List of Presidents of Somalia

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President of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Madaxaweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia.svg
Seal of the President
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud-vf2.jpg
Incumbent
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud

since 16 September 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence Villa Somalia
Appointer The Electorate
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
Formation 1 July 1960
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Somalia

The President of Somalia (Somali: Madaxaweynaha Soomaaliya) is the head of state of Somalia. There have been 8 official presidents since the office was created in 1960. The first President of the Somali Republic was Aden Abdullah Osman Daar. The incumbent President of the Federal Government of Somalia is Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.

Presidents of Somalia[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colour key
(for political parties)

Somali Republic[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
1 Aden Abdullah Osman Daar.JPG Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
(1908–2007)
1 July 1960 10 June 1967 6 years, 344 days Somali Youth League
2 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke1.jpg Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
(1919–1969)
10 June 1967 15 October 1969
(Assassinated)
2 years, 127 days Somali Youth League
Noimage.png Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
(1912–2012)
15 October 1969 21 October 1969
(Deposed)
6 days Somali Youth League

Somali Democratic Republic[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
3 Siabar 003.jpg Mohamed Siad Barre
(1919–1995)[1]
21 October 1969 26 January 1991
(Deposed)
21 years, 97 days Military /
Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party

Somali Civil War[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
4 Noimage.png Ali Mahdi Muhammad
(1939–)[2]
27 January 1991 3 January 1997 5 years, 342 days United Somali Congress
Vacant (3 January 1997–27 August 2000)[3]

Transitional National Government[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
5 Cqaasim.jpg Abdiqasim Salad Hassan
(1941–)
27 August 2000 14 October 2004 4 years, 48 days Independent

Transitional Federal Government[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
6 Somalian10ef5-1.jpg Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
(1934–2012)
14 October 2004 29 December 2008
(Resigned)
4 years, 76 days Independent
Noimage.png Adan Mohamed Nuur Madobe
(c. 1957–)
29 December 2008 31 January 2009 33 days Rahanweyn Resistance Army
7 Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-337-2.jpg Sharif Sheikh Ahmed
(1967–)
31 January 2009 20 August 2012 3 years, 202 days Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia

Federal Republic of Somalia[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
Muse Hassan Abdulle.jpg Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle
(1939/40–)[4]
20 August 2012 28 August 2012 8 days Independent
2012 10 24 AMISOM Parliament Speaker E (8134659905).jpg Mohamed Osman Jawari
(1945–)
28 August 2012 16 September 2012 19 days Independent
8 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud-vf2.jpg Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
(1955–)
16 September 2012 Incumbent 2 years, 351 days Peace and Development Party

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Also styled as President of Supreme Revolutionary Council
  2. ^ From November 1991 to 1995, Ali Mahdi Muhammad enjoyed recognition as President in the international community following the 1991 Djibouti conference: "at the second Djibouti conference (Aideed boycotted the first) held between 15 and 21 July 1991, Ali Mahdi was elected interim President of Somalia for a period of two years[...] Because of the legitimacy conferred on Ali Mahdi by the Djibouti conference, his government was recognized by several countries, including Djibouti, Egypt, Italy, and Saudi Arabia"; c.f. [1].
  3. ^ In the second half of the 1990s, different faction leaders vied for the Presidency, with none receiving international recognition. General Mohamed Farrah Aidid claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 2 August 1996 to 20 March 1998.
  4. ^ From 20 August 2012 to 28 August 2012, Muse Hassan Abdulle served as acting Speaker of the Parliament, and as such, as acting President while elections for a new Speaker and President were forthcoming. Per Article 95 of the provisional constitution: "If the Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia falls vacant, the Speaker of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament shall act as President of the Federal Republic until such time as a new President of the Federal Republic is elected, within a maximum of thirty (30) days."; also c.f. Rulers.org – August 2012, [2].

Latest election[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]