List of Presidents of the Dominican Republic

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President of the Dominican Republic
ElSimboloDelPresidenciaDelaRepublicaDominicana.png
Presidential Seal
Presidential Standard of the Dominican Republic (At Sea).svg
Presidential Standard
DaniloMedinaSanchez.jpg
Incumbent
Danilo Medina

since 16 August 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence National Palace, Santo Domingo
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Pedro Santana
Formation 13 November 1844
Deputy Vice President of the Dominican Republic
Website presidencia.gov.do

The President of the Dominican Republic is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential system was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic during the Dominican War of Independence. The President of the Dominican Republic is styled His Excellency during his time in office. His official residence is the National Palace.

The current President of the Dominican Republic is Danilo Medina of the Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Dominican Liberation Party), who took office on 16 August 2012.

Constitutional role[edit]

The Constitution of the Dominican Republic, which was most recently amended in 2015, establishes the requirements, rights and obligations of the President of the Republic.

The office can be held for up to two consecutive four-year terms.[1] Persons who have completed their presidencies cannot run for the presidency again.[1] The change of command takes place every four years, on 16 August, which is the day of the Restoration of the Republic, a national holiday.

Prior to 2015, the President was limited to one consecutive term, but could run for the office again after at least one subsequent term.

List of heads of state of the Dominican Republic[edit]

Republic of Spanish Haiti (1821–1822)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Start End
Nunezcaceres.jpg José Núñez de Cáceres
(1772–1846)
1 December 1821 9 February 1822 President of Spanish Haiti.

Haitian annexation (1822–1844)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Start End
Président Jean-Pierre Boyer.jpg Jean-Pierre Boyer
(1776–1850)
9 February 1822 13 February 1843 President of Haiti. Exiled in Jamaica.
Charles Rivière-Hérard.jpg Charles Rivière-Hérard
(1789–1850)
4 April 1843 27 February 1844 President of Haiti.

First Republic (1844–1861)[edit]

Central Government Junta[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Start End
Francisco del Rosario.jpg Francisco del Rosario Sánchez
(1817–1861)
27 February 1844 1 March 1844 Interim president of the Central Government Junta.
Bobadilla.jpg Tomás Bobadilla
(1795–1871)
1 March 1844 9 June 1844 President of the Central Government Junta. Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Francisco del Rosario.jpg Francisco del Rosario Sánchez
(1817–1861)
9 June 1844 12 July 1844 President of the Central Government Junta. Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
12 July 1844 14 November 1844 President of the Central Government Junta.

Presidents[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Elections Notes
Start End
PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
14 November 1844 4 August 1848 1844 Resigned.
Council of Secretaries of State 4 August 1848 8 September 1848 Members: Félix Mercenario, Domingo de la Rocha, José María Caminero, Manuel Jimenes.
Manuel Jimenez.jpg Manuel Jimenes
(1808–1854)
8 September 1848 29 May 1849 1848 Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
30 May 1849 23 September 1849 Jefe Supremo.
Ulises espaillat.jpg Ulises Francisco Espaillat
(1823–1878)
July
1849
Was elected president, but did not accept the position.
Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
24 September 1849 15 February 1853 Aug.
1849
PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
15 February 1853 26 May 1856 1853 Resigned.
Manueldereglamosa.gif Manuel de Regla Mota
(1795–1864)
2 January 1855 30 May 1855 Vice-president under Pedro Santana. Acting president.
2 July 1855 5 September 1855 Vice-president under Pedro Santana. Acting president.
26 May 1856 8 October 1856 Vice-president under Pedro Santana, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Resigned.
Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
8 October 1856 12 June 1858 Vice-president under Manuel de Regla Mota, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Resigned.
Jose desiderio valverde.gif José Desiderio Valverde
(1822–1903)
7 July 1857 31 August 1858 Self-appointed president in Santiago de los Caballeros.
PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
13 June 1858 31 January 1859
31 January 1859 18 March 1861 1859 Approved the annexation of the country to Spain.

