List of Portuguese monarchs by longevity

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This is a list of Portuguese monarchs by longevity since the formation of the Kingdom of Portugal in the 12th century.

At 81 years and 94 days, Maria I of Portugal was the longest-lived monarch in the history of the kingdom. She died mad in 1816.
At 24 years and 56 days, Pedro V of Portugal was the shortest-lived monarch in the history of the kingdom. He died of cholera in 1861.
Afonso Henriques, the founding king of Portugal, is the second longest-lived Portuguese monarch, and the longest-lived king, at 76 years and 134 days.
Rank Monarch Date of Birth Date of Death Longevity
(years/days)
1 Maria I 17 December 1734 20 March 1816 81 years, 94 days
2 Afonso I Henriques 25 July 1109 6 December 1185 76 years, 134 days
3 John I 11 April 1357 14 August 1433 76 years, 125 days
4 Philip I
(II of Spain)
21 December 1527 13 September 1598 70 years, 266 days
5 Afonso III 5 May 1210 16 February 1279 68 years, 287 days
6 Cardinal Henry 31 January 1512 31 January 1580 68 years, 0 days
7 Afonso IV 8 February 1291 28 May 1357 66 years, 109 days
8 Miguel 26 October 1802 14 November 1866 64 years, 19 days
10 Denis 9 October 1261 7 January 1325 63 years, 90 days
11 Joseph I 6 June 1714 24 February 1777 62 years, 263 days
12 John V 22 October 1689 31 July 1750 60 years, 282 days
13 Philip III
(IV of Spain)
8 April 1605 17 September 1665 60 years, 162 days
14 John VI 13 May 1767 26 March 1826 58 years, 317 days
15 Peter II 26 April 1648 9 December 1706 58 years, 227 days
16 Sancho I 11 November 1154 26 March 1211 56 years, 135 days
17 John III 7 June 1502 11 June 1557 55 years, 4 days
18 John IV 19 March 1604 6 November 1656 52 years, 232 days
19 Manuel I 31 May 1469 13 December 1521 52 years, 196 days
20 Luís I 31 October 1838 19 October 1889 50 years, 353 days
21 Afonso V 15 January 1432 28 August 1481 49 years, 225 days
22 Edward 31 October 1391 13 September 1438 46 years, 317 days
23 Peter I 8 April 1320 18 January 1367 46 years, 285 days
24 Carlos I 28 September 1863 1 February 1908 44 years, 126 days
25 Manuel II 15 November 1889 2 July 1932 42 years, 230 days
26 Philip II
(III of Spain)
14 April 1578 31 March 1621 42 years, 351 days
27 John II 3 March 1455 25 October 1495 40 years, 236 days
28 Afonso VI 21 August 1643 12 September 1683 40 years, 22 days
29 Sancho II 8 September 1209 4 January 1248 38 years, 118 days
30 Ferdinand I 31 October 1345 22 October 1383 37 years, 356 days
31 Afonso II 23 April 1185 25 March 1223 37 years, 336 days
32 Pedro IV
(I of Brazil)
12 October 1798 24 September 1834 35 years, 347 days
33 Maria II 4 April 1819 15 November 1853 34 years, 225 days
34 Sebastian 20 January 1554 4 August 1578 24 years, 196 days
35 Pedro V 16 September 1837 11 November 1861 24 years, 56 days

See also[edit]