List of Presidents of the Swiss Confederation

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The List of Presidents of the Swiss Confederation (1848–present) presents the presiding member of the Swiss Federal Council, Switzerland's seven-member executive. Elected by the Federal Assembly for one year, the President of the Confederation chairs the meetings of the Federal Council and undertakes special representational duties. Primus inter pares, he or she has no powers above the other Councillors and continues to head his or her department (see President of the Swiss Confederation for full details).

Traditionally, the duty rotates among the members in order of seniority and the previous year's Vice President becomes President. See list of members of the Swiss Federal Council for all seven.

1848–1874[edit]

Jakob Stämpfli, when presiding the Federal Council in 1856, was just 35 years old, the youngest to date (as of 2013)
I A President
(Born-Died)
Year
1 1 Jonas Furrer
(1805–1861)
1848
1849
2 2 Henri Druey
(1799–1855)
1850
3 3 Josef Munzinger
(1791–1855)
1851
4 (1) Jonas Furrer
(1805–1861)
1852
5 4 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff
(1802–1881)
1853
6 5 Friedrich Frey-Herosé
(1801–1873)
1854
7 (1) Jonas Furrer
(1805–1861)
1855
8 6 Jakob Stämpfli
(1820–1879)
1856
9 7 Constant Fornerod
(1819–1899)
1857
10 (1) Jonas Furrer
(1805–1861)
1858
11 (6) Jakob Stämpfli
(1820–1879)
1859
12 (5) Friedrich Frey-Herosé
(1801–1873)
1860
13 8 Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
(1813–1889)
1861
14 (6) Jakob Stämpfli
(1820–1879)
1862
15 (7) Constant Fornerod
(1819–1899)
1863
16 9 Jakob Dubs
(1822–1879)
1864
17 10 Karl Schenk
(1823–1895)
1865
18 (8) Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
(1813–1889)
1866
19 (7) Constant Fornerod
(1819–1899)
1867
20 (9) Jakob Dubs
(1822–1879)
1868
21 11 Emil Welti
(1825–1899)
1869
22 (9) Jakob Dubs
(1822–1879)
1870
23 (10) Karl Schenk
(1823–1895)
1871
24 (11) Emil Welti
(1825–1899)
1872
25 12 Paul Cérésole
(1832–1905)
1873
26 (10) Karl Schenk
(1823–1895)
1874

1875–1899[edit]

Karl Schenk, as the longest-serving member of the Federal Council, was President of the Confederation six times, a number only equaled by Emil Welti.
Wilhelm Hertenstein died during his term, on 27 November 1888. As of 2009, he is the only President not to complete his term.
I A President
(Born-Died)
Year
27 13 Johann Jakob Scherer
(1825–1878)
1875
28 (11) Emil Welti
(1825–1899)
1876
29 14 Joachim Heer
(1825–1879)
1877
30 (10) Karl Schenk
(1823–1895)
1878
31 15 Bernhard Hammer
(1822–1907)
1879
32 (11) Emil Welti
(1825–1899)
1880
33 16 Numa Droz
(1844–1899)
1881
34 17 Simeon Bavier
(1825–1896)
1882
35 18 Louis Ruchonnet
(1834–1893)
1883
36 (11) Emil Welti
(1825–1899)
1884
37 (10) Karl Schenk
(1823–1895)
1885
38 19 Adolf Deucher
(1831–1912)
1886
39 (16) Numa Droz
(1844–1899)
1887
40 20 Wilhelm Hertenstein
(1825–1888)
1888 (to 27 November)
41 Bernhard Hammer
(1822–1907)
1888 (from 27 November;acting)
(15) 1889
42 (18) Louis Ruchonnet
(1834–1893)
1890
43 (11) Emil Welti
(1825–1899)
1891
44 21 Walter Hauser
(1837–1902)
1892
45 (10) Karl Schenk
(1823–1895)
1893
46 22 Emil Frey
(1838–1922)
1894
47 23 Josef Zemp
(1834–1908)
1895
48 24 Adrien Lachenal
(1849–1918)
1896
49 (19) Adolf Deucher
(1831–1912)
1897
50 25 Eugène Ruffy
(1854–1919)
1898
51 26 Eduard Müller
(1848–1919)
1899

