List of Presidents of Chile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Coat of arms of Chile.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chile
Comptroller General
Constitutional Court

This article contains a list of Presidents of Chile from the establishment of the First Government Junta in 1810, at the beginning of the Chilean War of Independence, to the present day.

Patria Vieja (1810–1814)[edit]

Government Juntas (1810–1814)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Mateo de Toro y Zambrano.JPG Mateo de Toro y Zambrano
(1727–1811)
18 September 1810 26 February 1811 President of the First Government Junta. Died in office.
Juan Martínez de Rozas.jpg Juan Martínez de Rozas
(1759–1813)
27 February 1811 2 April 1811 Interim President of the First Government Junta.
Fernando Marquez de la Plata.jpg Fernando Márquez de la Plata
(1740–1818)
2 April 1811 4 July 1811 President of the First Government Junta.
JuanAOvalleSilva.JPG Juan Antonio Ovalle (es)
(1750–1819)
4 July 1811 20 July 1811 President of the First National Congress.
MartinCalvoEncalada.jpg Martín Calvo Encalada
(1756–1828)
20 July 1811 11 August 1811 President of the First National Congress.
11 August 1811 4 September 1811 President of the Provisional Executive Authority.
Juan Enrique Rosales.jpg Juan Enrique Rosales (es)
(?–1825)
4 September 1811 16 November 1811 President of the Executive Court.
Jose Miguel Carrera.jpg José Miguel Carrera
(1785–1821)
16 November 1811 13 December 1811 President of the Provisional Government Junta.
13 December 1811 8 January 1812 Provisional Supreme Authority.
8 January 1812 8 April 1812 President of the Provisional Government Junta.
José Santiago Portales (es)
(1764–1835)
8 April 1812 6 August 1812 President of the Provisional Government Junta.
Pedro José Prado Jaraquemada (es)
(1754–1827)
6 August 1812 6 December 1812 President of the Provisional Government Junta.
Jose Miguel Carrera.jpg José Miguel Carrera
(1785–1821)
6 December 1812 30 March 1813 President of the Provisional Government Junta.
Juan Jose Carrera.jpg Juan José Carrera
(1782–1818)
30 March 1813 13 April 1813 President of the Provisional Government Junta.
Francisco Antonio Pérez
(1764–1828)
13 April 1813 23 August 1813 President of the Superior Governmental Junta.
Jose Miguel Infante.jpeg José Miguel Infante
(1778–1844)
23 August 1813 11 January 1814 President of the Superior Governmental Junta.
Agustin de Eyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
11 January 1814 7 March 1814 President of the Superior Governmental Junta.

Supreme Directors (1814)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Mateo de Toro y Zambrano.JPG Antonio José de Irisarri
(1786–1868)
7 March 1814 14 March 1814 Interim Supreme Director.
1 Fco. de la Lastra.JPG Francisco de la Lastra
(1777–1852)
14 March 1814 23 July 1814 Supreme Director.
Jose Miguel Carrera.jpg José Miguel Carrera
(1785–1821)
23 July 1814 2 October 1814 President of the Government Junta. Chilean defeat in the Battle of Rancagua, Spain regains control of Chile.

Reconquest (1814–1817)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
MarianoOsorio.JPG Mariano Osorio
(1777–1819)
3 October 1814 26 December 1815 Royal Governor of Chile
CasimiroMarcoDelPont.JPG Casimiro Marcó del Pont
(1770–1819)
26 December 1815 12 February 1817 Royal Governor of Chile. Chilean victory in the Battle of Chacabuco, Spanish control ends.

Patria Nueva (1817–1826)[edit]

Supreme Directors (1817–1826)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
2 Ohiggins.jpg Bernardo O'Higgins
(1778–1842)
16 February 1817 28 January 1823 Supreme Director.
Agustin de Eyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
28 January 1823 4 April 1823 President of the Government Junta.
Retrato (Recortada) del General Coronel Don Ramón Freire.jpg Ramón Freire
(1787–1851)
4 April 1823 13 August 1823 Interim Supreme Director.
Supreme Delegate Junta 13 August 1823 1 September 1823
3 Retrato (Recortada) del General Coronel Don Ramón Freire.jpg Ramón Freire
(1787–1851)
1 September 1823 9 July 1826 Supreme Director.

