List of Presidents of the Czech Republic

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This is a list of Presidents of the Czech Republic, a political office that was created in 1993 following the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

The Czech Republic is a parliamentary representative democracy, with the President acting as head of state and the Prime Minister acting as head of government.

The first President of the Czech Republic was Václav Havel. The current President is Miloš Zeman, in office since 8 March 2013. Until 2012, the President was elected by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, for a term lasting five years. Since 2013 the President is elected by popular vote. The only living former President of the Czech Republic is Václav Klaus.

Presidents of the Czech Republic[edit]

Czech Socialist Republic[edit]


  KSČ   ČSS   OF   ODS

Portrait Term of office Political Party
Presidents of the Czech National Council
1 Čestmír Císař
(Srpen68)Cestmir Cisar.jpg 1968 1969 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ)
2 Evžen Erban
1969 1981 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ)
3 Josef Kempný
1981 1989 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ)
4 Jaroslav Šafařík
(born 1942)
1989 1990 Czechoslovak Socialist Party (ČSS)
5 Dagmar Burešová
1990 1992 Civic Forum (OF)
6 Milan Uhde
(born 1936)
Milan Uhde v Desertu2009f.jpg 1992 1992 Civic Democratic Party (ODS)

Czech Republic[edit]


  Independent   ODS   SPO

Took office Left office Party Term Previous office(s)
1 Vaclav Havel cropped.jpg Václav Havel
2 February 1993 2 February 2003 Independent 1 (1993) President of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1989–1992)
2 (1998)
2 Vaclav Klaus headshot.jpg Václav Klaus
(born 1941)
7 March 2003 7 March 2013 Civic Democratic Party
3 (2003) Minister of Finance of Czechoslovakia (1989–1992)[1], Prime Minister (1992–1998), Chairman of the Lower House of Parliament (1998–2002)[2]
4 (2008)
3 Zeman M 1.JPG Miloš Zeman
(born 1944)
8 March 2013 Incumbent
(Term ends on 8 March 2023)
Party of Civic Rights
5 (2013) Chairman of the Lower House of Parliament (1996–1998)[3], Prime Minister (1998–2002)
6 (2018)

Living former Presidents[edit]

There is one living former Czech President:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ministři v historii". Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Prof. Ing. Václav Klaus, CSc". Poslanecká sněmovna Parlament České republiky. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Ing. Miloš Zeman". Poslanecká sněmovna Parlament České republiky. Retrieved 5 April 2018.

External links[edit]