Spanish annexation (1861–1865)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Start End
PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
18 March 1861 20 July 1862 Captain-General of Santo Domingo. Resigned.
Created 1st Marquess of Las Carreras in 1862.
Felipe Rivero y Lemoine (Museo del Ejército).jpg Felipe Ribero y Lemoyne
(1797–1873)
20 July 1862 22 October 1863 Captain-General of Santo Domingo.
Carlos de Vargas Machuca y Cerveto
(1803–1879)
23 October 1863 30 March 1864 Captain-General of Santo Domingo.
José de la Gándara y Navarro.jpg José de la Gándara y Navarro
(1820–1885)
31 March 1864 11 July 1865 Captain-General of Santo Domingo.

Heads of State during the Dominican Restoration War (1863–1865)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Start End
José Antonio Salcedo
(1816–1864)
14 September 1863 10 October 1864
Gaspar Polanco.jpg Gaspar Polanco
(1801–1864)
10 October 1864 24 January 1865
Benigni Filomeno de Rojas.jpg Benigno Filomeno de Rojas
(1821–1865)
24 January 1865 24 March 1865
Pedro antonio pimentel.gif Pedro Antonio Pimentel
(1830–1874)
25 March 1865 11 July 1865

Presidents of the Second Republic (1865–1916)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Elections Political
party
Notes
Start End
Pedro antonio pimentel.gif Pedro Antonio Pimentel
(1830–1874)
11 July 1865 4 August 1865 Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral
(1816–1899)
4 August 1865 15 November 1865 Blue
Pedro guillermo guerrero.gif Pedro Guillermo
(1814–1867)
15 November 1865 8 December 1865 Interim president until the taking office of Buenaventura Báez.
Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
8 December 1865 29 May 1866 1865 Red Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Triumvirate 29 May 1866 22 August 1866 Members: Pedro Antonio Pimentel, Gregorio Luperón, Federico de Jesús García.
Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral
(1816–1899)
22 August 1866 29 September 1866 Blue Interim president.
29 September 1866 31 January 1868 1866 Blue Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres.jpg Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
(1838–1878)
31 January 1868 13 February 1868
Junta of Generals 13 February 1868 2 May 1868 Members: José Antonio Hungría, Francisco Antonio Gómez Báez, José Ramón Luciano y Franco.
Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
2 May 1868 2 January 1874 1868 Red Ousted from office by defeat in the Six Years' War.
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
25 November 1873 21 January 1874 Green Jefe Supremo.
Ignacio María González.png
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres.jpg
Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)

Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
(1838–1878)
21 January 1874 5 February 1874 Generals in charge of the Supreme Power of the Nation.
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
5 February 1874 23 February 1876 1874 Green Resigned.
Council of Secretaries of State 23 February 1876 29 April 1876 Members: Pedro Tomás Garrido Matos, José de Jesús Eduardo de Castro Álvarez, Pedro Pablo de Bonilla y Correa-Cruzado, Juan Bautista Zafra y Miranda, Pablo López Villanueva (until 7 March 1876), Jacinto Peynado y Tejón (since 7 March 1876).
Ulises espaillat.jpg Ulises Francisco Espaillat
(1823–1878)
29 April 1876 5 October 1876 1876 Blue Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Superior Governing Junta 5 October 1876 11 November 1876 Members: Pedro Tomás Garrido Matos, José de Jesús Eduardo de Castro Álvarez, Juan Bautista Zafra y Miranda, Pablo López Villanueva, José Caminero Matías, Fidel Rodríguez Urdaneta, Juan Esteban Ariza Matos.
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
11 November 1876 9 December 1876 Green Resigned.
Marcos Cabral.jpg Marcos Antonio Cabral
(1842–1903)
10 December 1876 26 December 1876 President of the Provisional Government Junta.
Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
27 December 1876 2 March 1878 Red Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
1 March 1878 3 May 1878 Green President of the Provisional Government of the National Movement.
Council of Secretaries of State 2 March 1878 5 March 1878 Members: José María Cabral, Joaquín Montolío.
Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesáreo Guillermo
(1847–1885)
5 March 1878 6 July 1878 Red Interim president.
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
6 July 1878 2 September 1878 1878 Green Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Superior Leaders of the Revolutionary Movement 2 September 1878 6 September 1878 Members: Ulises Heureaux, Cesáreo Guillermo.
Jacinto De Castro.jpg Jacinto de Castro
(1811–1896)
7 September 1878 29 September 1878 President of the Supreme Court of Justice. Resigned.
Council of Secretaries of State 30 September 1878 27 February 1879 Members: Cesáreo Guillermo, Alejandro Angulo Guridi, Pedro María Aristy.
Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesáreo Guillermo
(1847–1885)
27 February 1879 6 December 1879 1879 Red Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
GregorioLuperon.jpg Gregorio Luperón
(1839–1897)
6 October 1879 1 September 1880 Blue
Fernando Arturo Meriño.jpg Fernando Arturo de Meriño
(1833–1906)
1 September 1880 1 September 1882 1880 Blue
Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
1 September 1882 1 September 1884 1882 Blue
Francisco Billini.jpg Francisco Gregorio Billini
(1844–1898)
1 September 1884 16 May 1885 1884 Blue Resigned.
Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil
(1856–1932)
16 May 1885 6 January 1887 Blue Vice-president under Francisco Gregorio Billini, assumed the presidency after his resignation.
Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
6 January 1887 27 February 1889 1886 Blue
27 February 1889 27 February 1893 1888 Blue
27 February 1893 27 February 1897 1892 Blue
27 February 1897 26 July 1899 1896 Blue Assassinated.
Wenceslao Figuereo
(1834–1910)
26 July 1899 30 August 1899 Blue Vice-president under Ulises Heureaux, assumed the presidency after his assassination. Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Council of Secretaries of State 31 August 1899 Members: Tomás Demetrio Morales, Arístides Patiño, Enrique Henríquez y Alfau, Jaime R. Vidal, Braulio Álvarez.
People's Revolutionary Governing Junta 31 August 1899 4 September 1899 Members: Mariano Cestero, Álvaro Logroño, Arístides Patiño, Pedro María Mejía.
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
4 September 1899 15 November 1899 Red Interim president.
Juan Isidro Jimenes.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
(1846–1919)
15 November 1899 2 May 1902 1899 Blue Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
26 April 1902 23 April 1903 Red Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil
(1856–1932)
23 March 1903 1 August 1903 Blue Interim president.
1 August 1903 24 November 1903 1903 Blue Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Presidente Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco.jpg Carlos Felipe Morales
(1868–1914)
24 November 1903 17 June 1904 Red Interim president.
17 June 1904 24 December 1905 1904 Red Resigned.
Council of Secretaries of State 24 December 1905 29 December 1905 Members: Manuel Lamarche García, Emiliano Tejera, Andrés Julio Montolío, Francisco Leonte Vásquez Lajara, Carlos Ginebra, Eladio Victoria, Federico Velásquez y Hernández.
Ramon Caceres.jpg Ramón Cáceres
(1866–1911)
29 December 1905 1 July 1908 Red Vice-president under Carlos Felipe Morales, assumed the presidency after his resignation.
1 July 1908 19 November 1911 1908 Red Assassinated at the start of the 1911–12 Civil War.
Council of Secretaries of State 19 November 1911 5 December 1911 Members: Miguel Antonio Román, José María Cabral.
Eladio Victoria.jpg Eladio Victoria
(1864-1939)
5 December 1911 27 February 1912 Interim president appointed by the Congress.
27 February 1912 30 November 1912 1912 Resigned.
Archbishop Nouel.jpg Adolfo Alejandro Nouel
(1862–1937)
1 December 1912 13 April 1913 Archbishop of Santo Domingo, interim president appointed by the Congress. Resigned.
JoseBordas.jpg José Bordas Valdez
(1874–1968)
14 April 1913 15 June 1914 Interim president appointed by the Congress.
15 June 1914 27 August 1914 June
1914
Resigned.
Ramón Báez
(1858–1929)
28 August 1914 5 December 1914 Interim president.
Juan Isidro Jimenes.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
(1846–1919)
6 December 1914 4 May 1916 Oct.
1914
Blue

United States occupation (1916–1924)[edit]

