List of Portuguese colonial forts

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A map of the Portuguese Empire and its claims, strongholds, trade waters, and economic interests.

This article will list all fortifications that were built, or ordered to be built by the Portuguese throughout the globe. All forts in this list are outside the modern territory of Portugal, and were built for the purpose of colonialism and the Portuguese Overseas Empire.

Portuguese explorers have discovered many lands and the sea routes in the 15th-18th centuries during the Age of Discovery. Along the way they built outposts and fortresses, many of which still exist today all over the world. Similar in design they are often easy to recognize although not in Portuguese hands for many years or centuries already.

List of forts by continent[edit]

Africa[edit]

Name Built Condition Image City Current country Historical rulers
Cacheu Fort 1588 Intact Cacheu statues in fortress.jpg Cacheu Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Portugal Portugal (1588-1974)
Castelo Real 1506 Demolished Castelo Real Adriaen Matham 1641.jpg Essaouira Morocco Morocco Portugal Portugal (1506-1510)
Morocco Morocco (1510-18th century)
Elmina Castle 1482 Intact St. Georges Castle Elmina Cape Coast.jpg Elmina Ghana Ghana Portugal Portugal (1482-1637)
Netherlands Netherlands (1637-1872)
United Kingdom Britain (1872-1957)
Fort Jesus 1593-1596 Intact Fort JesusMombasa.jpg Mombasa Kenya Kenya Portugal Portugal (1593-1698, 1728-1729)
Flag of The Imamate of Oman.svg Oman (1698-1741, 1837-1895)
Local rule (1741-1837)
United Kingdom Britain (1895-1963)
Fort of São João Baptista de Ajudá 1721 Intact São João Baptista de Ajudá 1886.jpg Ouidah Benin Benin Portugal Portugal (1721-1961)
Forte Real de São Filipe 1587-1593 Intact CidadeVelha-SaoFelipe2.jpg Cidade Velha Cape Verde Cape Verde Portugal Portugal (1587-1975)
Fort Saint Anthony 1515 Intact Overzicht bovenop bastion rechts voor met zicht op beide hoger gelegen bouwdelen - Axim - 20374980 - RCE.jpg Axim Ghana Ghana Portugal Portugal (1515-1642)
Netherlands Netherlands (1642-1872)
United Kingdom Britain (1872-1957)
Fort San Sebastian 1520-1526 Intact Fort St Sebastian - Close up.jpg Shama Ghana Ghana Portugal Portugal (1520-1642)
Netherlands Netherlands (1642-1872)
United Kingdom Britain (1872-1957)
Fort São Caetano 1505 Decimated Sofala (1666).jpg Sofala Mozambique Mozambique Portugal Portugal (1505-1975)
Fort São Sebastião 1558 Intact Fort Sao Sebastiao.gif Island of Mozambique Mozambique Mozambique Portugal Portugal (1558-1975)
Fort São Sebastião 1575 Intact Sao tome fort.jpg São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe Portugal Portugal (1575-1641, 1644-1975)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1641-1644)
Fortaleza de São José da Amura 1697 Restored Bissau Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Portugal Portugal (1697-1974)
Forte Duque de Bragança 1820 Ruins Ilhéu de Sal Rei Cape Verde Cape Verde Portugal Portugal (1820-1975)
Fortim de São Lourenço 1695 Intact Fort São Lourenço - Mozambique Island.jpg Island of São Lourenço Mozambique Mozambique Portugal Portugal (1695-1975)
Fortress of Kambambe 1604 Ruins Cambambe Angola Angola Portugal Portugal (1604-1975)
Fortress of Muxima 1599 Intact Muxima Angola Angola Portugal Portugal (1599-1641, 1648-1975)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1641-1648)
Fortress of São Miguel 1576 Intact Luanda-SMiguelFort2.jpg Luanda Angola Angola Portugal Portugal (1576-1641, 1648-1975)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1641-1648)
Mazagão Fort 1514 Intact Forteresse Jadida 03.JPG El Jadida Morocco Morocco Portugal Portugal (1514-1769)
Morocco Morocco (1769-1912)
France France (1912-1956)
Royal Walls of Ceuta 1540s Intact Murallas Reales, Ceuta, España, 2015-12-10, DD 84-86 HDR.JPG Ceuta Spain Spain Portugal Portugal (1415-1668)

Americas[edit]

