List of Portuguese people

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The following is a list of notable and historically significant people from Portugal.

Navigators, explorers and pioneers[edit]

15th century[edit]

Vasco da Gama, discoverer of the sea route to India.
Pedro Álvares Cabral, discoverer of Brazil.
João Vaz Corte-Real, discoverer of Newfoundland.
Afonso de Albuquerque, naval admiral and viceroy of India.
Fernão Mendes Pinto, writer and one of the first to travel to Japan
Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia (15th century explorer of the African coast)
Álvaro Caminha (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
Álvaro Martins (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Alvise Cadamosto (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands and of the African coast)
André Gonçalves (15th-century explorer of the sea route to Brazil)
Antão Gonçalves (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Álvaro Fernandes (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Bartolomeu Dias (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Bartolomeu Perestrelo (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
Dinis Dias (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Diogo Cão (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Diogo de Azambuja (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Diogo de Teive (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
Diogo Dias (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands, of the African coast and the Indian Ocean, discovered Madagascar)
Diogo Silves (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
Duarte Pacheco Pereira (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic)
Fernão do Pó (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Gil Eanes (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Gonçalo Velho (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
João de Santarém (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
João Gonçalves Zarco (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
João Grego (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
João Infante (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
João Vaz Corte-Real (15th-century explorer of North America)
Lopes Gonçalves (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic)
Luís Pires (15th-century explorer of the sea route to Brazil)
Nicolau Coelho (15th-century explorer of the sea route to Brazil)
Nuno Tristão (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Paulo da Gama (15th-century explorer of the sea route to India)
Pedro Álvares Cabral (discoverer of Brazil in 1500)
Pedro Escobar (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
Pêro de Alenquer (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Pêro de Sintra (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Pêro Dias (15th-century explorer of the African coast)
Pêro Vaz de Caminha (15th-century explorer of the sea route to Brazil)
Tristão Vaz Teixeira (15th-century explorer of the Atlantic islands)
Vasco da Gama (Led the discovery of the sea route to India in 1498)
Christopher Columbus identity disputed (Led Spain to the Caribbean islands (Bahamas) in 1492)

15th/16th century[edit]

Afonso de Paiva (15th-century/16th-century diplomat and explorer in Ethiopia)
Fernão de Noronha (15th-century/16th-century explorer of the Atlantic)
Gaspar de Lemos (15th-century/16th-century explorer of the Atlantic and of the sea route to Brazil)
Gonçalo Coelho (15th-century/16th-century explorer of the South American coast)
João Fernandes Lavrador (15th-century/16th-century explorer of North America)
Pêro da Covilhã (15th-century/16th-century diplomat and explorer in Ethiopia and India)
Pêro de Barcelos (15th-century/16th-century explorer of North America)

16th century[edit]

Afonso de Albuquerque (16th-century naval admiral and viceroy of India)
António de Abreu (16th-century explorer of Indonesia)
Bento de Góis (16th-century explorer)
Cristóvão Jacques (16th-century explorer of the Brazilian coast)
Cristóvão de Mendonça (16th-century, some have claimed he discovered Australia - disputed)
Diogo Lopes de Sequeira (16th-century explorer of the Indian Ocean)
Diogo Rodrigues (16th-century explorer of the Indian Ocean)
Duarte Fernandes (16th-century diplomat in Thailand)
Estevão da Gama (16th-century explorer of the Indian Ocean)
Fernão Lopez (16th-century soldier in India and first resident of the island of Saint Helena)
Fernão Mendes Pinto (16th-century among the first to reach Japan)
Fernão Pires de Andrade (16th-century merchant in China)
Francisco Álvares (16th-century missionary and explorer in Ethiopia)
Francisco de Almeida (16th-century explorer and viceroy of India)
Gaspar Corte-Real (16th-century explorer of North America)
Gomes de Sequeira (16th-century, some have claimed he discovered Australia - disputed)
João da Nova (16th-century explorer of the Atlantic and of the Indian Ocean)
Jorge Álvares (16th-century the first to reach China)
João Rodrigues Cabrilho (16th-century discoverer of California)
Lourenço Marques (16th-century trader and explorer in East Africa)
Martim Afonso de Sousa (16th-century explorer and soldier in India)
Miguel Corte-Real (16th-century explorer of North America)
Paulo Dias de Novais (16th-century colonizer of Africa)
Pedro Mascarenhas (16th-century explorer of the Indian Ocean)
Tristão da Cunha (16th-century naval general and discoverer)
Ferdinand Magellan (16th-century Led the first successful attempt to circumnavigate the Earth (1519–1522). Explorer of the Pacific Ocean).

