List of Presidents of the Oxford Union

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Past elected Presidents of the Oxford Union at the University of Oxford are listed below, with their college and the year/term in which they served, if known. Iterum indicates that a person was serving a second term as President (which is not possible under the current Union rules).

Key[edit]

Presidents of the United Debating Society[edit]

Presidents of the Oxford Union Society[edit]

1826–1831[edit]

1831–1850[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
1831–32 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Earl of Lincoln Trinity College, Oxford.svg George Rickards Trinity College, Oxford.svg Roundell Palmer[5][n 1]
1832–33 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Ward Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Cardwell Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Archibald Tait
1833–34 Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Massie University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Lowe
Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Marriott
Oxford University Coat Of Arms.svg William Sinclair[a]
1834–35 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. Adams Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Ward (iterum) Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. M. Capes
1835–36 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Cardwell (iterum) Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg T. Brancker Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Cornish[6][n 1]
1836–37 Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. N. Tilson-Marsh New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Henry Cripps[7][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg G. R. Moncrieff
1837–38 St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Hessey Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Ridley Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. C. Lake[8][n 1]
1838–39 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Henry Highton Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg G. R. Moncrieff (iterum) Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. W. Sullivan
1839–40 Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Buckley Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. B. Blackett Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Rawlinson[9][n 1]
1840–41 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg C. T. Arnold Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg R. C. Powles[10][n 1] Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. T. B. Landon
1841–42 Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Richard Congreve[11][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Melville Portal Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Drummond Chase
1842–43 University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Plumptre Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Bowen[12][n 1] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. H. Scott
Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Coleridge[13][n 1]
1843–44
N/A
New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. M. White
Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Mackarness[14]
N/A
1844–45 Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Bowen[12][n 1] (iterum) Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alfred Pott[15][n 1] Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John G. Cazenove
1846–47 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Francis Sandford University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Conington[14] Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg R. J. Simpson
1848–49 Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg S. J. Hulme Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg C. H. Stanton Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Earl of Dufferin[n 2]
Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. B. Marriott
1847–48 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Hunt Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Walter Congreve Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Montagu Blackett[14]
1848–49 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg G. R. Portal Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg F. Meyrick Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Boyle
1849–50 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Milman[16][n 1] Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. R. K. Ralph Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen

1850–1875[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
1850–51 Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg E. B. Lomer Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alexander Mitchell Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Henry Smith
1851–52 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Frederick Lygon Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Walter Shirley Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Henry Oxenham
1852–53 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg C. H. Pearson[17][n 1] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. Fitzgerald Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Benjamin Rogers[18][n 1]
1853–54 Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Goschen[19][n 1] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Arthur Butler[20][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Godfrey Lushington[21][n 1]
1854–55 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George C. Brodrick[22][n 1] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Bartlett Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. H. Bridges[23][n 1]
1855–56 Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg D. C. Lathbury Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Turner[24][n 1] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. F. Wilberforce
1856–57 Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Oakley Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Philip Eliot Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Mitchinson[25][n 1]
1857–58 Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg T. R. Halcombe Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Thomas Fowle Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Bowen[26][n 1]
1858–59 University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg E. K. Bennet Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. V. Dicey[27][n 1] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. O. Rutson
1859–60 Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Peter Fogg Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Moore[28][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. L. Harrison
1860–61 St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Francis Beaumont[29][n 1] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Kenelm Digby[30][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Thomas Green
1861–62 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. R. Magrath[31][n 1] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Auberon Herbert[32][n 1]
Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. H. Beesly
Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Bryce[20][n 1]
1862–63 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg O. W. Tancock Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Reginald Smith[33][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Reginald Abbot[34][n 1]
1863–64 University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alfred Robinson[35][n 1] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Fearon[36][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Francis Jeune[37][n 1]
1864–65 Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. A. Clive New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alfred Robinson[35][n 1] (iterum) Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg R. Robinson
1865–66 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Courtenay Ilbert[38][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Talbot[39][n 1] Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Simcox[40][n 1]
1866–67 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Awdry[41][n 1] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Sanday[42][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lord Francis Hervey[43]
1867–68 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Strachan-Davidson[44][n 1] Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Reginald Copleston[45][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Talbot[39][n 1] (iterum)
1868–69 Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Mandell Creighton[46][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg C. T. Redington St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Reginald Copleston[45][n 1] (iterum)
1869–70 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Fyffe Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Duggan[47][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. H. Turner
1870–71 All-Souls College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Doyle[48][n 1] Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Thomas Grose[49][n 1] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Herbert James[45][n 1]
1871–72 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Walter Lock[50][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Bryce St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Henry Pope
1872–73 Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Cruttwell[51][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William M. Sinclair Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett
1873–74 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Mowbray[48][n 1] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg M. H. Gould Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. H. Asquith[38][n 1]
1874–75 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. A. Venables Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Arthur Sloman Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Thomas Raleigh[52][n 1]

