List of presidents of Egypt

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Current Presidential Standard of Egypt (left, 1984–present) and former Presidential Standard (right, 1972–1984)

The office of President of Egypt was established in 1953. The president is the head of state of Egypt and the Supreme Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces. The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who has effectively controlled the country since the 2013 coup d'état, and was officially elected president in 2014.

Background[edit]

The first president of Egypt was Mohamed Naguib, one of the leaders of the Free Officers Movement who led the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and who took office on 18 June 1953, the day on which Egypt was declared a Republic. Since then the office has been held by five further people: Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Mohamed Morsi and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. In addition, Sufi Abu Taleb acted as president between Sadat's assassination and the election of his successor, and Adly Mansour acted as president after Morsi's overthrow in the 2013 coup d'état.

Following Hosni Mubarak's resignation on 11 February 2011[1] in the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, the office was vacant, with the functions of head of state and head of government being discharged by the chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi.[2]

Mohamed Morsi took office on 30 June 2012, after being elected by the presidential election held on 23–24 May and 16–17 June 2012.[3] He was deposed by the Egyptian Armed Forces in a coup d'état on 3 July 2013, following massive protests calling for his resignation.[4] He was succeeded by Adly Mansour, the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt, as Acting President. Mansour was sworn into office in front of the Supreme Constitutional Court on 4 July 2013.[5]

Current President el-Sisi took office on 8 June 2014, after being elected by the presidential election held on 26–28 May 2014.[6] He was re-elected by the presidential election held on 26–28 March 2018.[7]

List of officeholders[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of the Egyptian Revolution (1952).svg Republic of Egypt Coat of arms of Egypt (1953–1958).svg
(18 June 1953 – 22 February 1958)
1 Muhammad Naguib.jpg Mohamed Naguib
محمد نجيب
(1901–1984)
18 June 1953 14 November 1954
(resigned)
1 year, 149 days Military / Liberation Rally
Nasser portrait2.jpg Revolutionary Command Council
مجلس قيادة الثورة
Chairman: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
14 November 1954 23 June 1956 1 year, 222 days Military
2 Nasser portrait2.jpg Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
1956 23 June 1956 22 February 1958 1 year, 244 days National Union
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg United Arab Republic Coat of arms of United Arab Republic (Syria 1958-61, Egypt 1958-1971).svg
(22 February 1958 – 2 September 1971)
2 Nasser portrait2.jpg Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
1958
1965
22 February 1958 28 September 1970
(died)
12 years, 218 days National Union
(until 1962)
Arab Socialist Union
3 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
28 September 1970 15 October 1970 17 days Arab Socialist Union
1970 15 October 1970 2 September 1971 322 days
Flag of Egypt.svg Arab Republic of Egypt Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
(2 September 1971 – present)
3 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
1976 2 September 1971 6 October 1981
(assassinated)
11 years, 8 days Arab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
National Democratic Party
Sufi Abu Taleb.gif Sufi Abu Taleb
صوفى أبو طالب
(1925–2008)
Acting
6 October 1981 14 October 1981 8 days National Democratic Party
4 Hosni Mubarak ritratto.jpg Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
(1928–2020)
1981
1987
1993
1999
2005
14 October 1981 11 February 2011
(resigned)
29 years, 120 days National Democratic Party
Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi 2002.jpg Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة
Chairman: Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
محمد حسين طنطاوي
(1935–2021)
11 February 2011 30 June 2012 1 year, 140 days Military
5 Mohamed Morsi-05-2013.jpg Mohamed Morsi
محمد مرسي
(1951–2019)
2012 30 June 2012 3 July 2013
(deposed)
1 year, 3 days Freedom and Justice Party
Adly Mansour.JPG Adly Mansour
عدلي منصور
(born 1945)
Interim
4 July 2013 8 June 2014 339 days Independent
6 AbdelFattah Elsisi (cropped).jpg Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
عبد الفتاح السيسى
(born 1954)
2014
2018
8 June 2014 Incumbent[a] 7 years, 132 days Independent

Timeline[edit]

Abdel Fattah el-SisiAdly MansourMohamed MorsiMohamed Hussein TantawiHosni MubarakSufi Abu TalebAnwar SadatGamal Abdel NasserMohamed Naguib

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's mandate expires 8 June 2022.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ McGreal, Chris; Shenker, Jack (11 February 2011). "Hosni Mubarak resigns – and Egypt celebrates a new dawn". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  2. ^ Egypt Trades Torture Supervisor for 'Mubarak's Poodle'? ABC News, 11 February 2011
  3. ^ "Muslim Brotherhood candidate Morsi wins Egyptian presidential election". Fox News.com. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  4. ^ Coup topples Egypt's Morsy; supporters reportedly rounded up - CNN.com. Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved on 14 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Adly Mansour Sworn in As Egypt's Interim President". Associated Press. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  6. ^ "El-Sisi wins Egypt's presidential race with 96.91%". English.Ahram.org. Ahram Online. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi wins a second term in Egypt". The Economist. 30 March 2018.

Sources[edit]

  • El-Gawady, Mohamed (1986). Cabinets during period of Revolution.
  • Hafez, Salah (2001). Democracy Shock.