List of Phoenician cities

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This is a list of cities and colonies of Phoenicia in modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria and northern Israel, as well as cities founded or developed by the Phoenicians in Eastern Mediterranean area, North Africa, Southern Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean Sea.

Levant[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Syria[edit]

Israel[edit]

Eastern Mediterranean[edit]

Turkey[edit]

  • Myriandrus - in modern-day Turkey
  • Sam'al - Cilicia; in modern-day Turkey. Fortress city protecting the trade route to Anatolia
  • Karatepe
  • Finike - historically known as Phoenicus

Cyprus[edit]

North Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Libya[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Tunisia[edit]

Europe / Elsewhere[edit]

France[edit]

Italy[edit]

Malta[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guizot, F.P.G, A Popular History of France, From the Earliest Times, Volume I, Boston, 1869
  2. ^ Peter Whitfield (2005). Cities of the World: A History in Maps. University of California Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-520-24725-3.
  3. ^ Nathan Laughlin Pilkington (2013). "An Archaeological History of Carthaginian Imperialism". Academic Commons, Columbia.edu. Columbia University. p. 170. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  4. ^ David Wright; Patrick Swift (1 January 1971). Lisbon: a portrait and a guide. Barrie and Jenkins. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-214-65309-4.