List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes

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Map of the historical Duchy of Pomerania from the 17th century

This is a list of the duchies and dukes of Pomerania.

Dukes of the Slavic Pomeranian tribes (All Pomerania)[edit]

The lands of Pomerania were firstly ruled by local tribes, who settled in Pomerania around the 10th and 11th centuries.

Non-dynastic[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Siemomysł c.1000 or 1020 After 1000–1046 c.29 June 1046 All Pomerania Unknown First known duke of all Pomerania. His origins are unknown.
Świętobor before 1046 1060–1106 1106 All Pomerania Anna Son of Siemomysl.
Świętopełk I before 1106 1106–1113 1113 Pomerania-Danzig (future Pomerelia) Unknown

In 1106, Pomerania is divided by his two older sons: Wartislaw, who founded the House of Pomerania and the Duchy of Pomerania, and Świętopełk I. After Swietopelk's death, his lands were occupied by the Saxon prince Lothar of Supplinburg. In 1155, the lands regained independence under Sobieslaw I, who founded the dynasty of the Samborides, and the Duchy of Pomerelia.

Duchy of Pomerania[edit]

The Duchy resulted from the partition of Świętobor, Duke of Pomerania, in which his son Wartislaw inherited the lands that would become in fact known as Pomerania.

Partitions of Pomerania[edit]

First partition 1155–1264[edit]

In 1155, Pomerania was divided in Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Demmin. In 1190 the Land of Słupsk-Sławno separated itself from -Stettin.

In 1231 Emperor Frederick II granted the immediate liege lordship over Pomerania to the Margrave of Brandenburg, who enforced this claim by the Treaties of Kremmen (1236) and of Landin (1250). Thus Pomerania had become a fief of Brandenburg, thus an only mediate (indirect) subfief of the Empire, with Brandenburg itself being an immediate imperial fief.

In 1227, Stolp came to Pomerelia, Schlawe to Pomerania. In 1238–1316 both became part of Pomerelia, ruled by an autonomously acting dynasty of castellans, the Swenzones (German: Swenzonen, entering history in 1257 with Swenzo the Elder). In 1316, the area became part of the Pomerania-Wolgast, first as a pawn from Brandenburg, and definitively in 1347.

After Wartislaw III died heirless in 1264, Barnim I became sole duke of the whole duchy. After Barnim's death, the duchy was to be ruled by his sons Barnim II, Otto I and Bogislaw IV. The first years, Bogislaw, being the eldest, ruled in place of his too young brothers.

Second partition 1295–1368[edit]

In 1295, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided roughly by the Peene and Ina (Ihna) rivers, with the areas north of these rivers ruled by Bogislaw IV became Pomerania-Wolgast, whereas Otto I received Pomerania-Szczecin south of these rivers.

Third partition 1368–1376[edit]

In 1368, Pomerania-Wolgast was divided into a western part (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine, including the name-giving residence in Wolgast) and an eastern part (German: Wolgast jenseits der Swine, in literature also called Pomerania-Stolp after the residence in Stolp (Słupsk)).

Fourth partition 1376/1377–1478[edit]

In 1376, the western part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine) was subdivided in a smaller western part sometimes named Pomerania-Barth after the residence in Barth, and an eastern part which included the residence in Wolgast. In the following year, the eastern part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine or Pomerania-Stolp) was divided into a western part which included Stargard and an eastern part which included the residence in Stolp (Słupsk).

In 1459, the eastern partitions of Pomerania-Wolgast around Stargard and Stolp ceased to exist. In 1478, after 200 years of partition, the duchy was reunited for a short period when all her parts were inherited by Bogislaw X.

Fifth and sixth partitions 1531–1625[edit]

In 1531, Pomerania was partitioned into Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Wolgast. This time however, in contrast to the earlier partitions with the same names, Pomerania-Wolgast included the western, and Pomerania-Stettin the eastern parts of the duchy. In 1569, were created the duchies of -Barth (split off from -Wolgast) and -Rügenwalde (Darłowo) (split off from -Stettin).

