List of Presidents of Uruguay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Executive Tower in Montevideo has been the working place of the President since 2009.
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uruguay
Foreign relations

Uruguay is a presidential republic in which the President (Spanish: Presidente) is both the head of state and head of government. The following is a list of all the people who have held the office of President of Uruguay since 6 November 1830 (when the first constitution was adopted), with the exception of those who held the office of "President" under the National Council of Government, which served as the country's executive directory from 1955 to 1967. The first president of this list is Fructuoso Rivera, who held the office twice and once as part of the Triumvirate that ruled Uruguay from 1853 to 1854.

Most of the Presidents of Uruguay have belonged to the Colorado Party, a traditionally conservative party founded by Rivera in 1836. The first free democratic elections for President were held in 1920. The current president is Tabaré Vázquez of the Broad Front, who was elected for a second term in the 2014 presidential election.

Governors of Uruguay as a province[edit]

Oriental Province (1814–1817)[edit]

Province part of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
NRodriguez.jpg Nicolás Rodríguez Peña
(1775–1853)
9 July 1814 25 August 1814 Governor. Appointed by Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata.
M E Soler por Bettinoti.jpg Miguel Estanislao Soler
(1783–1849)
25 August 1814 25 February 1815 Governor.
Fernando Otorgués (es)
(1774–1831)
26 February 1815 July 1815 Governor. Appointed by José Gervasio Artigas.
Miguel Barreiro (es)
(1789–1848)
July 1815 20 January 1817 Governor. Appointed by José Gervasio Artigas.

Cisplatine Province (1817–1828)[edit]

After the Portuguese conquest of the Banda Oriental the Oriental Province became a province of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and a province of the Empire of Brazil after 1822.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Carlos Federico Lecor.jpg Carlos Frederico Lecor
(1764–1836)
20 January 1817 3 February 1826 Governor.
Francisco de Paula Magessi Tavares de Carvalho (pt)
(1769–1847)
3 February 1826 27 August 1828 Governor.

Oriental Province (1825–1828)[edit]

In the Congress of Florida the Oriental Province declared independence from the Empire of Brazil and reunited with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja
(1784–1853)
19 September 1825 5 July 1826 Governor. Appointed by the Congress of Florida.
Suarez-joaquin.jpg Joaquín Suárez
(1781–1868)
5 July 1826 12 October 1827 Governor.
Luis Eduardo Pérez.JPG Luis Eduardo Pérez
(1774–1841)
12 October 1827 27 August 1828 Governor. Appointed by Juan Antonio Lavalleja.

Heads of state of Uruguay as an independent country[edit]

Government and Provisional General Captaincy of the Oriental State of Uruguay (1828–1830)[edit]

After the Preliminary Peace Convention the Oriental Province gained effective independence from the Empire of Brazil and the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Luis Eduardo Pérez.JPG Luis Eduardo Pérez
(1774–1841)
27 August 1828 1 December 1828 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by Juan Antonio Lavalleja.
Suarez-joaquin.jpg Joaquín Suárez
(1781–1868)
1 December 1828 22 December 1828 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.
Jose Rondeau.jpg José Rondeau
(1775–1844)
22 December 1828 17 April 1830 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.
Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja
(1784–1853)
17 April 1830 28 June 1830 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.

Oriental State of Uruguay (1830–1919)[edit]

