List of Pokémon

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The international logo for the Pokémon franchise

The Pokémon franchise revolves around 801 eponymous fictional species of characters, each having unique designs and skills. The vast array of creatures is commonly divided into "Generations", with each division encompassing new main series titles and a change of handheld platform. Generation I refers to Red, Green, Blue and Yellow; Generation II refers to Gold, Silver, and Crystal; Generation III refers to Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald; Generation IV refers to Diamond, Pearl , and Platinum; Generation V refers to Black, White, Black 2, and White 2, Generation VI refers to X and Y; and Generation VII refers to Sun, Moon. Each Generation is also marked by the addition of new Pokémon: 151 in Generation I, 100 in Generation II, 135 in Generation III, 107 in Generation IV, 156 in Generation V, 72 in Generation VI, and 80 in Generation VII.

Originally, all Pokémon were designed by Ken Sugimori, however, by 2013 a team of 20 artists worked together to create new species designs. Sugimori and Hironobu Yoshida lead the team and determine the final designs. Designs, in general, have become increasingly complex and thematic in newer games. The new Pokémon of Generation VI, for example, are heavily influenced by the culture and fauna of Europe (namely France). Each iteration of the series has brought about praise and criticism over the numerous creatures. Multiple Pokémon feature alternate forms that change their appearance, stats, and viable attacks; however, these do not count as separate species. Furthermore, 48 creatures are capable of undergoing Mega Evolution or Primal Reversion, a variant of normal evolution that is akin to a form change (including a modest change in appearance alongside stat buffs).

Due to the large number of Pokémon, listing of each species is divided into articles by generation. All 801 Pokémon are organized by their number in the National Pokédex—an in-game electronic encyclopedia that provides various information on Pokémon. The National Pokédex is subdivided into regional Pokédex series, each revolving around species introduced at the time of their respective generations along with older generations. For example, the Johto Pokédex, Generation II, covers the 100 species introduced in Gold and Silver in addition to the original 151 species. The encyclopedias follow a general ordering: starter Pokémon are listed first, followed by species obtainable early in the respective games, and are concluded with Legendary and Mythical Pokémon.

Concept[edit]

The first 150 Pokémon as they appear in Pokémon Stadium, starting with Bulbasaur in the top left corner and ending with Mewtwo in the bottom right corner

The premise of Pokémon in general was conceived by Satoshi Tajiri—who later founded Game Freak—in 1989 or 1990, when the Game Boy was released. The creatures that inhabit the world of Pokémon are also called Pokémon.[1] The word "Pokémon" is a romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters (ポケットモンスター Poketto Monsutā?).[2] The concept of the Pokémon universe, in both the video games and the general fictional world of Pokémon, stems most notably from Tajiri's childhood hobby of insect collecting. Other influences on the concept include Ultraman, anime, and playing video games in general. Throughout his early life, Tajiri saw his rural, nature-filled hometown (Machida, Tokyo) transform into an urban center. The urbanization of his town drove away wildlife and he and others living in the area were eventually unable to collect insects. Through Pokémon, Tajiri sought to bring back this outdoor pastime and share it with the world.[1] The ability to capture, battle, trade, and care for numerous creatures catapulted Pokémon to international popularity[2] and it has become a multibillion-dollar franchise and the second-best selling video game series, only behind the Mario franchise.[3]

At the start of a main series Pokémon game, the player character receives one of three "starter" Pokémon, with which they can battle and catch other Pokémon. Each Pokémon has one or two "types", such as Fire, Water, or Grass. In battle, certain types are strong against other types. For example, a fire-type attack will do more damage to a grass-type Pokémon than a water-type attack. This form of gameplay is frequently compared to that of rock-paper-scissors, though players have to strategize which Pokémon and which of their attacks to use against various opponents.[4][5] As Pokémon become stronger, they may eventually evolve into a different kind of Pokémon. This process gives the Pokémon a significant power-boost and may change their type.

