List of Presidents of Turkey

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

The following is a complete list of Presidents of Turkey, consisting of the twelve heads of state since the inception of the republican period in 1923, following the Turkish War of Independence.

For a list of rulers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire.

List of Presidents of Turkey (1923–present)[edit]

Political Party

  Independent (5)         Republican People's Party (3)         Democrat Party (1)         Justice Party (2)         Motherland Party (1)         True Path Party (2)         Justice and Development Party (2)

Status
  Denotes Military Rulers
  Denotes Acting President
No. Name
(birth–death)
Portrait Term of office Political party Previous Office Elected
Elected by parliament (1923-2014)
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
Ataturk1930s.jpg 29 October 1923 1 November 1927 Republican People's Party 1st Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey 1 1923
1 November 1927 4 May 1931 2 1927
4 May 1931 1 March 1935 3 1931
1 March 1935 10 November 1938[1] 4 1935
Abdülhalik Renda
(1881–1957)
TBMM Başkanı Abdülhalik Renda.jpg 10 November 1938 11 November 1938 Republican People's Party 4th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
2 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 11 November 1938 3 April 1939 Republican People's Party 1st Prime Minister of Turkey 5 1938
3 April 1939 8 March 1943 6 1939
8 March 1943 5 August 1946 7 1943
5 August 1946 27 May 1950 8 1946
3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
Celal Bayar (cropped).jpg 27 May 1950 14 May 1954 Democrat Party 3rd Prime Minister of Turkey 9 1950
14 May 1954 1 November 1957 10 1954
1 November 1957 27 May 1960[2] 11 1957
4 National Unity Committee
Chairman: General Cemal Gürsel
Cemal Gürsel (1).jpg 27 May 1960 10 October 1961 Military 10th Commander of the Turkish Army
Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
Cemal Gürsel (1).jpg 10 October 1961 2 February 1966[3] Independent Chairman of the National Unity Committee 12 1961
İbrahim Şevki Atasagun (tr)
(1899–1984)
No image.png 2 February 1966 28 March 1966 Independent
5 Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
Cevdet Sunay.png 28 March 1966 28 March 1973 Independent 12th Chief of the General Staff of Turkey 13 1966
Tekin Arıburun
(1903–1993)
No image.png 28 March 1973 6 April 1973 Justice Party 4th Chairmen of the Senate of Turkey
6 Fahri Korutürk
(1903–1987)
Fahri Korutürk.jpg 6 April 1973 6 April 1980 Independent 3rd Commander of the Turkish Navy 14 1973
İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil
(1908–1993)
Ihsan Sabri Caglayangil (1968).jpg 6 April 1980 12 September 1980[4] Justice Party 6th Chairmen of the Senate of Turkey
7 National Security Council
Chairman: General Kenan Evren
Kenan Evren.png 12 September 1980 9 November 1982 Military 17th Chief of the General Staff of Turkey
Kenan Evren
(1917–2015)
Kenan Evren.png 9 November 1982 9 November 1989 Independent Chairman of the National Security Council 15 1982
8 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
Turgut Özal cropped.jpg 9 November 1989 17 April 1993[1] Motherland Party 19th Prime Minister of Turkey 16 1989
Hüsamettin Cindoruk
(1933–)
Hüsamettin cindoruk.jpg 17 April 1993 16 May 1993 True Path Party 17th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
9 Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 16 May 1993 16 May 2000 True Path Party 12th Prime Minister of Turkey 17 1993
10 Ahmet Necdet Sezer
(1941–)
Ahmet Necdet Sezer 2006.jpg 16 May 2000 28 August 2007 Independent 14th President of the Constitutional Court of Turkey 18 2000
11 Abdullah Gül
(1950–)
Abdullah Gül (cropped version).jpg 28 August 2007 28 August 2014 Justice and Development Party 40th Minister of Foreign Affairs 19 2007
Direct elected (2014-present)
12 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(1954–)
Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg 28 August 2014 9 July 2018 Justice and Development Party 25th Prime Minister of Turkey 20 2014
9 July 2018 Incumbent 21 2018

Timeline[edit]

Recep Tayyip ErdoğanAbdullah GülAhmet Necdet SezerSüleyman DemirelHüsamettin CindorukTurgut ÖzalKenan Evrenİhsan Sabri ÇağlayangilFahri KorutürkTekin ArıburunCevdet Sunayİbrahim Şevki AtasagunCemal GürselCelal Bayarİsmet İnönüMustafa Abdülhalik RendaMustafa Kemal Atatürk

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Died in office.
  2. ^ Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état.
  3. ^ Removed from office due to ill health.
  4. ^ Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]