Definitive reunification and annexation to Sweden[edit]

In 1625, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania under his rule. However, in 1637, Sweden hold western parts of Pomerania (Hither Pomerania), originally including Stettin, legalised by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 (Swedish Pomerania, several times reduced in favour of Brandenburgian Pomerania). Between 1637 and 1657 Lauenburg-Bütow Land came to Poland, thereafter to Brandenburg. In 1648, Brandenburg prevailed in the Peace of Westphalia with its claim only for eastern parts of Pomerania (Farther Pomerania), with the Brandenburg electors officially holding simultaneously the title of dukes of Pomerania until 1806 (end of the Empire and its enfeoffments), but de facto integrating their Pomerania into Brandenburg-Prussia, making it one of the provinces of Prussia in 1815, then including former Swedish Pomerania.

Dukes of Pomerania: the House of Griffins[edit]

Partitions of Pomerania under Griffins rule[edit]

Duchy of Pomerania
(1121–1156)
Demmin
(1st creation)
(1156–1184)
Stettin
(1st creation)
(1156–1264)
Schlawe-Stolp
(1156–1238)
      
Demmin
(2nd creation)
(1208–1264)
      
      
Duchy of Pomerania
(1264–1295)
Wolgast
(1st creation)
(1295–1478)
Stettin
(2nd creation)
(1295–1464)
       Stolp
(1368–1459)
Barth
(1st creation)
(1377–1393)
              Stargard
(1377-1395)
             
             
Barth
(2nd creation)
(1425–1451)
             
             
Barth
(3rd creation)
(1457–1478)
             
      
      
Duchy of Pomerania
(1478–1531)
Wolgast
(2nd creation)
(1531–1625)
Stettin
(3rd creation)
(1531–1569)
       Barth
(4th creation)
(1569–1603)
Rügenwalde
(1st creation)
(1569–1600)
(Wolgast line 1569–1600)
       (Rügenwalde line 1600–1603)
       (Barth line 1603–1625) Rügenwalde
(2nd creation)
(1603–1620)
             
Duchy of Pomerania
(1625–1637)

Table of rulers[edit]

(Note: Here the numbering of the dukes is the same for all duchies, as all were titled Dukes of Pomerania, despite of the different parts of land or particular numbering of the rulers. The dukes are numbered by the year of their succession.)

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Warcislaus I Wartislaw I.jpg c.1091 1121–1135 1135 Pomerania 24 pagan wives

Heila of Saxony
before 1128
one child

Ida of Denmark
1129
three children
First duke of Pomerania and founder of the family. A pagan, he converted to Christianity in the beginning of the 12th century. Then, along with his son Bolesław, backed Otto of Bamberg in his successful Conversion of Pomerania.
Racibor I Racibor I of Pomerania.jpg c.1124 1135–1156 1156 Pomerania Pribislava Yaroslavna of Volhynia
1136
four children
Ancestor of the Ratiboriden branch of the House of Pomerania that ruled Słupsk-Sławno
Casimir I Casimir I.jpg after 1130 1156–1180 fall of 1180 Pomerania-Demmin Pritolawa
no children
Swietopelk Before 1156 1156–c.1190 1190s Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp Unmarried
Warcislaus II c.1160 1180–1184 c.1184 Pomerania-Demmin Sophia of Poland
no children
Boguslaus I Bogislaw I.jpg 1127 1156-1184 18 March 1187 Pomerania-Stettin Walburga of Denmark
three children