Though the Pokémon franchise is primarily intended for younger players, each Pokémon has various complex attributes such as natures, characteristic traits, Individual Values (IVs), and Effort Values (EVs). These, according to Game Freak Board Director Junichi Masuda, are intended for people "who enjoy battling and want to go more in depth." These individual statistics were also included because the basic concept of the franchise is to train one's Pokémon. Designer Takeshi Kawachimaru stated that IVs and EVs "help to make each Pokemon in the game individual," as it adds unique aspects to them.[6]

Each Pokémon game introduces a few "Legendary" and "Mythical" Pokémon that are powerful, rare, and hard to catch.[7] Pokémon Sun and Moon introduced "Ultra Beasts", which are described as "beings from another dimension" that appeared in the Alola region and are similarly powerful and rare.[8]

Lists of Pokémon[edit]

Detailed lists by generation[edit]

List of Pokémon generations
Generation Years Main titles Enhanced remakes Number of Pokémon
New Total
Generation I 1996–1998 Red, Green, Blue and Yellow None 151 151
Generation II 1999–2001 Gold, Silver, and Crystal None 100 251
Generation III 2002–2005 Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald FireRed and LeafGreen 135 386
Generation IV 2006–2009 Diamond, Pearl, and Platinum HeartGold and SoulSilver 107 493
Generation V 2010–2012 Black, White, Black 2, and White 2 None 156 649
Generation VI 2013–2015 X and Y Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire 72 721
Generation VII 2016–present Sun and Moon None 80 801

List of species[edit]