1900–1924[edit]

During his last tenure in 1909, Adolf Deucher was 78 years old, the oldest to date (as of 2013)
In 1915, Giuseppe Motta was the first native Italian speaker
President of the Federal Council in 1918, Felix Calonder is the only native Romansh speaker (as of 2013)
Gustave Ador, President of the Confederation in 1919, was also President of the ICRC
I A President
(Born-Died)
Year
52 (21) Walter Hauser
(1837–1902)
1900
53 28 Ernst Brenner
(1856–1911)
1901
54 (23) Josef Zemp
(1834–1908)
1902
55 (19) Adolf Deucher
(1831–1912)
1903
56 29 Robert Comtesse
(1847–1922)
1904
57 30 Marc-Emile Ruchet
(1853–1912)
1905
58 31 Ludwig Forrer
(1845–1921)
1906
59 (26) Eduard Müller
(1848–1919)
1907
60 (28) Ernst Brenner
(1856–1911)
1908
61 (19) Adolf Deucher
(1831–1912)
1909
62 (29) Robert Comtesse
(1847–1922)
1910
63 (30) Marc-Emile Ruchet
(1853–1912)
1911
64 (31) Ludwig Forrer
(1845–1921)
1912
65 (26) Eduard Müller
(1848–1919)
1913
66 32 Arthur Hoffmann
(1857–1927)
1914
67 33 Giuseppe Motta
(1871–1940)
1915
68 34 Camille Decoppet
(1862–1925)
1916
69 35 Edmund Schulthess
(1868–1944)
1917
70 36 Felix Calonder
(1863–1952)
1918
71 37 Gustave Ador
(1845–1928)
1919
72 (33) Giuseppe Motta
(1871–1940)
1920
73 (35) Edmund Schulthess
(1868–1944)
1921
74 38 Robert Haab
(1865–1939)
1922
75 39 Karl Scheurer
(1872–1929)
1923
76 40 Ernst Chuard
(1857–1942)
1924

1925–1949[edit]

I A President
(Born-Died)
Year
77 41 Jean-Marie Musy
(1876–1952)
1925
78 42 Heinrich Häberlin
(1868–1947)
1926
79 (33) Giuseppe Motta
(1871–1940)
1927
80 (35) Edmund Schulthess
(1868–1944)
1928
81 (38) Robert Haab
(1865–1939)
1929
82 (41) Jean-Marie Musy
(1876–1952)
1930
83 (42) Heinrich Häberlin
(1868–1947)
1931
84 (33) Giuseppe Motta
(1871–1940)
1932
85 (35) Edmund Schulthess
(1868–1944)
1933
86 43 Marcel Pilet-Golaz
(1889–1958)
1934
87 44 Rudolf Minger
(1881–1955)
1935
88 45 Albert Meyer
(1870–1953)
1936
89 (33) Giuseppe Motta
(1871–1940)
1937
90 46 Johannes Baumann
(1874–1953)
1938
91 47 Philipp Etter
(1891–1977)
1939
92 (43) Marcel Pilet-Golaz
(1889–1958)
1940
93 48 Ernst Wetter
(1877–1963)
1941
94 (47) Philipp Etter
(1891–1977)
1942
95 49 Enrico Celio
(1889–1980)
1943
96 50 Walter Stampfli
(1884–1965)
1944
97 51 Eduard von Steiger
(1881–1962)
1945
98 52 Karl Kobelt
(1891–1968)
1946
99 (47) Philipp Etter
(1891–1977)
1947
100 (49) Enrico Celio
(1889–1980)
1948
101 53 Ernst Nobs
(1886–1957)
1949

1950–1974[edit]

