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List of presidents of Bangladesh

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The complete list of presidents of Bangladesh includes the persons sworn into the office as President of Bangladesh following the Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence in 1971.

Numbering

After Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the first President of Bangladesh, there is no single numbering system for the subsequent presidents that is universally accepted and followed, even by government representatives. Different sources may calculate the numbering in different ways, depending whether they count acting presidents, how multiple terms are treated, whether the count is by number of terms or number of individuals, and other factors. For example, A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury, although he served only a single term, has been described in a government publication and in the press as the 16th President of Bangladesh,[1][2] as well as the 15th,[3] the 13th[4] and the 11th.[5]

A list published in 2018 by Bdnews24.com appears to coincide with statements made by the country's Election Committee, making Abdul Hamid the 20th President when first elected in 2013,[6] yet contradicts the numbering of a list published in 2016 on the President's own official website.[7] The Bangladesh High Commission, Singapore, in 2018 lists him as the 22nd President.[8] Other reports about previous presidents, including some by Bangladesh's newspaper of record the Daily Star, do not correspond with either list.[9][10]

List of officeholders

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Acting President
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Party
Took office Left office Time in office
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1950.jpg Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
(1920–1975)[a]
17 April 1971 12 January 1972 270 days Bangladesh Awami League
Sayed nazrul islam.jpg Syed Nazrul Islam
(1925–1975)[b]
17 April 1971 12 January 1972 270 days Bangladesh Awami League
Abu Sayeed Chowdhury at the office of the Vice-Chancellor of Dacca University, November 1970.png Abu Sayeed Chowdhury
(1921–1987)
12 January 1972 24 December 1973 1 year, 346 days Bangladesh Awami League
No image.png Mohammad Mohammadullah
(1921–1999)
24 December 1973 27 January 1974 1 year, 32 days Bangladesh Awami League
1974 27 January 1974 25 January 1975
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1950.jpg Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
(1920–1975)
25 January 1975 15 August 1975
(assassinated in a coup d'état.)
202 days BAKSAL
No image.png Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad
(1918–1996)
15 August 1975 6 November 1975
(deposed.)
83 days Bangladesh Awami League
No image.png Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem
(1916–1997)[c]
6 November 1975 21 April 1977 1 year, 166 days Bangladesh Awami League
Ziaur Rahman 1979.jpg Ziaur Rahman
(1936–1981)[d]
1977[e]
1978[f]
21 April 1977 30 May 1981
(assassinated.)
4 years, 39 days Military /
Bangladesh Nationalist Party
No image.png Abdus Sattar
(1906–1985)
30 May 1981 20 November 1981 298 days Bangladesh Nationalist Party
1981[f] 20 November 1981 24 March 1982
(deposed.)
Post vacant (24 – 27 March 1982)[g]
No image.png Ahsanuddin Chowdhury
(1915–2001)
27 March 1982 10 December 1983 1 year, 258 days Independent
Hussain Muhammad Ershad.jpg Hussain Muhammad Ershad
(1930–2019)[h]
1985[e]
1986[f]
11 December 1983 6 December 1990 6 years, 360 days Military /
Jatiya Party
No image.png Shahabuddin Ahmed
(born 1930)
6 December 1990 10 October 1991 308 days Independent
No image.png Abdur Rahman Biswas
(1926–2017)
1991 10 October 1991 9 October 1996 4 years, 365 days Bangladesh Nationalist Party
No image.png Shahabuddin Ahmed
(born 1930)
1996 9 October 1996 14 November 2001 5 years, 36 days Independent
No image.png Badruddoza Chowdhury
(born 1932)
2001 14 November 2001 21 June 2002 219 days Bangladesh Nationalist Party
No image.png Muhammad Jamiruddin Sircar
(born 1931)
21 June 2002 6 September 2002 77 days Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Iajuddin Ahmed
(1931–2012)
2002 6 September 2002 12 February 2009 6 years, 159 days Independent
Zillur Rahman in Neubrandenburg, Germany in 1973.jpg Zillur Rahman
(1929–2013)
2009 12 February 2009 20 March 2013
(died in office.)
4 years, 36 days Bangladesh Awami League
Abdul Hamid - 2014 (cropped).jpg Abdul Hamid
(born 1944)[i]
14 March 2013 24 April 2013 7 years, 106 days Bangladesh Awami League
2013 24 April 2013 24 April 2018
2018 24 April 2018 Incumbent

Notes

  1. ^ Pakistani prisoner to 8 January 1972.
  2. ^ Acting for Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  3. ^ Also Chief Martial Law Administrator (24 August 1975 – 4 November 1975 and 7 November 1975 – 29 November 1976).
  4. ^ Also Chief Martial Law Administrator (29 November 1976 – 6 April 1979).
  5. ^ a b Referendum.
  6. ^ a b c Direct election.
  7. ^ During this period, Chief of Army Staff Lt. Gen. Hussain Muhammad Ershad served as Chief Martial Law Administrator and de facto head of state.
  8. ^ Served as Chief Martial Law Administrator until 30 March 1984.
  9. ^ Acting for Zillur Rahman until 20 March 2013.

See also

References

  1. ^ Bangladesh Quarterly. 22. Department of Films & Publications, Government of Bangladesh. 2001. p. 21 – via Google Books. Professor AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury, who took over as the Foreign Minister after the victory of the 4-party alliance in the parliamentary election of 1 October, was sworn-in as the 16th President of the country at the Darbar Hall of Bangabhaban on 14 November evening.
  2. ^ Country Report: Bangladesh. The Unit. 2001 – via Google Books. In mid-November parliament chose A Q M Badruddoza Chowdhury, another BNP member and the sole candidate, as the 16th president of Bangladesh, succeeding Shahabuddin Ahmed
  3. ^ "Polls still in doubt as key issues unresolved". The Daily Star. 8 November 2008. Retrieved 2018-11-01. Badruddoza, the country's 15th president, spoke in favour of increasing the power of the president.
  4. ^ Data India - Issues 27-52. Press Institute of India. 2001. p. 1052 – via Google Books. Psor A Q M Badruddoza Chowdhury, founding secretary-general of the ruling Bangladesh Nationalist Party, was on Nov 14 sworn-in as Bangladesh's 13th President.
  5. ^ "New president for Bangladesh". 12 November 2001. Retrieved 2018-10-29 – via news.bbc.co.uk. Foreign Minister AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury has been elected unopposed as Bangladesh's 11th president.
  6. ^ "President Md Abdul Hamid elected for a second term". Retrieved 2018-11-01.
  7. ^ "সাবেক রাষ্ট্রপতিগণ (সূত্র: মন্ত্রিপরিষদ বিভাগ)" [Former Presidents (sources: Cabinet Division)]. President's Office - Bangabhaban. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Bangladesh High Commission, Singapore". Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Death anniversary of Abu Sayeed Chowdhury today". The Daily Star. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2018-11-01.
  10. ^ "BNP chalks out programmes marking Zia's birth anniversary". The Daily Star. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 2018-11-01. BNP will hold a discussion at the Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh today afternoon, marking party founder Ziaur Rahman's 80th birth anniversary, said a party press release yesterday. ... Born on January 19, 1936 at Bagbari in Bogra, Zia had become the country's 7th president and formed Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).

External links