List of Pokémon species names by generation
Generation I Generation II Generation III Generation IV Generation V Generation VI Generation VII
Dex # Name Dex # Name Dex # Name Dex # Name Dex # Name Dex # Name Dex # Name
001 Bulbasaur 152 Chikorita 252 Treecko 387 Turtwig 494 Victini 650 Chespin 722 Rowlet
002 Ivysaur 153 Bayleef 253 Grovyle 388 Grotle 495 Snivy 651 Quilladin 723 Dartrix
003 Venusaur 154 Meganium 254 Sceptile 389 Torterra 496 Servine 652 Chesnaught 724 Decidueye
004 Charmander 155 Cyndaquil 255 Torchic 390 Chimchar 497 Serperior 653 Fennekin 725 Litten
005 Charmeleon 156 Quilava 256 Combusken 391 Monferno 498 Tepig 654 Braixen 726 Torracat
006 Charizard 157 Typhlosion 257 Blaziken 392 Infernape 499 Pignite 655 Delphox 727 Incineroar
007 Squirtle 158 Totodile 258 Mudkip 393 Piplup 500 Emboar 656 Froakie 728 Popplio
008 Wartortle 159 Croconaw 259 Marshtomp 394 Prinplup 501 Oshawott 657 Frogadier 729 Brionne
009 Blastoise 160 Feraligatr 260 Swampert 395 Empoleon 502 Dewott 658 Greninja 730 Primarina
010 Caterpie 161 Sentret 261 Poochyena 396 Starly 503 Samurott 659 Bunnelby 731 Pikipek
011 Metapod 162 Furret 262 Mightyena 397 Staravia 504 Patrat 660 Diggersby 732 Trumbeak
012 Butterfree 163 Hoothoot 263 Zigzagoon 398 Staraptor 505 Watchog 661 Fletchling 733 Toucannon
013 Weedle 164 Noctowl 264 Linoone 399 Bidoof 506 Lillipup 662 Fletchinder 734 Yungoos
014 Kakuna 165 Ledyba 265 Wurmple 400 Bibarel 507 Herdier 663 Talonflame 735 Gumshoos
015 Beedrill 166 Ledian 266 Silcoon 401 Kricketot 508 Stoutland 664 Scatterbug 736 Grubbin
016 Pidgey 167 Spinarak 267 Beautifly 402 Kricketune 509 Purrloin 665 Spewpa 737 Charjabug
017 Pidgeotto 168 Ariados 268 Cascoon 403 Shinx 510 Liepard 666 Vivillon 738 Vikavolt
018 Pidgeot 169 Crobat 269 Dustox 404 Luxio 511 Pansage 667 Litleo 739 Crabrawler
019 Rattata 170 Chinchou 270 Lotad 405 Luxray 512 Simisage 668 Pyroar 740 Crabominable
020 Raticate 171 Lanturn 271 Lombre 406 Budew 513 Pansear 669 Flabébé 741 Oricorio
021 Spearow 172 Pichu 272 Ludicolo 407 Roserade 514 Simisear 670 Floette 742 Cutiefly
022 Fearow 173 Cleffa 273 Seedot 408 Cranidos 515 Panpour 671 Florges 743 Ribombee
023 Ekans 174 Igglybuff 274 Nuzleaf 409 Rampardos 516 Simipour 672 Skiddo 744 Rockruff
024 Arbok 175 Togepi 275 Shiftry 410 Shieldon 517 Munna 673 Gogoat 745 Lycanroc
025 Pikachu 176 Togetic 276 Taillow 411 Bastiodon 518 Musharna 674 Pancham 746 Wishiwashi
026 Raichu 177 Natu 277 Swellow 412 Burmy 519 Pidove 675 Pangoro 747 Mareanie
027 Sandshrew 178 Xatu 278 Wingull 413 Wormadam 520 Tranquill 676 Furfrou 748 Toxapex
028 Sandslash 179 Mareep 279 Pelipper 414 Mothim 521 Unfezant 677 Espurr 749 Mudbray
029 Nidoran♀ 180 Flaaffy 280 Ralts 415 Combee 522 Blitzle 678 Meowstic 750 Mudsdale
030 Nidorina 181 Ampharos 281 Kirlia 416 Vespiquen 523 Zebstrika 679 Honedge 751 Dewpider
031 Nidoqueen 182 Bellossom 282 Gardevoir 417 Pachirisu 524 Roggenrola 680 Doublade 752 Araquanid
032 Nidoran♂ 183 Marill 283 Surskit 418 Buizel 525 Boldore 681 Aegislash 753 Fomantis
033 Nidorino 184 Azumarill 284 Masquerain 419 Floatzel 526 Gigalith 682 Spritzee 754 Lurantis
034 Nidoking 185 Sudowoodo 285 Shroomish 420 Cherubi 527 Woobat 683 Aromatisse 755 Morelull
035 Clefairy 186 Politoed 286 Breloom 421 Cherrim 528 Swoobat 684 Swirlix 756 Shiinotic
036 Clefable 187 Hoppip 287 Slakoth 422 Shellos 529 Drilbur 685 Slurpuff 757 Salandit
037 Vulpix 188 Skiploom 288 Vigoroth 423 Gastrodon 530 Excadrill 686 Inkay 758 Salazzle