1875–1900[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
1875–76 Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Herbert Paul Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Savery Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alfred Milner[35][n 1]
1876–77 Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Haddon Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Dunbar Barton Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Arthur Baumann[53]
Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Viscount Lymington[53]
1877–78 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Horton[54][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William St John Brodrick Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Germaine
1878–79 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nathaniel Micklem Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Poulton[55][n 1] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg F. R. Burrows
1879–80 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Cook Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Richard Dawson Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg B. R. Wise
1880–81 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Curzon University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Sargeaunt New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles White
1881–82 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Horsburgh Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Hamilton[56][n 1] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. N. Cumming[53]
1882–83 Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Sadler Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. H. Shaw[44][n 1] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Halford Mackinder[57]
1883–84 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Pemberton[58][n 1] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. Dyson Williams New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Worsley
1884–85 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Cosmo Lang[59][n 1] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Vidal[60][n 1]
Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Bellewes
N/A
1885–86 University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Cecil Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Hawkins Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg C. Emmott
1886–87 Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg/St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Walter Phillips Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Green Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg C. J. Blacker
1887–88 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. M. Godfray Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. J. McGregor Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. J. Carlyle[61][n 1]
1888–89 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Arthur Griffith-Boscawen Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Spurrier Parmiter Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Herbert Snowden
1889–90 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Mortimer New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Peel Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Frank Coller
1890–91 Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Carl Knaus New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Cozens-Hardy New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lord Ampthill
1891–92 Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. E. Ripley Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Magee Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Galbraith
1892–93 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Charles Phillimore Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg C. H. Eliot Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Lygon
1893–94 Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. W. Liversidge Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lord Balcarres Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg F. E. Smith
1894–95 St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Herbert Morrah Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Hilaire Belloc Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg P. J. Macdonell
1895–96 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg R. C. Phillimore (iterum) Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Simon Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Archibald Boyd-Carpenter
1896–97 Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Francis Hirst New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Johnson Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Cleland
1897–98 Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg F. Lenwood Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edmund Bentley Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Cyril Garbett
1898–99 Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg L. R. F. Oldershaw Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Buchan Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Arthur Steel
1899–1900 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg G. M. Gathorne-Hardy Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Ensor[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Raymond Asquith[n 3][57]

