List of Presidents of Uruguay

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The Executive Tower in Montevideo has been the working place of the President since 2009.
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Uruguay is a presidential republic in which the President (in Spanish presidente) is both the head of state and head of government. The following is a list of all the people who have held the office of President of Uruguay since 6 November 1830 (when the first constitution was adopted), with the exception of those who held the office of "President" under the National Council of Government, which served as the country's executive directory from 1955 to 1967. The first president of this list is Fructuoso Rivera, who held the office twice and once as part of the Triumvirate that ruled Uruguay from 1853 to 1854.

Most of the Presidents of Uruguay have belonged to the Colorado Party, a traditionally conservative party founded by Rivera in 1836. The first free democratic elections for President were held in 1920. The current president is Tabaré Vázquez of the Broad Front, who was elected for a second term in the 2014 presidential election.

List of presidents since 1830[edit]

XIX century[edit]

Parties

      Colorado Party       National Party       Independent


[n 1]
Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election
1 Fructuoso Rivera.jpg    Fructuoso Rivera
(1784–1854)
6 November
1830
24 October
1834
Colorado
2 Carlos Anaya.jpg Carlos Anaya
(1777–1862)
Acting
24 October
1834
March 1
1835
Colorado
3 Manuel Oribe.jpg Manuel Oribe
(1792–1857)
1 March
1835
24 October
1838
National
4 Pereira-gabriel.gif Gabriel Antonio Pereira
(1794–1861)
Acting
24 October
1838
1 March
1839
Colorado
5 Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera
(1784–1854)
1 March
1839
1 March
1843
Colorado
6 Manuel Oribe.jpg Manuel Oribe
(1792–1857)
Disputed with Joaquín Suárez
1 March
1843
8 October
1851
National
7 Joaquin Suarez con la banda presidencial.jpg Joaquín Suárez
(1781–1868)
Acting
Disputed with Manuel Oribe
1 March
1841
15 February
1852
Colorado
8 Bberro.JPG Bernardo Berro
(1803–1868)
Acting
15 February
1852
1 March
1852
National
9 Juan Francisco Giró.jpg Juan Francisco Giró
(1891–1863)
1 March
1852
25 September
1853
National
10 Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores
(1808–1868)
Part of the Triumvirate
25 September
1853
12 March
1854
Colorado
Juan Antonio Lavalleja.gif Juan Antonio Lavalleja
(1784–1853)
Part of the Triumvirate
25 September
1853
22 October
1853
Independent
Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera
(1784–1854)
Part of the Triumvirate
25 September
1853
13 January
1859
Colorado
11 Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores
(1808–1868)
Disputed with Luis Lamas
12 March
1854
10 September
1855
Colorado
12 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Luis Lamas
Acting
Disputed with Venancio Flores
29 August
1855
10 September
1855
Conservative
13 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Manuel Basilio Bustamante
Acting
10 September
1855
15 February
1856
Colorado
14 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg José María Piá
(1809–1868)
Acting
15 February
1856
1 March
1856
Colorado
15 Pereira-gabriel.gif Gabriel Antonio Pereira
(1794–1861)
1 March
1856
1 March
1860
Colorado
16 Bberro.JPG Bernardo Berro
(1803–1868)
1 March
1860
1 March
1864
National
17 Atanasio Aguirre.jpg Atanasio Aguirre
(1801–1875)
Acting
1 March
1864
15 February
1865
National
18 Tomás Villalba.jpg Tomás Villalba
(1805–1886)
Acting
15 February
1865
20 February
1865
National
19 Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores
(1808–1868)
Acting
20 February
1865
15 February
1868
Colorado
20 Pedro Varela.jpg Pedro Varela
(1837–1906)
Acting
15 February
1868
1 March
1868
Colorado
21 Lorenzo Batlle y Grau.jpg Lorenzo Batlle y Grau
(1810–1887)
1 March
1868
1 March
1872
Colorado
22 Gomensoro-pedro.JPG Tomás Gomensoro Albín
(1810–1900)
Acting
1 March
1872
1 March
1873
Colorado
23 JoseEllauri1870.jpg José Eugenio Ellauri
(1834–1894)
1 March
1873
22 January
1875
Colorado
24 Pedro Varela.jpg Pedro Varela
(1837–1906)
22 January
1875
10 March
1876
Colorado
25 LorenzoLatorre1875.jpg Lorenzo Latorre
(1844–1916)
10 March
1876
15 March
1880
Colorado
26 Favidal.JPG Francisco Antonino Vidal
(1825–1889)
15 March
1880
1 March
1882
Colorado
27 Msantosuy.JPG Máximo Santos
(1847–1889)
1 March
1882
1 March
1886
Colorado
28 Favidal.JPG Francisco Antonino Vidal
(1825–1889)
1 March
1886
24 May
1886
Colorado
29 Msantosuy.JPG Máximo Santos
(1847–1889)
24 May
1886
18 November
1886
Colorado
30 MaximoTajes.jpg Máximo Tajes
(1847–1889)
18 November
1886
1 March
1890
Colorado
31 Julio Herrera y Obes.jpg Julio Herrera y Obes
(1841–1912)
1 March
1890
1 March
1894
Colorado
32 DuncanStewart.jpg Duncan Stewart
(1833–1923)
Acting
1 March
1894
21 March
1894
Colorado
33 Idiarte borda.jpg Juan Idiarte Borda
(1844–1897)
21 March
1894
25 August
1897
Colorado
34 JuanLCuestas.jpg Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
(1837–1905)
Acting
25 August
1897
15 February
1899[n 2]
Colorado
35 JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez
(1856–1929)
Acting
15 February
1899
1 March
1899
Colorado
36 JuanLCuestas.jpg Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
(1837–1905)
1 March
1899
1 March
1903
Colorado