The Constitution of 1830 comes into force.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Elected Notes
Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja
(1784–1853)
28 June 1830 24 October 1830 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.
Luis Eduardo Pérez.JPG Luis Eduardo Pérez
(1774–1841)
24 October 1830 6 November 1830 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
1 Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera
(1784–1854)
6 November 1830 24 October 1834 Colorado 1830 Resigned.
Carlos Anaya.jpg Carlos Anaya
(1777–1862)
24 October 1834 1 March 1835 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
2 Gral. Manuel Oribe y Viana.png Manuel Oribe
(1792–1857)
1 March 1835 24 October 1838 National 1835 Resigned.
Pereira-gabriel.gif Gabriel Antonio Pereira
(1794–1861)
24 October 1838 1 March 1839 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
3 Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera
(1784–1854)
1 March 1839 1 March 1843 Colorado 1839
Gral. Manuel Oribe y Viana.png Manuel Oribe
(1792–1857)
16 February 1843 8 October 1851 National Self-proclaimed president of the Gobierno del Cerrito, during the Uruguayan Civil War.
Suarez-joaquin.jpg Joaquín Suárez
(1781–1868)
1 March 1843 15 February 1852 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. President of the Gobierno de la Defensa, during the Uruguayan Civil War.
Bberro.JPG Bernardo Prudencio Berro
(1803–1868)
15 February 1852 1 March 1852 National President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
4 Juan Francisco Giró.jpg Juan Francisco Giró
(1791–1863)
1 March 1852 25 September 1853 National 1852 Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores
(1808–1868)
25 September 1853 12 March 1854 Colorado Triumvirate. Fructuoso Rivera and Juan Antonio Lavalleja died in office.
Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera
(1784–1854)
25 September 1853 13 January 1854 Colorado
Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja
(1784–1853)
25 September 1853 22 October 1853
5 Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores
(1808–1868)
12 March 1854 10 September 1855 Colorado 1854 Resigned.
Luis Lamas
(1898–1904)
29 August 1855 10 September 1855 Conservative Self-proclaimed president after the Rebellion of the Conservatives (es).
Manuel Basilio Bustamante (es)
(1785–1863)
10 September 1855 15 February 1856 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
José María Plá (es)
(1794–1869)
15 February 1856 1 March 1856 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
6 Pereira-gabriel.gif Gabriel Antonio Pereira
(1794–1861)
1 March 1856 1 March 1860 Colorado 1856
7 Bberro.JPG Bernardo Prudencio Berro
(1803–1868)
1 March 1860 1 March 1864 National 1860
Atanasio Aguirre.jpg Atanasio Cruz Aguirre
(1801–1875)
1 March 1864 15 February 1865 National President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. Resigned after the Brazilian invasion.
Tomás Villalba.jpg Tomás Villalba
(1805–1886)
15 February 1865 20 February 1865 National President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. Resigned after the Brazilian invasion.
Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores
(1808–1868)
20 February 1865 15 February 1868 Colorado De facto president after the Brazilian invasion. Assumed power as Provisional Governor for 3 years.
Pedro Varela.jpg Pedro Varela
(1837–1906)
15 February 1868 1 March 1868 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
8 Lorenzo Batlle y Grau.jpg Lorenzo Batlle
(1810–1887)
1 March 1868 1 March 1872 Colorado 1868
Gomensoro-pedro.JPG Tomás Gomensoro Albín
(1810–1900)
1 March 1872 1 March 1873 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
9 JoseEllauri1870.jpg José Eugenio Ellauri
(1834–1894)
1 March 1873 22 January 1875 Colorado 1873 Forced to resign by a coup d'état.
10 Pedro Varela.jpg Pedro Varela
(1837–1906)
22 January 1875 10 March 1876 Colorado Appointed by the General Assembly. Forced to resign by a coup d'état.
LorenzoLatorre1875.jpg Lorenzo Latorre
(1844–1916)
10 March 1876 1 March 1879 Colorado Assumed power as Provisional Governor.
11 1 March 1879 15 March 1880 1879 Resigned.
12 Favidal.JPG Francisco Antonino Vidal
(1825–1889)
15 March 1880 1 March 1882 Colorado Appointed as President by the General Assembly to finish the the presidential period 1879-1883. Resigned.
13 Msantosuy.JPG Máximo Santos
(1847–1889)
1 March 1882 1 March 1886 Colorado Appointed by the General Assembly for a term of 4 years.
14 Favidal.JPG Francisco Antonino Vidal
(1825–1889)
1 March 1886 24 May 1886 Colorado 1886 Resigned.
Msantosuy.JPG Máximo Santos
(1847–1889)
24 May 1886 18 November 1886 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. Resigned.
15 MaximoTajes.jpg Máximo Tajes
(1852–1912)
18 November 1886 1 March 1890 Colorado Appointed as President by the General Assembly to finish the the presidential period 1886-1890.
16 Julio Herrera y Obes.jpg Julio Herrera y Obes
(1841–1912)
1 March 1890 1 March 1894 Colorado 1890
DuncanStewart.jpg Duncan Stewart
(1833–1923)
1 March 1894 21 March 1894 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
17 Juan Idiarte Borda.png Juan Idiarte Borda
(1844–1897)
21 March 1894 25 August 1897 Colorado 1894 Assassinated.
JuanLCuestas.jpg Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
(1837–1905)
25 August 1897 10 February 1898 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
10 February 1898 15 February 1899 De facto president following a self-coup. Resigned.
JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez
(1856–1929)
15 February 1899 1 March 1899 Colorado President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
18 JuanLCuestas.jpg Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
(1837–1905)
1 March 1899 1 March 1903 Colorado 1899
19 JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez
(1856–1929)
1 March 1903 1 March 1907 Colorado 1903
20 Williman.jpg Claudio Williman
(1861–1934)
1 March 1907 1 March 1911 Colorado 1907
21 JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez
(1856–1929)
1 March 1911 1 March 1915 Colorado 1911
22 Viera-feliciano.jpg Feliciano Viera
(1872–1927)
1 March 1915 1 March 1919 Colorado 1915

