List of Presidents of Madagascar

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President of the
Republic of Madagascar
Presidential Standard of Madagascar.svg
Presidential Standard
Hery Rajaonarimampianina 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Hery Rajaonarimampianina

since 25 January 2014
Residence Iavoloha Palace
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Philibert Tsiranana
Formation 1 May 1959
Seal of Madagascar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Madagascar

This is a list of Presidents of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of President in 1959, during the Malagasy Republic.

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting President

Presidents of Madagascar[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Malagasy Republic[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
Autonomous republic (within the French Community)
1 Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 1 May 1959 26 June 1960 PSD Position abolished
Independent country
(1) Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 26 June 1960 11 October 1972
(resigned.)[1]
1965, 1972 PSD Ramanantsoa
Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)[2]
Gabriel Ramanantsoa 1961.jpg 11 October 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
Military Himself
Richard Ratsimandrava
(1931–1975)[2]
No image.png 5 February 1975 11 February 1975
(assassinated.)
Military Position abolished
Gilles Andriamahazo
(1919–1989)[3]
No image.png 12 February 1975 15 June 1975 Military
Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[4]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 15 June 1975 30 December 1975 Military

Democratic Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
2 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[5]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 30 December 1975 12 September 1992 1982, 1989 Military /
AREMA
Rakotomalala
Rakotoniaina
Rakotoarijaona
Ramahatra
Razanamasy

Third Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
(2) Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 12 September 1992 27 March 1993 AREMA Razanamasy
3 Albert Zafy
(1927–)
President Albert Zafy.jpg 27 March 1993 5 September 1996
(resigned.)
1992–93 UNDD Razanamasy
Ravony
Rakotovahiny
Ratsirahonana
Norbert Ratsirahonana
(1938–)
No image.png 5 September 1996 9 February 1997 AVI Himself
(2) Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[6]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 9 February 1997 5 July 2002 1996 AREMA Ratsirahonana
Rakotomavo
Andrianarivo
Rasolondraibe
4 Marc Ravalomanana
(1949–)[7]
Appl0405.loselesslycropped.jpg 22 February 2002 17 March 2009
(deposed.)
2001, 2006 TIM Sylla
Rabemananjara
Hyppolite Ramaroson
(1951–)[8]
No image.png 17 March 2009
(several hours.)
Military

High Transitional Authority[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)[9]
Andry Rajoelina - US Embassy Nov 2008.png 17 March 2009 25 January 2014 TVG Roindefo
Mangalaza
Manorohanta
Vital
Beriziky

Fourth Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
5 Hery Rajaonarimampianina
(1958–)
Hery Rajaonarimampianina 2014.jpg 25 January 2014 Incumbent 2013 HVM Beriziky
Kolo
Ranelonarivo
Solonandrasana

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes % Votes %
Hery Rajaonarimampianina Hery Vaovao ho an'i Madagasikara 721,206 15.93 2,060,124 53.49
Jean Louis Robinson AVANA 955,534 21.10 1,791,336 46.51
Hajo Herivelona Andrianainarivelo Malagasy Miara Miainga 476,153 10.51
Roland Ratsiraka MTS 407,732 9.00
Albert Camille Vital Hiaraka Isika 310,253 6.85
Saraha Georget Rabeharisoa Antoko Maitso 203,699 4.50
Edgard Razafindravahy Edgard Razafindravahy 197,081 4.35
Pierrot Rajaonarivelo MDM 121,999 2.69
Joseph Martin Randriamampionona RTM (Dadafara) 105,184 2.32
Benjamin Radavidson Andriamparany FFF 100,890 2.23
William Ratrema GAM/PATRAM 96,715 2.14
Jean Eugène Voninahitsy LES AS 96,547 2.13
Julien Razafinmanazato ESD 72,875 1.61
Monja Zafitsimivalo Roindefo MONIMA 68,563 1.51
Brigitte Ihantanirina Rabemananantsoa AMP 62,652 1.38
Willy Sylvain Rabetsaroana PNJ Mazava Sylvain 57,829 1.28
Clément Zafisolo Ravalisaona AME 52,083 1.15
Rakoto Andrianirina Fetison RDS 49,599 1.10
Tabera Randriamanantsoa KINTANA 40,253 0.89
Laza Razafiarison Avotra Ho An'ny Firenena 39,952 0.88
Jean Lahiniriko KML 39,648 0.88
Patrick Rajaonary Vonjeo Madagasikara 38,934 0.86
Rakotomaharo Rajemison MAMAFISOA 38,827 0.86
Roland Dieudonne Rabeharison FAMA 32,157 0.71
Djacoba Alain Tehindrazanarivelo ENNA 25,974 0.57
Faharo Ratsimbalson Independent 24,536 0.54
Patrick Raharimanana Vitatsika Io 19,684 0.43
Mickaël Brechard Dofo MIM 15,538 0.34
William Noelson MITM 14,096 0.31
Lezava Fleury Rabarison HARENA 11,347 0.25
Guy Ratrimoarivony HOP 10,913 0.24
Jean Pierre Rakoto RJP 9,965 0.22
Freddy Tinasoa OBAMA 9,971 0.22
Invalid/blank votes 303,277 191,786
Total 4,831,666 100.00 4,043,246 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 7,823,305 61.76 7,971,790 50.72
Source: CENIT, HCC

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Stepped down amidst massive political protests, and handed over power to the military (after the referendum on military rule)
  2. ^ a b Styled as Head of State
  3. ^ Styled as Chairman of the National Military Leadership Committee
  4. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council
  5. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council until 4 January 1976
  6. ^ From 25 February 2002 in Toamasina
  7. ^ In rebellion to 5 July 2002
  8. ^ Styled as Head of Military Directorate
  9. ^ In rebellion from 7 February 2009

External links[edit]