038 Ninetales 189 Jumpluff 289 Slaking 424 Ambipom 531 Audino 687 Malamar 759 Stufful
039 Jigglypuff 190 Aipom 290 Nincada 425 Drifloon 532 Timburr 688 Binacle 760 Bewear
040 Wigglytuff 191 Sunkern 291 Ninjask 426 Drifblim 533 Gurdurr 689 Barbaracle 761 Bounsweet
041 Zubat 192 Sunflora 292 Shedinja 427 Buneary 534 Conkeldurr 690 Skrelp 762 Steenee
042 Golbat 193 Yanma 293 Whismur 428 Lopunny 535 Tympole 691 Dragalge 763 Tsareena
043 Oddish 194 Wooper 294 Loudred 429 Mismagius 536 Palpitoad 692 Clauncher 764 Comfey
044 Gloom 195 Quagsire 295 Exploud 430 Honchkrow 537 Seismitoad 693 Clawitzer 765 Oranguru
045 Vileplume 196 Espeon 296 Makuhita 431 Glameow 538 Throh 694 Helioptile 766 Passimian
046 Paras 197 Umbreon 297 Hariyama 432 Purugly 539 Sawk 695 Heliolisk 767 Wimpod
047 Parasect 198 Murkrow 298 Azurill 433 Chingling 540 Sewaddle 696 Tyrunt 768 Golisopod
048 Venonat 199 Slowking 299 Nosepass 434 Stunky 541 Swadloon 697 Tyrantrum 769 Sandygast
049 Venomoth 200 Misdreavus 300 Skitty 435 Skuntank 542 Leavanny 698 Amaura 770 Palossand
050 Diglett 201 Unown 301 Delcatty 436 Bronzor 543 Venipede 699 Aurorus 771 Pyukumuku
051 Dugtrio 202 Wobbuffet 302 Sableye 437 Bronzong 544 Whirlipede 700 Sylveon 772 Type: Null
052 Meowth 203 Girafarig 303 Mawile 438 Bonsly 545 Scolipede 701 Hawlucha 773 Silvally
053 Persian 204 Pineco 304 Aron 439 Mime Jr. 546 Cottonee 702 Dedenne 774 Minior
054 Psyduck 205 Forretress 305 Lairon 440 Happiny 547 Whimsicott 703 Carbink 775 Komala
055 Golduck 206 Dunsparce 306 Aggron 441 Chatot 548 Petilil 704 Goomy 776 Turtonator
056 Mankey 207 Gligar 307 Meditite 442 Spiritomb 549 Lilligant 705 Sliggoo 777 Togedemaru
057 Primeape 208 Steelix 308 Medicham 443 Gible 550 Basculin 706 Goodra 778 Mimikyu
058 Growlithe 209 Snubbull 309 Electrike 444 Gabite 551 Sandile 707 Klefki 779 Bruxish
059 Arcanine 210 Granbull 310 Manectric 445 Garchomp 552 Krokorok 708 Phantump 780 Drampa
060 Poliwag 211 Qwilfish 311 Plusle 446 Munchlax 553 Krookodile 709 Trevenant 781 Dhelmise
061 Poliwhirl 212 Scizor 312 Minun 447 Riolu 554 Darumaka 710 Pumpkaboo 782 Jangmo-o
062 Poliwrath 213 Shuckle 313 Volbeat 448 Lucario 555 Darmanitan 711 Gourgeist 783 Hakamo-o
063 Abra 214 Heracross 314 Illumise 449 Hippopotas 556 Maractus 712 Bergmite 784 Kommo-o
064 Kadabra 215 Sneasel 315 Roselia 450 Hippowdon 557 Dwebble 713 Avalugg 785 Tapu Koko
065 Alakazam 216 Teddiursa 316 Gulpin 451 Skorupi 558 Crustle 714 Noibat 786 Tapu Lele
066 Machop 217 Ursaring 317 Swalot 452 Drapion 559 Scraggy 715 Noivern 787 Tapu Bulu
067 Machoke 218 Slugma 318 Carvanha 453 Croagunk 560 Scrafty 716 Xerneas 788 Tapu Fini
068 Machamp 219 Magcargo 319 Sharpedo 454 Toxicroak 561 Sigilyph 717 Yveltal 789 Cosmog
069 Bellsprout 220 Swinub 320 Wailmer 455 Carnivine 562 Yamask 718 Zygarde 790 Cosmoem
070 Weepinbell 221 Piloswine 321 Wailord 456 Finneon 563 Cofagrigus 719 Diancie 791 Solgaleo
071 Victreebel 222 Corsola 322 Numel 457 Lumineon 564 Tirtouga 720 Hoopa 792 Lunala
072 Tentacool 223 Remoraid 323 Camerupt 458 Mantyke 565 Carracosta 721 Volcanion 793 Nihilego
073 Tentacruel 224 Octillery 324 Torkoal 459 Snover 566 Archen No additional Pokémon 794 Buzzwole
074 Geodude 225 Delibird 325 Spoink 460 Abomasnow 567 Archeops 795 Pheromosa
075 Graveler 226 Mantine 326 Grumpig 461 Weavile 568 Trubbish 796 Xurkitree
076 Golem 227 Skarmory 327 Spinda 462 Magnezone 569 Garbodor 797 Celesteela