17th century[edit]

Estêvão Cacella (17th-century missionary and explorer of Tibet, first European in Bhutan )
Baltasar Fernandes (17th-century explorer of Brazil's interior)
David Melgueiro (17th-century explorer of the Arctic)
Jerónimo Lobo (17th-century missionary and explorer of Ethiopia)
Luís Vaz de Torres (16th-century/17th-century explorer of south-west Pacific)
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós (16th-century/17th-century explorer of south-west Pacific, some have claimed he discovered Australia)
Pedro Teixeira (17th-century explorer of the Amazon River)
António Raposo Tavares (17th-century bandeirante)

18t century[edit]

Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira (18th-century explorer of Brazil's interior)
Francisco de Lacerda (18th-century explorer of Africa)

19th century[edit]

Alexandre de Serpa Pinto (19th-century explorer of Africa)
António da Silva Porto (19th-century explorer of Africa)
Hermenegildo Capelo (19th-century explorer of Africa)
Roberto Ivens (19th-century explorer of Africa)

20th century[edit]

Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral (20th-century the first to cross the South Atlantic Ocean by air)


Amador of Portugal [1] (Early Christianity)
Anthony of Lisbon (1195–1231)
Basileus [2] (1st century)
Beatriz da Silva Menezes [3] (1424–1490)
Elizabeth of Portugal (1271–1336)
Felix the Hermit (9th century)
Fructuosus of Braga (7th century)
Irene of Tomar (7th century)
João Baptista Machado [4] (16th/17th century)
John de Brito (1647–1693)
John of God (1495–1550)
Julia [5] (3rd century)
Mancius [6] (Early Christianity)
Martin of Braga (520–580)
Maxima [7] (3rd century)
Nuno Álvares Pereira (1360–1431)
Peter of Rates (1st century)
Quiteria (5th century)
Rita Amada de Jesus [8] (1848–1913)
Rudesind [9] (10th century)
Saint Ovidius (1st and 2nd centuries)
Theotonius (1088–1166)
Verissimus [10] (3rd century)
Victor [11] (3rd century)
Wilgefortis [12] (folk saint)


Alexandrina of Balasar (1904–1955)
Amadeus of Portugal (1420–1482)
Bartolomeu dos Mártires (1514–1590)
Ferdinand the Holy Prince (1402–1443)
Francisco Marto (1908–1919)
Inácio de Azevedo (1528–1570)
Jacinta Marto (1910–1920)
Joan, Princess of Portugal (1452–1490)
Mafalda of Portugal (1190–1256)
Sancha of Portugal (1180–1229)
Teresa of Portugal [13] (1181–1250)


António de Andrade (1580–1634), Missionary/explorer of Tibet
António Vieira (1608–1697), Writer, Diplomat and Preacher
João Ferreira Annes de Almeida (1628–1691), Missionary
Lúcia de Jesus dos Santos (1907-2005), visionary, involved in the 1917 Fátima events
Paulus Orosius (385–420), historian, theologian and disciple of St. Augustine


John XXI (13th-century pope)


Agostinho da Silva (1906–1996)
António Castanheira Neves (born 1929)
António Sérgio (1883–1969)
Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)
Damião de Góis (1502–1574)
Eduardo Lourenço (born 1923)
José Gil (born 1939)