1900–1925[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
1900–01 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Harold Baker[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Algernon Cecil[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg T. Cuthbertson[57]
1901–02 University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg George Tomlinson[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Sandie Lindsay[57] Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Eric Macfadyen[57]
1902–03 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Herbert du Parcq[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Herbert Asquith[57] Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg F. W. Curran[57]
1903–04 Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Brooke[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Temple[57] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. A. Moore[57]
1904–05 Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg E. S. Jose[57] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Heath[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alexander Shaw[57]
1905–06 Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg M. H. Woods[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg H. M. Paul[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Henry Lygon[57]
1906–07 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Gervais Rentoul[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Neville Talbot[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Will Gladstone[n 3][57]
1907–08 Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. S. Armour[57] Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Le Quesne[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Hugh Hallett[57]
1908–09 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg M. H. Richmond[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ronald Knox[57] Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edgar Swain[57]
1909–10 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Laffan[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert S. A. Palmer[n 3][57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Leonard Stein[57]
1910–11 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. W. Cockburn[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nathaniel Micklem[57] Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Raymond Bevir[n 3][57]
1911–12 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Philip Guedalla[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Frank Griffith[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Barrington-Ward[57]
1912–13 Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg G. S. Woodhouse[n 3][57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Walter Monckton[57] Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. J. Bland[n 3][57]
1913–14 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Godfrey Talbot[n 3][57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ernest Roberts[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alexander Wedderburn[57]
1914–15 Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Arthur Wiggin[57]
N/A
N/A
1915–16
N/A
N/A
N/A
1916–17
N/A
N/A
N/A
1917–18
N/A
N/A
N/A
1918–19
N/A
N/A
St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Leslie Hore-Belisha[57]
1919–20 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Thomas Earp[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Constantine Gallop[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Russell[57]
1920–21 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Beverley Nichols[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alec Beechman[57] Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Cecil Ramage[57]
1921–22 Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Kenneth Lindsay[57] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Evans[57] Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ralph Carson[57]
1922–23 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Marjoribanks[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg J. Douglas Woodruff[57] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Gordon Bagnall[57]
1923–24 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Christopher Hollis[57] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Christopher Scaife[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Gerald Gardiner[57]
1924–25 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn[57] Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Bernays[57] Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Vincent Lloyd-Jones[57]

1925–1950[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
1925–26 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Hugh Molson[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Gyles Isham[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lindley Fraser[57]
1926–27 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alan Lennox-Boyd[57] Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Roger Fulford[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Playfair Price[57]
1927–28 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Malcolm Brereton[n 4][57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Dingle Foot[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Aubrey Herbert[57]
1928–29 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Somerset Stopford Brooke[57] Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Roger Wilson[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Quintin Hogg[57]
1929–30 St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Stewart[57] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edgar Lustgarten[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Joseph Mallalieu[57]
1930–31 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Boyd-Carpenter[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Foot[57] Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Geoffrey Wilson[57]
1931–32 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Toby O'Brien[57] Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Arthur Irvine[57] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Brian Davidson[57]
1932–33 University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Christopher Smuts[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Frank Hardie[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Tony Greenwood[57]
1933–34 Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Foot[57] Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Dosoo Karaka[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Keith Steel-Maitland[57]
1934–35 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg W. G. Murray[57] Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg David Lewis[57] St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Hickerton[57]
1935–36 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Brian Farrell[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ian Harvey[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Bill Shebbeare[n 4][57]
1936–37 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Brown[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Christopher Mayhew[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Patrick Anderson[57]
1937–38 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alan Fyfe[n 4][57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Raymond Walton[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Philip Toynbee[57]
1938–39 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alan Wood[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Heath[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Hugh Fraser[57]
1939–40 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg A. F. Giles[n 5][57]
New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nicholas Henderson[57]
Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Madron Seligman[57] Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robin Edmonds[57]
1940–41 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Comyn[57] St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Indar Bahadoorsingh[57] St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Kenneth Riddle[57]
1941–42 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Kinchin-Smith[57] Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Gershon Hirsch[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg F. P. R. Hinchliffe[57]
1942–43 Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Cameron Tudor[57] Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Herbert Clarke[57] Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Courtney Blackmore[57]
1943–44 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Godfrey le Quesne[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Kenneth Lamb[57] Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Fernando Henriques[57]
1944–45 Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Tony Pickford[57] Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alan Gibson[n 5][57]
New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Rudi Weisweiller[57]
Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Walton[57]
1946–47 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Long[57] Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Basil Wigoder[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Crosland[57]
1948–49 Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ronald Brown[57] Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Roger Gray[57]
New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Wedgwood Benn[57]
1947–48 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Peter Kroyer[57] Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Clive Wigram[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Boyle[57]
1948–49 St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Seymour Hills[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Peter Kirk[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Rodney Donald[57]
1949–50 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Dick Faber[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Uwe Kitzinger[57] St-Edmund-Hall College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robin Day[57]

