List of presidents of Iran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of Presidents of Iran)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Emblem of Iran.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran
Government of Islamic Republic of Iran

This is a list of the Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The president of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current president is Hassan Rouhani, since 3 August 2013.

Background[edit]

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the supreme leader as the head of state and the president and prime minister as the heads of government. The post of prime minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the president were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected president on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were each elected president for two terms. Hassan Rouhani is the current president, being elected in June 2013 presidential election. He won the reelection in the 2017 presidential election.

List[edit]

Islamic Republic of Iran (from 1979)[edit]

1st Constitution (1979–1989)[edit]

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Picture Elected Took office Left office Political party Previous office Prime minister
The Council of the Islamic Revolution deputised during the interim (3 December 1979 – 4 February 1980).
1 Abolhassan Banisadr
(1933–)
Abolhassan Banisadr portrait 1980 1.jpg 1980 4 February
1980
22 June
1981
Independent Minister of Finance
(1979–1980)
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
The Presidential Council deputised during the interim (22 June 1981 – 2 August 1981).
2 Mohammad-Ali Rajai
(1933–1981)
Mohammad-Ali Rajai 1981.jpg 1981 (Jul) 2 August
1981
30 August
1981
Islamic Republican Party Prime Minister of Iran
(1980–1981)
Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
The Presidential Council deputised during the interim (30 August 1981 – 13 October 1981).
3 Ali Khamenei
(1939–)
Portrait of Ali Khamenei, 1985 (2).jpg 1981 (Oct)
1985
13 October
1981
3 August
1989
Islamic Republican Party
(until 1987)
Member of the Parliament of Iran
(1980–1981)
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Combatant Clergy Association

2nd Constitution (from 1989)[edit]

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Picture Elected Took office Left office Political party Previous office First vice president
4 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
(1934–2017)
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani by Fars 02.jpg 1989
1993
3 August
1989
3 August
1997
Combatant Clergy Association Speaker of the Parliament of Iran
(1980–1989)
Hassan Habibi
5 Mohammad Khatami
(1943–)
Mohammad Khatami, 30th Memorial Ceremony of Ali Shariati - 26 June 2007 (15 8603310160 L600).jpg 1997
2001
3 August
1997
3 August
2005
Association of Combatant Clerics Minister of Culture
(1982–1992)
Mohammad-Reza Aref
6 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
(1956–)
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad portrait 2013 2.jpg 2005
2009
3 August
2005
3 August
2013
Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran Mayor of Tehran
(2003–2005)
Parviz Davoodi
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
7 Hassan Rouhani
(1948–)
Hassan Rouhani.jpg 2013
2017
3 August
2013
Incumbent Moderation and Development Party Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council
(1989–2005)
Eshaq Jahangiri

Timeline[edit]

Hassan RouhaniMahmoud AhmadinejadMohammad KhatamiAkbar Hashemi RafsanjaniAli KhameneiMohammad-Ali RajaiAbolhassan Banisadr

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009.