Adriano Correia de Oliveira (1942–1982) (singer)
Alfredo Keil (1850–1907) (composer of the Portuguese anthem)
Ana Free (singer)
Ana Moura (born 1979) (singer, fadista)
António d'Andrade (born 1854) (International opera tenor)
António Zambujo (born 1975) (singer, fadista)
Alfredo Marceneiro (1891–1982) (fado singer)
Amália Rodrigues (1920–1999) (the most famous fado singer)
António Fragoso (1897–1918) (piano composer)
António Pinho Vargas (born 1951) (classical, jazz and piano composer)
António Variações (1944–1984) (singer and songwriter)
Camané (born 1967) (singer, fadista)
Carlos do Carmo (born 1939)(singer, fadista)
Carlos Paredes (1925–2004) (Portuguese guitar player)
Carlos Seixas (1704–1742) (composer)
Cristina Branco (born 1972) (fado singer)
Danny Fernandes (singer)
David Fonseca (born 1973) (singer)
DJ Vibe
Duarte Lobo (1565–1646) (composer)
Dulce Pontes (born 1969) (singer)
Fernando Lopes Graça (1906–1995) (composer)
Fernando Ribeiro (born 1974) (Moonspell vocals)
Francisco d'Andrade (born 1856) (International opera baritone)
Guilhermina Suggia (1885–1950) (cellist)
Isabel Soveral (born 1961) (composer)
Jay Kay (born 1969) (singer) (Portuguese father)
João Domingos Bomtempo (1775–1842) (composer)
Joaquim José Antunes (1725–1790) (harpsichord maker)
Jorge Palma (born 1950) (singer, pianist and songwriter)
José Afonso (1929–1987) (aka Zeca Afonso, composer, player)
Luciana Abreu (born 1985) (singer/composer/actress/TV host)
Lúcia Moniz (born 1976) (singer/actress)
Luís de Freitas Branco (1890–1955) (composer)
Luísa Todi (1753–1833) (lyrical singer)
Mafalda Arnauth (born 1974) (fado singer)
Malvina Garrigues (born 1825) (opera soprano)
Manuela Azevedo (singer)
Maria João Pires (born 1944) (piano player)
Maria João (born 1956) (jazz singer)
Mário Laginha (born 1960) (piano player)
Mariza (born 1973) (fado singer)
Mísia (fado singer)
Nelly Furtado (singer)
Nuno Bettencourt (born 1966) (guitarist, songwriter, singer)
Paulo Furtado (blues performer)
Pedro de Escobar (c. 1465 – 1535) (composer)
Rita Guerra (born 1967) (singer)
Rita Redshoes (singer)
Rui da Silva (disc jockey)
Rui Veloso (born 1957) (singer)
Sara Carvalho (born 1970) (composer)
Sara Tavares (born 1978) (singer)
Shawn Desman (singer)
Shawn Mendes (singer and composer)
Sérgio Godinho (born 1948) (singer)
Steve Perry (lead singer of, Journey)
Teresa Salgueiro (born 1969) (Madredeus vocals)
Tim (born 1960) (player, vocals Xutos & Pontapés)
José Vianna da Motta (1868–1948) (piano player, composer)
Vitorino (born 1942) (singer)



