List of Presidents of Ethiopia

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Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

This is a list of Presidents of Ethiopia and also a list of heads of state after the fall of the Ethiopian Empire in 1974.

Until 1974, the heads of state of the Ethiopian Empire were either Emperors or regents. From the coup d'état of the Derg leading to the fall of the Empire in September 1974 until March 1975, the Derg considered the Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen as the nominal head of state – which the Crown Prince refused to accept. During this time, the Chairmen of the Derg, the leaders of the Derg, were to be considered as acting heads of state. After 21 March 1975, the Derg military junta fully took over. Until the establishment of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1987, still dominated by Derg figures, Chairmen of the Derg have to be considered heads of state – but not presidents. After the fall of the Derg and the establishment of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia in 1991, the first immediate President (Meles Zenawi) has to be considered an Interim President.

Since the formal establishment of the office of President in 1987, there have been 6 official presidents. The President is the head of state of Ethiopia. The current president is Sahle-Work Zewde, who is also the first female president of Ethiopia, elected on 25 October 2018 by members of the Federal Parliamentary Assembly.

List[edit]

In the list, the Chairmen of the Derg are considered to be heads of state – but are not considered to be President. Consequently, the numbering starts with the first establishment of the office of the President of Ethiopia in 1987.

Name Portrait Birth–Death Elected Took office Left office Political party
(Coalition)
Flag of Ethiopia (1975–1987) (02).svgDerg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) • Emblem of the Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia.svg
Aman Mikael Andom
Acting Head of State
Aman andom.png 1924–1974 12 September 1974 17 November 1974
(Resigned)
Military
Mengistu Haile Mariam
Acting Head of State
Mengistu Haile Mariam 3.jpg 1937– 17 November 1974 28 November 1974 Military
Tafari Benti No image.png 1921–1977 28 November 1974
(Acting Head of State
28 Nov 1974–21 Mar 1975)
3 February 1977
(Assassinated)
Military
Mengistu Haile Mariam Mengistu Haile Mariam 3.jpg 1937– 3 February 1977
(Acting Head of State
3–11 Feb 1977)
10 September 1987 Military /
COPWE /
WPE
Flag of Ethiopia (1987-1991).svgPeople's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) • Emblem of the Peoples' Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.svg
1 Mengistu Haile Mariam Mengistu Haile Mariam 3.jpg 1937– 1987 10 September 1987 21 May 1991
(Resigned)
WPE
2 Tesfaye Gebre Kidan
Acting President
No image.png 1935–2004 21 May 1991 28 May 1991
(Deposed)
WPE
Flag of Ethiopia (1991-1996).svgTransitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) • Emblem of Transitional Government of Ethiopia.svg
3 Meles Zenawi
Interim President
Meles Zenawi - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg 1955–2012 27 May 1991 22 August 1995 TPLF
(EPRDF)
Flag of Ethiopia.svgFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) • Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
4 Negasso Gidada No image.png 1943– 1995 22 August 1995 8 October 2001 OPDO
(EPRDF)[1]
5 Girma Wolde-Giorgis President+girma woldegorgis.jpg 1924– 2001
2007
8 October 2001 7 October 2013 Independent
6 Mulatu Teshome Mulatu Teshome in Warsaw - 2018 (40792938585) (cropped).jpg 1955– 2013 7 October 2013 25 October 2018 ODP
(EPRDF)
7 Sahle-Work Zewde Sahle-Work Zewde.jpg 1950– 2018 25 October 2018 Incumbent Independent

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Expelled from both the OPDO and the EPRDF coalition on 22 June 2001

See also[edit]

External links[edit]