President of Paraguay

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President of the
Republic of Paraguay
Presidente de la República del Paraguay
Flag of the President of Paraguay.svg
Standard of the President of the Republic
Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg
Incumbent
Horacio Cartes

since 15 August 2013
Style Excelentísimo Señor
Residence Mburuvichá Roga
Seat Palacio de los López
Appointer Direct popular election
Term length Five years, non-renewable
Inaugural holder Carlos Antonio López
Formation 13 March 1844
Deputy Vice President of Paraguay
Website www.presidencia.gov.py
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Paraguay

The President of Paraguay (Spanish: Presidente de la República del Paraguay) is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government. His honorific title is Excelentísimo Señor. Under the 1992 constitution, the President is limited to a single five-year term, however on 1 April 2017, the Senate voted to abolish term limits, resulting in protests.[1][2] This amendment will have to be voted on in a referendum, in order to come into force.[3]

The Presidential seat is the Palacio de los López, in Asunción. The Presidential residence is the Mburuvichá Roga, also in Asunción.

Once Presidents leave office, they are granted by the Constitution of Paraguay the speaking-but-non-voting position of Senator for life.[4]

The current President of Paraguay is Horacio Cartes, since 15 August 2013. He was elected in 2013.

List of heads of state of Paraguay (1811–present)[edit]

Non-presidential heads of state (1811–1844)[edit]

Portrait Name Term of office Notes
- Bernardo de Velasco

José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia

Juan Valeriano de Zevallos
16 May 1811 17 June 1811 Governor Intendants.
- Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Fulgencio Yegros 17 June 1811 12 October 1813 President of the Superior Governing Junta.
- Dr francia.JPG José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia 12 October 1813 12 February 1814 Consul of the Republic.
- Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Fulgencio Yegros 12 February 1814 12 June 1814 Consul of the Republic.
- Dr francia.JPG José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia 12 June 1814 3 October 1814 Consul of the Republic.
3 October 1814 30 May 1816 Supreme Dictator.
30 May 1816 20 September 1840 Perpetual Dictator. Died in office.
- Manuel Antonio Ortiz 20 September 1840 21 January 1841 President of the Provisional Junta.
- Juan José Medina

José Gabriel Benítez

José Campos
21 January 1841 9 February 1841 Triumvirate.
- Mariano Roque Alonzo 9 February 1841 12 March 1841 General Commander of Arms.
- Carlos Antonio López

Mariano Roque Alonzo
12 March 1841 13 March 1844 Consuls of the Republic.

Presidents (1844–present)[edit]

