158||Virginia Eta||2012||Virginia Commonwealth University|
|159||Indiana Iota||2012||Ball State University|||
|160||Alabama Gamma||2015||University of Alabama Huntsville|||
|161||James Madison University colony||James Madison University||Brought to James Madison University in 2017.|
|162||Denison University colony||Denison University|
|163||Towson University colony||Towson University|
|164||Texas A&M University colony||Texas A&M University|
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. III 83.
- Collinsworth 2010, p. 6.
- Phi Kapppa Psi 2009, p. xv.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 61–85 Chapter describing the Grand Chapter form of government
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 168.
- Campbell 1952, pp. 12, 223.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 169–171.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 205.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 172–173.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. III 56.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 174.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 23.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 176.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 179.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 71.
- Harper 1989, p. 38.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 182–183.
- Jones et al. 2002, p. 164.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 183–185.
- Gorgas 1952, p. 149.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 17.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 185–187.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 187.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 189–190.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 192–193.
- Campbell 1952, pp. 108–109.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 116.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 191.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 209.
- Campbell 1952, p. 98.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 198.
- Campbell 1952, p. 104.
- Jones et al. 2002, p. 159.
- Van Cleve 1902, p. 200.
- Phi Kapppa Psi 1997, p. ii.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 219.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 207–208.
- Jones et al. 2002, p. 146.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 45.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 205–206.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 208–210.
- Phi Kapppa Psi 2009, p. xvi.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 211–212.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 117.
- Miller 2009 gives the history of the Missouri Alpha chapter house and the land it occupies.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 216–218.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 219–222.
- Gorgas 1952, pp. 701–703.
- Anson & Marchesani 1991, p. II 220.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 225–226.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 222–224.
- Van Cleve 1902, pp. 224–225.
- Miller 2011a.
- Phi Kapppa Psi 2010, p. 3.
- Collinsworth, Shawn. "Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity Suspends the Charter of its Chapter at West Virginia University". Phi Kappa Psi. Phi Kappa Psi. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- Ruggles, Rick. "Alcohol use cited as UNL suspends Phi Kappa Psi fraternity". Omaha World-Herald.
- Reed 2010.
- Collinsworth 2012, p. 6.
- Peart 2010.
- ACME Animal House Filming Locations - College as it should have been
- Phi Kapppa Psi 2009, p. xvii.
- Phi Kappa Psi (January 24, 2012). "Executive Council Revokes the Charter of Arizona Alpha". phikappapsi.com/. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
At the center of the case against the chapter were repeated instances of hazing over a period of time. The chapter’s efforts to hide the truth and mislead those investigating the allegations also contributed to the final action. All of these factors were in addition to multiple chapter violations of the Fraternity’s risk management policy and those rules and regulations of the University of Arizona.
- Strietelmeier 1959, p. 57.
- "Rider College Is Closing Fraternity". The New York Times. New York. 30 January 1993. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- Phi Kapppa Psi 2009, p. xviii.
- Associated Press (May 6, 2008). "Dozens of college students busted in drug sting". msnbc.com.
- Nour, Reem (May 10, 2010). "Fraternity reinstated at SDSU". The Daily Aztec. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- Rakowski 2005, p. 25.
- Proie 2009, pp. 22–23.
- Anson, Jack L.; Marchesani, Robert F. (1991). Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities (20th ed.). Indianapolis: Baird's Manual Foundation, Inc. pp. III 82–85. ISBN 0-9637159-0-9. OCLC 25278937.
- Van Cleve, Charles L. (1902). Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity From Its Foundation In 1852 To Its Fiftieth Anniversary. Philadelphia: Franklin Printing Company. OCLC 2140880.
- Campbell, J. Duncan (1952). The Centennial History of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity, 1852–1952. Volume I, 1852–1902. Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. OCLC 3519106.
- Gorgas, Harry S. (1952). The Centennial History of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity, 1852–1952. Volume II, 1902–1952. Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. OCLC 3519106.
- Phi Kappa Psi (1997). Grand Catalogue of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity (14th ed.). White Plains, NY: Bernard C. Harris Publishing Company. OCLC 324731269.
- Phi Kappa Psi (2009). Grand Catalogue of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity (16th ed.). White Plains, NY: Bernard C. Harris Publishing Company.
- Monteleone, Brenton P. (2004). Texas Alpha : 100 years of history. Dallas: Kelly Fish & Tad DeWree. OCLC 85782682.
- Harper, Terrence, ed. (1989). The Manual of Phi Kappa Psi (15th ed.). Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. OCLC 24765883.
- Jones, Ted C.; Collinsworth, Shawn; Trigilio, James R.; et al., eds. (2002). The Manual of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity (17th ed.). Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi.
- Strietelmeier, John H. (1959). Valparaiso's first century: a centennial history of Valparaiso University. General Books LLC. ISBN 1-151-16370-8. OCLC 1080219.
- Rakowski, Evan (2005). Collinsworth, Shawn, ed. "NY Kappa at SUNY Oneonta Becomes Phi Psi's Newest Chapter" (PDF). The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. 125 (4): 25. ISSN 0199-1280. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-06-12.
- Proie, RJ (2009). Collinsworth, Shawn, ed. "Phi Kappa Psi Continues to Grow". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. 130 (2): 22&ndash, 23. ISSN 0199-1280.
- Collinsworth, Shawn (2010). Collinsworth, Shawn, ed. "The State of the Fraternity: 2008–2009". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. 131 (1): 5–11. ISSN 0199-1280. Archived from the original on 2016-03-23.
- Collinsworth, Shawn, ed. (2012). "Expansion". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. 133 (1): 14–16. ISSN 0199-1280.
- Mitchell, Martha (1993). "Encyclopedia Brunoniana". Providence RI: Brown University. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
- Miller, Katherine (2009). "Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity house holds a wealth of history". The Maneater Student Newspaper. University of Missouri - Columbia. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- Reed, Nick (2010). "Phi Psi to Welcome Four New Chapters". Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. Archived from the original on May 31, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- Peart, Corey (2010a). "Current Colonies". Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. Archived from the original on May 31, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- Peart, Corey (2010b). "Phi Psi Welcomes the U. of Houston Colony". Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. Retrieved November 29, 2010.
- Phi Kappa Psi (2010). "Grand Chapter 2010 Application" (pdf). Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. scribd.com. Retrieved May 9, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Miller, Adam (2011a). "Phi Psi Welcomes the U. of Houston Colony". Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
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