Anastasia of Greater Poland
26 April 1177
two children
In 1184 after the death of his nephew Warcislaus II, reunited Stettin and Demmin.
1184–1187 Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Demmin
Anastasia of Greater Poland (regent) Anastasia of Greater Poland.jpg c.1164 1187–1208 c.1240 Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Demmin Boguslaus I
26 April 1177
two children
Widow of Bogislaw I.
Boguslaus II Bogislaw II.jpg 1177 1208–1220 23 January 1220 Pomerania-Stettin Miroslava of Pomerelia
1210
three children
Son of Bogislaw I.
Casimir II Casimir II Pommern.jpg c.1180 1208–1219 1219 Pomerania-Demmin Ingard of Denmark
1210
two children
Boguslaus III Bogislaw III.jpg before 1190 c.1190–1223 1223 Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp A daughter of Mieszko III of Poland
before 1223
two children
Son of Boguslaus II and younger brother of Barnim I. His existence is not certain. Received the -Sławno part in 1190 by his father.
Ingard of Denmark (regent) Ingard.jpg c.1190 1219–1226 1248 Pomerania-Demmin Casimir II
1210
two children
Widow of Casimir II
Warcislaus III Wartislaw III.jpg c.1210 1226–1264 17 May 1264 Pomerania-Demmin Sophia
1236
three children
After his death in 1264, Barnim became the sole duke.
Racibor II before 1223 1223–1238 1238 Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp unmarried Son of Bogislaw III. Other historians suggest that he could be also son of Bogislaw II or Mestwin I of Pomerelia. After his death without descendants, the land returned to Pomerania.
Miroslava of Pomerelia (regent) Miroslava of Pomerelia.jpg 1190 1220–1226 1237 Pomerania-Stettin Boguslaus II
1210
three children
Widow of Bogislaw I.
Barnim I the Good Barnim01.jpg c.1217/1219 1226–1264 13 December 1278 Pomerania-Stettin Anna Maria of Saxony
between 4 September 1238 and 18 July 1242
three children

Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1252 or 1253
one child

Matilda of Brandenburg
between 29 March 1263 and 20 May 1267
six children
Since 1227 the dukes were again vassals of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1264 reunited all Pomerania.
1264-1278 Pomerania
Boguslaus IV Bogislaw IV.jpg c.1255 1278–1295 19/24 February 1309 Pomerania Matilda of Brandenburg-Stendal
between 1275 and 1278
no children

Margaret of Rügen
13 August 1284
six children
Ruled jointly. Boguslaus was the eldest son of Barnim I, and ruled with his stepmother, who was regent of her own sons. From 1294 Boguslaus ruled directly with his half-brothers Barnim and Otto, who reached majority in that year. Following the death of Barnim without descendants in 1295, Boguslaus and Otto divided Pomerania between them: Boguslaus retained Wolgast and Otto received Stettin.
1295-1309 Pomerania-Wolgast
Matilda of Brandenburg (regent) Matilda of Brandenburg.jpg ? 1278-1294 20 December 1316 Pomerania Barnim I the Good
between 29 March 1263 and 20 May 1267
six children
Barnim II Barnim II.jpg c.1277 1294-1295 28 May 1295 Pomerania unmarried
Otto I OttoIPommern.jpg 1279 1294–1295 31 December 1344 Pomerania Elisabeth of Holstein
April 1296
two children
1295–1344 Pomerania-Stettin
Warcislaus IV Wartislaw IV.jpg before 1290 1309–1326 1 August 1326 Pomerania-Wolgast Elisabeth of Lindow-Ruppin
11 April 1316 or 1317
three children
Son of Bogislaw IV.
Barnim III the Great Barnim III.jpg c.1300 1344–1368 14 August 1368 Pomerania-Stettin Agnes of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1330
five children
Elisabeth of Lindow-Ruppin (regent) Elisabeth of Lindow-Ruppin.jpg 1300 1326–c.1330 Between February (or March) 1355 and 2 July 1356 Pomerania-Wolgast Warcislaus IV
11 April 1316 or 1317
three children
Regent on behalf of her sons.
Boguslaus V the Great Bogislaw V.jpg c.1318 c.1330–1368 23 April 1374 Pomerania-Wolgast Elisabeth of Poland
24 or 25 February 1343
three children