Oriental Republic of Uruguay (1919–present)[edit]

The Constitution of 1918 comes into force.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Elected Notes Vice President
23 Baltasar Brum.jpg Baltasar Brum
(1883–1933)
1 March 1919 1 March 1923 Colorado 1919 The President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by a President: Post not established
24 JOSE SERRATO URUGUAY 1926.JPG José Serrato
(1868–1960)
1 March 1923 1 March 1927 Colorado 1922 The President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by a President:
25 Juan Campisteguy Oxcoby in 1917.jpg Juan Campisteguy
(1859–1937)
1 March 1927 1 March 1931 Colorado 1926 The President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by a President:
26 Terra1913.jpg Gabriel Terra
(1873–1942)
1 March 1931 31 March 1933 Colorado 1930 The President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by a President:
31 March 1933 18 May 1934 De facto president following a self-coup.
18 May 1934 19 June 1938 Provisional president elected by the 3rd National Constituent Convention. Alfredo Navarro
27 AlfredoBaldomir.jpg Alfredo Baldomir
(1884–1948)
19 June 1938 21 February 1942 Colorado 1938 César Charlone
21 February 1942 1 March 1943 De facto president following a self-coup.
28 Juan José de Amézaga.jpg Juan José de Amézaga
(1881–1956)
1 March 1943 1 March 1947 Colorado 1942 Alberto Guani
29 Tomás Berreta
(1875–1947)
1 March 1947 2 August 1947 Colorado 1946 Died in office. Luis Batlle Berres
30 Lbberres23.jpg Luis Batlle Berres
(1897–1964)
2 August 1947 1 March 1951 Colorado Vice-president under Berreta, assumed the presidency after his death. Alfeo Brum
31 Andrés Martínez Trueba
(1884–1959)
1 March 1951 1 March 1952 Colorado 1950 The post of President was replaced by the National Council of Government.
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg National Council of Government 1952–55 1 March 1952 1 March 1955 Colorado The National Council of Government was headed by a President for the remaining of the 1951–1955 period: Post abolished
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg National Council of Government 1955–59 1 March 1955 1 March 1959 Colorado 1954 The National Council of Government was headed by a President rotating every year:
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg National Council of Government 1959–63 1 March 1959 1 March 1963 National 1958 The National Council of Government was headed by a President rotating every year:
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg National Council of Government 1963–67 1 March 1963 1 March 1967 National 1962 The National Council of Government was headed by a President rotating every year:
32 Óscar Diego Gestido
(1901–1967)
1 March 1967 6 December 1967 Colorado 1966 Died in office. Jorge Pacheco Areco
33 Jorge Pacheco Areco.jpg Jorge Pacheco Areco
(1920–1998)
6 December 1967 1 March 1972 Colorado Vice-president under Gestido, assumed the presidency after his death. Alberto Abdala
34 Juan Maria Bordaberry.jpg Juan María Bordaberry
(1928–2011)
1 March 1972 27 June 1973 Colorado 1971 Jorge Sapelli
27 June 1973 12 June 1976 1973 Uruguayan coup d'état, start of the dictatorship between 1973 and 1985. Ousted from office. Vacant
Alberto Demicheli
(1896–1980)
12 June 1976 1 September 1976 Colorado Appointed by the Armed Forces. Ousted from office.
Aparicio Méndez.jpg Aparicio Méndez
(1904–1988)
1 September 1976 1 September 1981 National Appointed by the Armed Forces for a term of 5 years.
Gregorio Álvarez
(1925–2016)
1 September 1981 12 February 1985 Military Appointed by the Armed Forces. Resigned.
Rafael Addiego Bruno
(1923–2014)
12 February 1985 1 March 1985 Civic Union President of the Supreme Court, appointed by the Armed Forces.
35 PresidenteSanguinettti.jpg Julio María Sanguinetti
(1934–)
1 March 1985 1 March 1990 Colorado 1984 First democratic President after the 1973-1985 dictatorship. Enrique Tarigo
36 Luisalbertolacalle.jpg Luis Alberto Lacalle
(1941–)
1 March 1990 1 March 1995 National 1989 Gonzalo Aguirre
37 PresidenteSanguinettti.jpg Julio María Sanguinetti
(1934–)
1 March 1995 1 March 2000 Colorado 1994 Hugo Batalla
Hugo Fernández Faingold
38 Jorge Batlle.jpg Jorge Batlle
(1927–2016)
1 March 2000 1 March 2005 Colorado 1999 Luis Hierro López
39 Tabaré Vázquez en 2015 (cropped).jpg Tabaré Vázquez
(1938–)
1 March 2005 1 March 2010 Broad Front 2004 Rodolfo Nin Novoa
40 Pepemujica2.jpg José Mujica
(1936–)
1 March 2010 1 March 2015 Broad Front 2009 Danilo Astori
41 Tabaré Vázquez en 2015 (cropped).jpg Tabaré Vázquez
(1938–)
1 March 2015 Incumbent
(Term ends on 1 March 2020)
Broad Front 2014 Raúl Fernando Sendic
Lucía Topolansky