077 Ponyta 228 Houndour 328 Trapinch 463 Lickilicky 570 Zorua 798 Kartana
078 Rapidash 229 Houndoom 329 Vibrava 464 Rhyperior 571 Zoroark 799 Guzzlord
079 Slowpoke 230 Kingdra 330 Flygon 465 Tangrowth 572 Minccino 800 Necrozma
080 Slowbro 231 Phanpy 331 Cacnea 466 Electivire 573 Cinccino 801 Magearna
081 Magnemite 232 Donphan 332 Cacturne 467 Magmortar 574 Gothita No additional Pokémon
082 Magneton 233 Porygon2 333 Swablu 468 Togekiss 575 Gothorita
083 Farfetch'd 234 Stantler 334 Altaria 469 Yanmega 576 Gothitelle
084 Doduo 235 Smeargle 335 Zangoose 470 Leafeon 577 Solosis
085 Dodrio 236 Tyrogue 336 Seviper 471 Glaceon 578 Duosion
086 Seel 237 Hitmontop 337 Lunatone 472 Gliscor 579 Reuniclus
087 Dewgong 238 Smoochum 338 Solrock 473 Mamoswine 580 Ducklett
088 Grimer 239 Elekid 339 Barboach 474 Porygon-Z 581 Swanna
089 Muk 240 Magby 340 Whiscash 475 Gallade 582 Vanillite
090 Shellder 241 Miltank 341 Corphish 476 Probopass 583 Vanillish
091 Cloyster 242 Blissey 342 Crawdaunt 477 Dusknoir 584 Vanilluxe
092 Gastly 243 Raikou 343 Baltoy 478 Froslass 585 Deerling
093 Haunter 244 Entei 344 Claydol 479 Rotom 586 Sawsbuck
094 Gengar 245 Suicune 345 Lileep 480 Uxie 587 Emolga
095 Onix 246 Larvitar 346 Cradily 481 Mesprit 588 Karrablast
096 Drowzee 247 Pupitar 347 Anorith 482 Azelf 589 Escavalier
097 Hypno 248 Tyranitar 348 Armaldo 483 Dialga 590 Foongus
098 Krabby 249 Lugia 349 Feebas 484 Palkia 591 Amoonguss
099 Kingler 250 Ho-oh 350 Milotic 485 Heatran 592 Frillish
100 Voltorb 251 Celebi 351 Castform 486 Regigigas 593 Jellicent
101 Electrode No additional Pokémon 352 Kecleon 487 Giratina 594 Alomomola
102 Exeggcute 353 Shuppet 488 Cresselia 595 Joltik
103 Exeggutor 354 Banette 489 Phione 596 Galvantula
104 Cubone 355 Duskull 490 Manaphy 597 Ferroseed
105 Marowak 356 Dusclops 491 Darkrai 598 Ferrothorn
106 Hitmonlee 357 Tropius 492 Shaymin 599 Klink
107 Hitmonchan 358 Chimecho 493 Arceus 600 Klang
108 Lickitung 359 Absol No additional Pokémon 601 Klinklang
109 Koffing 360 Wynaut 602 Tynamo
110 Weezing 361 Snorunt 603 Eelektrik
111 Rhyhorn 362 Glalie 604 Eelektross
112 Rhydon 363 Spheal 605 Elgyem
113 Chansey 364 Sealeo 606 Beheeyem
114 Tangela 365 Walrein 607 Litwick
115 Kangaskhan 366 Clamperl 608 Lampent
116 Horsea 367 Huntail 609 Chandelure
117 Seadra 368 Gorebyss 610 Axew
118 Goldeen 369 Relicanth 611 Fraxure
119 Seaking 370 Luvdisc 612 Haxorus
120 Staryu 371 Bagon 613 Cubchoo
121 Starmie 372 Shelgon 614 Beartic
122 Mr. Mime 373 Salamence 615 Cryogonal
123 Scyther 374 Beldum 616 Shelmet
124 Jynx 375 Metang 617 Accelgor
125 Electabuzz 376 Metagross 618 Stunfisk
126 Magmar 377 Regirock 619 Mienfoo
127 Pinsir 378 Regice 620 Mienshao
128 Tauros 379 Registeel 621 Druddigon
129 Magikarp 380 Latias 622 Golett
130 Gyarados 381 Latios 623 Golurk
131 Lapras 382 Kyogre 624 Pawniard
132 Ditto 383 Groudon 625 Bisharp
133 Eevee 384 Rayquaza 626 Bouffalant
134 Vaporeon 385 Jirachi 627 Rufflet
135 Jolteon 386 Deoxys 628 Braviary
136 Flareon No additional Pokémon 629 Vullaby
137 Porygon 630 Mandibuzz
138 Omanyte 631 Heatmor
139 Omastar 632 Durant
140 Kabuto 633 Deino
141 Kabutops 634 Zweilous
142 Aerodactyl 635 Hydreigon
143 Snorlax 636 Larvesta
144 Articuno 637 Volcarona
145 Zapdos 638 Cobalion
146 Moltres 639 Terrakion
147 Dratini 640 Virizion
148 Dragonair 641 Tornadus
149 Dragonite 642 Thundurus
150 Mewtwo 643 Reshiram
151 Mew 644 Zekrom
No additional Pokémon 645 Landorus
646 Kyurem
647 Keldeo
648 Meloetta
649 Genesect