  •   No political party
  •   Military Governor
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Start End
Juan Isidro Jimenes.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
(1846–1919)
4 May 1916 7 May 1916 Resigned due to the United States occupation.
Council of Secretaries of State 7 May 1916 31 July 1916 Members: Jaime Mota, Bernardo Pichardo, Federico Velásquez y Hernández.
Francisco Henriquez Carvajal.jpg Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal
(1859–1935)
31 July 1916 29 November 1916 Interim president appointed by the Congress. Removed by the United States.
Harry Shepard Knapp
(1856–1923)
29 November 1916 18 November 1918 Military Governor.
Anderson EA USN h56034.jpg Edwin Anderson, Jr.
(1860–1933)
23 August 1917 11 September 1917 Acting Military Governor.
Joseph Henry Pendleton in 1917.jpg Joseph Henry Pendleton
(1860–1942)
5 February 1918 17 March 1918 Acting Military Governor.
6 April 1918 1 June 1918 Acting Military Governor.
2 July 1918 1 September 1918 Acting Military Governor.
Ben Hebard Fuller.jpg Ben Hebard Fuller
(1870–1937)
18 November 1918 25 February 1919 Military Governor.
Thomas Snowden
(1857–1930)
25 February 1919 3 June 1921 Military Governor.
Samuel S Robison.jpg Samuel Shelburne Robison
(1867–1952)
3 June 1921 21 October 1922 Military Governor.
Harry Lee.jpg Harry Lee
(1872–1935)
3 January 1922 19 February 1922 Acting Military Governor.
14 June 1922 24 July 1922 Acting Military Governor.
Vicini burgos juan bautista.jpg Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos
(1871–1935)
21 October 1922 12 July 1924 Interim president.

Presidents of the Third Republic (1924–1965)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Elections Political
party
Notes
Start End
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
12 July 1924 3 March 1930 1924 Red Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Rafael Estrella Urena Great Grandfather.jpg Rafael Estrella Ureña
(1889–1945)
3 March 1930 16 August 1930 Republican Minister of Interior and Police under Horacio Vásquez, assumed the presidency after coup d'état.
Puppet president of Rafael Trujillo.
Trujillo 1952.jpg Rafael Trujillo
(1891–1961)
16 August 1930 16 August 1934 1930 Confederation of Parties
16 August 1934 16 August 1938 1934 PD
Jacinto Bienvenido peynado.gif Jacinto Peynado
(1878–1940)
16 August 1938 7 March 1940 1938 PD Died in office.
Puppet president of Rafael Trujillo.
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha.jpg Manuel de Jesús Troncoso
(1878–1955)
7 March 1940 18 May 1942 PD Vice-president under Jacinto Peynado, assumed the presidency after his death.
Puppet president of Rafael Trujillo.
Trujillo 1952.jpg Rafael Trujillo
(1891–1961)
18 May 1942 16 August 1947 1942 PD Finished the presidential term of Jacinto Peynado ending on 16 August 1942.
16 August 1947 16 August 1952 1947 PD
Hector Bienvenido Trujillo Molina (1960).jpg Héctor Trujillo
(1908–2002)
1 March 1951 1 October 1951 PD Acting president.
16 August 1952 16 August 1957 1952 PD Puppet president of Rafael Trujillo.
16 August 1957 3 August 1960 1957 PD Resigned.
Puppet president of Rafael Trujillo.
Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
3 August 1960 31 December 1962 PD Vice-president under Héctor Trujillo, assumed the presidency after his resignation.
Puppet president of Rafael Trujillo until the assassination of Trujillo on 30 May 1961.
Resigned.
Council of State 1 January 1962 16 January 1962 Members: Joaquín Balaguer (President), Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly (Vice-president), Eduardo Read Barreras (Second Vice-president), Eliseo Pérez Sánchez, Nicolás Pichardo, Luis Amiama Tió, Antonio Imbert Barrera.
Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Civic-Military Junta 16 January 1962 18 January 1962 Military Members: Huberto Bogaert (President), Armando Óscar Pacheco, Luis Amiama Tió, Antonio Imbert Barrera, Enrique Valdez Vidaurre, Wilfredo Medina Natalio, Neit Rafael Nivar Seijas.
Council of State 18 January 1962 27 February 1963 Members: Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly (President), Eduardo Read Barreras, Eliseo Pérez Sánchez, Nicolás Pichardo, Luis Amiama Tió, Antonio Imbert Barrera, Donald Reid Cabral.
Juan Bosch (1963).jpg Juan Bosch
(1909–2001)
27 February 1963 25 September 1963 1962 PRD Ousted from office by a coup d'état.
Víctor Elby Viñas Román
(1925–2004)
25 September 1963 26 September 1963 Military President of the Provisional Government Junta.
Triumvirate 26 September 1963 23 December 1963 Military Members: Emilio de los Santos (President), Manuel Enrique Tavares Espaillat, Ramón Tapia Espinal.
Triumvirate 23 December 1963 25 April 1965 Military Members: Donald Reid Cabral (President), Ramón Tapia Espinal (resigned on 8 April 1964), Ramón Cáceres Troncoso (since 8 April 1964), Manuel Enrique Tavares Espaillat (resigned on 27 June 1964).
Deposed during the Dominican Civil War.