Presidents (1826–Present)[edit]

Organization of the Republic (1826–1830)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes Vice President[a]
Manuel Blanco Encalada (Nataniel Hughes, 1853).jpg Manuel Blanco Encalada
(1790–1876)
9 July 1826 9 September 1826 Independent 1826 Elected as Interim President. Resigned. Agustín Eyzaguirre
Agustin de Eyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
9 September 1826 25 January 1827 Independent Interim Vice-President under Manuel Blanco Encalada, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Vacant
Ramón Freire Presidente.jpg Ramón Freire
(1787–1851)
25 January 1827 15 February 1827 Pipiolos Provisional President.
1 15 February 1827 8 May 1827 1827 Resigned. Francisco Antonio Pinto
FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto
(1785–1858)
8 May 1827 16 July 1829 Pipiolos Vice-President under Ramón Freire, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Vacant
Francisco Ramon Vicuña.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña
(1775–1849)
16 July 1829 19 October 1829 Pipiolos For health reasons, Francisco Antonio Pinto made the President of the Senate, Francisco Ramón Vicuña, Delegate President.
2 FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto
(1785–1858)
19 October 1829 2 November 1829 Pipiolos 1829 Resigned. Joaquín Vicuña
Francisco Ramon Vicuña.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña
(1775–1849)
2 November 1829 7 November 1829 Pipiolos President of the Senate. Deposed during the Chilean Civil War of 1829–30. Vacant
Ramón Freire Presidente.jpg Ramón Freire
(1787–1851)
7 November 1829 8 November 1829 Pipiolos President of the Government Junta. Deposed during the Civil War.
Francisco Ramon Vicuña.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña
(1775–1849)
8 November 1829 7 December 1829 Pipiolos President of the Senate. Restoration of its original mandate. Resigned during the Civil War.
Vacant
7 December 1829 – 24 December 1829
Civil War. There was no president in this period.
José Tomás Ovalle.jpg José Tomás Ovalle
(1787–1831)
24 December 1829 18 February 1830 Pelucones President of the Government Junta.
Francisco Ruiz Tagle.jpg Francisco Ruiz-Tagle
(1790–1860)
18 February 1830 1 April 1830 Pelucones Provisional President. Resigned. José Tomás Ovalle
José Tomás Ovalle.jpg José Tomás Ovalle
(1787–1831)
1 April 1830 8 March 1831 Pelucones Provisional Vice-President under Francisco Ruiz-Tagle, assumed the presidency after his resignation. End of the Chilean Civil War of 1829–30 with the Battle of Lircay. Resigned for health reasons, died 2 weeks later. Vacant
FernandoErrazurizAldunate.png Fernando Errázuriz
(1777–1841)
8 March 1831 21 March 1831 Pelucones Provisional President appointed by the Congress.
21 March 1831 18 September 1831 The Congress appointed José Joaquín Prieto as President and Fernando Errázuriz as Vice President, but Prieto did not take office and instead resigned immediately, making Fernando Errázuriz President automatically.

