List of heads of state of Cuba

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This article lists the heads of state of Cuba from 1902 until the present day.

Between 1902 and 1976 (under the 1901 and the 1940 constitutions), the role of the head of state was performed by President of Cuba.

Between 1976 and 2019 (under the 1976 Constitution), the position of President was abolished and instead there was President of the Council of State.

On 24 February 2019 (under the 2019 Constitution), the position of President was restored.[1]

The current president (until 10 October 2019,[2] officially called President of the Council of State) is Miguel Díaz-Canel, since 19 April 2018.[3][4]

Presidents of Cuba[edit]

Republic of Cuba (1902–1959)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term Political party Elected
Took office Left office Time in office
President of the Republic
1
Tomás Estrada Palma
Tomás Estrada Palma
(1835–1908)
20 May 190228 September 19064 years, 131 daysRepublican1901
1905

Second Occupation of Cuba (1906–1909)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term Appointed by
Took office Left office Time in office
Provisional Governors
William H. Taft
William H. Taft
(1857–1930)
29 September 190613 October 190614 daysPresident
Theodore Roosevelt
Charles Edward Magoon
Charles Edward Magoon
(1861–1920)
13 October 190628 January 19092 years, 107 daysPresident
Theodore Roosevelt

Republic of Cuba (1902–1959)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term Political party Elected Prime Minister
Took office Left office Time in office
Presidents of the Republic
2
José Miguel Gómez
José Miguel Gómez
(1858–1921)
28 January 190920 May 19134 years, 112 daysLiberal1908
3
Mario García Menocal
Mario García Menocal
(1866–1941)
20 May 191320 May 19218 years, 0 daysConservative 1912
1916
4
Alfredo Zayas y Alfonso
Alfredo Zayas y Alfonso
(1861–1934)
20 May 192120 May 19254 years, 0 daysLiberal1920
5
Gerardo Machado
Gerardo Machado
(1871–1939)
20 May 192512 August 19338 years, 84 daysLiberal1924
1928
Alberto Herrera Franchi
Alberto Herrera Franchi
(1874–1954)
Acting
12 August 193313 August 19331 dayMilitary
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada
(1871–1939)
Acting
13 August 19335 September 193323 daysLiberal
Pentarchy of 1933
Pentarchy of 1933
Acting
5 September 193310 September 19335 daysNonpartisan
6
Ramón Grau
Ramón Grau
(1881–1969)
10 September 193315 January 1934127 daysAuténtico
Carlos Hevia
Carlos Hevia
(1900–1964)
Acting
15 January 193418 January 19343 daysAuténtico
Manuel Márquez Sterling
Manuel Márquez Sterling
(1872–1934)
Acting
18 January 193418 January 19340 daysIndependent
Carlos Mendieta
Carlos Mendieta
(1873–1960)
Acting
18 January 193411 December 19351 year, 327 daysNational Union
José Agripino Barnet
José Agripino Barnet
(1864–1945)
Acting
11 December 193520 May 1936161 daysNational Union
7
Miguel Mariano Gómez
Miguel Mariano Gómez
(1889–1950)
20 May 193624 December 1936218 daysNational Union1936
8
Federico Laredo Brú
Federico Laredo Brú
(1875–1946)
24 December 193610 October 19403 years, 291 daysNational Union
9
Fulgencio Batista
Fulgencio Batista
(1901–1973)
10 October 194010 October 19444 years, 0 daysCSD1940Carlos Saladrigas Zayas
Ramón Zaydín
Anselmo Alliegro y Milá
(6)
Ramón Grau
Ramón Grau
(1881–1969)
10 October 194410 October 19484 years, 0 daysAuténtico1944Félix Lancís Sánchez
Carlos Prío Socarrás
Raúl López del Castillo
10
Carlos Prío Socarrás
Carlos Prío Socarrás
(1903–1977)
10 October 194810 March 19523 years, 152 daysAuténtico1948Manuel Antonio de Varona
Félix Lancís Sánchez
Óscar Gans
Fulgencio Batista
Fulgencio Batista
(1901–1973)
Acting
10 March 195214 August 19542 years, 157 daysProgressive ActionHimself
Andrés Domingo del Castillo
Andrés Domingo del Castillo
(1892–1979)
Acting
14 August 195424 February 1955194 daysProgressive Action
(9)
Fulgencio Batista
Fulgencio Batista
(1901–1973)
24 February 19551 January 19593 years, 311 daysProgressive Action1954Jorge García Montes
Andrés Rivero Agüero
Emilio Núñez Portuondo
Gonzalo Güell
Anselmo Alliegro y Milá
Anselmo Alliegro y Milá
(1899–1961)
Acting
1 January 19592 January 19591 dayProgressive Action
Carlos Manuel Piedra
Carlos Manuel Piedra
(1895–1988)
Acting
2 January 19593 January 19591 dayIndependent

Republic of Cuba (1959–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term Political party Prime Minister
Took office Left office Time in office
Presidents of the Republic
13
Manuel Urrutia Lleó
Manuel Urrutia Lleó
(1901–1981)
3 January 195918 July 1959196 daysIndependentJosé Miró Cardona
Fidel Castro
14
Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado
Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado
(1919–1983)
18 July 19592 December 197617 years, 137 daysPopular Socialist
PCC
Fidel Castro
Presidents of the Council of State
15
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
2 December 197624 February 200831 years, 84 daysPCCHimself
(as President of the Council of Ministers)
Raúl Castro
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
Acting
(2006–2008 transfer of duties)
31 July 200624 February 20081 year, 208 daysPCCHimself
(as Acting President of the Council of Ministers)
16
Raúl Castro
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
24 February 200819 April 201810 years, 54 daysPCCHimself
(as President of the Council of Ministers)
17
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Miguel Díaz-Canel
(born 1960)
19 April 201810 October 20191 year, 174 daysPCCHimself
(as President of the Council of Ministers)
President of the Republic
(17)
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Miguel Díaz-Canel
(born 1960)
10 October 2019Incumbent254 daysPCCManuel Marrero Cruz

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mimi Whitefield (25 February 2019). "Cuba approves new constitution: What changes, what doesn't?". Miami Herald. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  2. ^ Cuba’s Reformed Constitution, a Democratic and Participatory Process Havana Times, 23 July 2018
  3. ^ Press, Associated (19 April 2018). "Miguel Díaz-Canel: Cuba selects first non-Castro president since Fidel". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Cuba's Raúl Castro hands over power to Miguel Díaz-Canel". BBC News. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2018.

External links[edit]