Agostinho da Silva (writer and philosopher)
Agustina Bessa-Luís (writer)
Alexandre Herculano (writer)
Alice Vieira (writer)
Almada Negreiros (writer)
Almeida Garrett (writer and playwright)
Álvaro Cunhal (neo-realist writer)
Álvaro Magalhães (writer)
Alves Redol (neo-realist writer)
Ana de Castro Osório (writer and pioneer feminist)
Ana Luísa Amaral (poet)
André de Resende (writer)
Antero de Quental (writer)
António Alçada Baptista (writer)
António José da Silva (playwright)
António Lobo Antunes (writer)
António Vieira (1608-1697) (preacher and writer)
Aquilino Ribeiro (neo-realist writer)
Bartolomeu Valente (writer, poet)
Branquinho da Fonseca (writer)
Bulhão Pato (writer)
Camilo Castelo Branco (writer)
Clara Ferreira Alves (writer, journalist)
Carlos de Oliveira (writer)
Damião de Góis (writer)
Daniel Sampaio (writer and psychiatrist)
David Mourão-Ferreira (writer)
Dinis Machado (writer)
Diogo Barbosa Machado (1682-1772) (writer)
Eça de Queiroz (writer)
Fernando Aires (writer)
Fernão Lopes (c. 1380-1458) (royal chronicler)
Fiama Hasse Pais Brandão (poet and writer)
Gil Vicente (playwright)
Gomes Eanes de Zurara (writer)
Gonçalo Tavares (writer)
Guerra Junqueiro (poet and writer)
Hélia Correia (writer)
Inês Pedrosa (writer)
Irene Lisboa (1892–1958) (writer)
Jacinto Lucas Pires (writer)
João Aguiar (writer)
João Barrento (writer)
João Bénard da Costa (writer)
João de Barros (writer and historian)
João Manuel Ferreira Simões (journalist)
Jorge de Sena (writer and poet)
José Cardoso Pires (writer)
José Gomes Ferreira (writer)
José Leon Machado (writer)
José Rodrigues Miguéis (1901–1980) (writer)
José Saramago (writer, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1998)
Luiz Pacheco (writer and editor) (1925–2008)
Luís Vaz de Camões (poet, playwright)
Luiza Neto Jorge (poet and writer)
Manuel Alegre (poet, writer and politician)
Marina Tavares Dias (writer, journalist, historian)
Mário de Sá-Carneiro (novelist and poet)
Miguel Torga (poet and writer)
Natália Correia (writer and poet)
Orlando da Costa (poet and playwright)
Ramalho Ortigão (writer)
Raul Brandão (1867–1930) (writer)
Raul Proença (1884–1941) (writer)
Rosa Lobato Faria (writer)
Rui de Pina (writer)
Soeiro Pereira Gomes (neo-realist writer)
Teixeira de Pascoaes (writer and poet)
Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (poet and writer)
Tomé Pires (1465–1540), author of the Suma Oriental
Urbano Tavares Rodrigues (writer and journalist)
Vasco Graça Moura (writer)
Vergílio Ferreira (writer)
Vitorino Nemésio (poet and writer)
Herssai nammos (grandfather)


Almada Negreiros (1893–1970) (20th-century painter)
Amadeo de Souza Cardoso (1887–1918) (20th-century painter)
António Soares dos Reis (1847–1889) (19th-century sculptor)
Aurélia de Souza (1865–1922) (19th/20th-century painter)
Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (1857–1929) (19th/20th-century painter)
Eduardo Gageiro (born 1935) (20th-century photographer)
Fernando Lanhas (1923-2012)
Filipe Alarcão (born 1963) (Urban and modern contemporary designer)
João M. P. Lemos (cartoonist)
José Dias Coelho (20th-century artist)
José Malhoa (19th-century painter)
Joshua Benoliel (1873–1932) (19th/20th-century photographer)
Júlio Pomar (born 1926) (20th-century painter)
Manuel Pereira da Silva (1920–2003) (20th-century sculptor)
Nadir Afonso (1920-2013) (geometric abstract painter)
Nuno Gonçalves (15th-century painter)
Paula Rego (20th-century painter)
Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro (19th-century charicaturist)
Vasco Fernandes (Grão Vasco)(15th-century painter)
Vieira da Silva (20th-century painter)


Abel Salazar (1889–1946)
Alexandre Quintanilha (born 1945)
André de Resende (c. 1500 – 1573)
António A. de Freitas (born 1947), immunologist
António Damásio (born 1944), neurologist
Bartolomeu de Gusmão (1685–1724), inventor
Bento de Jesus Caraça (1901–1948), mathematician
Diogo Abreu (born 1947), geographer
Egas Moniz (1874–1955), neurologist and Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1949)
Freitas-Magalhães (born 1966), psychologist
Garcia de Orta (c. 1499 – 1568), botanical scientist
Hanna Damásio (born 1942), neurologist
Jacob de Castro Sarmento (c. 1691 – 1762)
João de Pina-Cabral (born 1954), anthropologist
João Magueijo, physicist, (1967-present)
Miguel Vale de Almeida (born 1960), anthropologist
Benedita Barata da Rocha (born 1949), immunologist
Orlando Ribeiro (1911–1997), geographer
Pedro Nunes (1502–1578), mathematician and cosmographer
Sousa Martins (1843–1897)
Tomé Pires (c. 1465-c. 1540)