Timeline[edit]

José Mujica Tabaré Vázquez Jorge Batlle Luis Alberto Lacalle Julio María Sanguinetti Rafael Addiego Bruno Gregorio Álvarez Aparicio Méndez Alberto Demicheli Juan María Bordaberry Jorge Pacheco Areco Óscar Diego Gestido Alberto Héber Washington Beltrán Luis Giannattasio Daniel Fernández Crespo Faustino Harrison Eduardo Víctor Haedo Benito Nardone Martín R. Echegoyen Carlos Fischer Arturo Lezama Alberto Fermín Zubiría Andrés Martínez Trueba Luis Batlle Berres Tomás Berreta Juan José de Amézaga Alfredo Baldomir Gabriel Terra Juan Campisteguy José Serrato Baltasar Brum Feliciano Viera Claudio Williman José Batlle y Ordóñez Juan Lindolfo Cuestas Juan Idiarte Borda Duncan Stewart Julio Herrera y Obes Máximo Tajes Máximo Santos Francisco Antonino Vidal Lorenzo Latorre José Eugenio Ellauri Tomás Gomensoro Lorenzo Batlle Pedro Varela Tomás Villalba Atanasio Cruz Aguirre José María Plá Manuel Basilio Bustamante Luis Lamas Venancio Flores Juan Francisco Giró Bernardo Prudencio Berro Gabriel Antonio Pereira Manuel Oribe Carlos Anaya Fructuoso Rivera Juan Antonio Lavalleja José Rondeau Joaquín Suárez Luis Eduardo Pérez

See also[edit]