Portrait Name Party Term of office Election Notes
1 Presidente Carlos Antonio Lopez.jpg Carlos Antonio López 13 March 1844 13 March 1854 Elected by the Congress for a term of ten years.
13 March 1854 13 March 1857 Elected by the Congress for a term of three years.
13 March 1857 10 September 1862 Elected by the Congress for a term of ten years. Died in office.
2 Solano Lopez 1867.png Francisco Solano López 10 September 1862 16 October 1862 Interim President appointed by the Congress.
16 October 1862 1 March 1870 Elected by the Congress for a term of ten years. Killed in the Paraguayan War.
- Triunvirato Paraguay.png Cirilo Antonio Rivarola
Carlos Loizaga
José Díaz de Bedoya
15 August 1869 31 August 1870 Triumvirate proclaimed by the occupying forces of the Triple Alliance.
3 Facundo Machaín.jpg Facundo Machaín 31 August 1870 1 September 1870 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
4 Cirilo Antonio Rivarola.jpg Cirilo Antonio Rivarola 1 September 1870 25 November 1870 Interim President appointed by the Congress after a coup.
25 November 1870 18 December 1871 1870 Resigned.
5 Salvador Silvestre del Rosario Jovellanos Guanes.jpg Salvador Jovellanos 18 December 1871 25 November 1874 Vice-president under Rivarola, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Finished the presidential period 1870-1874.
6 Juan Bautista Gill Picture.jpg Juan Bautista Gill 25 November 1874 12 April 1877 1874 Assassinated.
7 José Higinio Uriarte del Barrio.jpg Higinio Uriarte 12 April 1877 25 November 1878 Vice-president under Bautista Gill, assumed the presidency after his assassination. Finished the presidential period 1874-1878.
8 Cándido Bareiro.jpg Cándido Bareiro 25 November 1878 4 September 1880 1878 Died in office.
9 Bernardino Caballero.jpg Bernardino Caballero 4 September 1880 25 November 1882 Interim President appointed by the Congress after the vice-president under Bareiro, Adolfo Saguier, resigned in the coup. Finished the presidential period 1878-1882.
25 November 1882 25 November 1886 1882
10 Patricio escobarpy.jpg Patricio Escobar ANR-Colorado 25 November 1886 25 November 1890 1886
11 Juan Gualberto González.jpg Juan Gualberto González ANR-Colorado 25 November 1890 9 June 1894 1890 Forced to resign by a coup.
12 Marcos Antonio Morínigo Fleytas.jpg Marcos Morínigo ANR-Colorado 9 June 1894 25 November 1894 Vice-president under González, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Finished the presidential period 1890-1894.
13 Juan Bautista Luis Egusquiza Isasi.jpg Juan Bautista Egusquiza ANR-Colorado 25 November 1894 25 November 1898 1894
14 Emiliace.jpg Emilio Aceval ANR-Colorado 25 November 1898 9 January 1902 1898 Forced to resign by a coup.
15 Andrés Héctor Carvallo Acosta.jpg Andrés Héctor Carvallo ANR-Colorado 9 January 1902 25 November 1902 Vice-president under Aceval, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Finished the presidential period 1898-1902.
16 Juan Antonio Escurra.jpg Juan Antonio Escurra ANR-Colorado 25 November 1902 19 December 1904 1902 Deposed in a coup.
17 Juan Bautista Gaona Liberal 19 December 1904 9 December 1905 Interim President appointed by the Congress after Escurra and his vice-president, Manuel Domínguez, resigned in the coup. Deposed in a coup.
18 CECILIO BAEZ.jpg Cecilio Báez Liberal 9 December 1905 25 November 1906 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1902-1906.
19 General BenignoFerreira7.jpg Benigno Ferreira Liberal 25 November 1906 4 July 1908 1906 Deposed in a coup.
20 Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Emiliano González Navero Liberal 4 July 1908 25 November 1910 Vice-president under Ferreira, assumed the presidency after the coup. Finished the presidential period 1906-1910.
21 ManuelGondra1920.jpg Manuel Gondra Liberal 25 November 1910 17 January 1911 1910 Deposed in a coup.
22 Albino Jara Liberal 17 January 1911 5 July 1911 De facto president after a coup. Resigned.
23 Liberatorojas.jpg Liberato Marcial Rojas Liberal 5 July 1911 14 January 1912 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
- Marcoscaballerocodas 200 203 735745.jpg
Mario-uscher 200 248 735873.jpg
Alfredoaponte 200 203 735939.jpg
Marcos Caballero Codas
Mario Uscher
Alfredo Aponte
14 January 1912 17 January 1912 De facto triumvirate after a coup.
23 Liberatorojas.jpg Liberato Marcial Rojas Liberal 17 January 1912 28 February 1912 Restoration of its original mandate. Deposed in a coup.
24 Pedro Pablo Peña Cañete.jpg Pedro Pablo Peña ANR-Colorado 28 February 1912 22 March 1912 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
(20) Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Emiliano González Navero Liberal 22 March 1912 15 August 1912 Interim President appointed by the Congress.
25 Schaerer 5496663999 e31a295834 o.jpg Eduardo Schaerer Liberal 15 August 1912 15 August 1916 1912
26 Manuel Franco.jpg Manuel Franco Liberal 15 August 1916 5 June 1919 1916 Died in office.
27 José Pedro Montero Candia.jpg José Pedro Montero Liberal 5 June 1919 15 August 1920 Vice-president under Franco, assumed the presidency after his death. Finished the presidential period 1916-1920.
(21) ManuelGondra1920.jpg Manuel Gondra Liberal 15 August 1920 29 October 1921 1920 Resigned.
28 Félix Paiva Liberal 29 October 1921 7 November 1921 Vice-president under Gondra, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Resigned.
29 EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Eusebio Ayala Liberal 7 November 1921 12 April 1923 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Resigned.
30 Eligio ayala.jpg Eligio Ayala Liberal 12 April 1923 7 March 1924 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Resigned.
31 LUIS RIART.jpg Luis Alberto Riart Liberal 7 March 1924 15 August 1924 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1920-1924.
(30) Eligio ayala.jpg Eligio Ayala Liberal 15 August 1924 15 August 1928 1924
32 1904 jose patricio guggiari.jpg José Patricio Guggiari Liberal 15 August 1928 25 October 1931 1928 Resigned to stand an impeachment.
(20) Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Emiliano González Navero Liberal 25 October 1931 27 January 1932 Vice-president under Guggiari, assumed the presidency during his impeachment.
(32) 1904 jose patricio guggiari.jpg José Patricio Guggiari Liberal 27 January 1932 15 August 1932 Restoration of its original mandate after being absolved from impeachment.
(29) EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Eusebio Ayala Liberal 15 August 1932 17 February 1936 1932 Deposed after the Febrerista Revolution.
33 Rafael Franco 17 February 1936 13 August 1937 De facto president after a coup. Deposed after a coup.
(28) Félix Paiva Liberal 13 August 1937 11 October 1937 De facto president after a coup.
11 October 1937 15 August 1939 Interim President appointed by the Congress.
34 Jose Estigarribia.jpg José Félix Estigarribia Liberal 15 August 1939 18 February 1940 1939
18 February 1940 7 September 1940 De facto president after a self-coup. The new Constitution of 1940 increased the presidential term to five years, allowed a single consecutive reelection, removed the Electoral College and the Vice-president post. Died in a plane crash.
35 Higinio Morínigo 7 September 1940 15 August 1943 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1939-1943.
15 August 1943 3 June 1948 1943 Deposed in a coup.
36 Juan Manuel Frutos ANR-Colorado 3 June 1948 15 August 1948 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1943-1948.
37 Juan Natalicio González ANR-Colorado 15 August 1948 30 January 1949 1948 Deposed in a coup.
38 Raimundo Rolón Villasanti.jpg Raimundo Rolón ANR-Colorado 30 January 1949 26 February 1949 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
39 Felipe Benigno Molas López.jpg Felipe Molas López ANR-Colorado 26 February 1949 14 May 1949 De facto president after a coup.
14 May 1949 11 September 1949 1949 Elected to finish the presidential period 1948-1953. Deposed in a coup.
40 Federico Chaves ANR-Colorado 11 September 1949 15 August 1953 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1948-1953.
15 August 1953 4 May 1954 1953 Deposed in a coup.
- 4 May 1954 8 May 1954 Vacant. There was no president in this period.
41 Tomás Romero Pereira.jpg Tomás Romero Pereira ANR-Colorado 8 May 1954 15 August 1954 Interim President appointed by the Congress.
42 Alfredo Stroessner2.jpg Alfredo Stroessner ANR-Colorado 15 August 1954 15 August 1958 1954 Elected to finish the presidential period 1953-1958.
15 August 1958 15 August 1963 1958
15 August 1963 15 August 1968 1963 The new Constitution of 1967 allowed Stroessner to run for two more elections.
15 August 1968 15 August 1973 1968
15 August 1973 15 August 1978 1973 The Constitutional Amendment of 1977 allowed indefinite reelections.
15 August 1978 15 August 1983 1978
15 August 1983 15 August 1988 1983
15 August 1988 3 February 1989 1988 Deposed in a coup.
43 Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti.jpg Andrés Rodríguez ANR-Colorado 3 February 1989 15 May 1989 De facto president after a coup.
15 May 1989 15 August 1993 1989 The new Constitution of 1992 removed the possibility of reelection and reinstated the Vice-president post. Elected to finish the presidential period 1988-1993.
44 Wasmosy 1990 (cropped).jpg Juan Carlos Wasmosy ANR-Colorado 15 August 1993 15 August 1998 1993
45 Raúl Alberto Cubas Grau.jpg Raúl Cubas ANR-Colorado 15 August 1998 28 March 1999 1998 Resigned.
46 Gonzalez Macchi 2003.jpg Luis Ángel González Macchi ANR-Colorado 28 March 1999 15 August 2003 President of the Senate as the vice-president, Luis Maria Argaña, was assassinated 5 days before. Finished the presidential period 1998-2003.
47 Paraguay.NicanorDuarte.02.jpg Nicanor Duarte ANR-Colorado 15 August 2003 15 August 2008 2003
48 Fernando Lugo Mendez Py (Copyred).jpg Fernando Lugo Alianza Patriótica por el Cambio 15 August 2008 22 June 2012 2008 Impeached.
48 Frente Guasú
49 Federico Franco.jpg Federico Franco PLRA 22 June 2012 15 August 2013 Vice-president under Lugo, assumed the presidency after his impeachment. Finished the presidential period 2008-2013.
50 Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg Horacio Cartes ANR-Colorado 15 August 2013 Incumbent 2013

