List of Presidents of Somalia

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Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Somalia

This is a list of Presidents of Somalia. Since the establishment of the office of President in 1960, there have been 8 official presidents. The President is the head of state of Somalia and the commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces. The current President is Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, elected in 2012.

List[edit]

Name Portrait Birth–Death Elected Took office Left office Political party
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Republic (1960–1969) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
1 Aden Abdullah Osman Daar Aden Abdullah Osman Daar.JPG 1908–2007 1960 1 July 1960 10 June 1967 Somali Youth League
2 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke No image.png 1919–1969 1967 10 June 1967 15 October 1969
(Assassinated)
Somali Youth League
Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
Acting President
Sheikh Mukhtar.jpg 1912–2012 15 October 1969 21 October 1969
(Deposed)
Somali Youth League
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
3 Mohamed Siad Barre[1] Siad Barre.png 1919–1995 1986 21 October 1969 26 January 1991
(Deposed)
Military /
Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
Flag of Somalia.svgInterim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
4 Ali Mahdi Muhammad[2] No image.png 1939– 1991 27 January 1991 3 January 1997 United Somali Congress
Vacant (3 January 1997–27 August 2000)[3]
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional National Government of Somalia (2000–2004) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
5 Abdiqasim Salad Hassan Cqaasim.jpg 1941– 2000 27 August 2000 14 October 2004 Independent
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional Federal Government of Somalia (2004–2012) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
6 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed Somalian10ef5-1.jpg 1934–2012 2004 14 October 2004 29 December 2008
(Resigned)
Independent
Adan Mohamed Nuur Madobe
Acting President
No image.png 1957– 29 December 2008 31 January 2009 Rahanweyn Resistance Army
7 Sharif Sheikh Ahmed Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-337-2.jpg 1964– 2009 31 January 2009 20 August 2012 Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia
Flag of Somalia.svgFederal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle
Acting President[4]
Muse Hassan Abdulle.jpg 1939– 20 August 2012 28 August 2012 Independent
Mohamed Osman Jawari
Acting President
2012 10 24 AMISOM Parliament Speaker E (8134659905).jpg 1945– 28 August 2012 16 September 2012 Independent
8 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Hassan Sheikh Mohamud 2013.jpg 1955– 2012 16 September 2012 Incumbent
(mandate expires on 30 October 2016)[5]
Peace and Development Party

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Also styled as President of Supreme Revolutionary Council
  2. ^ From November 1991 to 1995, Ali Mahdi Muhammad enjoyed recognition as President in the international community following the 1991 Djibouti conference: "at the second Djibouti conference (Aideed boycotted the first) held between 15 and 21 July 1991, Ali Mahdi was elected interim President of Somalia for a period of two years[...] Because of the legitimacy conferred on Ali Mahdi by the Djibouti conference, his government was recognized by several countries, including Djibouti, Egypt, Italy, and Saudi Arabia"; c.f. [1].
  3. ^ In the second half of the 1990s, different faction leaders vied for the Presidency, with none receiving international recognition. General Mohamed Farrah Aidid claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 2 August 1996 to 20 March 1998.
  4. ^ From 20 August 2012 to 28 August 2012, Muse Hassan Abdulle served as acting Speaker of the Parliament, and as such, as acting President while elections for a new Speaker and President were forthcoming. Per Article 95 of the provisional constitution: "If the Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia falls vacant, the Speaker of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament shall act as President of the Federal Republic until such time as a new President of the Federal Republic is elected, within a maximum of thirty (30) days."; also c.f. Rulers.org – August 2012, [2].
  5. ^ Somali Presidential election date set

See also[edit]

References[edit]