Adelaide of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1362 or 1363
four children
Sons of Boguslaus IV, ruled jointly. In 1368, Boguslaus, the last surviving brother, divided the land with his brother Barnim's heirs: They kept Wolgast, and Boguslaus created Stargard for himself.
1368–1374 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp
Warcislaus V the Father of the People Wartislaw V.jpg c.1 November 1326 c.1330–1368 1390 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna of Mecklenburg-Stargard
before 1390
no children
Barnim IV the Good Barnim IV.jpg 1325 c.1330–1365 22 August 1365 Pomerania-Wolgast Sophia of Mecklenburg-Werle
1343
three children
Casimir III Casimir III.jpg 1348 1368–1372 24 August 1372 Pomerania-Stettin unmarried Son of Barnim III.
Boguslaus VI Bogislaw VI.jpg c.1350 1365–1393 7 March 1393 Pomerania-Wolgast Judith of Saxe-Lauenburg
between 1369 and 1377
no children

Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
14 or 19 September 1389
Celle
two children
Sons of Barnim IV, ruled jointly. In 1377, they divided the land: Boguslaus kept Wolgast and Warcislaus retained Barth. However, as Boguslaus died without heirs, Warcislaus reunited Barth with Wolgast.
Warcislaus VI the One-Eyed Wartislaw VI.jpg 1345 1365–1377 13 June 1394 Pomerania-Wolgast Anne of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1 October 1363
four children
1377-1393 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth
1393-1394 Pomerania-Wolgast
Swantibor I Swantibor I.jpg c.1351 1372–1413 21 June 1413 Pomerania-Stettin Anne of Nuremberg
17 September 1363
four children
Brothers of Casimir III, ruled jointly.
Boguslaus VII the Older Bogislaw VII.jpg before 1355 1372–1404 1404 Pomerania-Stettin Unknown
before 1404
no children
Casimir IV Casimir IV.jpg 1351 1374–1377 2 January 1377 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Kenna of Lithuania
1360
no children

Margaret of Masovia
1368 or 1369
no children
After his death his sons divided the land.
Warcislaus VII Wartislaw VII.jpg 1363/5 1377–1394/5 1394/5 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
23 March 1380
one child
Sons of Casimir IV. Warcislaus received Stargard, and his brothers Boguslaus and Barnim received Stolp together. The death of Warcislaus made possible the reunion of the inheritance of their father, by Boguslaus and Barnim, who reunited Stolp to Stargard. However, there was an heir to Stolp: Boguslaus, who would be brought up in Denmark and changed name to Eric.
Boguslaus VIII Magnus Bogislaw VIII.jpg c.1364 1377–1394/5 11 February 1418 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard Sophia of Holstein
c.1398
two children.
1394/5-1418 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard)
Barnim V Barnim V.jpg 1369 1377–1394/5 1402/3 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard Hedwig of Lithuania
27 September 1396
one child
1394/5–1403 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard)
Barnim VI Epitaph Barnim VI Büste.png c.1365 1393–1405 22 September 1405 Pomerania-Wolgast Veronica of Hohenzollern
circa or before 1395
three children
Sons of Warcislaus VI, ruled jointly.
Warcislaus VIII Wartislaw VIII.jpg 1373 1393–1415 20/23 August 1415 Pomerania-Wolgast Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg
circa or before 1398
four children
Otto II OttoII.jpg c.1380 1413–1428 27 March 1428 Pomerania-Stettin Agnes of Mecklenburg-Stargard
c.1411
no children
Sons of Swantibor I, ruled jointly.
Casimir V Casimir V.jpg before 1380 1413–1435 13 April 1435 Pomerania-Stettin Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg
circa or before 1420
three children

Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
circa or before 1439
one child
Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg (regent) Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg.jpg After 1373 1415–1425 1435 Pomerania-Wolgast Wartislaw VIII
circa or before 1398
four children
Regent in the name of her children, Barnim VIII and Swantibor II, and her nephews, sons of Barnim VI: Warcislaus IX and Barnim VII.
Barnim VII the Older Barnim VII.jpg 1390 1425–1450 22 September 1450 Pomerania-Wolgast Unmarried Sons of the co-rulers Barnim VI and Warcislaus VIII. After the end of the regency of Agnes, the four rulers divided possessions: The sons of Barnim kept Wolgast; the sons of Warcislaus received Barth. However, as the sons of Warcislaus left no children, their possessions returned to the sons of Barnim VI.
Warcislaus IX WartislawIX.1776.JPG c.1400 1425–1457 17 April 1457 Pomerania-Wolgast Sophia of Saxe-Lauenburg
1420
four children

Son of Barnim VI.

Barnim VIII the Younger Barnim VIII.jpg between 1405 and 1407 1425–1451 between 15 and 19 December 1451 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Anna of Wunstorf
circa or before 1434
one child
Swantibor II the Calm c.1408 1425–1432 1432 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Unmarried
Boguslaus IX Bogislaw IX.jpg 1407/1410 1418–1446 7 December 1446 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Maria of Masovia
24 June 1432
Poznań
two children
Council of Regency in Pomerania-Stettin:1435–1443
Joachim the Younger Joachim the Younger.jpg 1424 1443–1451 4 October 1451 Pomerania-Stettin Elisabeth of Brandenburg
29 September 1440
one child
Son of Casimir V.
Maria of Masovia (regent) Maria of Masovia.jpg 1408/1415 1446–1449 14 February 1454 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Bogislaw IX
24 June 1432
Poznań
two children
Regent in name of her husband's cousin and heir, Eric I.
Eric I ErichI.1500.JPG 1381/1382 1449–1459 3 May 1459 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Philippa of England
26 October 1406
Lund
one child
Son of Warcislaus VII and original heir of Stolp in 1394. His absence was probably the cause of his being bypassed in the Pomeranian succession. Also King of the Union of Kalmar between Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
Warcislaus X Wartislaw X.jpg 1435 1457–1478 17 December 1478 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Elisabeth of Brandenburg
5 March 1454
two children

Magdalena of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1472
no children
Otto III Otto III.jpg 29 May 1444 1460–1464 7 September 1464 Pomerania-Stettin unmarried

Son of Wartcislaus IX.

Eric II ErichII.Pommern.JPG between 1418 and 1425 1457–1464 5 July 1474 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna Sophie of Pomerania-Stolp
1451
twelve children
In 1464, he reunited Pomerania-Wolgast with Pomerania-Stettin
1464-1474 Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin
Boguslaus X the Great Bogislaw X von Pommern.JPG 3 June 1454 1474–1478 5 October 1523 Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin Margaret of Brandenburg
20 September 1477
Prenzlau
no children

Anna Jagiellon of Poland
2 February 1491
Szczecin
eight children
Son of Eric II, reunited Pomerania in 1478.
1478-1523 Pomerania
George I GeorgPommern.JPG 11 April 1493 1523–1531 10 May 1531 Pomerania Amalie of the Palatinate
22 May 1513
Szczecin
three children

