List of Presidents of Somalia
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This is a list of Presidents of Somalia. since the establishment of that office in 1960, There have been 8 official presidents. The President is the head of state of Somalia and the Supreme Commander of the Somali Armed Forces. The current President is Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, elected in 2012.
The first President of Somalia was Aden Abdullah Osman Daar, one of the leaders of the Somali Youth League (SYL), who took office on 1 July 1960, the day on which Somalia was declared a republic. Since then the office has been held by seven further people: Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, Mohamed Siad Barre, Ali Mahdi, Abdiqasim Salad, Abdullahi Yusuf, Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, and Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. In addition, Sheikh Mukhtar acted as President between Shermarke's assassination and the coup d'état in 1969, and Aden Madobe acted as President after Yusuf's resignation in 2008.
Sharif Sheikh Ahmed took office on 31 January 2009, after being elected by the presidential election held on January 2009. Ahmed's term as President of Somalia officially ended In August 2012, concurrent with the conclusion of the Transitional Federal Government's mandate and the start of the Federal Government of Somalia. He was succeeded in office by General Muse Hassan, who had been serving in an interim capacity.
|Name||Portrait||Birth–Death||Elected||Took office||Left office||Political party|
|• Republic of Somalia (1960–1969) •|
|1||Aden Abdulle Osman||1908–2007||1960||1 July 1960||10 June 1967||Somali Youth League|
|2||Abdirashid Ali Shermarke||1919–1969||1967||10 June 1967||15 October 1969
|Somali Youth League|
|1912–2012||—||15 October 1969||21 October 1969
|Somali Youth League|
|• Democratic Republic of Somalia (1969–1991) •|
|3||Mohamed Siad Barre||1919–1995||1986||21 October 1969||26 January 1991
Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
|Interim Government of Somalia (1991)|
|4||Ali Mahdi Muhammad||1939–||1991||27 January 1991||3 January 1997||United Somali Congress|
|Vacant (3 January 1997–27 August 2000)|
|Transitional National Government (2000-2004)|
|5||Abdiqasim Salad Hassan||1941–||2000||27 August 2000||14 October 2004||Independent|
|Transitional Federal Government (2004-2012)|
|6||Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed||1934–2012||2004||14 October 2004||29 December 2008
|1957–||—||29 December 2008||31 January 2009||Rahanweyn Resistance Army|
|7||Sharif Sheikh Ahmed||1964–||2009||31 January 2009||20 August 2012||Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia|
|• Federal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) •|
|1939–||—||20 August 2012||28 August 2012||Independent|
|—||Mohamed Osman Jawari
|1945–||—||28 August 2012||16 September 2012||Independent|
|8||Hassan Sheikh Mohamud||1955–||2012||16 September 2012||Incumbent
(mandate expires on 30 October 2016)
|Peace and Development Party|
- "Office of the Somali Parliament". Office of the Somali Parliament. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "Somalia Federal Parliament elects Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as President". Garowe Online. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- Also styled as President of Supreme Revolutionary Council
- From November 1991 to 1995, Ali Mahdi Muhammad enjoyed recognition as President in the international community following the 1991 Djibouti conference: "at the second Djibouti conference (Aideed boycotted the first) held between 15 and 21 July 1991, Ali Mahdi was elected interim President of Somalia for a period of two years[...] Because of the legitimacy conferred on Ali Mahdi by the Djibouti conference, his government was recognized by several countries, including Djibouti, Egypt, Italy, and Saudi Arabia"; c.f. .
- In the second half of the 1990s, different faction leaders vied for the Presidency, with none receiving international recognition. General Mohamed Farrah Aidid claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 2 August 1996 to 20 March 1998.
- From 20 August 2012 to 28 August 2012, Muse Hassan Abdulle served as acting Speaker of the Parliament, and as such, as acting President while elections for a new Speaker and President were forthcoming. Per Article 95 of the provisional constitution: "If the Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia falls vacant, the Speaker of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament shall act as President of the Federal Republic until such time as a new President of the Federal Republic is elected, within a maximum of thirty (30) days."; also c.f. Rulers.org – August 2012, .
- Somali Presidential election date set
- Lists of office-holders
- List of current heads of state and government