List of Presidents of Lebanon

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President of the
Lebanese Republic
President Seal Lebanon.jpg
Tammam Salam 2014-09-26.jpg
Incumbent
Tammam Salam
Acting

since 25 May 2014
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Baabda Palace
Term length 6 years
Inaugural holder Bechara El Khoury
22 November 1943
Formation Constitution of Lebanon
23 May 1926
Website Presidency of the Lebanese Republic
Coat of arms of Lebanon.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lebanon

This is a list of Presidents (and acting Presidents) of Lebanon since the creation of the office in 1926.

The president is largely a ceremonial and symbolic post. Neverless, the president is still able to exercise influence on policy making and has the role, in conjunction with the prime minister, of choosing ministers in the Government and safeguarding the constitution.

National Pact[edit]

Though it is not specifically stated in the constitution, an unwritten understanding known as the National Pact, agreed in 1943, has resulted in the holder of the post being a Maronite Christian in every electoral cycle since that time. This agreement had to be suspended three times, when three Sunni Muslims, the Prime Ministers had to step in as Acting Presidents, Selim Hoss in 1988, Fouad Siniora in 2007 and Tammam Salam in 2014.

Presidents[edit]

Key
Acting president.
National Bloc
Kataeb Party
Constitutional Party
National Liberal Party
Chehabist
Marada Movement
Military
Independence Movement
Future Movement

State of Greater Lebanon, part of the French Mandate (1926–1943)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
1 Charles Debbas.jpg Charles Debbas
شارل دباس

(1885–1935)

1 September 1926 2 January 1934 Independent
No image.svg Antoine Privat-Aubouard
أنطوان أوبوار
2 January 1934 30 January 1934 Independent
2 No image.svg Habib Pacha Es-Saad
حبيب باشا السعد

(1867–1942)

30 January 1934 20 January 1936 Independent
3 No image.svg Émile Eddé
إميل أده

(1886–1949)

20 January 1936 4 April 1941 National Bloc
No image.svg Pierre-Georges Arlabosse
بيار جورج أرلابوس
4 April 1941 9 April 1941 Independent
4 Alfred Naqqache.jpg Alfred Georges Naccache
ألفرد جورج النقاش

(1887–1978)

9 April 1941 18 March 1943 Kataeb Party
No image.svg Ayoub Tabet
أيوب ثابت

(1884–1951)

19 March 1943 21 July 1943 Independent
5 No image.svg Petro Trad
بيترو طراد

(1876–1947)

22 July 1943 21 September 1943 Independent
6 Bechara elkhoury.jpg Bechara Khoury
بشارة الخوري

(1890–1964)

21 September 1943 11 November 1943 Constitutional Party

Lebanese Republic (1943–present)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
No image.svg Émile Eddé
إميل أده

(1886–1949)

11 November 1943 22 November 1943 National Bloc
6 Bechara elkhoury.jpg Bechara Khoury
بشارة الخوري

(1890–1964)

22 November 1943 18 September 1952 Constitutional Party
Easter 1961, saluting back Lebanese citizens.jpg Fuad Chehab
فؤاد شهاب

(1902–1973)

18 September 1952 22 September 1952 Independent
7 Camille chamoun.jpg Camille Chamoun
كميل شمعون

(1900–1987)

23 September 1952 22 September 1958 National Liberal Party
8 Easter 1961, saluting back Lebanese citizens.jpg Fuad Chehab
فؤاد شهاب

(1902–1973)

23 September 1958 22 September 1964 Independent Chehab served as the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces from 1945 to 1958.
9 Charles Helou.jpg Charles Helou
شارل حلو

(1913–2001)

23 September 1964 22 September 1970 Chehabist
10 Suleiman Frangieh - FOCR.jpg Suleiman Frangieh
سليمان فرنجية

(1910–1992)

23 September 1970 22 September 1976 Marada Movement
11 No image.svg Elias Sarkis
إلياس سركيس

(1924–1985)

23 September 1976 22 September 1982 Chehabist
(-) Bachir While Giving A Speech.jpg Bachir Gemayel
بشير الجميل

(1947–1982)

23 August 1982 14 September 1982 Kataeb Party Gemayel was assassinated prior to taking office, during the Lebanese Civil War.
12 Amine Gemayel 2007.jpg Amine Gemayel
أمين الجميل

(1942–)

23 September 1982 22 September 1988 Kataeb Party Brother of Bachir Gemayel.
Salim el-Hoss Axis for Peace 2005-11-17.jpg Selim Hoss
سليم الحص

(1929–)

22 September 1988 5 November 1989 Independent Disputed: Dismissal as prime minister on 22 September 1988 contested.
Aoun.jpg Michel Aoun
ميشال عون

(1935–)

22 September 1988 23 October 1990 Military Disputed: Appointment as prime minister on 22 September 1988 contested.
13 René Moawad.jpg René Moawad
رينيه معوض

(1925–1989)

5 November 1989 22 November 1989 Independence Movement Moawad was assassinated during the Lebanese Civil War.
Salim el-Hoss Axis for Peace 2005-11-17.jpg Selim Hoss
سليم الحص

(1929–)

22 November 1989 24 November 1989 Independent
14 Elias Hraoui President.jpg Elias Hrawi
إلياس الهراوي

(1926–2006)

24 November 1989 24 November 1998 Independent
15 Lebanon.EmileLahoud.01.jpg Émile Lahoud
إميل لحود

(1936–)

24 November 1998 24 November 2007 Independent Lahoud served as the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces from 1989 to 1998.
Fouad Sinora.jpg Fouad Siniora
فؤاد السنيورة

(1943–)

24 November 2007 25 May 2008 Future Movement
(March 14 Alliance)
16 Michel Suleiman - 2009.jpg Michel Suleiman
ميشال سليمان

(1948–)

25 May 2008 25 May 2014 Independent Suleiman served as the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces from 1998 to 2008.
Tammam Salam 2014-09-26.jpg Tammam Salam
تمّام سلام

(1945–)

25 May 2014 Incumbent Independent

Living former Presidents[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth Political party
Amine Gemayel 1982–1988 (1942-01-22) 22 January 1942 (age 74) Kataeb Party
Émile Lahoud 1998–2007 (1936-01-12) 12 January 1936 (age 80) Independent
Michel Suleiman 2008–2014 (1948-11-21) 21 November 1948 (age 67) Independent

See also[edit]

References[edit]