Dominican Civil War (1965)[edit]

Faction Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Start End
Revolutionary Committee 25 April 1965 Members: Vinicio Fernández Pérez, Giovanni Gutiérrez Ramírez, Francisco Caamaño, Eladio Ramírez Sánchez, Pedro Bartolomé Benoit.
Constitutionalist
(Pro-Juan Bosch)
José Rafael Molina Ureña
(1921–2000)
25 April 1965 27 April 1965 Resigned.
Vacant 27 April 1965 4 May 1965
FranciscoAlbertoCamano.jpg Francisco Caamaño
(1932–1973)
4 May 1965 3 September 1965 President appointed by the Congress.
Resigned.
Loyalist
(Government)
Vacant 25 April 1965 1 May 1965
Military Junta 1 May 1965 7 May 1965 Members: Pedro Bartolomé Benoit (President), Olgo Santana Carrasco, Enrique Apolinar Casado Saladín.
Resigned.
Government of National Reconstruction 7 May 1965 30 August 1965 Members: Antonio Imbert Barrera (President), Carlos Grisolía Poloney, Alejandro Zeller Cocco, Pedro Bartolomé Benoit, Julio Desiderio Postigo Arias (resigned on 10 August 1965), Leonte Bernard Vásquez (since 10 August 1965).
Resigned.
Vacant 30 August 1965 3 September 1965
Transitional Government Garcia godoy.jpg Héctor García-Godoy
(1921–1970)
3 September 1965 1 July 1966

Presidents of the Fourth Republic (1965–present)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Elections Political
party
Notes
Start End
Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
1 July 1966 16 August 1970 1966 PRSC
16 August 1970 16 August 1974 1970 PRSC
16 August 1974 16 August 1978 1974 PRSC
Antonio-guzman.jpg Antonio Guzmán Fernández
(1911–1982)
16 August 1978 4 July 1982 1978 PRD Committed suicide.
Jacobo Majluta Azar.JPG Jacobo Majluta Azar
(1934–1996)
4 July 1982 16 August 1982 PRD Vice-president under Antonio Guzmán, assumed the presidency after his death.
Salvador Jorge Blanco 1982.jpg Salvador Jorge Blanco
(1926–2010)
16 August 1982 16 August 1986 1982 PRD
Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
16 August 1986 16 August 1990 1986 PRSC
16 August 1990 16 August 1994 1990 PRSC
16 August 1994 16 August 1996 1994 PRSC After fraud charges in the elections, an agreement known as the Pacto por la Democracia (Pact for Democracy) was reached, which shortened the presidential term to two years.
Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández
(1953–)
16 August 1996 16 August 2000 1996 PLD
Hipolito mejia.jpg Hipólito Mejía
(1941–)
16 August 2000 16 August 2004 2000 PRD
Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández
(1953–)
16 August 2004 16 August 2008 2004 PLD
16 August 2008 16 August 2012 2008 PLD
DaniloMedinaSanchez.jpg Danilo Medina
(1951–)
16 August 2012 16 August 2016 2012 PLD
16 August 2016 Incumbent 2016 PLD

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Danilo Medina Sánchez Dominican Liberation Party 2,847,438 61.74
Luis Rodolfo Abinader Corona Modern Revolutionary Party 1,613,222 34.98
Guillermo Antonio Moreno García Country Alliance 84,399 1.83
Elías Wessin Chávez Quisqueyano Christian Democratic Party 20,423 0.44
Pelegrín Horacio Castillo Semán National Progressive Force 16,283 0.35
Minerva Josefina Tavárez Mirabal Alliance for Democracy 16,256 0.35
Hatuey de Camps Jiménez Revolutionary Social Democratic Party 8,264 0.18
Flor Soraya Aquino Campos de Checo National Unity Party 5,678 0.12
Invalid/blank votes 96,783
Total 4,708,746 100
Registered voters/turnout 6,765,245 69.60
Source: JCE

See also[edit]

References[edit]

2. Archivo General de la Nación - Gobiernos y Presidentes de la República Dominicana