Margaret of Brandenburg
23 January 1530
Berlin
one child
Sons of Boguslaus X, ruled jointly. After George's death, Barnim divided Pomerania with his younger brother Philip. After his death his possessions went to Pomerania-Wolgast.
Barnim IX the Pious BarnimIX.1570.JPG 2 December 1501 1523–1531 2 November 1573 Pomerania Anna of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 February 1525
Szczecin
seven children
1531-1569 Pomerania-Stettin
Philip I the Pious' Philipp I. von Pommern.png 14 July 1515 1531–1560 14 February 1560 Pomerania-Wolgast Maria of Saxony
27 February 1536
Torgau
ten children
Son of George I.
Ernest Louis the Fair ErnstLudwig1750F.JPG 20 November 1545 1560–1592 17 June 1592 Pomerania-Wolgast Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
20 October 1577
Wolgast
three children
Sons of Philip I, ruled jointly. Divided the land in 1569: Ernest Louis kept Wolgast, John Frederick received Stettin, Boguslaus received Barth and Neuenkamp (later Franzburg), and Barnim received Rügenwalde. In 1592 Boguslaus became tutor of his nephew Philip Julius. In 1600 after the death of John Frederick without children, the land was inherited by Barnim, who reunited it with Rügenwalde. At the latter's death in 1603 also with no descendants, Boguslaus received the land and united it with Barth, but he gave Rügenwalde to one of his sons, and gave Barth and Neuenkamp to Philip Julius.
John Frederick the Strong JohannFriedrichPommern.PNG 27 August 1542 1560–1569 9 February 1600 Pomerania-Wolgast Erdmuthe of Brandenburg
17 February 1577
Szczecin
no children
1569-1600 Pomerania-Stettin
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750.JPG 15 February 1549 1560–1569 1 September 1603 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna Maria of Brandenburg
8 January 1581
Berlin
no children
1569-1600 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde
1600-1603 Pomerania-Stettin (Stettin and Rügenwalde)
Boguslaus XI BogislawXIII.1750.JPG 9 August 1544 1560–1569 7 March 1606 Pomerania-Wolgast Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8 September 1572
eleven children

Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
31 May 1601
no children
1569-1603 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth
1603-1606 Pomerania-Stettin
Philip Julius PhilippJulius1750.JPG 27 December 1584 1592–1625 6 February 1625 Pomerania-Wolgast Agnes of Brandenburg
25 June 1604
Berlin
no children
Son of Ernest Louis, united Barth to Wolgast in 1603
George II GeorgII.1615.JPG 30 January 1582 1603–1617 27 March 1617 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Unmarried Son of Boguslaus XI, received Rügenwalde, inherited by his father in 1603, and given to him.
Philip II the Pious PhilippII.1678.JPG 29 July 1573 1606–1618 3 February 1618 Pomerania-Stettin Sophia of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
10 March 1607
Treptow an der Rega
no children
Son of Boguslaus XI. Left no descendants and the land was inherited by his brother Francis.
Francis Franz1610.JPG 24 March 1577 1618–1620 27 November 1620 Pomerania-Stettin Sophie of Saxony
26 August 1610
Dresden
no children
Son of Boguslaus XI and brother of the predecessor.
Boguslaus XII the Sociable BogislawXIV.1635.JPG 31 March 1580 1617–1620 10 March 1637 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1615
no children
Son of Boguslaus XI. Inherited the possessions of all his brothers and reunited Pomerania, but he also didn't have any children. At his death, Pomerania was annexed by the Kingdom of Sweden.
1620-1625 Pomerania-Stettin (Stettin and Rügenwalde)
1625-1637 Pomerania

Principality of Rugia[edit]

1168–1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers:

From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth:

from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast

Duchy of Pomerelia[edit]

In 1155, the lands which belonged to Świętopełk I became independent under Sobieslaw I, a possible descendant, who founded the House of Sambor and the Duchy of Pomerelia.

The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae ("Duke of Pomerania") or dux Pomeranorum ("Duke of the Pomeranians").

Partitions of the Duchy of Pomerelia[edit]

In 1215, the duchy was divided in other smaller duchies: Gdańsk, Białogarda, Lubiszewo and Świecie.

  Gdańsk   Białogarda   Lubiszewo   Świecie

1155-1190
Duchy of Pomerelia-Gdańsk
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Białogarda
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Lubiszewo
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Świecie
Became independent in 1215.