Engineers and architects[edit]

Álvaro Siza Vieira (born 1933) (architect)
João Luís Carrilho da Graça (architect)
Edgar Cardoso (1913–2000) (engineer)
Eduardo Souto de Moura (architect)
Fernando Távora (1923–2005) (architect)
José Tribolet (engineer, IST professor)
Tomás Taveira (born 1938) (architect)


João dos Santos

Actors and directors[edit]

Actor Taborda (1824-1909) (most famous Portuguese actor of the 19th century)
Actor Vale (1845-1912) (actor, comedian)
Alexandra Lencastre
Amélia Rey Colaço (1898-1990) (actress and National Theatre director)
António Lopes Ribeiro (1908–1995) (film director)
António Silva (actor)
Augusto Rosa (1852-1918) (actor, theatre director, playwright, novelist, writer)
Beatriz Batarda (actress)
Beatriz Costa (actress)
Carmen Miranda (1909–1955) (singer and actress)
Corina Freire (singer and musical theatre actress)
Daniela Ruah (actress)
Diogo Infante (actor)
Eduardo Brazão (1851-1925) (actor, director, writer)
Emília das Neves (most famous Portuguese actress of the 19th century)
Eunice Muñoz (born 1928) (actress)
Fernando Rocha (born 1975) (comedian, actor)
Francisco Ribeiro (1911-1984) (actor, comedian, film director, theatre director)
Herman José (born 1954) (actor and humourist)
João César Monteiro (1939–2003) (film director)
João Rosa (1843-1910) (actor, theatre director, playwright)
João Villaret (1913–1961) (actor and poetry reader)
Joaquim de Almeida (born 1957) (actor)
Laura Costa (actress and singer)
Luís Miguel Cintra (born 1948)
Manoel de Oliveira (born 1908) (film director)
Manuela Rey (actress and National Theatre director)
Marco Martins (born 1972) (film director)
Maria de Medeiros (actress)
Maria do Céu Guerra (actress)
Maria Matos (1890–1952) (actress)
Mariana Rey Monteiro (1922-2010) (actress)
Nicolau Breyner (actor)
Nuno Lopes (born 1978) (actor)
Raul Solnado (actor and humourist)
Rosa Damasceno (1849-1904) (actress and theatre director)
Vasco Nunes (born 1974) (director/cinematographer/producer)
Vasco Santana (1898–1958) (actor)


Álvaro Vaz de Almada (count of Avranches) (1390–1449) (knight of the Garter, Captain-major of Portugal, killed in battle)
Fernando de Almada (count of Avranches) (1430–1496), Captain-major of Portugal
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho (born 1936) chief strategist of the Carnation Revolution of Portugal
Aníbal Augusto Milhais (1895–1970) most decorated soldier Ordem de Torre e Espada do Valor, Lealdade e Mérito of Portugal


