List of Phoenician cities

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List of Phoenician city-states and colonies[edit]

This is a list of cities of Phoenicia proper, modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria and northern Israel/Palestine and those cities founded or developed by the Phoenicians in the Levant / Eastern Mediterranean area, North Africa, Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean Sea.

Levant[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Syria[edit]

Palestine

Israel[edit]

Eastern Mediterranean[edit]

Turkey[edit]

  • Myriandrus - in modern-day Turkey
  • Sam'al - Cilicia; in modern-day Turkey. Fortress city protecting the trade route to Anatolia
  • Karatepe
  • Finike - historically known as Phoenicus

Cyprus[edit]

North Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Libya[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Tunisia[edit]

Europe / Elsewhere[edit]

France[edit]

Italy[edit]

Malta[edit]

  • Mdina
  • Rabat
  • Burmula, (Bormla/Cospicua)De Soldanis/G.F. Abela/Achille Ferris

Portugal[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guizot, F.P.G, A Popular History of France, From the Earliest Times, Volume I, Boston, 1869
  2. ^ Peter Whitfield (2005). Cities of the World: A History in Maps. University of California Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-520-24725-3. 
  3. ^ Nathan Laughlin Pilkington (2013). "An Archaeological History of Carthaginian Imperialism". Academic Commons, Columbia.edu. Columbia University. p. 170. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  4. ^ David Wright; Patrick Swift (1 January 1971). Lisbon: a portrait and a guide. Barrie and Jenkins. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-214-65309-4.