A general Swiss retirement age was introduced in 1947 (65 for men). Eduard von Steiger, in 1951 at age 70, was the first to preside at an age beyond that
I A President
(Born-Died)
Year
102 54 Max Petitpierre
(1899–1994)
1950
103 (51) Eduard von Steiger
(1881–1962)
1951
104 (52) Karl Kobelt
(1891–1968)
1952
105 (47) Philipp Etter
(1891–1977)
1953
106 55 Rodolphe Rubattel
(1896–1961)
1954
107 (54) Max Petitpierre
(1899–1994)
1955
108 56 Markus Feldmann
(1897–1958)
1956
109 57 Hans Streuli
(1892–1970)
1957
110 58 Thomas Holenstein
(1896–1962)
1958
111 59 Paul Chaudet
(1904–1977)
1959
112 (54) Max Petitpierre
(1899–1994)
1960
113 60 Friedrich Traugott Wahlen
(1899–1985)
1961
114 (59) Paul Chaudet
(1904–1977)
1962
115 61 Willy Spühler
(1902–1990)
1963
116 62 Ludwig von Moos
(1910–1990)
1964
117 63 Hans-Peter Tschudi
(1913–2002)
1965
118 64 Hans Schaffner
(1908–2004)
1966
119 65 Roger Bonvin
(1907–1982)
1967
120 (61) Willy Spühler
(1902–1990)
1968
121 (62) Ludwig von Moos
(1910–1990)
1969
122 (63) Hans-Peter Tschudi
(1913–2002)
1970
123 66 Rudolf Gnägi
(1917–1985)
1971
124 67 Nello Celio
(1914–1995)
1972
125 (65) Roger Bonvin
(1907–1982)
1973
126 68 Ernst Brugger
(1914–1998)
1974

1975–1999[edit]

Political parties

      Social Democratic Party
      Swiss People's Party
      Christian Democratic People's Party
      Free Democratic Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Canton Election
127 Pierre Graber.gif Pierre Graber
(1908–2003)
1 January 1975 31 December 1975 Social Democratic Party Vaud 1975
128 Rudolf Gnägi.gif Rudolf Gnägi
(1917–1985)
1 January 1976 31 December 1976 Swiss People's Party Bern
129 Kurt Furgler.gif Kurt Furgler
(1924-2008)
1 January 1977 31 December 1977 Christian Democratic People's Party St- Gallen
130 Willi Ritschard.gif Willi Ritschard
(1918–1983)
1 January 1978 31 December 1978 Social Democratic Party Solothurn
131 Hans Hürlimann.gif Hans Hürlimann
(1918–1994)
1 January 1979 31 December 1979 Christian Democratic People's Party Zug
132 Georges-André Chevallaz.gif Georges-André Chevallaz
(1915–2002)
1 January 1980 31 December 1980 Free Democratic Party Vaud 1979
133 Kurt Furgler.gif Kurt Furgler
(1924-2008)
1 January 1981 31 December 1981 Christian Democratic People's Party St- Gallen
134 Fritz Honegger.gif Fritz Honegger
(1917-1999)
1 January 1982 31 December 1982 Free Democratic Party Zürich
135 Pierre Aubert.gif Pierre Aubert
(born in 1927)
1 January 1983 31 December 1983 Social Democratic Party Neuchâtel
136 Leon Schlumpf.gif Leon Schlumpf
(1925-2012)
1 January 1984 31 December 1984 Swiss People's Party Graubünden 1983
137 Kurt Furgler.gif Kurt Furgler
(1924-2008)
1 January 1985 31 December 1985 Christian Democratic People's Party St- Gallen
138 Alphons Egli.gif Alphons Egli
(born in 1924)
1 January 1986 31 December 1986 Christian Democratic People's Party Lucern
139 Pierre Aubert.gif Pierre Aubert
(born in 1927)
1 January 1987 31 December 1987 Social Democratic Party Neuchâtel
140 Otto Stich.gif Otto Stich
(1927-2012)
1 January 1988 31 December 1988 Social Democratic Party Solothurn 1987
141 Jean-Pascal Delamuraz.gif Jean-Pascal Delamuraz
(1936-1998)
1 January 1989 31 December 1989 Free Democratic Party Vaud
142 Arnold Koller Portrait.jpg Arnold Koller
(born in 1933)
1 January 1990 31 December 1990 Christian Democratic People's Party Appenzell Innerrhoden
143 Flavio Cotti.jpg Flavio Cotti
(born in 1939)
1 January 1991 31 December 1991 Christian Democratic People's Party Ticino
144 René Felber.gif René Felber
(born in 1933)
1 January 1992 31 December 1992 Social Democratic Party Neuchâtel 1991
145 Adolf Ogi.png Adolf Ogi
(born in 1942)
1 January 1993 31 December 1993 Swiss People's Party Bern
146 Otto Stich.gif Otto Stich
(1927-2012)
1 January 1994 31 December 1994 Social Democratic Party Solothurn
147 Kaspar Villiger.gif Kaspar Villiger
(born in 1941)
1 January 1995 31 December 1995 Free Democratic Party Lucerne
148 Delamuraz01.jpg Jean-Pascal Delamuraz
(1936-1998)
1 January 1996 31 December 1996 Free Democratic Party Vaud 1995
149 Arnold Koller Portrait.jpg Arnold Koller
(born in 1933)
1 January 1997 31 December 1997 Christian Democratic People's Party Appenzell Innerrhoden
150 Flavio Cotti.jpg Flavio Cotti
(born in 1939)
1 January 1998 31 December 1998 Christian Democratic People's Party Ticino
151 Ruth Dreifuss.gif Ruth Dreifuss
(born in 1940)
1 January 1999 31 December 1999 Social Democratic Party Geneva