XX century[edit]

Parties

      Colorado Party       National Party       Independent       Military/civic-military


[n 1]
Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election
36 JuanLCuestas.jpg    Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
(1837–1905)
1 March
1899
1 March
1903
Colorado
37 JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez
(1856–1929)
1 March
1903
1 March
1907
Colorado
38 Williman.jpg Claudio Williman
(1861–1934)
1 March
1907
1 March
1911
Colorado
39 Viera-feliciano.jpg Feliciano Viera
(1872–1927)
1 March
1915
1 March
1919
Colorado
40 BaltasarBrum.jpg Baltasar Brum
(1883–1933)
[n 3]
1 March
1919
1 March
1923
Colorado
41 JOSE SERRATO URUGUAY 1926.JPG José Serrato
(1868–1960)
[n 3]
1 March
1923
1 March
1927
Colorado
42 Campisteguy.jpg Juan Campisteguy
(1859–1937)
[n 3]
1 March
1927
1 March
1931
Colorado 1926
43 Terra1913.jpg Gabriel Terra
(1873–1942)
[n 4]
1 March
1931
19 June
1939
Colorado 1930
44 AlfredoBaldomir.jpg Alfredo Baldomir
(1884–1948)
[n 5]
19 June
1939
1 March
1943
Colorado 1938
45 Juan José de Amézaga.jpg Juan José de Amézaga
(1881–1956)
1 March
1943
19 June
1947
Colorado 1942
46 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Tomás Berreta
(1875–1947)
1 March
1947
2 August
1947
Colorado 1946
47 Lbberres23.jpg Luis Batlle Berres
(1897–1964)
2 August
1947
1 March
1951
Colorado
46 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Andres Martínez Trueba
(1884–1959)
[n 6]
1 March
1951
1 March
1955
Colorado 1950
National Council of Government (1955–1967)
47 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Óscar Diego Gestido
(1901–1967)
1 March
1967
6 December
1967
Colorado 1966
48 Jorge Pacheco Areco.jpg Jorge Pacheco Areco
(1920–1998)
6 December
1967
1 March
1972
Colorado
49 Juan Maria Bordaberry.jpg Juan María Bordaberry
(1928–2011)
1 March
1972
12 June
1976
Colorado

Civic-military
1966
50 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Alberto Demicheli
(1896–1980)
Acting
12 June
1976
1 September
1976
Colorado

Civic-military
51 Aparicio Méndez.jpg Aparicio Méndez
(1896–1980)
Acting
1 September
1976
1 September
1981
National

Civic-military
52 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Gregorio Conrado Álvarez
(1925–)
Acting
1 September
1981
12 February
1985
Military
53 Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Rafael Addiego Bruno
(1923–2014)
Acting
12 February
1985
1 March
1985
Independent
54 PresidenteSanguinettti.jpg Julio María Sanguinetti
(1936–)
1 March
1985
1 March
1990
Colorado 1984
55 Luisalbertolacalle2.jpg Luis Alberto Lacalle
(1941–)
1 March
1990
1 March
1995
National 1989
56 PresidenteSanguinettti.jpg Julio María Sanguinetti
(1936–)
1 March
1995
1 March
2000
Colorado 1994

XXI century[edit]

Parties

      Colorado Party       Broad Front


[n 1]
Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election
56 PresidenteSanguinettti.jpg    Julio María Sanguinetti
(1936–)
1 March
1995
1 March
2000
Colorado 1994
57 Jorge Batlle.jpg Jorge Batlle
(1927–)
1 March
2000
1 March
2005
Colorado 1999
58 Tabaré26022007.jpg Tabaré Vázquez
(1940–)
1 March
2005
1 March
2010
Broad Front 2004
59 Pepemujica2.jpg José Mujica
(1935–)
1 March
2010
1 March
2015
Broad Front 2009
60 Tabaré26022007.jpg Tabaré Vázquez
(1940–)
1 March
2015
Incumbent Broad Front 2014

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c For the purposes of numbering, a presidency is defined as an uninterrupted period of time in office served by one person. They do not represent the official number of a presidency, nor do they reflect "Constitutional Presidencies".
  2. ^ Served as acting President from 25 August 1897 to 10 February 1898, then as de facto President (following a coup) until 15 February 1899.
  3. ^ a b c President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council.
  4. ^ Served alongside the National Administration Council from 1 March 1931 to 31 March 1933, then as de facto President following a self-coup until 18 May 1934, then as provisional president elected by the 3rd National Constituent Convention.
  5. ^ Constitutional President until 21 February 1942, then de facto President after a self-coup.
  6. ^ Constitutional President until 1 March 1952, then President of the National Council.