1950–1975[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
1950–51 Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Godfrey Smith[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeremy Thorpe[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Rees-Mogg[57]
1951–52 Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ivan Yates[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Peter Blaker[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Howard Shuman[57]
1952–53 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Patrick Mayhew[57] Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Bryan Magee[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Peters[57]
1953–54 Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Andrew Cuninghame[57] Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Tyrell Burgess[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Raghavan Iyer[57]
1954–55 Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Heseltine[57] Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeremy Isaacs[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Howard[57]
1955–56 Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Desmond Watkins[57] Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alec Grant[57] Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Roy Dixon[57]
1956–57 Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edmund Ions[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeremy Lever[57] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Peter Brooke[57]
1957–58 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Brian Walden[57] Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lalith Athulathmudali[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Stuart Griffiths[57]
1958–59 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ron Owen Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lakshman Kadirgamar[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Newton[57]
1959–60 St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Joe Trattner[57] Regent's Park College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ian Lyon[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Peter Jay[57]
1960–61 Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Rowland[57] Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Phillip Whitehead[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Paul Foot[57]
1961–62 Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Howard Preece[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Hugh Stephenson[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John McDonnell[57]
1962–63 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Beloff[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Girish Karnad[57] Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeffrey Jowell[57]
1963–64 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Hart[57] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Garth Pratt[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lord James Douglas-Hamilton[57]
1964–65 St-Peters College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Eric Abrahams[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Neil MacCormick[57] Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Tariq Ali[57]
1965–66 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Douglas Hogg[57] Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Joshua Bamfield[57] St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeremy Beloff[57]
1966–67 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Montek Singh Ahluwalia[57] Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ronald Cohen[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Stephen Marks[57]
1967–68 St-Edmund-Hall College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Jackson[57] St-Hughs College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Geraldine Jones[57] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Waldegrave[57]
1968–69 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ian Glick[57] Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg David Walter[57] Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Colin Youlden[57]
1969–70 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Gyles Brandreth[57] Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Guy Harkin[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Stephen Milligan[57]
1970–71 Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Eric Parsloe[57] Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael House[57] St-Hilda's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Susan Richards[57]
1971–72 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Christopher Tookey[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Julian Priestley[n 2][57]
Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Pradeep Mitra[57]
Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Patric Dickinson[57]
1972–73 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Philip McDonagh[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Austerberry[62] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Colin Maltby[57]
1973–74 Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg David Warren[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Simon Walker[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Soole[57]
1974–75 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert McDonagh[57] Nuffield College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Scoble[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Victor van Amerongen[57]