Conservative Republic (1830–1861)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes Vice President[a]
3 JJPrieto.JPG José Joaquín Prieto
(1786–1854)
18 September 1831 18 September 1836 Pelucones 1831 Diego Portales[b]
18 September 1836 18 September 1841 Conservative 1836 Post abolished
4 ManuelBulnes.JPG Manuel Bulnes
(1799–1866)
18 September 1841 18 September 1846 Conservative 1841
18 September 1846 18 September 1851 1846
5 Manuel Montt presidente-2.jpg Manuel Montt
(1809–1880)
18 September 1851 18 September 1856 Conservative 1851 Government victory in the Chilean Civil War of 1851.
18 September 1856 18 September 1861 National 1856

Liberal Republic (1861–1891)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes
6 JJPEREZ.png José Joaquín Pérez
(1801–1899)
18 September 1861 18 September 1866 National 1861
18 September 1866 18 September 1871 1866
7 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu.jpg Federico Errázuriz Zañartu
(1825–1877)
18 September 1871 18 September 1876 Liberal 1871
8 Anibal Pinto 3.jpg Aníbal Pinto Garmendia
(1825–1884)
18 September 1876 18 September 1881 Liberal 1876
9 DomingoSantaMariaGonzalez.jpg Domingo Santa María
(1825–1889)
18 September 1881 18 September 1886 Liberal 1881
10 Balmaceda - BCN.jpg José Manuel Balmaceda
(1840–1891)
18 September 1886 29 August 1891 Liberal 1886 Resigned in the Chilean Civil War of 1891 and handed over power to Manuel Baquedano. Killed himself on 19 September 1891, a day after his term would have ended.
Claudio Vicuña 1907.JPG Claudio Vicuña Guerrero (es)
(1833–1907)
Did not take office Liberal 1891 Won the presidential election, although he never assumed because of the Congressist victory in the Chilean Civil War of 1891.
General Manuel Baquedano.jpg Manuel Baquedano
(1823–1897)
29 August 1891 31 August 1891 Military Head of Provisional Government.

Parliamentary Republic (1891–1925)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes
Jorge Montt Alvarez(3).jpg Jorge Montt
(1845–1922)
31 August 1891 10 November 1891 Military President of the Government Junta.
10 November 1891 26 December 1891 Head of the Executive Power.
11 26 December 1891 18 September 1896 Independent 1891
12 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren.jpg Federico Errázuriz Echaurren
(1850–1901)
18 September 1896 12 July 1901 Liberal 1896 Died in office.
Anibal Zanartu.jpg Aníbal Zañartu
(1847–1902)
12 July 1901 18 September 1901 Liberal Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President.
13 Germán Riesco con banda presidencial-2.jpg Germán Riesco Errázuriz
(1854–1916)
18 September 1901 18 September 1906 Liberal 1901
14 PedroMontt.jpeg Pedro Montt
(1849–1910)
18 September 1906 16 August 1910 National 1906 Died in office.
Cabinet con el retrato de Don Elías Fernández Albano (recorte).JPG Elías Fernández Albano
(1845–1910)
16 August 1910 6 September 1910 National Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President. Died in office.
Emiliano Figueroa (2).jpg Emiliano Figueroa
(1866–1931)
6 September 1910 23 December 1910 Liberal Democratic Minister of Justice acting as Vice President.
15 Barros Luco2.jpg Ramón Barros Luco
(1835–1919)
23 December 1910 23 December 1915 Liberal 1910
16 Jlsanfuentes.PNG Juan Luis Sanfuentes
(1858–1930)
23 December 1915 23 December 1920 Liberal Democratic 1915
17 Arturo Alessandri Palma (1925).jpg Arturo Alessandri
(1868–1950)
23 December 1920 12 September 1924 Liberal 1920 Deposed in a coup d'état.
Luis Altamirano.jpg Luis Altamirano
(1876–1938)
12 September 1924 23 January 1925 Military President of the Government Junta of 1924. Deposed in a coup d'état.
Pedro Pablo Dartnell 2.jpg Pedro Dartnell
(1874–1944)
23 January 1925 27 January 1925 Military President of the Government Junta of 1925. Resigned.
Emilio Bello.jpg Emilio Bello Codesido
(1868–1963)
27 January 1925 12 March 1925 Liberal Democratic President of the Government Junta of 1925.