In 1271 the duchy is reunited and in 1296 annexed to the Kingdom of Poland

Dukes of Pomerelia[edit]

Non-dynastic[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Świętopełk I before 1106 1106–1113 1113 Pomerania-Gdańsk (future Pomerelia) Unknown He wasn't duke of Pomerelia, but ruled in the lands that became Pomerelia 40 years later.

House of Sambor (1155–1296)[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Sobieslaw I c.1130 1155-1178 1178 Pomerelia Unknown
before 1150
two children
Sambor I Sambor I.JPG c.1150 1178-1205 7 February or 30 December 1205 Pomerelia Unknown
before 1205
two children
Mestwin I the Peaceful Mestwin I, Duke of Pomerania.PNG c.1160 1205-1220 1/2 July 1220 Pomerelia Swinisława of Poland
c.1190
eight children
Brother of Sambor.
Świętopełk II the Great Swantopolk II, Duke of Pomerania.PNG c.1190 1220-1266 11 January 1266 Pomerelia-Gdańsk Salomea of Halych
before 1220
one child

Euphrosyne of Greater Poland
c.1220
two children

Hermengard of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
c.1230
two children
Son of Mestwin I. Ruler in Gdańsk, used the title Dux (Duke) from 1227.
Wartislaw I c.1195 1220–1233 11 January 1233 Pomerelia-Białogarda-Lubiszewo-Świecie unmarried Son of Mestwin I. Ruler in Świecie, used the title Dux (Duke) from 1227. After his death his domains were divided between the younger brothers.
Racibor I c.1212 1233–1262 6 June 1272 Pomerelia-Białogarda unmarried Son of Mestwin I. Joined the Teutonic Order in 1262, and -Białogarda was annexed by -Gdańsk.
Sambor II Sambor II Tczewski seal 1229.PNG c.1212 1233–1270 30 December 1277 Pomerelia-Lubiszewo Matilda of Mecklenburg
six children
Son of Mestwin I. He initially resided at a burgh located in the later village of Lubiszewo. After the town of Tczew was founded nearby in the course of the German Ostsiedlung, the dukes shifted their residence to the town.
Mestwin II Mestwin II, Duke of Pomerania.PNG 1220 1233–1270 29 December 1294 Pomerelia-Świecie Judith of Wettin
before 1275
two children

Euphrosyne of Opole
1275 (div.1288)
no children

Sulisława
after 1288
no children
Son of Swiatopelk I. In 1270, he reunited the duchy.
Wartislaw II 1237 1266–1270 9 May 1271 Pomerelia-Gdańsk unmarried Son of Swietopelk II. After his death without descendants, Gdańsk was absorbed by the reunited Duchy of Pomerelia.
Mestwin II Mestwin II, Duke of Pomerania.PNG 1220 1270–1294 29 December 1294 Pomerelia Judith of Wettin
before 1275
two children

Euphrosyne of Opole
1275 (div.1288)
no children

Sulisława
after 1288
no children
Reunites the duchy in 1270. In 1294, Pomerelia was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland.

Later history of Pomerelia[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1–4, Poznan-Torun 1969–2003
  • Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part I
  • Zugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznań 1969, 1978, 1996
  • Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
  • L. Badkowski, W.Samp. "Poczet ksiazat Pomorza Gdanskiego", Gdańsk 1974
  • B. Sliwinski, "Poczet ksiazaat gdanskich", Gdańsk 1997
  • Wojciech Myslenicki, "Pomorscy sprzymierzenscy Jagiellonczylow", Wyd. Poznanskie, Poznań 1979
  • J. Spors, "Podzially administracyjne Pomorza Gdanskiego i Slawiensko-Slupksiego od XII do poczatkow XIV w", Słupsk 1983
  • K. Slaski, "Podzially terytorialne Pomorza w XII–XII w.", Poznań 1960
  • Edward Rymar, Krewni i powinowaci ksiazat pomorskich w zrodłach sredniowiecznych (XII–początek XVI w.), Materially Zachodniopomorskie, vol. XXXI

External links[edit]