Design and development[edit]

The design for Pokémon are often highly analogous to real-life creatures, but also encompass inanimate objects.[9] Director Junichi Masuda and graphic designer Takao Unno have stated that inspiration for Pokémon designs can come from anything. The variety of animals and culture across the world provide the basis for countless ideas to be incorporated into the franchise.[10] The simpler roots of designs in Generation I prompted greater complexity in later games.[9] However, by the release of X and Y in 2013, Sugimori stated he wishes to return to the simpler roots of the franchise.[11]

Originally, all Pokémon were designed by Ken Sugimori, a long-time friend of Tajiri, and a team of fewer than ten people. By 2013 a team of 20 artists worked together to create new species designs. A committee of five people determine which designs are incorporated into the games, with Sugimori and Hironobu Yoshida finalizing the look of each creature.[12][13] Furthermore, Sugimori is responsible for all of the official artwork for the games.[12] According to Yoshida, the number of rejected Pokémon designs is 5 to 10 times more than the number that are finalized in each game.[13] In rare cases, rejected designs are brought back and released in a later generation.[14] Each iteration of the series has brought about praise and criticism over the numerous creatures.[9]

In an interview with GamesRadar in 2009, Masuda stated that simple Pokémon take around six months to design and develop, whereas Pokémon that play a more important part in the games (such as starter Pokémon) may take over a year. Masuda added, "We also want the designer to have as much freedom as possible, we don't want to narrow down their imagination by saying 'We want this kind of Pokemon.' When we talk to the designer we always stress that they shouldn't think of Pokemon necessarily, but should instead just be as creative as they can." It is after the Pokémon is designed when it is sent to the "Battle Producer", who decides for the moves and parameters the Pokémon should have.[6]

The environment a Pokémon would live in is taken into account when they are designed. Masuda has stated that each element of a design has a functioning reason.[15] In some cases, the design team creates a footprint that a Pokémon could make and designs a creature around that.[16] Typing assignment varies during the design process, sometimes a Pokémon receives a type after it is created and other times they are designed around a particular type.[17]