2000–present[edit]

Political parties

      Swiss People's Party
      Social Democratic Party
      Free Democratic Party/FDP.The Liberals
      Christian Democratic People's Party
      Conservative Democratic Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Canton Election
152 Adolf Ogi.png Adolf Ogi
(born in 1942)
1 January 2000 31 December 2000 Swiss People's Party Bern 1999
153 BR Moritz Leuenberger.jpg Moritz Leuenberger
(born in 1946)
1 January 2001 31 December 2001 Social Democratic Party Zürich
154 Kaspar Villiger 2002.jpg Kaspar Villiger
(born in 1941)
1 January 2002 31 December 2002 Free Democratic Party Lucerne
155 BR Pascal Couchepin.jpg Pascal Couchepin
(born in 1942)
1 January 2003 31 December 2003 Free Democratic Party Valais
156 -Joseph Deiss - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2004-2.jpg Joseph Deiss
(born in 1946)
1 January 2004 31 December 2004 Christian Democratic People's Party Fribourg 2003
157 BR-Samuel-Schmid.jpg Samuel Schmid
(born in 1947)
1 January 2005 31 December 2005 Conservative Democratic Party Bern
158 BR Moritz Leuenberger.jpg Moritz Leuenberger
(born in 1946)
1 January 2006 31 December 2006 Social Democratic Party Zürich
159 Micheline Calmy-Rey, 2010.jpg Micheline Calmy-Rey
(born in 1945)
1 January 2007 31 December 2007 Social Democratic Party Valais 2006
160 BR Pascal Couchepin.jpg Pascal Couchepin
(born in 1942)
1 January 2008 31 December 2008 Free Democratic Party Valais 2007
161 Hans-Rudolf-Merz.jpg Hans-Rudolf Merz
(born in 1942)
1 January 2009 31 December 2009 FDP.The Liberals Appenzell Ausserrhoden 2008
162 Doris Leuthard, 2009.jpg Doris Leuthard
(born in 1963)
1 January 2010 31 December 2010 Christian Democratic People's Party Aargau 2009
163 Micheline Calmy-Rey, 2010.jpg Micheline Calmy-Rey
(born in 1945)
1 January 2011 31 December 2011 Social Democratic Party Valais 2010
164 BR Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf.jpg Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf
(born in 1956)
1 January 2012 31 December 2012 Conservative Democratic Party Graubünden 2011
165 Ueli Maurer 2011.jpg Ueli Maurer
(born in 1950)
1 January 2013 31 December 2013 Swiss People's Party Zürich
166 Didier Burkhalter 2011.jpg Didier Burkhalter
(born in 1960)
1 January 2014 31 December 2014 FDP.The Liberals Neuchâtel
167 Simonetta Sommaruga 2011.jpg Simonetta Sommaruga
(born in 1960)
1 January 2015 31 December 2015 Social Democratic Party Zug

See also[edit]