1975–2000[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
1975–76 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg David Soskin[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Andrew Bell[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Colin Moynihan[57]
1976–77 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Richard Norton[57] Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Benazir Bhutto[57] Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Victoria Schofield[57]
1977–78 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Damian Green[57] Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nicholas O'Shaughnessy[57] Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg John Harrison[57]
1978–79 Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Daniel Moylan[57] St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alan Duncan[57] Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Philip May[57]
1979–80 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Crick[57] Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Warwick Lightfoot[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nicholas Prettejohn[57]
1980–81 Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Rupert Soames[57] Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Andrew Sutcliffe[57] New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alexandra Jones[57]
1981–82 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg William Hague Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Kevin Brennan[57] Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Paul Thompson[57]
1982–83 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Christopher Wortley[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Hilali Nordeen[57] Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Andrew Sullivan[57]
1983–84 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Neale Stevenson[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Malcolm Bull[57] St-Edmund-Hall College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Melvyn Stride[57]
1984–85 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Laurence Grafstein[57] Regent's Park College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Roland Rudd[57] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Neil Sherlock[57]
1985–86 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Goodman[57] St-Antony's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeya Wilson[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Boris Johnson[57]
1986–87 Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Angus McCullough[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Simon Stevens[57][63] Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jessica Pulay[57]
1987–88 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Anthony Frieze[57] Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Gove[57] University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Duncan Gray[57]
1988–89 Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Andrew McCulloch[57] Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Adam Bruce[57] Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Stefan Green[57]
1989–90 Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Diana Gerald[57] St-Anne's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ed Lazarus[57] Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeremy Quin[57]
1990–91 St-Anne's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Melanie Johnson[57] St-Hughs College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ollie Campbell[57] Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Damian Hinds[57]
1991–92 University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nicholas Edgar[57] Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Graeme Halkerston Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Adrian Gannon
1992–93 Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Christopher Hall Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Robertson Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Katherine Wade
1993–94 Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Toby Lewis Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Kate Wilson Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Peter Gowers
1994–95 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeremy Green St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Palmer Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg David Pinto-Duschinsky
1995–96 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Matt Guy Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jonathan Wolf Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Paul Kenward
1996–97 Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jenny Carter-Manning Somerville College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Rob Harrington Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Oli Evans
1997–98 Somerville College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Sam Gyimah St-Anne's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Clare Dixon St-Hilda's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ellie Blagbrough
1998–99 Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Helen Eastman Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Theo Mills Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nicky Black
1999–2000 St-Peters College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ben Seifert St-Hilda's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lucy Atkins Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Jeff Bell

2000–present[edit]

Year Michaelmas Hilary Trinity
2000–01 St-Peters College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Richard Silcock Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nick Mason Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Amy Harland
2001–02 Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Neil Mahapatra Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charlotte Keenan Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Karen Price
2002–03 Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg David Watson Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Fraser Campbell Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ambrose Faulks
2003–04 Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Marcus Walker St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Edward Tomlinson Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Georgina Costa
2004–05 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ruzwana Bashir St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Laura Poots Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Richard Tydeman
2005–06 St-Hughs College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Chris Farmer St-Edmund-Hall College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Sapana Agrawal Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg David Powell
2006–07 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Wise Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Theo Roos Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Alex Just
2007–08 Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Luke Tryl Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Emily Partington Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ben Tansey
2008–09 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Josh Roche Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charlie Holt Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Corey Dixon
2009–10 Mansfield College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Dray Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Stuart Cullen Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Laura Winwood
2010–11 Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Kingston University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg James Langman Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ashvir Sangha
2011–12 Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Isabelle Westbury Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lauren Pringle St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Isabel Ernst
2012–13 Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Seung-yoon Lee Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Maria Rioumine New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Joseph D'Urso
2013–14 St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Parit Wacharasindhu University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Polina Ivanova Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Ben Sullivan
2014–15 St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Mayank Banerjee Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Lisa Wehden St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Olivia Merrett
2015–16 St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Charles Vaughan Somerville College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Stuart Webber New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Robert Harris
2016–17 Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Noah Lachs Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Nikolay Koshikov Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Michael Li
2017–18 Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Chris Zabilowicz Trinity College, Oxford.svg Laali Vadlamani Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Gui Cavalcanti
2018–19 New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Stephen Horvath Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Daniel Wilkinson Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg Genevieve Athis

Other notable officers[edit]

The 3rd Marquess of Salisbury was Union Secretary in Michaelmas 1848.

