List of presidents of Iran

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This is a list of the presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The president of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current president is Ebrahim Raisi, in office since 3 August 2021.


After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the supreme leader as the head of state and the president and prime minister as the heads of government. The post of prime minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the president were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected president on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Hassan Rouhani were each elected president for two terms. Ebrahim Raisi is the current president, being elected in the June 2021 presidential election.


Islamic Republic of Iran (from 1979)[edit]

1st Constitution (1979–1989)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party Election Previous office Prime minister Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
The Council of the Islamic Revolution deputised during the interim (3 December 1979 – 4 February 1980).
Abolhassan Banisadr سید ابوالحسن بنی‌صدر
Abolhassan Banisadr
سید ابوالحسن بنی‌صدر

4 February 198022 June 19811 year, 138 daysIndependent1980Minister of Finance
Mohammad-Ali RajaiRajai
The Presidential Council deputised during the interim (22 June 1981 – 2 August 1981).
Mohammad-Ali Rajai محمدعلی رجائی
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
محمدعلی رجائی

2 August 198130 August 1981 †28 daysIRP1981 (Jul)Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad-Javad BahonarBahonar
The Presidential Council deputised during the interim (30 August 1981 – 9 October 1981).
Ali Khamenei علی خامنه ای
Ali Khamenei
علی خامنه ای

(born 1939)
9 October 198116 August 1989[2]7 years, 311 daysIRP
1981 (Oct)
Member of the Parliament of Iran
Mir-Hossein MousaviMousavi III

2nd Constitution (from 1989)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party Election Previous office First vice president Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی

16 August 1989[2]3 August 19977 years, 352 daysCCA1989
Speaker of the Parliament of Iran
Hassan HabibiRafsanjani I–II
Mohammad Khatami محمد خاتمی
Mohammad Khatami
محمد خاتمی

(born 1943)
3 August 19973 August 20058 yearsACC1997
Minister of Culture
Hassan Habibi
Mohammad-Reza Aref
Khatami I–II
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad محمود احمدی‌نژاد
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
محمود احمدی‌نژاد

(born 1956)
3 August 20053 August 20138 yearsABII2005
Mayor of Tehran
Parviz Davoodi
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
Ahmadinejad III
Hassan Rouhani حسن روحانی
Hassan Rouhani
حسن روحانی

(born 1948)
3 August 20133 August 20218 yearsMDP2013
Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council
Eshaq JahangiriRouhani III
Ebrahim Raisi ابراهیم رئیسی
Ebrahim Raisi
ابراهیم رئیسی

(born 1960)
3 August 2021Incumbent2 years, 116 daysCCA2021Chief Justice
Mohammad MokhberRaisi


Ebrahim RaisiHassan RouhaniMahmoud AhmadinejadMohammad KhatamiAkbar Hashemi RafsanjaniAli KhameneiMohammad-Ali RajaiAbolhassan Banisadr

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Letter to Hashemi Rafsanjani and resignation from presidency" (in Persian). 16 August 1989. Retrieved 17 July 2018.