List of Presidents of Iran

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This is a list of the Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The President of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current President is Hassan Rouhani, since 3 August 2013.

Background[edit]

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the Supreme Leader as the head of state and the President and Prime Minister as the heads of government. The post of Prime Minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the President were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected President on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were each elected president for two terms. Hassan Rouhani is the current president, being elected in June 2013 presidential election.

List[edit]

Name Picture Birth–Death Elected Took office Left office Political Party Prime Minister First Vice President
1 Abolhassan Banisadr Banisadr 1980.jpg 1933– 1980 4 February 1980 22 June 1981
(impeached)
Independent Mohammad-Ali Rajai Position not established
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad Beheshti, later Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili)
22 June 1981 2 August 1981
2 Mohammad-Ali Rajai Portrait of Mohammad-Ali Rajai.jpg 1933–1981 1981 (Jul) 2 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican Party Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani)
30 August 1981 13 October 1981 Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
3 Ali Khamenei Portrait of Ali Khamenei, 1985.jpg 1939– 1981 (Oct)
1985
13 October 1981 3 August 1989 Islamic Republican Party
(until 1987)
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
(3) Combatant Clergy Association
4 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Hashemi Rafsanjani at Beit Rahbari.jpg 1934–2017 1989
1993
3 August 1989 3 August 1997 Combatant Clergy Association Position abolished Hassan Habibi
5 Mohammad Khatami Portrait of Mohammad Khatami 2010.jpg 1943– 1997
2001
3 August 1997 3 August 2005 Association of Combatant Clerics
Mohammad-Reza Aref
6 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Mahmoud Ahmadinejad portrait 2013.jpg 1956– 2005
2009
3 August 2005 3 August 2013 Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran Parviz Davoodi
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
7 Hassan Rouhani Hassan Rouhani.jpg 1948– 2013 3 August 2013 Incumbent
(Term expires 3 August 2017)
Moderation and Development Party Eshaq Jahangiri

Acting Presidents[edit]

Provisional Presidential Council[edit]

Term Prime Minister Parliament Chairman Chief Justice
22 June 1981

2 August 1981
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
(1933–1981)
Mohammad-Ali Rajai.jpg Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
(1934–2017)
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Portrait (5).jpg Mohammad Beheshti
(1928–1981)
Mohammad Beheshti portrait.jpg
Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
(1926–2016)
Mousavi Ardebili (cropped).jpg
30 August 1981

13 October 1981
Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani
(1931–2014)
Mahdavi Kani in 1981.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009.