Masuda considers the starter Pokémon to be among the most important in the franchise; Yoshida goes further and calls them "the face of that generation" and that "they're the ones that should be on the packaging".[13] The three starter Pokémon of each generation are Grass-, Water-, and Fire-types, a trio that Masuda considers to be the easiest to understand for new players.[17]

Generation I[edit]

Development of Red and Green took approximately six years (1989–95) and it was released in Japan in February 1996.[1][18]

The designs of the original 151 Pokémon from Generation I were finalized by Ken Sugimori.[12] The majority of Pokémon in this generation had relatively simple designs and were highly analogous to real-life creatures including but not limited to: Pidgey (a pigeon), Rattata (a rat), Ekans (a snake), and Seel (a seal). Many Pokémon in the original games served as the base for repeating concepts in later series.[9]

Generation II[edit]

Generation III[edit]

Ruby and Sapphire introduced 135 new Pokémon, almost all of which completely unrelated to those of the previous two generations. The game also introduced eight legendary Pokémon – more than ever before.[19] Though many of the Pokémon in Ruby and Sapphire were criticized for being unoriginal, combat in the third generation became much more strategic as many Pokémon with an unusual combination of primary and secondary types were introduced.[20]

Generation IV[edit]

Diamond and Pearl added 107 new Pokémon.

Generation V[edit]

Golett and Golurk were the first Pokémon to be designed by an American artist.[21]

Generation VI[edit]

Masuda revealed that the three main themes of Pokémon X and Y to be beauty, bonds, and evolution.[15] Beauty was the core focus and Masuda felt France to be a prime example of such; he brought a team to the country for study in 2011.[22] With the games taking place in a region based on France (called Kalos), design inspiration stemmed more from European culture.[23] The legendary trio of Xerneas, Yveltal, and Zygarde have their roots in Norse Mythology, for example.[24] More focus than usual was placed on giving new Pokémon unique elements for this generation.[14]

A major design change for the franchise was the shift from two-dimensional sprites to three-dimensional polygons. This required a larger development team than past games, with more than 500 people involved with the games' development, inclusive of localization teams.[25] A new type was also added into the game for the first time since Gold and Silver: Fairy-type. A new mechanic called Mega Evolution—a temporary form change akin to normal evolution—was also added for more dynamic battles and stemmed from the concepts of bonds and evolution.[15][14] Mega Evolutions "refined designs to a new extreme" according to Yoshida, and required considerable effort.[14] Multiple Pokémon, such as Kangaskahn and Mewtwo, received Mega Evolutions.[15] They were made temporary to retain balance in battles, and only made possible when a Pokémon is holding their respective Mega Stone to prevent players from giving them a different advantageous hold item.[14] A variant of Mega Evolution called Primal Reversion was introduced for Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire; this mechanic is exclusive to Groudon and Kyogre.[26]

Generation VII[edit]