Harold Macmillan was Secretary of the Union in Hilary 1914, then Junior Treasurer (elected unopposed, which was then very unusual) in Trinity 1914; but for the war he would "almost certainly" have been President.[64]

In fiction[edit]

  • Simon Kerslake (early 1950s), protagonist of the Jeffrey Archer novel First Among Equals. Invites sitting Prime Minister Winston Churchill to propose the motion during Eights Week that "This House Would Rather be a Commoner than a Lord". His future rival, (Lord) Charles Seymour listens from the floor and resolves to enter politics also. Archer himself was elected to Standing Committee for one term in 1965.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt The term in which he held office is not mentioned by the reference.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Resigned
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Killed during the First World War
  4. ^ a b c Killed during the Second World War
  5. ^ a b Elected but did not hold office because of war service
  1. ^ Sinclair attended St Mary Hall, Oxford. Associated with Oriel since 1326, it functioned independently from 1545 to 1902, before being incorporated into Oriel upon the death of its Principal, Drummond Percy Chase. Thus, St Mary Hall's coat of arms is substituted with that of the university itself.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sutton, C. W.; Curthoys, M. C. (2004). "Durnford, Richard (1802–1895)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 31 May 2012. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ a b Foster, p. 277.
  3. ^ Courtney, W. P.; Matthew, H. C. G. (October 2006). "Courtenay, William Reginald, eleventh earl of Devon (1807–1888)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  4. ^ Foster, p. 411.
  5. ^ Foster, p. 319.
  6. ^ Foster, p. 412.
  7. ^ Foster, p. 210.
  8. ^ Foster, p. 67.
  9. ^ Foster, p. 125.
  10. ^ Foster, p. 126.
  11. ^ Foster, p. 530.
  12. ^ a b Foster, p. 355.
  13. ^ Foster, p. 124.
  14. ^ a b c Hollis, p. 243.
  15. ^ Foster, p. 323.
  16. ^ Foster, p. 414.
  17. ^ Foster, p. 153.
  18. ^ Foster, p. 532.
  19. ^ Foster, p. 151.
  20. ^ a b Foster, p. 149.
  21. ^ Foster, p. 280.
  22. ^ Foster, p. 92.
  23. ^ Foster, p. 154.
  24. ^ Foster, p. 127.
  25. ^ Foster, p. 553.
  26. ^ Foster, p. 56.
  27. ^ Foster, p. 274.
  28. ^ Foster, p. 619.
  29. ^ Foster, p. 484.
  30. ^ Foster, p. 383.
  31. ^ Foster, p. 172.
  32. ^ Foster, p. 483.
  33. ^ Foster, p. 453.
  34. ^ Foster, p. 282.
  35. ^ a b c Foster, p. 205.
  36. ^ Foster, p. 216.
  37. ^ Foster, p. 599.
  38. ^ a b Foster, p. 68.
  39. ^ a b Foster, p. 423.
  40. ^ Foster, p. 173.
  41. ^ Foster, p. 181.
  42. ^ Foster, p. 123.
  43. ^ Hollis, p. 249
  44. ^ a b Foster, p. 64.
  45. ^ a b c Foster, p. 487.
  46. ^ Foster, p. 95.
  47. ^ Foster, p. 246.
  48. ^ a b Foster, p. 272.
  49. ^ Foster, p. 174.
  50. ^ Foster, p. 312.
  51. ^ Foster, p. 98.
  52. ^ Foster, p. 273.
  53. ^ a b c Hollis, p. 251.
  54. ^ Foster, p. 218.
  55. ^ Foster, p. 514.
  56. ^ Foster, p. 326.
  57. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). "Presidents of the Union since 1900". The Encyclopaedia of Oxford. Macmillan. pp. 527–532. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.
  58. ^ Foster, p. 284.
  59. ^ Foster, p. 275.
  60. ^ Foster, p. 491.
  61. ^ Foster, p. 30.
  62. ^ Eder, Richard (March 6, 1973). "Oxford Union Marks 150th Year With Talk, Naturally". New York Times.
  63. ^ "Reforming the NHS". Floreat Domus. Balliol College, Oxford. 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  64. ^ Horne 1988, p. 22
Bibliography