Name Built Condition Image City Current country Historical rulers
Fort Santana 1775 Ruins 2009 fev 10 forte santana.JPG Fernando de Noronha Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1775-1822)
Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora da Assunção 1812 Intact Forte de Nossa Senhora de Assunção.jpg Fortaleza Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1812-1822)
Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora da Conceição 1718 Intact Fortaleza da Conceição 04.jpg Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1718-1822)
Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres 1767-1769 Intact BR-Brasil, Paraná, Paranaguá, Ilha do Mel, Fortaleza Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres-7291.jpg Paranaguá Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1767-1822)
Fortaleza de Santa Cruz da Barra 1612 Intact Fortaleza de Santa Cruz vista do Forte do Pico.jpg Niterói Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1612-1822)
Fortaleza de Santa Cruz de Anhatomirim 1739-1744 Intact Fortaleza de Anhatomirim.jpg Governador Celso Ramos Brazil Brazil
Fortaleza de Santa Teresa 1762 Intact Fortaleza ST.jpg Santa Teresa National Park Uruguay Uruguay Portugal Portugal (1762-1763)
Spain Spain (1763-1816)
Portugal Portugal (1816-1822)
Empire of Brazil Brazil (1822-1828)
Forte de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios 1737 Ruins Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios.jpg Fernando de Noronha Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1737-1822)
Forte de Santa Maria 1614 Intact SantaMariaFortress.jpg Salvador Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1614-1822)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1624-1625)
Forte de Santo Antônio Além do Carmo 1695-1703 Intact Forte de Santo Antonio Alem do Carmo.jpg Salvador Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1695-1822)
Forte de Santo Antônio da Barra 1596 Restored Farol da Barra-02.jpg Salvador Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1596-1822)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1624-1625)
Forte de São Diogo 1609 Intact Forte s diogo vista aerea salvador.jpg Salvador Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1609-1822)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1624-1625)
Forte de São Lourenço 1631 Restored Forte de São Lourenço, Itaparica 01.jpg Itaparica Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1631-1822)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1647)
Forte dos Reis Magos 1599 Intact Forte-reis-magos.jpg Natal Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1599-1633, 1654-1822)
Dutch Republic Netherlands (1633-1654)
Fuerte San Miguel 1737 Intact Fuerte San Miguel 4.jpg Dieciocho de Julio Uruguay Uruguay Portugal Portugal (1737-1763)
Spain Spain (1763-1816)
Portugal Portugal (1816-1822)
Empire of Brazil Brazil (1822-1828)
São Marcelo Fort 1608-1623 Intact Vista aérea do Forte de São Marcelo.jpg Salvador Brazil Brazil Portugal Portugal (1608-1822)
Prinsenvlag.svg Netherlands (1624-1625)

Asia[edit]