Pokémon Sun and Moon were officially revealed on February 26, 2016, during a Nintendo Direct presentation which commemorated the franchise's 20th anniversary.[27] Concept art shown in the trailer hinted at the new region being tropical with palm trees and Pokémon Centers resembling tropical huts. Magearna and an unnamed bird Pokémon, now known to be Pikipek, were the only known new species in the games as of their announcement.[28][29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tajiri, Satoshi (22 November 1999). "The Ultimate Game Freak". Time (Interview). Interview with Time magazine. New York, New York. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b King, Sharon R. (26 April 1999). "Mania for 'Pocket Monsters' Yields Billions for Nintendo". The New York Times. Langhorne, Pennsylvania. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Jarvis, Matthew (2 December 2014). "Margin Makers: Guide to Pokémon merchandise". Market for Home Computing and Video Games. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Loveridge, Sam (2016-07-25). "Pokémon Go Types explained: how to win Pokémon Go Gym battles". Digital Spy. 
  5. ^ Julien-Rohman, Damion (2014-11-24). "'Pokémon Alpha Sapphire and Omega Ruby' deliver". The State Press. 
  6. ^ a b Grimm, Michael (2009-03-20). "How Pokemon are born". GamesRadar. 
  7. ^ Martinez, Phillips (2016-11-18). "'Pokemon Sun And Moon': How To Catch Every Legendary In Alola". iDigitalTimes. 
  8. ^ Martinez, Phillip (2016-11-18). "'Pokémon Sun And Moon' Ultra Beasts: Everything You Need To Know". iDigitalTimes. 
  9. ^ a b c d Hernandez, Patricia (17 December 2012). "Pokémon Designs Aren't Getting Worse, They May Be Getting Better". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  10. ^ Cundy, Matt (9 October 2012). "Pokémon developer confident it can keep making new pokémon forever". GamesRadar. Future plc. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  11. ^ Sato (7 November 2013). "Pokémon Art Director Wants The Next Generation To Be Simpler". Siliconera. Curse. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c Plunkett, Luke (24 May 2011). "The Man Who Creates Pokémon For a Living". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c Nutt, Christian (10 October 2013). "How Pokemon are born: Designing the series' iconic monsters". Gamasutra. UBM plc. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Masuda, Junichi; Yoshida, Hironobu (24 September 2013). "Pokémon X and Y Interview with Game Freak" (Interview). Interview with Justin Berube and Josh Max. Nintendo World Report. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d Masuda, Junichi; Yoshida, Hironobu (20 September 2013). "Junichi Masuda and Hironobu Yoshida Discuss Pokémon X and Y, Mega Evolutions and the 2DS" (Interview). Interview with Katy Ellis. Nintendo Life. p. 2. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  16. ^ Masuda, Junichi; Yoshida, Hironobu (19 September 2013). "Men are from Mars, Pokemon X and Y are from France". IGN (Interview). Interview with Heidi Kemps. Ziff Davis. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  17. ^ a b Hernandez, Patricia (25 September 2013). "Pokemon Hasn't Really Felt Exciting In A Long While...Until Now". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  18. ^ Morimoto, Shigeki; Ishihara, Tsunekazu (4 September 2009). "Pokémon HeartGold Version & SoulSilver Version: Just Making the Last Train" (Interview). Iwata Asks. Interview with Satoru Iwata. Nintendo. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  19. ^ Merrick, Joe (2015-11-05). "Feature: A Pokémon Retrospective: Generation 3 - 2002 to 2006". Nintendo Life. 
  20. ^ Carlson, Alex (2014-05-13). "How Ruby and Sapphire Changed the Pokemon Series Forever". Hardcore Gamer. 
  21. ^ Carolyn Gudmundson (1 March 2011). "Pokemon Black and White Pokedex - Golett, Golurk". GamesRadar. Future plc. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  22. ^ Campbell, Colin (5 July 2013). "How France inspired Junichi Masuda in making Pokémon X and Y". Polygon. Vox Media. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  23. ^ Watts, Steve (23 October 2013). "How Europe inspired Pokemon X and Y's creature designs". Shacknews. GameFly. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  24. ^ Lucas Sullivan (8 February 2014). "17 Pokemon based on real-world mythology". GamesRadar. Future plc. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  25. ^ Masuda, Junichi; Yoshida, Hironobu (20 September 2013). "Junichi Masuda and Hironobu Yoshida Discuss Pokémon X and Y, Mega Evolutions and the 2DS" (Interview). Interview with Katy Ellis. Nintendo Life. p. 1. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  26. ^ Hernandez, Patricia (20 June 2014). "'Primal Reversion' Is Pokémon's New Type of Evolution". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  27. ^ Hernandez, Patricia (26 February 2016). "Pokémon Sun And Moon Confirmed, Out This Year For 3DS". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  28. ^ Macy, Seth G. (26 February 2016). "5 Cool Things in the New Pokémon Sun/Moon Teaser". IGN. Ziff Davis. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  29. ^ Macy, Seth G. (26 February 2016). "Pokémon Sun and Moon Officially Announced". IGN. Ziff Davis. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 

External links[edit]