Presidential Republic (1925–1932)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes
17 Arturo Alessandri Palma (1925).jpg Arturo Alessandri
(1868–1950)
12 March 1925 1 October 1925 Liberal Restoration of his original mandate. Resigned.
Luis Barros Borgoño Vicepresidente.jpg Luis Barros Borgoño
(1858–1943)
1 October 1925 23 December 1925 Liberal Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President.
18 Emiliano Figueroa (2).jpg Emiliano Figueroa
(1866–1931)
23 December 1925 10 May 1927 Liberal Democratic 1925 Resigned.
General Ibañez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
10 May 1927 21 July 1927 Independent Vice President.
19 21 July 1927 26 July 1931 1927 Resigned.
Pedro Opaso Letelier.jpg Pedro Opaso
(1876–1957)
26 July 1931 27 July 1931 Liberal Democratic President of the Senate acting as Vice President. Resigned.
Juan Esteban Montero 1932 cropped.jpg Juan Esteban Montero
(1879–1948)
27 July 1931 20 August 1931 Radical Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President. Resigned to run for Presidency.
Manuel Trucco.jpg Manuel Trucco
(1875–1954)
20 August 1931 15 November 1931 Radical Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President.
Juan Esteban Montero 1932 cropped.jpg Juan Esteban Montero
(1879–1948)
15 November 1931 4 December 1931 Radical Vice President.
20 4 December 1931 4 June 1932 1931 Deposed in a coup d'état.

Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes
Arturo Puga.jpg Arturo Puga
(1879–1970)
4 June 1932 16 June 1932 Military President of the Government Junta. Resigned.
CDavila.jpg Carlos Dávila
(1887–1955)
16 June 1932 8 July 1932 Socialist President of the Government Junta.
8 July 1932 13 September 1932 Provisional President of the Socialist Republic. Resigned.

Presidential Republic (1932–1973)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes
Bartolomé Blanche.jpeg Bartolomé Blanche
(1879–1970)
13 September 1932 2 October 1932 Military Provisional President. Resigned.
Abraham Oyanedel
(1874–1954)
2 October 1932 24 December 1932 Independent President of the Supreme Court acting as Vice President.
21 Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Arturo Alessandri
(1868–1950)
24 December 1932 24 December 1938 Liberal 1932
22 Pedro Aguirre Cerda.jpg Pedro Aguirre Cerda
(1879–1941)
24 December 1938 25 November 1941 Radical 1938 Died in office.
Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia.jpg Jerónimo Méndez
(1887–1959)
25 November 1941 2 April 1942 Radical Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President.
23 Retrato del Presidente Juan Antonio Ríos.jpg Juan Antonio Ríos
(1888–1946)
2 April 1942 27 June 1946 Radical 1942 Died in office.
Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez.jpg Alfredo Duhalde
(1898–1985)
27 June 1946 3 August 1946 Radical Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President. Resigned to run for Presidency.
Vicente Merino
(1889–1977)
3 August 1946 13 August 1946 Independent Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President.
Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez.jpg Alfredo Duhalde
(1898–1985)
13 August 1946 17 October 1946 Radical Vice President. Resigned.
Juan Antonio Iribarren.JPG Juan Antonio Iribarren
(1885–1966)
17 October 1946 3 November 1946 Radical Minister of the Interior acting as Vice President.
24 Gabriel Gonzalez Videla.jpg Gabriel González Videla
(1898–1980)
3 November 1946 3 November 1952 Radical 1946
25 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
3 November 1952 3 November 1958 Independent 1952
26 Retrato de Jorge Alessandri con banda presidencial.JPG Jorge Alessandri
(1896–1986)
3 November 1958 3 November 1964 Independent 1958
27 Fotografia Eduardo Frei Montalva.jpg Eduardo Frei Montalva
(1911–1982)
3 November 1964 3 November 1970 Christian Democratic 1964
28 Salvador Allende Gossens-.jpg Salvador Allende
(1908–1973)
3 November 1970 11 September 1973 Socialist 1970 Deposed in a military coup; committed suicide while the presidential palace was under attack.