Name Built Condition Image City Current country Historical rulers
A Famosa 1511 Fragments A Famosa Fortress.JPG Malacca Malaysia Malaysia Portugal Portugal (1511-1641)
Netherlands Netherlands (1641-1795, 1818-1824)
United Kingdom Britain (1795-1818, 1824-1956)
Japan Japan (1942-1945)
Al Jalali Fort 1586 Restored Old Muscat (2).jpg Muscat Oman Oman Portugal Portugal (1586-1650)
Muscat (1650-1820)
Muscat and Oman Muscat & Oman (1820-1892)
United Kingdom Britain (1892-1970)
Arippu Fort 17th century Ruins Mannar Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Portugal Portugal (17th century-1658)
Batavian Republic Netherlands (1658-1796)
United Kingdom Britain (1796-1948)
Balibo Fort 1645-1665 Intact Forte Portugues, porta principal.jpg Balibo East Timor East Timor Portugal Portugal (1645-1975)
Indonesia Indonesia (1975-1999)
United Nations UNTAET (1999-2002)
Batticaloa Fort 1622-1628 Intact Batticaloa Portuguese fort.jpg Batticaloa Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Portugal Portugal (1622-1638)
Batavian Republic Netherlands (1638-1796)
United Kingdom Britain (1796-1948)
Castella de Aguada 1640 Intact Bandra-fort-mumbai.jpg Mumbai India India Portugal Portugal (1640-1661)
United Kingdom Britain (1661-1947)
Chapora Fort 1717 Ruins Fort Chapora 26012016.jpg Chapora India India Portugal Portugal (1717-1961)
Cranganore Fort 1523 Ruins Cranganorefort.jpg Kodungallur India India Portugal Portugal (1523-1662)
Batavian Republic Netherlands (1662-1796)
United Kingdom Britain (1796-1947)
Dongri Fort [1] 1596 Ruins (Church preserved) Mumbai India India Portugal Portugal (1596-1661)
United Kingdom Britain (1661-1947)
Fort Aguada 1612 Intact Fort aguada.jpg Sinquerim India India Portugal Portugal (1612-1961)
Fort Al-Mirani 16th century Restored Muscat Fort.jpg Muscat Oman Oman Portugal Portugal (16th century-1650)
Ottoman Empire (1552, 1581-1588)
Muscat (1650-1820)
Muscat and Oman Muscat & Oman (1820-1892)
United Kingdom Britain (1892-1970)
Fort Anjediva 1505 Demolished Forte de Anjediva.gif Anjediva Island India India Portugal Portugal (1505-1961)
Fort Diu 1535 Intact Entryramparts.jpg Diu India India Portugal Portugal (1535-1961)
Fort Emmanuel 1503 Ruins Fort cochin relics.jpg Kochi India India Portugal Portugal (1503-1663)
Dutch Republic Netherlands (1663-1795)
United Kingdom Britain (1795-1947)
Fort Kastela 1522 Ruins Ruins of Kastella, Ternate.jpg Ternate Indonesia Indonesia Portugal Portugal (1522-1575)
Ternate (1575-1606)
Spain Spain (1606-1663)
Netherlands Netherlands (1663-1942, 1945-1946)
Japan Japan (1942-1945)
East Indonesia East Indonesia (1946-1950)
Fort of Our Lady of the Conception 1515 Fragments Portuguese Castle (Hormuz).jpg Hormuz Iran Iran
Fort St. Anthony of Simbor 16th century Restored Simbor India India Portugal Portugal (16th century-1961)
Fort Tarout 1515-1520 Intact PANO 20160923 170835.jpg Tarout Island Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Portugal Portugal (1515-1559)
Fortaleza do Monte 1617-1626 Intact Cannons line the fortress walls.jpg Macau China China Portugal Portugal (1617-1999)
Galle Fort 1584 Intact SL Galle Fort asv2020-01 img20.jpg Galle Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Ghodbunder Fort 1550-1730 Ruins Ghodbunder Fort courtyard.jpg Thane India India Portugal Portugal (1550-1737)
Maratha Empire Maratha (1737-1818)
United Kingdom Britain (1818-1947)
Guia Fortress 1622-1638 Intact Macau - Fortaleza de Guia.JPG Macau China China Portugal Portugal (1622-1999)
Khasab Fort 17th century Restored Khasab Castle view.JPG Khasab Oman Oman
Korlai Fort 1521 Ruins Korlai fort walkway.jpg Korlai India India "Alam" Flag of the Nizam Shahi dynasty of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate.png Ahmadnagar (1521-1594)
Portugal Portugal (1594-1739)
Maratha Empire Maratha (1739-1818)
United Kingdom Britain (1818-1947)
Madh Fort [1] 17th century Intact Madh-fort3.jpg Mumbai India India Portugal Portugal (17th century)
United Kingdom Britain (1661-1947)
Mutrah Fort 1580s Intact Mutrah Fort Muscat.JPG Muscat Oman Oman Portugal Portugal (1580s-1650)
Muscat (1650-1820)
Muscat and Oman Muscat & Oman (1820-1892)
United Kingdom Britain (1892-1970)
Pallipuram Fort 1503 Intact Ayakotta.jpg Kochi India India Portugal Portugal (1503-1663)
Dutch Republic Netherlands (1663-1795)
United Kingdom Britain (1795-1947)
Pooneryn Fort 17th century Ruins Pooneryn fort.JPG Pooneryn Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Portugal Portugal (17th century-1658)
Batavian Republic Netherlands (1658-1796)
United Kingdom Britain (1796-1948)
Portuguese Fort 17th century Intact Area Benteng Portugis Jepara.JPG Jepara Regency Indonesia Indonesia Mataram Sultanate Mataram (17th century-1743)
Netherlands Netherlands (1743-1811, 1814-1942)
United Kingdom Britain (1811-1814)
Japan Japan (1942-1945)
Portuguese Fort of Qeshm 16th century Ruins Qeshm Portuguese Castle.jpg Qeshm Iran Iran
Reduto do Conselheiro Jacinto Candido 1655 Intact Batugade fort.jpg Batugade East Timor East Timor Portugal Portugal (1655-1975)
Indonesia Indonesia (1975-1999)
United Nations UNTAET (1999-2002)
Revdanda Fort 1524 Ruins Revdanda Fort outer walls 03.JPG Revdanda India India Portugal Portugal (1524-1806)
Maratha Empire Maratha (1806-1818)
United Kingdom Britain (1818-1947)
St. Angelo Fort 1505 Intact St.angelo fort side view.jpg Kannur India India
St. Thomas Fort 1518 Ruins Thangassery Fort.jpg Kollam India India Portugal Portugal (1518-1661)
Dutch Republic Netherlands (1661-1795)
United Kingdom Britain (1795-1947)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burnell, John (2007). Bombay in the Days of Queen Anne - Being an Account of the Settlement Also: Burnell's Narrative of his Adventures in Bengal. Read Books. ISBN 9781406755473. Retrieved 22 August 2014.

Notes