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara Colorado Party 1,104,169 48.48
Pedro Efraín Alegre Sasiain Authentic Radical Liberal Party 889,451 39.05
Mario Aníbal Ferreiro Sanabria Avanza País¹ RFP 141,716 6.22
Aníbal Enrique Carillo Iramain Guasú Front PCS² 79,573 3.49
Miguel Garrizosa Galiano Beloved Fatherland Party 27,026 1.19
Lino César Oviedo Sánchez National Union of Ethical Citizens 19,416 0.85
Roberto Carlos Ferreira Franco Paraguayan Humanist Party 4,264 0.19
Lilian Susana Soto Badaui Kuña Pyrenda Movement 3,925 0.17
Eduardo María Arce Schaerer Workers' Party 3,011 0.13
Ricardo Martín Almada Pérez White Party 2,767 0.12
Atanasio Galeano Free Homeland Party 2,416 0.11
Invalid/blank votes 131,703
Total 2,409,437 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.52
Source: Justicia Electoral

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Paraguay congress set on fire as election protests turn deadly". BBC News. 2017-04-01. Retrieved 2017-04-01. 
  2. ^ Romero, Simon (2017-03-31). "Protests Erupt in Paraguay Over Efforts to Extend President’s Term". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-04-01. 
  3. ^ "Paraguay rioters storm Congress after Senate amends constitution". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-04-01. 
  4. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Paraguay, 1992, Article 189 (subsection 1): "(1) Former presidents of the Republic who were democratically elected will be national senators for life, except for those who were impeached from office.
    (2) They will not count toward a quorum. They will have the right to speak, but not to vote."

External links[edit]