Ana Rocha (Professional Wrestler)
António Jesus Correia (1924–2003)
António Livramento (1944–1999) (Hockey Player)
Carlos Lopes (born 1947) (Marathon Olympic Champion)
Carlos Queiroz (football coach)
Carlos Sousa (off road driver, world champion in 2003)
Costinha (born 1974) (football player)
Cristiano Ronaldo (born 1985) (football player)
Dinis Vital (born 1932) (football player)
Eusébio (born 1942) (football player, born in Portuguese Mozambique; later moved to Portugal)
Fernanda Ribeiro (born 1969) (10,000m Olympic champion)
Francis Obikwelu (Nigerian born runner)
Joaquim Agostinho (cyclist)
José Azevedo (cyclist)
José Mourinho (football coach)
João Moutinho (football player)
Luís Figo (born 1972) (football player)
Maniche (born 1977) (football player)
Nani (football player)
Nelson Évora (Long Jump Olympic and World Champion)
Nuno Gomes (football player)
Pauleta (football player)
Paulo Ferreira (football player)
Paulo Futre (former football player)
Paulo Sousa (former football player)
Pedro Lamy (former Formula One and DTM driver)
Ricardo Carvalho (football player)
Ricardo Pereira (football player)
Ricardo Quaresma (born 1983) (football player)
Ricardo Sá Pinto (football player)
Rosa Mota (born 1958) (Marathon Olympic champion)
Rui Costa (born 1972) (football player)
Rui Costa (Cycling World Champion)
Simão Sabrosa (born 1979) (football player)
Telma Monteiro (4 times Judo's Silver Medalist at World Championships)
Tiago Monteiro (former Champ Car and Formula One driver)
Ticha Penicheiro (WNBA player)
Vanessa Fernandes (Triathlon World Champion)
Vítor Baía (born 1969) (football player)


Afonso Costa (1871–1937) (Primer Minister during the First Republic)
Alberto João Jardim (born 1943) (President of Regional Government of the Madeira Autonomous Region)
Álvaro Cunhal (1913–2005) (former General Secretary of the PCP)
Aníbal Cavaco Silva (economist, former Prime Minister, current President of the Republic)
Anton de Vieira (1682-1745, governor of St Petersburg and Okhotsk)
António de Oliveira Salazar (1889–1970) (Head of State, Leader of the National Union "União Nacional")
António Guterres (former Prime Minister, current president of the Socialist International and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)
António Vitorino (former Minister and EU Commissioner)
Bento Gonçalves (1902–1942) (former General Secretary of the PCP)
Carlos Alberto da Mota Pinto (1936–1985) (former Prime Minister)
Carlos Carvalhas (born 1941) (former General Secretary of the PCP)
Diogo Freitas do Amaral (former president of the General Assembly of the United Nations, current Minister of Foreign Affairs)
Duarte Pio, Duke of Bragança (claimant to the abolished throne of Portugal)
Francisco Sá Carneiro (1934–1980) (former Prime Minister)
Jaime Ornelas Camacho (born 1911) (first Regional Government President of Madeira)
Jerónimo de Sousa (born 1947) (General Secretary of the PCP)
Jorge Sampaio (former President of the Republic)
José Manuel Barroso (former Prime Minister, current president of the EU Commission)
José Sócrates (former Prime Minister)
Manuel Pinho (born 1954) (former Minister of Economy and Innovation)
Marcelo Caetano (1906–1980) (former Head of State from 1970 to 1974)
Mário Soares (born 1924) (former Prime Minister and President of the Republic)
Octávio Pato (1925–1999)
Pedro Santana Lopes (former Prime Minister, former Mayor of Lisbon)
Teresa Heinz Kerry (philanthropist and the wife of U.S. Senator John Kerry)
Vasco Gonçalves (1922–2005) (former Prime Minister)
Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal (1699–1782) (Statesman)


Diogo do Couto (1542–1616) (historian of India and Sri Lanka)
José Hermano Saraiva (1919-2012)


Antonia Ferreira (born 1811) (winemaker)
Edgar Matias (born 1969)
António Champalimaud (1918–2004)
Belmiro de Azevedo (born 1938)
Joe Berardo (born 1944)
Salvador Caetano (born 1926)
Américo Amorim (born 1934)
Francisco Pinto Balsemão (born 1937)


Mariana Alcoforado (1624–1723) (nun and writer)
Catarina Eufémia (1928–1954) (assassinated rural worker)
Abraham Aboab Falero, (17th century Jewish philanthropist)
Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos (1837–1880) (former 19th-century archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave Goa)
Fernando Pessa (1902–2002) (journalist)
Diego Alvarez, fictional character in Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay's Bengali novel Chander Pahar (Bengali: চাঁদের পাহাড়, English: Mountain of the Moon)[1]

See also[edit]