Pinochet Military rule (1973–1990)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Notes
29 Retrato Oficial de Augusto Pinochet.png Augusto Pinochet
(1915–2006)
11 September 1973 17 June 1974 Military President of the Government Junta.
17 June 1974 17 December 1974 Supreme Chief of the Nation.
17 December 1974 11 March 1981 President of the Republic by decree.
11 March 1981 11 March 1989 President of the Republic. The Constitution of 1980 comes into force, approved in the constitutional referendum of 1980, which confirmed Augusto Pinochet as president for an 8-year term.
11 March 1989 11 March 1990 President of the Republic. After losing the national plebiscite of 1988, and in accordance with the Constitution of 1980, Pinochet and the Junta continued in power for another year. Presidential and parliamentary elections took place three months before Pinochet's term expired.

Presidential Republic (1990–present)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes
30 Aylwin Banda.jpg Patricio Aylwin
(1918–2016)
11 March 1990 11 March 1994 Christian Democratic 1989 Elected for a 4-year term according to Temporary Provisions of the Constitution of 1980. The Constitutional reform of 1994 reduced the presidential term from 8 to 6 years.
31 Retrato Oficial de Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle.png Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
(1942–)
11 March 1994 11 March 2000 Christian Democratic 1993
32 Retrato Oficial de Ricardo Lagos.png Ricardo Lagos
(1938–)
11 March 2000 11 March 2006 Party for Democracy 1999–2000 The Constitutional reform of 2005 reduced the presidential term from 6 to 4 years.
33 Retrato Oficial de Michelle Bachelet (Primer gobierno).png Michelle Bachelet
(1951–)
11 March 2006 11 March 2010 Socialist 2005–06 First term.
First female president of Chile.
34 Fotografía oficial del Presidente Sebastián Piñera - 2.jpg Sebastián Piñera
(1949–)
11 March 2010 11 March 2014 National Renewal
Independent
2009–10 First term.
First democratically elected conservative president since 1958.
35 Portrait Michelle Bachelet.jpg Michelle Bachelet
(1951–)
11 March 2014 11 March 2018 Socialist 2013 Second term. Supported by the center-left coalition New Majority.
36 Retrato Oficial Presidente Piñera 2018.jpg Sebastián Piñera
(1949–)
11 March 2018 Incumbent
(Term ends on
11 March 2022)
Independent
Support by Chile Vamos.
2017 Second term.
Ran as an independent candidate supported by the center-right coalition Chile Vamos. Previously suspended his party membership during his first term (2010–2014).

Timeline[edit]

Sebastián PiñeraMichelle BacheletRicardo LagosEduardo Frei Ruiz-TaglePatricio AylwinAugusto PinochetSalvador AllendeEduardo Frei MontalvaJorge AlessandriGabriel González VidelaJuan Antonio RíosPedro Aguirre CerdaJuan Esteban MonteroCarlos Ibáñez del CampoEmiliano FigueroaArturo AlessandriJuan Luis SanfuentesRamón Barros LucoPedro MonttGermán Riesco ErrázurizFederico Errázuriz EchaurrenJorge MonttJosé Manuel BalmacedaDomingo Santa MaríaAníbal Pinto GarmendiaFederico Errázuriz ZañartuJosé Joaquín PérezManuel MonttManuel Bulnes PrietoJosé Joaquín Prieto VialFrancisco Antonio Pinto DíazRamón FreireManuel Blanco Encalada

Living former Presidents[edit]

There are four living former Chilean Presidents:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b In 1826, jointly with establishment of the title of President of the Republic, was created the post of "Vice President", with functions to replace the President in case of his death or absence. The post was abolished with the Constitution of 1833 and since then the Vice President is the title given to an ex officio member replacing the elected President.
  2. ^ Did not take office and instead resigned immediately, but this was not accepted by Congress. Continued to be de jure Vice-President until the abolition of the post with a new Constitution in 26 May 1833.

See also[edit]